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Memoirs of the Rev. William Bunce. ein ployment of his parochial duties, a Brotherhood and Guestling, which and a deportment equally amiable in continued several days, and has been all his relative and social connexions. since assembled but twice, at the disIn his person he was slight and well- tant periods of twenty and fort yyears, proportioned ; his address and manners was published in the Canterbury paper were those of a gentleman in the first of the 28th July 1750, in which, class of society never abject, but Mr. B.'s sermon was honorably menalways respectful to his superiors ; of tioned. a cheerful temper and pleasant con- In the Gentleman's Magazine for versation with his equals; and to his Sept. 1801 is a correct engraving of inferiors, particularly those in depressed his residence, the old parsonage-house circumstances, benevolent and cha- of St. Peter's; and in the poetical deritable to the full extent of his power partment of the same Number are in principle and practice.

some elegiac lines inscribed to his meHaving done particular credit to mory by his only surviving son, who, himself and his College at the Unic at the advanced age of seventy-three, versity, he was by special favour allowed has recently commemorated the fiftyto take his degree sooner than he could ninth anniversary of his father's deotherwise have obtained it, and ad- cease, and now communicates the mitted by dispensation to Deacon's above particulars of his life, the termiOrders at the age of twenty-one, and nation of which, on the 12th of June to full orders by a similar favor; but it 1766, at the age of fifty-two, was atwas not on these academical advantages, tended with some peculiar circumpor on any superior talents, that his stances that throw a 'lustre on his last best pretensions to distinction were moinents, similar to that of a fine sunfounded; they were uniformly and set at the close of a summer day. On constantly evinced by the whole ienour the evening preceding his departure, of his life. With regard to his dis- with the happiest composure he took courses from the pulpit, he never as- a very affectionate leave of his afflicted pired to be a popular preacher, though family, and separately gave his chilin his younger days he was generally dren his last paternal blessing; after followed, his voice being strong and which he was attended by his particlear, and his delivery graceful; but cular friend the Rev. John Conant his style of composition admitted no (brother to the late Sir Nathaniel), who rhetorical embellishments, for which succeeded him in the Rectory; and he he candidly confessed his inability, and also admitted, at their own request, judiciously made choice of the plain some few of his parishioners, to whom, and practical language of “Melmoth's in the feeble accents of his expiring greal Importance of a Religious Life," breath, he gave a final exhortation* and for his model; in which there is not a solemn benediction, as the last act of sentence, nor perhaps a word, that is their faithful Minister, and desired not perfectly intelligible to any com- them to join in the commendatory mon capacity.

prayer at the point of departure, which “ In earnest and impressive style they fervently did, and beheld in him

The truth divine he taught; the blissful tranquillity in which a
No other aim the Preacher had, truly Christian Pastor can die.
No other praise he sought.

Yours, &c.

W.B. « But faith and works in union held, From the pure sacred text,


Highgate, near BirmAnd ne'er by frantic zeal disjoin'd,

ingham, June 24. Or senseless terms perplext.”

Y bud

OU are not only learned yourself, The only public occasion on which but the occasion of learning to he was appointed to preach, was at a others; and your Correspondents may General Meeting of the Cinque Ports, be compared to an agreeable, social held at New Romney on the 24th of party, assembled to receive and bestow July 1750. The sermon in MS. is in my possession: it was highly approved, funeral, the final exhortation and blessing

* There being a full congregation at his and, as customary when delivered be above mentioned are transferred in the Elegy fore any public assembly, requested to

to the solemn period of interment, when the be printed ; but this he was too diffi- departed spirit is supposed to address them dent to consent to. The whole ac- while they were assembled on that occasion coont of that General Meetiog, called at the grave. (Vol. lxxi. pt. ii. p. 837.)


Life of Dugdale. Compendium of County History. (July, information, in the most courteous with copious Notes. Interleaved Pocket manner.

Almanacks supply his Diary from 1643 My present appearance in this friendly to 1686, with the exception of only circle is to solicit aid towards a work three years; and of Letters I have which I am now preparing for the already collected more than one hundredi press, under the title of “ The Life, and seventy, including those of DodsDiary, and Correspondence of Sir Wilworth, Somner, Spelman, Twysden, liam Dugdale.” Original Letters writ. Junios, Archer, Wood, and a long ten by, or addressed to that distinguished train of antiquarian worthies. Antiquary, or any other documents, or And now, after an intimacy of thirty information, connected with his lite- years, I remain, most excelleut Syl. rafy or personal history, will be very vanus, not merely “ Yours, &c." but, acceptable, and ensure my grateful ac- to use the expressions of Lightfoot to knowledgments.

Dugdale, " the unfained honourer of The Life will be given in Dugdale's your worth, and one ready to serve own words, from the Ashinolean MS. you ;'



SITUATION AND EXTENT. Boundaries, North, Gloucestershire : East, Hampshire and Berkshire : South,

Hants. and Dorset. : West, Somersetshire, Gloucestershire, and Dorsetshire. Greatest length, 54; greatest breadth, 34; square 1372, Province. Canterbury. Dioceses. Salisbury; Kingswood, a peculiar to Gloucester; and one parish to Winchester. Circuit, Western.

ANTIENT STATE AND REMAINS. British Inhabitants, Cangi, a tribe of the Belgæ ; Hædui. Roman Province, Britannia Prima. Stations, Cunetio, Folly Farm near Marlborough; Mutuantonis, Euston Grey;

Sorbiodunum, Old Sarum; Verlucio, near Wans-town. Saxon Octarchy, Wessex. Antiquities. British Eurthworks, Southley-wood, near Heytesbury, (vulgarly

called Robin Hood's Bower, &c.); Bokerly ditch; Elder Valley; Grymsditch ; Hamshill ditches; Old ditch (resembling Bokerly); Wansdike; Sub ton Common (resembling an amphitheatre in miniature). Druidical or British Remuins, Avebury (a series of circles, with two extensive avenues of upright stones); Brome near Swindon, a row of upright stones; Stonehenge. Cromlechs at Clatford-bottom, Littleton-Drew; Rockley, Mountain hield heath of. Encampments*, Amesbury, called Vespasian's Camp; Badbury (supposed by Whitaker to be the "Mons Badonicus" of the ancients) ; Bagdon ; Barbury; Battlesbury; Beacon Hill; Bilbury Rings or Wily Camp; Blansden Hill near Highworth ; Bratton (successively occupied by the British, Romans, Saxons, and Danes); Broad chalk, called Bury Orchard ; Bury wood near Slaughienford, Casterly near Uphaven; Castle Rings ; Chesbury near Great Bedwin; Chidbury near Everley, Chiselbury; Chlorus's camp; Church Ditches; Clay Hill; Clearbury Ring (constructed by Cerdic or his son Cypric); Cotley Hill (used as an exploratory post); Haydon; Hay's Castle; Knook (British, but afterwards used by the Romans as Castra Siativa); Liddington; Martinsall near Marlborough ; Newton Toney; Oldborough castle; Old castle near Mere; Old Sarum; Pen-pits Roddenbury; Rolston; Roundway Hill near Devizes; Scratchbury Hill; Sherston ; Spilshury called Castle Bitches ; Warminster ; West down or Hanging Langford ; West Kington; Whichbury; Whiten-hill; While-sheet Hill (occupied by Britons and Saxons); Wickball; Winkelbury; Woodyates Inn; Yarnbury (originally British, but subsequently strengthened by Roinans and Saxons). Abbeys of Bradford (founded by St. Aldhelin ante 705): Kingswood (built in 1139 by William de Berkeley); Malmesbury (founded about 630 by Meyldulph, a Scot) ; Stanleigh (established in 1151 at Lokeswell, removed to

+ The diffculty of discriminating Roman from British, &c. being so great, I have classed them under the general head of Encampments.


1525.] Compendium of County History.-Wiltshire.

33 Stanleigh by Maud the Empress), Wilton (founded in 773 by Wulstan Earl of Wiltshire, converted into a Nunnery). Priories of Avebury (founded 1100 by Williain de Tankerville); Bradenstoke (founded 1142 by Walter de Eureux); Bradfield; Brioptune; Bronham (founded by Baldwin de Riperiis); Charlton, Great (rounded in 1187 by Reginald de Pavely); Chissenbury; Clarendon (founded by Henry II.); Clatford (founded temp. Wm. I. by Sir Roger Mortimer); Corsham, (founded temp. Wm. I.) another (founded temp. Hen. II.); Ivychurch (founded temp. Hen. II.); Kingswood (founded in 1139); Longleat (founded by Sir John Vernun or Ve

Vernon, temp. Edward I.); Maiden Bradley (founded in 1190 by Hubert Bishop of Salisbury, formerly a hospital for leprous women, founded temp. Stephen); Marlborough (founded anie John); Monkton Deverill (founded ante 1086); Monkton Farley (founded about 1125); Okeburn (founded 1149 by Maud de Wallingford); Poulton (founded about 1337 by Thos. de St. Maur or Seymour); Ranısbury (founded in 905); Stratton (founded temp. Wm. I. or II.); Tisselbury (founded ante 720);

U phaven (founded temp. Hen. I.) Nunneries of Amesbury (founded by Elfrida, widow of King Edgar, refounded 980); Kington (founded ante 1156*); Laycock (founded in 1232); Malmesbury 2 (one founded ante 603); Wilton (founded in 800 by Elburga, sister to King Egbert, refounded in 871). Churches of Amesbury (ancient and curious); Ansty (the oldest church in the diocese); Avebury (part of its architecture old); Bishop Canning's (the interior Anglo-Norman); Boyton (but little alteration in its architecture since 1301); Calne (handsome tower at the North-east end); Castle Combe ; Chippenham (some part very ancient); Chitterne St. Mary; Codford St. Mary; Crudwell ;'Devizes St. John (most interesting to the Architectural Antiquary); Si, Mary (chancel part early Norman); Draycot; Eddington; Fisherton de la Mere; Great Bedwin (partly Norman); Great Durnford ; Heytesbury; Holt; Kington St. Michael (supposed erected temp. Henry III. but apparently earlier); Laycock; Little Bedwin; Malmesbury, St. Paul (some remains visible); Marlborough, St. Mary; Melkshanı ; Mere (one of the best in South Wiltshire with regard to its architectural appearance); Monkton Deverill; Oaksey (Anglo Norman remains); Ramsbury (considered the mother Church io Salisbury); Sherston ; Steeple Ashton (handsome); Tisbury; Westbury ; West Knoyle (situate, more antiquo, adjoining to the Manor-louse). Chapels of Fugglestone (now used as lodgings for the poor); Little Horningsham ; Salisbury, near Harnham Bridge, to receive alms of the passengers for repairs ; Tytherington (founded by Empress Maud, a mean building resembling a barn); West Lavington (entirely demolished). Stone Pulpit. Codford, St. Peter, now enclosed in the wall, the first step only visible. Fonts. Ashley; Avebury; Boyton (on a large circular column, once surrounded by four smaller ones); Brembill; Chitterne All Saints and St. Mary (both ancient and plain); Great Durnford (Saxon); Kingston Deverill; Horningsham (old, but motilated); Longbridge Deverill; Malmesbury, St. Mary Westport; Preshute (very large and curious); Stanton St. Quinuin; Stockton. Castles of Calne; Casile Combe; Devizes (built by Roger Bishop of Salisbury, temp. Henry I.) po remains; Downton ; Farley (built by Robert de Carcelles, temp. Wm. I.); Laycock (ascribed to the British King, Dunwallo Mulmotius); Longford (modern); Ludgershall (ascribed to the British King Lud, hence Lud-gar's Hall); Malmesbury (built by the heroic Roger Bp. of Salisbury); Marlborough ; Mere (built by Richard Earl of Cornwall in 1253); Old Sarum ; Stourton (built by Sir John de Stourton, temp. Henry V. or VI. near the site now occupied by the magnificent mansion of Sir R. C. Hoare, bart.); Trowbridge (erected temp. Stephen); Wardour. Mansions. Chitterue (bearing a monastic appearance, used as a farm house); Mere Park (very ancient, originally

, moated); Stanton St. Quintin ; Studley (formerly of the Hungerfords); Woodlands at Mere (now a farm-house); Zeals Manor House.

• Tanner. Aubrey says by Empress Maud. GENT. MAG. July, 1825.



Compendium of County History.-Wiltshire. (July,

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers. Avon, Upper and Lower; Bourne; Brue; Colne; Deverill; Kennet;

Marlan; Nodder; Stour; Thames; Were; Wily. Inland Navigation. Kennet and Avon Canal ; Thames and Severn Canal;

Wilts and Berks Canal, with several branches. Lakes. Bowood; Charlton Common (the largest in the county); Shirewater;

Earl Stoke Park, of considerable diinensions ; Stourhead; Wilton Park. Eminences and Views. Beacon Hill, near Amesbury, 690 feet high; Bidcombe

Hill from which the sugar-loaf mountain, near Abergavenny, is seen ; Bowood, the cascade truly picturesque; Box, a small village of great beauty Bradford, very picturesque; Broxmore, highly picturesque; Cheril Hill Clay Hill, surrounded by ditch and rampart; East Knoyle, rich and beautiful prospects towards Dorsetshire; Hermitage Hill, Codford ; New Park, charming and extensive view ; Savernake Forest, peculiarly fine scenery; Silbury Hill, the largest barrow perhaps in Europe; Standlynch House, from the high grounds, the prospect one of the finest and most varied in the county; Earl Stoke Park, pleasure grounds, and fine prospects from the hills; Swindon

Stourhead Topwood Hill; Stourton Church-yard, beautiful prospect over a well-wooded and undulated scene thickly covered with laurel; Westbury Down, 775 feet high. Natural Curiosities. Bowood, many petrifying springs ; Chippenham chaly

beate springs ; Heywood mineral spring; Holt mineral spring ; Malmesbury, Daniel's well, where Holy Daniel watched by night; Holy Well, in which St. Aldhelm bathed in all weathers; Melksham chalybeate and saline aperient springs ; Middle Hill Spa; Stourhead, Paradise Well, from six fountains

here the Stour rises ; Weston Birt floods, called Shireburn. Public Edifices. Bradford Bridge of nine arches, very ancient; another of four

arches ; Charity School opened in 1712. Calne Free School, founded by J. Bentley, esq. by will dated 1660; Market House and Town Hall; Chippenham Bridge of 21 arches ; Charity School. Corsham Hospital; Market House, erected in 1784 by late P. Cobb Methuen, esq. Cricklade Free School, founded by R. Jenner, esg. of London, who died 1651. Devizes Free Grammar School; House of Iodustry; Market Cross erected by Lord Sidmouth ; New Gaol ; Town Hall. Downton Borough Cross; Free School, founded by Giles Eyre, esq. Farley Hospital, erected 1678 by Sir Stephen Fox, with a Charity School. Froxfield Almshouse, founded by the widow of 4th Duke of Somerset (see vol. LxxI. p. 306). Heytesbury Hos. pital, founded by Robert Lord Hungerford and Margaret his widow, about 1472. Malmesbury Cross, erected temp. Henry VII.; Free School ; Town Hall, formerly St. John's Hospital. MARLBOROUGH Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. in 1651; Free School, founded in 1712; Market House ; Prison. SALISBURY; Bleckyndon's Hospital, founded in 1683 Bricket's Hospital, founded in 1519; City School, founded by Queen Elizabeth; Close School, founded by Bishop Poore; College of Matrons, erected by Bishop Ward; Council House, erected 1794 by Earl Radnor; County Gaol; Crane Bridge, of stone ; Eyre's Hospital, erected 1617; Fisherton Bridge, of Stone ; Free Grammar School; Froud's Hospital, erected in 1750; Godolphin's Charity School; Haroham Bridge, first built 1244; Infirmary, erected 1767; Poultry Cross ; Saint Nicholas Hospital ; Sunday School; Taylor's Hospital, founded in 1998; Trinity Hospital, founded 17 Ric. II. by John Ellis. Trowbridge School. Tytherton, Calloways School for Moravian Children. Warminster Assembly Room ; Free Grammar School ; Markethouse. Westbury Town Hail. West Lavington Free School and Almshouse, founded by Wm. Dantsey in 1542; Wilton Free School ; Town Hall.

Seats. Wilton House, Earl of Pembroke, Lord Lieutenant. Alderbury House, G. Fort, esq.

Bapton House, John Davis, sen, esq. Amesbury House, Sir Edmund Antrobus, Batford, R. E. D. Shaftoe, esq. bart.

Benton, Stoaly, esq.
Ashcombe, William Wyndham, esq. Berry Cottage, Bishopstrow, Temple,

Lord Arundel.
Ashley Manor House, T. B. G. Estcourt, Biddesden House, J. Everett, esq.

Blacklands, late John Merrewether, esq. Ashton Keynes, R. Nicholas, esq.

Boreham House, Rev. Griffith.



esq. M. P.

1825.] Compendium of County History.-Wiltshire.

85 Bowden Park, Mrs. Dickenson.

Lacock Abbey, John Grossett, esq. Bowood, Marquis of Lansdowne.

Lake House, Amesbury, Rev. Edw. Duke. Bos Hall, W. Northey, esq.

Landford House, T. Bolton, esq. Borton, A. B. Lambert, esq.

Lodge, S. Greathead, esq. Bradley House, Duke of Somerset. Laverstock, Sir J. Burrough. Brickworth House, Lord Lisle.

Liddiard or Lydiard Park, Visct. Boling- J. M. Eyre, esq;

broke. Britford, P. Jervoise. esq. M.P.

Littlecote Park, Major-Gen. E. L. Popham. Broxınore House, R. Bristow, esq.

Little Durnford House, E. Henxman, esq. Bulford, Dowager Lady Pollen.

Lockeridge House, Duke of Marlborough. Barderop, Thomas Calley, esq.

Longford Castle, Earl of Radnor. Castle Combe, W. Scrope, esq.

Longleat, Marquis of Bath. Castle House, Calne, Mrs. Bondry.

Lucknam, Sawyer, esq. Charlecot House, Samuel Olla, esq.

Melchett Park, John Osborne, esq. Charleton Park, Earl of Suffolk.

Melksham, Rev. W. B. Wrey. Chilton Lodge, John Pearse, esq. M.P. Monks, Mrs. Dickinson. - House, Falwar Craven, esq.

Monkton, T. Edridge, esq. Chissenbury Priory, Edmund Stagg, esq.

Farley Honse, John Long, esq. Church Chatley Lodge, T. Meade, esq.

Neston Park, J. Faller, esq. Chate Lodge, near Ludgershall, W. Fowle, Nether Avon, M. Hicks Beach, esq. esq.

New Hall near Salisbury, J. T. Batt, esq. Clarendon Lodge, F.H. Bathurst, esq. New House near Whaddon, Mrs. Eyre. Clarendon Park, Şir Felton Harvey, bart. New Park, Devizes, T. B. G. Estcourt, esq. Clift Hall, Hon. D. P. Bouverie.

M.P. Clouds House, East Knoyle, Jas. Still, esq. Norman Court, Charles Baring Wall, esq. Cole Park, Peter Harvey Lovell, esq. Notton, John Awdry, esq. Compton House, Mrs. Hencage.

Oaksey House, Mrs. Salisbury. Compton Chamberlayne, J. H. Penruddock, Oare, John Goodman, esq. esq.

Odstock, Sir Thos. Webb, bart. Copbolt Park, Sir W. Meadows, bart. Old Warren Cottage, Wanley Sawbridge, esq. Coacock Manor House, ErueleWarriner, esq. Pinckney House, Estcourt Creswell, esq. Corsham House, Paul C. Methuen, esq. Poulton House, T. Baskerville Myoors, esq. Cowfold Park, Peter H. Lovell, esq. Puck Shipton, Joseph Gilbert, esq. Cowsfield House, Sir Arthur Paget, K. B. Purton House, Crow wood, J. R. Seymour, esq.

Pyt House, John Benett, esq. M.P. Dantsey, Miss Anne Bissett.

Rainscombe, Rev. Dr. Rogers. Dinton House, Wm. Wyndhan), esq. Ramsbury, Sir Francis Burdett, bart. M.P. Doddington Park, Sir Christopher B. Cod- Roche Court, F. T. Egerton, esq. rington, bart,

Rockley, Sir John Smyth, bart. Donbead Hall, J. G. Kneller, esq.

Rowd Ashton Park, R. G. Long, esq. Down Ampney, Earl of St. Germains. Rowdforde, Wadham Locke, esq. Draycote, w. P. L. Wellesley, esq. Rushall, Sir Edward Poore, bart. Duroford House, Amesbury, Miss Harris. Rushwpore Lodge, Lord Rivers. Earlstoke Park, Geo. W. Taylor, esq. M.P. Salisbury College, Wadham Wyndham, esq. Eastcourt, Joseph Pitt, esq. M.P.

M.P. Eastwell, J. H. Grubbe, esq.

Palace, Bishop of Salisbury. Everleigh House, Sir J.D. Astley, bart. M.P. Salthorpe Lodge, Mrs. B. Pye Bennet. Farley House, Lieut.-col. Houlron.

Sandridge Park, Lord Audley.
Fero House, Thos. Grove, esq.

Savernake Lodge, Lord Bruce.
Fonthill Abbey, John Farquhar, esq. Sedghille, Mrs. Helyar.
Fishertun House, John Davis, jun. esq. Seend, Ambrose Awdry, esq.
Fyfield House, Mrs. Penruddocke.
Hannington House, R. Mootgomery, esq. Lodge, Mrs. Schomberg.
Hardenhuish, Geo. Hawkins, esq.

Shaw Hill House, S. Heathcote, esq.
Harnish, Thomas Clutterbuck, esq.

Shaw House, Sir H. Burrard Neale, bart. Hartham, General Kerr.

Sherfield House, J. J. Lockhart, esq.
Park, Michael Joy, esq.

Shockerwick, J. Wiltshire, esq.
Hessek, Sir J. E. Styles, bart.

South Broom House, W. Salmon, esq. Heytesbury House, Sir Wm. P. A. A'Court, Spy Park, Calne, Rev. Dr. Starkie. bert.

Standlynch House, see Trafalgar Park. Haywood House, Westbury,

A. Ludlow, esq. Stanton Fitzwarren, Rev. Dr. Ashfordby Hurdcot House, Alexander Powell, esq. Trenchard. Ivy Church House, H. Henxman, esq. Stourhead, Sir R. C. Hoare, bart, Ivy House, Chippenbam, M.Humphries, esq.

Stocton House, R. Biggs, esq.
Kemble House, Robert Gordon, esq. M.P. Stowell Lodge, Sir George Montagu, bart.
KDoyle, Peter Still, esq.

G. C. B.
Lackham House, James Montagu, esq. Studley Hill, J. B. Angell, esq.


Wilson, esq.

Robson esq.

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