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326 Review.-Coventry's Enquiry regarding Junius. (Oct. 'were sufficiently important to induce him to “During the seven years that his Lordwrite no more.-24. Finally, that so powerful ship was Secretary for the Colonies, he had, an attack on the private character of per principally, Charles James Fox to contend sons of such high rank, being inconsistent with. Throughout this long and arduous with the pen of political writers in general, period, he displayed signal ability in his rewho condemn measures, and not character ; plies.' — Parliamentary Debates.” we may reasonably couclude, that they pro- To the “ Reminiscences" of Mr. ceeded from the pen of one who had received Butler, Mr. Coventry pays the respect a severe wound from some of shose indivi- which' that Genileman's talents and duals who formed part of the existing administration."

integrity so well deserve. “From these articles we may, at one view,

Some just compliments are also paid collect the leading principles of Junius, to the Duke of Dorset; who does not, which Horne Tooke candidly informed hina however, appear desirous these deliwould suit no form of Government ; indeed cate investigations relative to his Famany of them appear highly inconsistent ther should be publicly discussed; but with so popular a writer ;-nevertheless, all most material assistance has been rewhich testimonials I have proved are united ceived from William Little, Esq. of in the person of Lord Viscount Sackville.”

Richmond, and from Mr. George The intellectual character of his Woodfall, the intelligent son of the Hero, Mr. Coventry has collected original Printer of Junius's Letters. from the testimony of several of his

The motives for the pointed ferocity eminent contemporaries.

of Junius against many distinguished

characters are ingeniously developed “Having shown that the enemics of Ju- by Mr. Coventry; who adds, nius were enemies of Lord Viscount Sackville; that the friends of Junius were the

“Let us now proceed to the most strikfriends of Lord Viscount Sackville ; and that ing object of Junius's attack, the Marquiss the line of politics laid down by the former, of. Granby, who received the thanks of was strictly pursued by the latter, it now

Prince Ferdinand, the thanks of the King, only remains to affix further testimonials of

was promoted to the station of Commander his Lordship's abilities, which have occa

in-chief, Master-general of the Ordnance, a sionally been called in question, as inade- Member of the Privy Council, a Governor quate to the performance of the Letters. The of Christ's Hospital, with other important able speeches which have been brought for- places, previously held by Lord George Sackward, as evidence of his Lordship's opinions,

ville himself.clearly prove that he was competent to speak As far as relates to the high employor write on any subject. There were very ments under the Government, this is few topics that came before the House, on probably correct; but we cannot think which his Lordship did not enlarge. These that Lord George Sackville was disspeeches have, undoubtedly, been read with placed from being a Governor of Christ's interest by all statesmen and members of Hospital, an honorary office which he Parliament. For the satisfaction of our readers, I shall lay before them a few testi

had acquired by a liberal donation ; monials of eminent men who were well ac

and surely Lord Granby might have quainted with him, and who were competent attained a Governor's staff without the judges to discriminate between natural and removal of Lord George Sackville. acquired talent:

On the whole, we cannot but give * * There was no trash in his mind.'- it as our own opinion, that Mr. CovenWilliam Gerard Hamilton.

try has fairly made out his case ; and ««• Lord Sackville never suffered the clear- that the credit of these celebrated phiness of his conceptions to be clouded by any lippics may fairly be assigned to LORD obscurity of expressions.'- Richard Cum- GEORGE SACKVILLE. berland. “Lord Sackville's countenance indicat

62. Remains of the late Rev. Charles Wolfe, ed intellect, particularly bis eye, the motions of which were quick and piercing.'—

A.B. Curale of Donoughmore, Diocese of

Armagh, with a brief Memoir of his Life. Sir N. Wraxall. ««• I thank the Noble Lord for every pro

By the Rev. John A. Russel, M. A. &e.

2 vols. 12mo. vol. 1. pp. 282. vol. 2. PP. position he has held out: they are worthy

270. of a great mind, and such as oughi to be adopted.'--Lord North.

THE genius of the sister island is “Lord George Sackville was a man of remarkable for wild and original flights very sound parts, of distinguished bravery, of imagination, by which it expresses and of as honourable eloquence.'-Lord of matters, in this country limited to the ford, vol. 1. p. 244.

strictest dryness of reason. It is not


1825.) Review.-Remains of the late Rev. C. Wolfe. 327 uncommon for Irish Barristers to dism - No useless coffin ericlosed his breast, cuss deep legal questions in the lan- Not in sheet or in shroud we wound him; guage appropriate only to poetry. But he lay like a warrior taking his rest Whether this habit of exhibiting every

With his martial cloak around him. thing by pictures, instead of words, is “ Few and short were the prayers we said, a good or an evil, we are not called And we spoke not a word of sorrow; upon to discuss. In pursuits where But we steadfastly gazed on the face that was the attention should be rather directed dead, to things than words, we should deem And we bitterly thought of the morrow. it better to search for fact; and sound “We thought, as we hollowed his narrow logical conclusion, truth itself, rather bed, than embellishments of it.

And smoothed down his lonely pillow, But such patient investigation aud That the foe and the stranger would tread dry Aristotelian expression are pot suit

o'er his head, ed to the taste of Irishinea. From And we far away on the billow. Burke to Mr. Charles Phillips, they “ Lightly they'll talk of the spirit that's convert the Senate and the Bar into

gone, Theatre, though all are persuaded that And o'er his cold ashes upbraid himnothing should be thrown into the But little he'll reck, if they let him sleep on scales of Justice but law and evidence, In che grave, where a Briton has laid him. and the wise know well that passion “But half of our heavy task was done, can never be the right road lo reason. When the clock struck the hour for reHowever, this nationality, when it is turning; applied only to the exhibition of ac- And we heard the distant and random gun, knowledged useful truths, has the ten

That the foe was sullenly firing. dency to interest the feelings very “Slowly and sadly we laid him down, strongly in their support, and there is

From the field of his fame fresh and gory; no danger of misapplication in the im- We carved not a line, and we raised not a pression created. Maturin's exposure

stone, of the silliness of Popery is one of the

But we left him alone with his glory." best instances known to us of the uti- of the person who possessed such lity of imagination, directed in the form high poetical merit *, our readers will mentioned.

be glad to know something. Charles We have gone into this short

Wolfe pre

was the youngest son of Theoface, because we like Irish originality. bald Wolfe, Esq. of Blackhall, in the It has produced many literary felicities, county of Kildare. His mother was the and among them one of the first cha- daughter of the Rev. Peter Lombard. racter, applicable to the author before He was born in Dublin, December 14, us, riz. the exquisite “ Elegy on the 1791, and upon the decease of his faBurial of Sir John Moore,” who fell ther, who died when the poet was at Corunoa. Glory to the harp of this very young, removed with his family Miastrel, who, like a hero at a tour- to England. In 1801 he was sent 10 dament, stole into the poetical lists in

a school in Bath, but was obliged to disguise, broke a lance successfully with return home in a few months, through its men of established fame, and was the delicacy of his health. In 1805 he awarded the meed of triumph by the

was placed under the tuition of Dr. impartial umpireship of Byron.

Evans of Salisbury, As the copies have been incorrectly “ From which he was removed in the published, we shall give the beautiful year 1805; and soon after was sent as a original in an authentic form. The boarder to Winchester School [read Hyde words in italics (the correct version) will Abbey School, Winchester), of which Mr. show where the fine painting of the Richard's, sen. was then the able master. poetry bad been disfigured by unskil- There he soon distinguished himself by his ful daubing.

great proficiency in classical knowledge, and

by his early powers of Latin and Greek ver“Not a drum was heard, not a fuveral note, sification, and displayed the dawnings of a

As his corpse to the rampart we hurried; genius, which promised to set him amidst Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot that bright constellation of British poets

O'er the grave where our Hero was buried, which adorns the literature of the present “We buried him darkly at dead of night, age." I. p.4.

The sods with our bayonets turning; By the struggling moon-beams' misty light, • There are many other fine specimens in And the lantern dimly burning.

the first volume.

We 328

Review.Remains of the late Rer. C. Wolfe. [Oct. We knew (or know, if he is yet live parts of the floor, constituted all the furing) Mr. Richards, sen. and the great nitute of his sitting-rooth. The mouldy stress which he laid upon composition walls of the closet, in which he slept, were in the business of his school. We hanging with loose folds of damp paper ; therefore think that Wolfe there ac

and between this wretched cell and his par quired those poetical habits which lour, was the kitchen, which was occupied have since so distinguished him. He by the disbanded soldier, his wife, and their

numerous brood of children, who had minever received even a slight punish- grated with him from his first quarters, and ment or reprimand at any school to

seemed now in full possession of the whole which he ever went, and was the

concern, entertaining him merely as a lodger, pride of Winchester School (p. 8). Iu and usurping the entire disposal of his small the year 1809 he entered the Univer- plot of ground, as the absolute lords of the sity of Dublin, and distinguished him- soil.” P. 216. self by his academical exercises. In During the short time in which he 1817 he took Orders, became a Coun- held a Curacy (says Dr. Miller in p. try Curate in the North of Ireland, 252) he so wholly devoted himself to (Bally-clog in Tyrone), and gives the the discharge of his duties in a very following account of his new situa- populous parish, that he exhausted his tion.

strength, by exertions disproportioned “ I am now sitting by myself opposite my

to his constitution, and was cut off by turf-fire with my Bible beside me, in the disease (in 1829, æt. 31,] in what only furnished room of the Glebe-house should have been the bloom of youth. surrounded by mountains, frost and snow, He seems in the latter part of his and with a set of people with whom I am life to have expedited his disease, and totally unacquainted, except a disbanded certainly destroyed the high capacity artillery-man, his wife and two children, which he possessed, by adopting that who attend me,-the Churchwarden and Calvinistical gloom, which makes rethe Clerk of the Parish." P. 148.

ligious feelings miserable; and, by so Irish Curacies are very different from doing, mischievously, occasions them those of England. He says, “here is to be unwelcome, and in consequence a parish, large beyond all proportion, discarded. Christianity itself is an unin which the Curate, who here does questionable blessing; but erroneous every thing, will be unavoidably called modes of professing it may be just as on every moment to act indirectly as a unquestionable curses. Here was a magistrate.” P. 176.

young man of very delicate constituSoon after he removes to Caulfield, tion, and high imaginative talent, who, a village in the parish of Donough had he regarded religion with the more, and his set out is thus described. feelings of Gessner, Klopstock, and

“One waggon contained my whole for- Sturm, might have found in it the tune and family (with the exception of a

means of prolonging his happiness and cow, which was drawn along-side of the existence. Instead of this, under a waggon), and its contents were two large presumption that he should do more trunks, 'a bed and its appendages ; and on good, he adopted the wretched pseudothe top of these, which were piled up so 26 divinity of declaimers for the vulgar, to make a very commanding appearance-- and, as his Sermons show, injured both sat a woman (iny future house-keeper) and his reputation and taste by writing in her three children, and by their side stood a their common-place jargon-a Scripcalf of three weeks old, which has lately be- ture text, and then a groan - anocome an inmate in my family." P. 180.

ther, and an anathema-a third, and an The following is an account of the ejaculation-a fourth, and a long aposway in which some Irish Curates at thrope of insipid bathos—a fifth, and a least are accommodated with the ne- declamation against innocent pleacessary comforts of life.

sures and agreeable feelings—a sixth,

and an invective against all other “ He seldom thought of providing a re-gular meal; and bis humble cottage exhi- and a warm and unbloshing commen

modes of professing religion-a serenth, bited every appearance of the neglect of the dation of themselves an eighth, and ordinary comforts of life. A few straggling rush-bottoined chairs, piled up with his last, another, and a demand upon the books—a small rickety table before the fire- pockets of their auditors for liberal conplace, eovered with parish memoranda; and tributions for the further propagation two trunks containing all his papers-serv- of their trash, or the better support of ing at the same time to cover the broken ignorant professors of religion, who



1925.] Review.-Dr. Parr's Letter to Dr. Milner.

329 cannot construe a Latin-much more affectionate father in the trying moments of a Greek Testament, and whose igno- his death—on behalf of that Church, with rance is to be accounted a feather in the members of which I have lived in comtheir cap, because such uninformed munion from my boyhood to grey hairs, and people can tilk, and learned persons hope, by the Providence of God, to pour can do no more; and whether they

forth my latest breath-on behalf of your talk sense or nonsense, is no point of with enlightened and upright men, who

own Church, which abounds, I am sure, consideration with their anditors. We would disdain to support the honour of it hare a just right to speak thus severely, by misrepresentation—on the behalf of every because we are told (i. p. 203) that honest and every pious Christian, whether some fanaticks were so pleased with he be a Protestant or a Romanist—I beMr.Wolfe's manner of preaching, as to seech you to tell the world, unreservedly say, " he would almost do for a Meet- and distinctly, what is that authority, which ing Minister,”—a species of eulogium, you have deliberately and publicly pronounced which a scholar or gentleman would good. Your learning, your eloquence, your deem severe satire. Weare sensible that well-earned reputation for orthodoxy and this young man, to speak avalogically, zeal-the dignity of your office, and the cemight have made another Butler lebrity of your name, must give more than another Paley—another Sherlock—per- adopt, and any assertion which you may ad

usual weight to any opinion which you may haps, for his poetry is of the first rank,

Again, therefore, do 1 require you another Milion; and we regret that the to tell us, what is your authority for saying, University did not retain him among that the Bishop, whose calumnies you had themselves, in order that he might quoted, when he found himself upon his bare become a national ornament and death-bed, must have been struck with shame public benefactor; instead of suffering and compunction, for having mis-employed him to be thrown away upon a Cu- bis talents in giving publicity to those caracy (abounding with contemptible lumnies. thinkers,) where he was literally “a

“Suffer me now, Sir, to bring forward a pearl among swine," a thing which

third passage, in which you drop all menthey could not understand, and which

tion of probability and good authority, and they could only sport with. This they lancthon, Beza, and Bishop Halifax. You

speak with equal confidence of Luther, Medid.

assume that confidence for the



showing that certain refractory children in 63. Dr. Parr's Letter to Rev. Dr. Milner, modern ages have ventured to call their true continued from p. 243.

mother a prostitute, and the common father THE late learned and venerable

of Christians, the author of their own conDoctor thus resumes his remarks:

version from Paganism, the Man of Sin, and

the very Antichrist. But they do not really “ Deep, Sir, is the concern, with which believe what they declare, their object being I read your note upon the passage just now only to inflame the ignorant multitude.' quoted from p. 244 of Part III.

After this double charge of profligate hyposept writer,' say you, · has been informed, crisy and turbulent malignity, you close a on good authority, that one of the Bishops, very elaborate letter upon the very momenwhose calumnies are here quoted, when he

tous question, whether the Pope be Antifound himself on his death-bed, refused the christ, in these most remarkable words : I proffered ministry of the Primate, and ex- have sufficient reason to affirm this, when I pressed a great wish to die a Catholic.

hear a Luther threatening to unsay all that When urged to satisfy his conscience, he he had said against the Pope; a Melancexclaimed: uhat then will become of my thon lamenting that Protestants had reLady and my Children'

nounced him; a Beza negotiating to return “Dr. Milner, on the behalf of that lady, to him; and a late Warburtonian lecturer whose sensibility has not been blunted by lamenting, on his death-bed, that he could old age, and who, by her accomplishments not do the same.' (Part III. p. 326.) and her virtues, is justly endeared to her “ Here, Sir, we find your story not in the friends and her children-on behalf of those

notes, but in the text; and a third introfriends, who most assuredly will sympathize duction of it is a decisive proof of the imwith me in their solicitude to rescue the portance which you affix to it. Well then;

h; you, character of the Bishop from the apostacy in the same sentence, speak with the same which you have imputed to him-on the be- positiveness of three foreign reformers, who half of those children who are now respect- died long ago ; and of an English prelate, able members of society, and whose feelings whose death comparatively may be called remust be most painfully wounded by the re

Is it possible, Sir, that for the same presentations which you have given of their charge you can in every instance have the GENT. MAG, Octoler, 1825.

The pre



Review.Dr. Parr's Letter to Dr. Milner.

(Oct. same evidence ? For your charges against bear a direct and decisive testimony to s Luther, Melarcthon, and Beza, there may plain fact. They must have been deeply he some grounds, either in the histories impressed by such a conversion as you dewhich you have read of their lives, or in scribe. They must have the evidence of passages which you can select from their their senses whether or no such conver writings. But in what genuine work, which sion ever occurred; and, upon the suppobears the name of Halifax, or in what re- sition that it did not occur, if such a host spectable publication, which professes to of witnesses be set in array, in opposition to give a fair and well-founded account of his your anonymous informer, depend upon it, faith and practice, do you trace even the that the attention of all good men will be slightest vestiges of the thoughts and the strongly attracted by this extraordinary case, words which you have ascribed to him ? that their best sympathies will be roused,

“ Reflect, I beseech you, upon the ex- and that their decision between the veracity cruciating and perilous situation in which of the accuser and the merits of the accused Dr. Halifax must have been placed, if your will be ultimately and completely just. Thus narrative, Sir, be well-founded, at that mo- far I have expostulated with you, Sir, upon ment when hypocrisy, as Dr. Young says, your charges against a Prelate, who, having

drops the mask, and real and apparent are sunk into the grave, cannot defend himself, the same.' He, from want of conviction, and who has been summoned by his Maker could not find consolation in the Church of to that tribunal, where his guilt or his inEngland, and from want of fortitude he did

nocence cannot be unknown." not seek it in the Church of Rome. In a man so accustomed, as' Bishop Halifax was,

An unpardonable attack on another to the study of Theology, such a change of rery excellent Dignitary is thus indigsentiment as you have ascribed to him, nantly repelled : could not be instantaneous. It was not ef- “ I make no apology to you, Sir, for profected by the interposition of any wily ca- ducing the very offensive passage, in which suist, or any proselyte-huuting zealot, who you have described Dr. Rennell, one of the might take advantage of those circumstances candidates for the Episcopal Bench, from which sometimes are found in the death- whom it would be in vain to expect more chamber of the most virtuous and the most moderation than you have observed iu Dr. devout ; and by such circumstances, Sir, 1 Porteus, Bishop of London ; Dr. Halifax, mean fluttering spirits, an impaired under- Bishop of St. Asaph; Dr. Barrington, Bistanding, a disturbed imagination, momentary shop of Durham ; Dr. Watson, Bishop of fears succeeded by momentary hopes, one Llandaff; Dr. Benson, Bishop of Gloucesdim and incoherent conception rapidly su'c- ter ; Dr. Fowler, Bishop of Gloucester; and ceeded by another, and sentences formed im Dr. Sparke, Bishop of Ely; and who, while perfectly, or uttered indistinctly. No, Sir, he was content with an inferior dignity, the Bishop of St. Asaph, according to your neted and preached as the friend of Cathoown account, was visited by a Protestant lics ; since he has arrived at the verge of Metropolitan.

the highest dignity, proclaims Popery to be « Previously, therefore, to his dissolution, idolatry and Antichristianism ; maintainwhile afilicted by sickness and oppressed by ing, as does also the Bishop of Durham, age, he must have suffered many a pang that it is the parent of Atheism and of that from conscious insincerity; and upon the Antichristian persecution (in France), of near approach of that dissolution, he was which,' you add from yourself, it was exdoomed to breathe his last in a disgraceful clusively the victim." (Part III. p. 242, 243.). and dreadful conflict between timidity and “ The writer may add, that another of piety – between calls upon his prudence, the calumniators here mentioned,' rid esi, from the praise of men, and upon his con- the Bishops just now named, Mr. De Coetscience from the approbation of God—be- legon and Archdeacon Hook), being desirtween the impulses of paternal and conjugal ous of stilling the suspicion of his having affection upon one hand, and of self-preser- written an anonymous No-Popery publicavation upon the other—between the oppo- tion, when first he took part in that cause, site and irreconcileable interests of time to addressed himself to the writer in these his family, and eternity to his own soul. terms:- How can you suspect me of writ

“To the Primate, who proffered his mi- ing against your religion, when you so well nistry, and to the Bishop, who, according know my attachment to it.' In fact, this to your representation, could not avail him- modern Luther, among other similar conself of it, no appeal can be made, for they cessions, has said this to the writer, • I suckare numbered among the dead. But the ed in a love for the Catholic religion with my facts, said to be known to your unnamed mother's milk.' (See note, Part III. p. 244.) informer, could not be wholly unknown to “ Dr. Milner, I have not presumed to those who were under the same roof with hold you up to the scoma and abborrence of the expiring Prelate. Such, I mean, Sir, Protestants, nor to let loose upon you the as personal friends, as near relatives, as hideous appellations of bigoted controvertchaplains, as domestics, and, perhaps, me- ist, (falsifier, calumniator, incendiary, perdical attendants. These men, surely, can secutor, a modern Bonner, and an English


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