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1995.] Fund proposed for defending Rectors of Beneficés. 399 the epitaph of Columbus expresses it. ment, the interests of which have sufThe Spaniards have exclusively retain. fered materially from the distresses. ed the American trade, but by crippling non-residence, or perhaps negligence the conquered Portuguese in Iudia, of his predecessors. I need not here they prepared the way for Dutch and enlarge on the various encroachments Englisb acquisitions. We have little and forms of injustice to which fear that the sea will afford other na. Church property is subject. Few peotions a political superiority; but it is ple who live in the country are impossible to read the prophecies of strangers to them, and the Clergy Isaiah 23, without feeling some anxiety from woeful experience are full well ac as to that commercial people, whose quainted with them. One of the most endearours are to assist in the restora- common and difficult to investigate is tion of the Jews.

the system of setting up moduses instead of the payment of tithes. Other

pleas of exemption, likewise, from the Mr.URBAN,

Oct. 8.

payment of them are contended for. DERMIT me through the channel To which may be added local and special

r of your useful Magazine, to usages of the parish in favour of the make known a proposed measure, of land holder. Encroachments too on no small importance to the interests the glebe land are sometimes so bareof the Beneficed Clergy. It was sug- faced, and to such an extent, as to outgested some time ago, but I believe no rage every principle of common homeans were taken to put it in execu- nesty. Public records of such rights, tion. The inadequacy of small liv- whether parish Terriers, the Liber ings to supply a decent and respectable Regis, the Taxatio Ecclesiastica, the maintenance to the incumbents, has Inquisitio post Mortem, the Augmenlong and deservedly been a matter of tation Office, or other documents usucomplaint. Various modes have been ally referred to, may be of occasional adopted of increasing their value, and utility, but as a dependence are little with some success. Queen Anne's more than broken reeds of support. Bounty has done much. Augmenta- If an incumbent, under these circumtions and benefactions from private stances, is daring enough to seek repersons, in several forms have con- dress by law, what are his prospects ? tributed to the same desirable end. I answer, the following, generally But the benefits thence derived have speaking. In the first place he feels unfortunately been more than coun- probably the res angusta. Next he teracted by the operation of a constant is sensible that he has (commonly) a evil, which is the inability of the in, life interest only in the benefice. He ferior clergy to defend their own rights, finds too that his adversaries are weal. owing to the formidable and almost thy, and deteripined upon making all incalculable expenses attending litiga- possible resistance: that the issue of tion on these occasions. I proceed, suits is ever uncertain ; that in case of therefore, lo say, that the present plan failure the loss may be ruinous to him, is to raise a fund for the purpose of and that eren if he be successful, the defending the rights of benefices. I opposite party perhaps will not abide shall not now attempt to enter upon by the decision; as well as that the the subject so fully as its probable con- expenses already incurred, are, it may sequences might authorise, but just be, to a greater amount than his interstate the general grounds on which est in the preferment is worth. The such measure is undertaken. Let me patron will seldom lend any aid, so but call your attention awhile to the that every risk must be his own. frequent and discouraging situation of If he looks forward to the usual course an incumbent with respect to the of law proceedings in these matters, it rights in question. Too often it is his is as follows. The plaintiff begins by fate, perhaps in the decline of life, and filing his bill in some Court at Westafter having passed the prime of it in minster, claiming his dues. After passserving curacics, which have afford- ing the usual forms, the cause reed him a bare subsistence, and there- mains for hearing, and awaits its turn. fore left him no means of providing for If this takes place within two years or the future, to be instituted to prefer- 90, he may esteem himself fortunate :

if not till iwice that time, he must not 29 Chap 60.

be surprised. When the cause is called,

Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 4.

400 Pund proposed for defending Rectors of Benefices. [Nov. if it appears to be one of little dif- that the vigorous and determined in. ficulty, it is usually decided at once, vestigation of a few select cases, whereand judgment given. If it be intri. in injustice is manifest, would, as precate, and involves (as frequently hap- cedents, facilitate the decision of others, pens) the investigation of local circum- and become the means of a systematic stances, an issue is granted for a trial redress of all such aggressions. Of at the county assizes. Now the case course a Society and Committee would unfortunately is become one in which he necessary to regulate an institution our great constitutional privilege, that of this nature, to superintend the apof Trial by Jury, appears to the leastplication of its funds, and to examine advantage. I feel a reluctance at mak- into the merits of all claims to receire ing this remark, being fully sensible the benefit of them. But these are of the general excellence of our Go- after-considerations, and I therefore vernment, and the administration of herc drop the subject : only adding my justice. But judicatures, like every hope that the benevolence and liberathing human, must be liable to defect, lity which ever characterize a British and sometimes fallible. Most certain publick in behalf of the oppressed, will it is, that country juries are com- appear in this instance. Thus will monly prejudiced against the payment they essentially befriend a class of men, of tithes, and therefore must be ex- respecting whom it may 100 truly be pected to be so biassed in their de- said, that whatever be their mcrits, cisions. If the verdict be given against collectively or individually, the incumbent, he is usually, if not « The world is not theit friend nor the ruined, left without the pecuniary world's law !" SHAKSPEARE. means of seeking further redress, by

Yours, &c.

VERAX. moving for a new trial, or taking the cause into a higher court. At least considerations of prudence may be

Mr. URBAN. Summerlands, Exeter, supposed to restrain him. Whilst on the other hand, should the decision M UCH of Common Law is foundbe in his favour, the wealthy and ex- W ed on customs. The commendasperated defendant, unalarmed by able abrogation of laws of evil tencosts, and finding the interests of his dency now frequently effected in the estate at stake, feels probably little present age, enlightened by sound prin. hesitation in making a further ven- ciples of political morals, sufficiently ture by another trial: and if still un- evinces that customs, however sancsuccessful, as a last resource, removes tioned by antiquity, are far from being the cause into the House of Lords! unquestionable. Under such just conThere can be no wonder that any one sideration, the record of customs in of slender fortune should be discou- your valuable repository of informaraged and deterred by such formidable tion leads to a candid examination of obstacles; which in fact must become, them, and necessarily to their rejec. in most cases, insuperable barriers to tion, if found to militate against the his obtaining justice. The consequence cause of religion and moral order in generally is, that he submits to the society. I shall now state a very old necessity of the case, and acquiesces custom, leaving it to your numerous in conditions which he knows to be readers, and more especially to Churchunjust: thus signing and sealing the men, to judge, wheiher what no indiruin of his benefice. These are evils vidual of proper feelings would for a which call aloud, and long have called moment imitate, can be any longer tofor some remedy. The general out- lerated, consistently with the rubrick line and view which I have given of of our Church. I must do the Clergy the subject, may lead to a fuller and here the justice to say, that they hare abler discussion of it. Meanwhile the in vain attempted to abolish so improcandid attention of all friends to the per an usage; while the corporate Church is requested to this represen- body who maintain it, see nothing intation of facts, which may enable them moral in its continuance ; and defend to form a judgment as to the expedi- it on the abstract principle of the honor ency of the present proposed measure, it originally conferred, the memory of that of establishing (as has been above which, under an erroneous impressaid) a sund for defending the rights of sion of the intentions of the Royal benefices. It may reasonably be hoped Donor, which they steadfast!y cherish.

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W. Latham per ALMA

WINDOW FROM BASINWERK ABBEY IN LLANASSA CHURCH, FLINT.

1825.) Painted Window from Basingwerk Abbey.

401 This city is celebrated in the page glass is the more curious, fronı having of history for heroic defences made originally adorned the neighbouring against rebellious armies and ferocious Abbey of Basingwerk. It obtained its invaders. The pretender, PerkinWar- present situation by the liberality of BECK, was gallantly repulsed from its Henry ap Harry, of Llanassa, who, walls raised in the time of ATHELSTẠN. having purchased the house and lands In reward for such loyalty and bravery, of Basingwerk Abbey, on its dissoluthe Seventh Henry granted a charter tion in 1540, made this present to his of immunities; presesented his own own parish church. ' sword to the Mayor, and gave a hat or The subject of the centre compartcap of liberty to be worn on all public ment is the Crucifixion, with St. occasions. The Mayor and Corpora Mary and St. John standing at the tion enter the Cathedral, preceded by foot of the Cross. the Swordbearer wearing this hat on The first compartment to the right his head, within the Choir, and does of the plate exhibits a female saint, not take it off, till he has deposited the with no very remarkable or apparent sword before the Mayor, close to the symbol. It is probably Saint Anne, throne of the Bishop. In like man- who was usually drawn with a book. Der, he wears this hat in the House The glass doubtlessly suffered much OF GOD, in marching in front of the in its removal, and several parts are procession leaving the Cathedral*. disarranged and misplaced. On each The Church-rubrick permits no person side of this figure we have a fragment to wear a hat within ihe Temple of the of an inscription, on one of which ocDeity; the infirm only being allowed curs the usual incipient word, Ora, to use a description of nightcap. Henry and on the other, Joan, .. the Seventh was rather a religious Mo- In the next division we have a Bi. narch, who would not sanction an im- shop bearing very apparently the pall pious custom: and if we are to sup- of Canterbury. It may be intended pose that Roman Catholics in those for St. Augustine or St. Thomas à days, acted thus, surely Protestants are Becket. forbid to follow so shocking an ex. On the other side of the Crucifixion ample. Probably some of your Cor. stands St. Lawrence, with his usual respondents can inform us, whether accompaniments, a book and gridiron. soch an extraordinary custom be prera. In the last compartment is St. James lent in any other Protestant place of the Less, with his inscription remain. worship? John MacDONALD, ing, Sancť Iacob'. He has, as is

usual, a book in his hand; behind his

head, his pilgrim's hat, bearing an escalMr. URBAN, Liverpool, Sept. 10. lop shell,' is thrown back ; and under THE parish of Llanasaph, com- his arın remains part of his staff. T monly called Llanassa, in the In the three rondeaux above the county of Flint, is situated on the heads of the first, second, and last fi. banks of the Dee, 64 miles North

gures, are depicted the instruments and west of Holywell, and 212 from Lon- symbols of the Passion; in the first don.

three immense nails between diminuThe Church, dedicated to St. Asaph, tive pincers and hammer: in the seis much more spacious than the gene- cond. the five wounds of Christ: in rality of churches in the Principality, the last, Judas's bag and Peter's cock. having been considerably enlarged of the Rectory of Llanasaph the since its first erection. It has lwo Bishop of St. Asaph is proprietor, and East windows, in the more ancient of he is the patron of the Vicarage. Bp. which is placed some fine stained Laurence Child procured in

Laurence Child procured in 1385 the glass, represented in Plate 11. This impropriation of this Church to sup

* It was remarked to George II. that at ply his Cathedral with lights, and to Court a privileged Nobleman wore his hat, repair the ruins occasioned by the on which the Monarch neatly observed, that wars. The present worthy Vicar of the Peer forgot that Ladies were present. Llanasaph is the Rev. Henry Parry. The Mayor and Corporation may apply this By the marriage of Annc, only à priori, in an infinitely higher sense, to a daughter and heiress of Henry ap practice that would certainly be better ho- Harry above mentioned, to William noured in the breach than in the observance, Mostyn, esq. of Talacre, the Priory of GENT. MAG. November, 1825.

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