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Opie at Padstou.

[Nor, and the Rev. Mr. Biddulph *, at that that grace which can only be acquired time Vicar of Padstow, the aspiring by an intimate knowledge of the art, artist was introduced to Mr. Prideaux, they are remarkable for their boldness and there is an anecdote related in the of effect, simplicity of composition, short memoir prefixed to his Lectures and inflexible regard to the truth of on Painting, which has reference to Nature; and the writer thinks he may this excursion.—“One of these expe- venture to affirm that his Padstow proditions was to Padstow, whither 'he ductions would not disgrace the high set forward, dressed as usual in a boy's name which he afterwards attained. plain short jacket, and carrying with The town of Padstow is situated in him all proper apparatus for portrait a fertile valley, the eminences around painting. Here, amongst others, he which are clothed with flourishing painted the whole household, even to plantations. The harbour is thas noihe dogs and cats, of the ancient and ticed by the Rev. Ms. Warner, in bis respectable family of Prideaux. He Tour through Cornwall in the autumn remained so long absent from home, of 1808.— The beauty of the Harthat some uneasiness began to arise bour, on the western side of which on his account; but it was dissipated Padstow stands, powerfully arrested by his returning dressed in a hand- our attention. The tide was at flood, some coat, with very long skirts, laced and filled the whole of a vast and deep ruffles, and silk stockings. On see- recess, the mouth of which being coning, his mother, he ran to her, and cealed by the juttings of the land, the taking out of his pocket twenty gui- expanse assumed the appearance of a neas which he had earned by his peu- noble lake. Had not Nature denied it cil, he desired her to keep them ; add- the general accompaniment of wood, ing that in future he should maintain Padstow Harbour would be one of the himself.”

most majestic objects in Britain. The These paintings have the advantage chief curiosity in the immediate neighof his country experience, being exe- bourhood are its rocks, honey-combed cuted about the year 1780, a short into romantic caverns, and resorted to time previous to his departure for Lou- in fine and warm weather for the purdon; and, although perhaps void of poses of pleasure and enjoyment. But

in stimulating the ministers of our national church to the more active performance of their sacred functions. The ardent but rational attachment which Mr. Rawlings ever entertained for that church was made only subservient to his well-tempered zeal in the cause of genuine piety; and his warm-hearted benevolence and judicious advice were unremittingly devoted to the interests of the serious clergy in the West of England. The death of the Rev. Mr. Walker of Truro deprived him of an endeared and highly valued friend, but, though the bond of affection was prematurely severed, it left a permanent impression on his mind, and threw a bright colouring over his future life. It is unnecessary to dwell upon the affectionate constancy which he displayed in the tenderer claims of domestic relationship, or upon the gentle manners and unaffected humility which graced his character. The more public sphere of his usefulness was widely extended by his removal from St. Colomb to Padstow about the middle of the last century, to the prosperity of which latter towo ho contributed in an eminent degree. By Catherine, the daughter of Mr. Warne of St. CoColumb, he left two sons, Thomas Rawlings, esq. since deceased, and the Rev. William Rawlings the present Vicar of Padstow, to whom his valuable collection of books, selected with great judgment, and enriched with approved editions of the Greek and Latin classies, was bequeathed. Amidst the multiplicity of his engagements, “ Vacare literis" was to Mr. Rawlings an unfailing source of delight, and those will not readily forget him who have witnessed his intelligent countenance beaming with all the kindlier feelings of our nature, in the seclusion of his library, and in the enjoyment of his literary avocations. Tully beantifully remarks (De Senectute III. 25.) “ Aptissima omnind sunt arma senectutis, artes exercitationesque virtutum : quæ in omni ætate cultæ, cùm multùm diuque vixeris, mirificos efferunt fructus, ne in extremo quidem tempore ætatis deserunt." This sentiment was remarkably exemplified in the closing scene of this excellent man, when the faith of that holy religion which he professed shed its sacred influence over his soul, and amidst extreme bodily infirmity, purified and elevated the soaring spirit to a nearer and more intimate communion with his God. His piety in life had been an active quickening principle of virtue ; in death therefore it abounded with consolation ; and while friendship and affection mourned their loss, the blessings of the poor and the afflicted followed him to the grave.

• The father of the Rev. T. T. Biddulph of Bristol.

woe

1825.)
Beauties of Padstow Scenery.

413 woe betide the wretched mariners who predilections, in whose well-cultivated are involuntarily driven towards them mind good temper and genuine feelby the blast of the storm! Escape is ing richly abound, thus expresses himhopeless : their black perpendicular self.—“An agreeable transition of sceheads frown inevitable destruction on nery occurred shortly after we quitted erery vessel that approaches them, and the Kistraen. The wild unbroken seldom does one of the unhappy crew views that had so perpetually recurred, survive to tell the horrors of the ship- were now changed for close sequestered wreck."

glens, which the most romantic parts After having quoted this passage, of Devonshire could not have rivalled the writer is induced to offer a few in beauty. The character of the perremarks on a voyage round Great Bri- fect picturesque may be justly claimed tain, by Messrs. Daniell and Ayton, by the village of Little Petherick, a work of considerable pictorial em- where a rude arch thrown over the bellishment; this is, however, its only road, an old mill, an ivied church, and recommendation. As a topographical several cottages, sprinkled on a very sketch, there are parts in which mis. irregular spoi of ground, produced a representation is too palpably evident, most striking and lovely effect. The and where, in the words of poor Sheri- magic of this combination is completdan, “the Gentlemen are indebted to ed by an exuberance of foliage which their imagination for their facts, and breaks the form of the objects, and to their memory for their jests.”—The only partially admits the light." descriptions indeed are wonderfully in- The charm of Little Petherick *, fluenced by the entertaininent which however, has been broken, by the exthe residence of the country Gentle- tension of a bridge across the stream, man, or the more humble table of the erected a few years since by gratuitous village-inn might afford them, and ill contribution ; and although the busy did that place fare which failed to gra- traveller may offer a passing tribute of tify their favoured propensity. No at gratitude to the liberality of the neightainment of the pencil can propitiate bouring gentlemen, and to the praisefor the absence of that animated per- worthy exertions of the Rector, yet the ception of Nature's loveliness so sweetly writer has sighed in vain for the bubexpatiated on by the bard of Childe bling brook and the rugged bridge; Harold:

for the romantic mill, and the vener“To sit on rocks, to muse o'er food and able ivy-mantled arch ; all distributed fell,

in such happy unison, and imparting To slowly trace the forest's shady scene,

an interest so indescribable to the Where things that own pot man's dominion scene; and often has he felt inclined dwell,

to exclaim like the lyric poet of old And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been ;

to his much-loved retreat, To climb the trackless mountain all unseen, “O rus, quando ego te aspiciam!" With the wild flock that never needs a fold;

A.

Yours, &c.
Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean ;
This is not solitude ; 'tis but to hold

Mr. URBAN,

Νου. 3. Converse with Nature's charms, and view her stores unroll’d."

A

BOOK has lately made its ap

pearance, called a “ History of But even if the beauties of Padstow Chivalry," in which the author, in his were converted into spleen by our fas. generalízing system, is lavish in his tidious voyagers, they might have found abuse of the study of costume. As is in the immediate vicinity a fine illus- usually the case where the feeling is in tration of that scenery which they at reality at variance with the doctrine times profess to admire. Mr. War- avowed, notwithstanding an attempt der, a gentleman unbiassed by local to deride detail in such matters, where The

llage of Little Petherick is situated in the fertile manor of Ide, the royalties of which extend over several estates in the parishes of St. Jessey, St. Breock, St. Eval, St. Ervan, and Padstow. It was formerly part of the lands of the late Thomas Rawlings, esq. but is now the property of Johu Paynter, esq. of Blackheath, Kent, who married a daughter of that gentleman. The pionacles of the church, and probably some other parts of the edifice, were brought from the old chapel of St. Cadoc near Padstow, where there was formerly a considerable village.

the

414
On some Arabic Paintings at Grenada.

(Nov the author fancies he has discovered a images to be stamped on their coins. new fact, he is curiously minute. The There is therefore every reason to bepassage which has called forth these lieve, that the paintings in question observations is the following:

are really the work of an Arabian

artist." “ In a pictorial representation of a tour

To decide this point nothing is renament at Grenada, between Moorish and Christian knights, the former are drawn quisite but an acquaintance with coswith the broad shovel shoes of their country,

tume; for the painters of old times inwhile the latter have long pointed toes, like variably represented the events they the cavaliers of the North. See Murphy's intended to commemorate in the garb Arabian Antiquities of Spain."

of their own day, no matter when they

might have happened. This very inNow there are but three paintings stance, therefore, is a proof of the value copied in Murphy's work, Plates XLII.

of such a study as the true art of verixLill. and XLIV. not one of which fying dates. Now the habiliments of represents a tournament. The first of the Christian knight are precisely those these seems to be referred to, and that of the time of Edward the Third, is evidently commemorative of some while his military belt has on it an legend. A lady, who has a lion chained Arabic inscription: sleeping at her feet, and holds the

This and ihe other paintings are at chain in her hand, is seized by a savage the extremity of the Court of Lions, hairy man, from whom she appears and contiguous to the apartments octo be rescued by a Spanish knight cupied by the Curate of the Alhamră, bearing on his shield three birds; he in the ceiling of a recess. Murphy having thrust his spear into the chest says, “ they are finished with a consiof the monster. 'In another part of derable degree of strength, and much the picture this same knight is en- stiffness prevails in the figures and countered by an Arab, who plunges countenances.” his lance into his body. Instead then

Plate XLIII. is from another of of there being Moorish and Christian these paintings, and exhibits a knight knights, there appears but one of each; in the same Spanish costume of the and as to the broad shovel shoes, if time of our Edward III. but without worn, which I doubt, they are invi- the Arabic inscription on the girdle, sible, owing to the broad stirrups which in the act of transpiercing a lion; and Mr. Mills seems to have mistaken for Plate XLIV. shows a horseman in a them.

mixture of Arabic and Spanish dress, These paintings have given rise to killing a wild boar. much difference of opinion in travel

That apartment of the Alhamra, lers, as to whether they should be at- called the Hall of the Abencerrages, is tributed to the Moors or Spaniards. ornamented with figured tiles, glazed, Swinburne inclines to the latter opi- having in their centres a shield of the nion, and gives as his reason the ana- precise form of Edward the Third's thema denounced by the Koran against time, bearing an heraldic bend, on all representation of animated beings, which is an Arabic sentence implying He concludes that they were executed “None can conquer but through God;" by some Spanish artist soon after the and one of these is in my possession. conquest of Grenada. Murphy on

Now if these paintings had been the other hand observes, that it is done by a Spanish artist on the conwell known that the Spanish-Arab quest of Grenada, we should have met Kalifs disregarded this prohibition. The with indications of the period of our lions which support the celebrated Henry VII. instead of that of Edward fountain that bears their name are a III. But Pedraza tells us that the Al. proof full in point; and in addition to hamrā was eularged and beautified by this evidence, we know that one khalif King Abal Uexis about the year 1336, (Abdurrahman III.) placed the statue which, by giving the same date as the of a favourite mistress over the magni- costume, decides the question in favour ficent palace which he had erected for of the Arabian artists. her use; while others, in defiance of

Yours, &c.

S. R. M. the Prophet's mandale, caused their

COMPENDIUM

1895.)

Compendium of County History.-Worcestershire.

415

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.

WORCESTERSHIRE.

The mountain woods
And winding vallies, with the various notes
Of pipe, sheep, kine, and birds, and limpid brooks
Unite their echoes ; near at hand, the wide
Majestic wave of Severn slowly rolls
Among the deep divided glebe; the flood
And trading bark, with low contracted sail
Linger among the reeds and copsy banks
To listen; and to view the joyous scene." DYER.

SITUATION AND EXTENT.
Boundaries, North, Staffordshire and Shropshire: East, Warwickshire : South,

Gloucestershire: West, Herefordshire and Shropshire. Greatest length 36; greatest breadth 26; square 936 miles. Province, Canterbury ; Diocese, Worcester ; Tenbury in Hereford diocese; Circuit Oxford.

ANTIENT STATE. British Inhabitants, Cornavii or Dobuni. Sazon Octarchy. Mercia. Antiquities. British Encampments of Clent Hill; and near Four Shire-stone.

Roman Encampments of Bredon; Kemsey (of considerable strength); Malvern-hills; Witchbury-hill; and Woodbury-hill (either Roman or Saxon). Danish Encampments of Conderton-hill, in Overbury; Iccomb. Abbeys, of Bordesley (founded by Empress Maud in 1138); Evesham (founded by Egwin Bp. of Wiccia in 709); Pershore (founded by Egelward Duke of Dorset, about 604); Worcester, St. Mary's (founded ante 743). Priories, of Astley (founded by Ralph de Todeni in 1160); Blockley (founded ante 855); Bredon (founded by Eanwolfus King of Mercia); Dodford (founded temp. John); Kemsey (founded ante) 799 ; Little Malvern (founded by Jocelin and Edred, brethren and dominicans, in 1171); Great Malvern (founded by Aldewine in 1083); Wicton (founded by Peter de Corbizon, alias Studley, temp. Henry I. or Stephen); and Westwood (founded temp. Ric. II). Nunreries, of Claines called Whitstane (founded by Walter de Cantelupe, Bp. of Worcester); Cokehill (founded in 1260, by Isabella Countess of Warwick *). Churches, of Alvechurch; Astley; Bredon ; Chaddesley Corbet; Church Lench (all Saxon remains); DroTWICH ; Eastham (Saxon remains); EVESHAM, All Saints (erected 13th century); Great Malvern (Saxon nave); Holt (the most complete specimen of Norman Architecture in this county); Kidderminster; Leigh; Naunton Beauchamp (built by Urso d'Abitot the Norman); Northfield; Pedmore (curious sculpture over Saxon door); Ribbesford; Rock (Saxon); Stockton (Norman remains); Stoke Prior; WORCESTER, St. Alban (originally erected by the Saxons); St. Andrew (erected 11th century) ; St. Clement (Saxon edifice). Chapels, of Bordesley (belonged to the Abbey, and still entire); Bredon (in rùins); another dedicated to St. Katharine of the Rock (founded by Richard de Michgros, temp. Henry III.); Cokehill (belonged to the Nunnery); DroITWICH, on the bridge; Hallowe; Frankley; KINDERMINSTER (now changed to a Free School); King's Norton ; Knighton (part Saxon), Linch; Newland (framed with timber like many antient buildings); Trimpley (no remains); Wittenton (very ancient); Wollashul (totally destroyed). Stone Pulpit at Worcester Cathedral of very beautiful workmanship). Fonts, of Chaddesley Corbet ; Easthamn. Castles, of Bengeworth (belonged to the Beauchamps, no remains); Castle Morton Elmley (the earliest settlement of the family of Beauchamp); Hagley (probably erected by Henry IV. in 1401); Hanley (the residence of the Nevills' Dukes of Warwick); Hartlebury (begun by Bp. Cantelupe and embattled by Bp. Gifford, temp. Henry III.) ; Holt (built by Urso A charter, however, exists as early as 1198.

d'Abitot,

416 Compendium of County History.-Worcestershire. [Nov.

d'Abitot, temp. Wm. I.); KIDDERMINSTER, called Caldwell (probably erected by Henry IV. in 1401); Weoly; Worcester (built by Urso d'Abitot, about 1088). Caves of Malvern; Upion (cliscovered in 1787).

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers. Avon ; Arrow ; Ledden; Rhea ; Salwarp; Severn; Stour; Teme. Inland Navigation. Droitwich canal (planned by the self-taught Brinley);

Dudley extension canal, joining the Dudley canal near Netherton; Leominster canal; Staffordshire canal ; Stourport canal; and Worcester and Birmingham canal. Eminences and Views. Abberley Hills, seen from every part of the county;

Areley Church, as fine a prospect as any in the county; Aylesborough, pleasing though confined riews; Blackstone rocks; Broadway hills ; Bredon hill, 900 feet high, fine view of Evesham vale; Cleeve Prior, extremely picturesque scenery; Clent hills, affording some pieasing prospects ; Cliftonupon-Teme, decked with all the beauties of the most picturesque woods and hills, for which the course of that rapid river is remarkable; Croome court; Cropthorne; Farnham abbey ; Hampton ; Kyre park; Malvern hills, 1313 feet above the Severn, “ beyond the power of an' Antiquary to describe the beautiful prospects, &c. ;' Madresfield ; Spring grove; Stagbary hill, fine bird's eye view of the river, forming a picturesque range of scenery ; Stanford Court, extensive and delightful views; Winterdyne, a charming view of the Severn and its romantic scenery; Witchbury hills rising in three beautiful

swells; Woodbury hill; Worcester bridge, a beautiful view of the Malvern hills. Natural Curiosities. Abberton wells, little, if at all inferior to Epsom ; Bre

don chalybeate spring; Bromsgrove chalybeate spring, and petrifying well; Churchill mineral water; Droilwich sali springs ; Hallow-park chalybeate spring; Kidderminster, dropping, well and two mineral springs ; Mal. vern, St. Anne and Holy wells ; Upper Areley, sulphuric spring discovered in 1795 by Dr. Johnstone of Worcester; Worcester chalybeate spring dis

covered in 1816. Public Edifices. Bellbroughton School. Bengeworth Free School, founded by

John Deacle, esq. in 1709. BeWdley Bridge ; Free Grammar School, founded by James I.; Town-hall; Broomsgrove Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. Dudley Free Grammar School, founded in 1562 by Thomas Wattewood and Mark Bysmor of London. Evesham Bridge, over the Aron, part erected as early as 1374; Free Grammar School, founded by Abbot Litchfield in 1546, re-founded by Henry VIII. ; Town-hall. Feckenham Free School, founded in 1611 by Jaines I.; School founded by Sir Thos. Cookes, bart. founder of Worcester Coll. Oxford.' Hartlebury Free Grammar School, foundation not known, but ante 1400, re-founded by Elizabeth. KIDDERMINster Free Gramınar School, founded by Charles I. in 1637; Town-ball, containing the prison underground, market on ground floor, and council-room principal story. King's Norton Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. Martley Free Grammar School, founded ante 1579. Pedmore Free School, founded about 1699, by Thomas Foley, esq. ; Rock Grainmar School, founded by Edward VI. Stourbridge Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. 1553. Stourport Bridges, one built in 1775, and one of iron. Swinford Hospital or School, founded by Thos. Foley, esq. ob. 1677. Tenbury Bridge, over the Teme, of six arches. Wolverley Free Grammar School, founded by Wm. Scabright, by will, dated 1620. WORCESTER, Berkeley's Hospital, endowed temp. W’n. III. by Judge Berkeley; Bridge opened 1781 Charity Schools, founded by Bishop Lloyd in 1713 ; City gaol, formerly House of Grey Friars; College or King's School, founded in 1541-2 by Henry VIII.; County prison, erected 1809; Free Grammar School, founded by Elizabeth in 1561; Guildhall, a handsome edifice built in 1721-3; House of Industry, delightfully situated, built 1794 ; lufirmary, established 1745, built 1707; Market-house opened 1804; Moore's Hospital, founded by Anne, sister of Judge Berkeley ; St. Oswald's Hospital of very ancient foundation, built and endowed by Thomas Haynes, 1082; Subscription Free School, erected 1810; Theatre ; Trinity Hospital endowed by Queen Elizabeth.

S.T. (To be continued.)

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