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Gray on a General Iron Railway. hands required, together with the ex- recently published, must be pat forth pense.

with motives I cannot comprehend. Then compare these three-fold ca- The reader should therefore receive pitals with that required for the con- with great caution any information struction of a General Iron Rail-way, from persons interested in the northern Locomotive Steam-engines and Car- collieries; for as their trade will be riages (for the conveyance of persons seriously affected by opening the Lonand of goods of every description), their don market to all the inland collieries, annual repairs, the number of hands it is very natural to suppose that those reqaireil, together with the expense.

of the North will do all in their power It must be sufficiently evident to to decry my “Observations on a Geneerery man of reflection, that the benefit ral Iron Rail-way * ;” but liowever to be derived from Rail-roads should be much they may feel disposed to arrogate of a general and national kind; their to themselves the right of giving inpartial introduction into certain dis- struction on this subject, I beg to retricts would not merely prove of local mind the public, that Mr. Blenkinsop's advantage, but give a most decided su- plan is hitherto decidedly the most periority to the commercial transac- efficient steam carriage rail-way, and tions carried on there, over those that as Mr. Trevitheck and he were places where Canals and the ordinary the first to introduce this species of roads remain the only means of con- conveyance, any remarks or improveveyance.

ments made by those who follow them, After witnessing the wonderful power can only be considered as emanating and economy of the steam engine, from the example set by the above two which gives motion to the whole ma- gentlemen, to whom alone all credit is chinery in every room of a manufac- due. tory, and the certainty, speed, and

In confirmation of what is now adsafety with which steam-packets navi- canced, I invite the reader to compare gate the sea; the man who can now the engines at Newcastle with those at hesitate to recommend steam-engines Leeds, and there some idea may be instead of horse-power, must be pitied formed of the vast superiority of the for his ignorance or despised for his fatter both in economy and power--it obstinacy, moreover, after the demon- appears Mr. Blenkinsop's, with less stration of their utility, daily proved by than half the power, do more than Mr. Blenkinsop these fourteen years double the work of the other ! How past, it will require some explanation, happens this? I leave it to the pubwhere and how our engineers have lic, who are now in possession of the been exhibiting their skill?

whole particulars, to decide. The preThere can be no doubt that Mr. tended' ignorance of the Newcastle Blenkinsop's plan must be our guide writer, of the superiority of Mr. Blenfrom its manifest superiority and eco - kinsop's rail-way, will meet with the pomy over all those at Newcastle; ana contempt it deserves, and serve also to if we look at the very slow progress forewarn the public against his immade in the improvement of steam becile mis- statements, and plausible engines, perhaps a generation or two calculations. inay pass away without any very ma- I am fearful lest the Companies terial benefit arising from the various now establishing, should be so far deexperiments now afloat. To create luded as to follow the plans adopted in furiher improvements, every, encou- the Collieries, of having recourse to ragement should be given to the prac- inclined planes, stationary steam-entical application of those we do enjoy, gines, or the reciprocating steam-enby extending them to the promotion gines, all which may do well enough of national prosperity:

for the coal districts, but on rail-ways It has been 'stated, that the steam for national purposes, they ought to be carriages at Newcastle work solely by avoided as much as possible, for this fricuion, or by the adhesion of the plain reason, the multiplicity of inawheels to the rails, and that Mr. chinery. The annual waste of capital, Blenkinsop's rack-rail is quite unne- and the accidents which would uncessary; this nonsense is, however, so avoidably occur from their general incompletely exposed by the experimentalist hiniself who wrote it, that the * This work is translated into the French “ Practical Treatise on Rail-roads," language.



Remarks on Sir W. Davenant's Prince d'Amour." [Oct. troduction on public lines of road, are Colonial affairs; and how blindly do quite sufficient to arrest the public at- the public magnify the importance of tention, in order to consider well be- such measures; whilst this scheme of fore they commence laying down the permanent wealth at home appears a roads.

matter of second consideration! This A multiplicity of machinery is the combines every advantage, commercial, great evil to be avoided, and experience agricultural, and social; the other is teaches us that the annual expence merely of a speculative and very uncermay be diminished in proportion as tain nature. By a comparison of our our power is simplified and concen. home and colonial trade, a more cortrated.

rect idea would be formed of the vast On this account I am anxious that utility of the measure ; and it may a National Board be appointed in order further be remarked, that this scheme to introduce the most simple and gene- would not only add fresh treasures to ral principle of uniform connexion our home resources, but give the throughout the country—it is the in- greatest impulse to every branch of our terest of each Company to promote this foreign trade throughout the United general system, as the return will be Kingcloin. We have no institution in in proportion to the facility of national England so worthy of the attention of communications for is the numerous the Statesinan and Financier as this, Companies do not strictly follow, in and there is no branch of our revenue every particular, the same plan in the which could be so productive and formation of the rails and vehicles, the equitable. Thomas GRAY. natural results will be, confusion, unnecessary expenses, delay, and all the concomitant evils peculiar to unorga


Middle Temple,

Sept. 18. nised

HE following passage is extracted management of Roads, Canals, and Coasting vessels. In order to fix upon

“ Wood, Ath. Oxon. speaking of the one uniform plan for the whole coun. Triumphs of Prince D'Amour,' å produetry (and I rely upon the interest of tiou of Sir William Davenant's, calls it * A each Company to support my proposi- Palace in the Middle Temple, the 24th of

Masque presented by his Highness at his tion), it is essentially necessary, to ob- Feb. 1635, where by his Highness,' you tain the decision of a National Rail.

are - not to understand Prince Charles, afterway Board, duly authorised by Parlia- wards Charles II. for he had no palace there; ment, to give every assistance to the but Charles the Elector Palatine, who was introduction of this new system of ge- then in England (Rapin, vol. ii. p. 294), neral internal communication, and em. and was lodged, I presume, whereabout Palspowered to fix upon the different models, grave Head Court now is; though, Rapin after examining the competent persons says, he and his brother were lodged in the in order to develope the most eligible King their Uncle's palace. plan. This once ascertained, the ne

whether Charles I, had any palace in the cessary duplicates and models might be Middle Temple. Cibber, vol. ii. p. 89, takes transmitted by each Company io the it right, that the exhibitor was the Elector; respective Contractors for the work, in-law to Charles I. for be was his nephew ; and as the model of one would be that the brother-in-law, Frederic, father of Charles of all, no want of materials or car

the Elector, and the nephew of Charles I. riages could be felt in any part of the being dead when the Mask was presented : country. This uniformity in the con

this was 1636, and he died 1632. struction of rails and vehicles, will “ N. B. Both Wood and Cibber the enable the manufacturers of the dif- Mask was presented by his Highness; and ferent articles to keep up an abundant yet by Cibber's account it appears to have supply in all parts, wherever this plan been presented by the Society of the Middle may be introduced. The wheels and Temple for the entertainment of his Highaxles will be the only parts of the ness, The matter may be cleared by a view vehicles confined to the model ; the of the Mask in Sir William Davenant's body may be made after any shape or

works, particularly of the Maskers' names." to particular fancy.

In principio lapsus. Dr. Peġge beWith what persevering industry and gins by saying « Wood calls the Prince partial favour do onr Ministers devote d'Amour, &c. and afterwards adds iheir time and talents to improve our “ both Wood and Ciller say the Mask

But query



1825.] The Christmas Princes of the Inns of Court.

313 was presented by his Highness.” Now, prepared;' says the Address to the Reader, the Doctor could have studied Wood * as from eager hearts that conld delay no but little, not to know that honest ceremony that might render an expression of Anthony, in mentioning a book, cus

their loves.' The Maskers were, &c. (twentytomarily quotes (though Cibber may two uames).” not,) the title-page itself. The title Now, though we here arrive at the therefore running“ The Prince d'A- truth, that the entertainment was promour, a Masque presented by his High- vided for the Prince Elector, not by ness," to suppose “his Highness

him; still Dr. Pegge's supposition of other than “ihe Prince d'Amour,” is the identity of the Prince d'Amour a sio against syotax. Dr. Pegge, how- with the Prince Elector is pronounced ever, seems to have regarded the said to be“perfectly correct.” The Princes Prince as a principal character presented d’Amour little thought that their annals in the Masque, and therefore not a would in a century become so obscure, personage by whom it could be pre- or their reigns (however short) so ensented ; accordingly, he took Cibber's tirely forgotten !-Dr. Pegge, it might word that “ his Highness" was the have been supposed, was likely in his Prince Elector.

reading to have met with their title more With respect to a royal palace in than once; that Dr. Bliss had done so the Inner Temple, the idea is absurd. once at least, appears in the preceding That so profound an antiquary as Dr. volume of the Athenæ (ii. 250), where Pegge was generally esteemed, should we read that the celebrated wit, Richbe able in one sentence to assert posi- ard Martin, Recorder of London in tively that Prince Charles had no pa- . 1618, being a great favourite of James lace there, and in the next, hesitate . I. was worthily characterized by the whether the King his father at the virtuous and learned men of his time same period had or had not, and fancy to be " Princeps Amorum, Principum that Rapin could mean by the King's Amor,", &c.;, . by which is to be unPalace" any other than Whitehall, is derstood,” adds Wood in a note, “ that certainly most surprizing. It is most he had been Prince d'Amour of the improbable that the Prince Elector Middle Temple in the time of Christshould have even lodged in the Middle mas.". This Christmas Prince, I need Temple; and as for • Palsgrave Head scarcely add, was a Master of the ReCourt,” there can be no doubt that it vels, elected at the commencement of derived its name from some tavern (or the festival, and whose reign continued other shop), which had assumed that during the twelve days; at Gray's Inn sign, not improbably even earlier than he was styled the Prince of Purpoole the period in question, that is to say, (the actual name of a manor on which when the Princess Elizabeth was mar- Gray's Inn was built)*, at Lincoln's ried to the Palsgrave in 1612.

Inn the Lord Lieutenant and Prince It is again matter of astonishment of the Grange. that the Author of Anonymiana, after

In conclusion, Mr. Urban, let me finding Cibber incorrect in one point, venture to hope, for the honour of the should so blindly (without seeing the Templars and their ancient festivities, Masque in question) have allowed him- that the fame of the illustrious and self to be misled by the same autho- gallant Prince d'Amour will never rity. I should not, however, have again be merged in that of a povertycalled attention to this inadvertancy of stricken German Palsgrave ! Dr. Pegge, had not a third duihor Yours, &c. Gough AP-CARADOC. fallen into the same error. I allude to a more recent and standard work,

Mr.URBAN, West-square, Oct. 1. athene Oxonienses, by Blisa; where A emendation of de passage in Ta (vol. iii. col. 806) the passage from the bullus, (1, 1, 7) which I suspect to Anonymiana is quoted, and sanctioned' have been corrupted by some ancient in the following manner :

copyist, or perhaps by some early print“Pegge's supposition is perfectly correct, er. But, before I proceed to the text though the title of the Mask expresses it, as Wood has done, presented by his High- * See the Gesta Grayorum, reprinted in ness.' The Mask was an entertainment the third volume of Mr. Nichols's “ Proprovided for the Prince Elector; one hastily gresses of Queen Elizabeth,” 2d edit. GENT, MAG. October, 1825.


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Emendation of Tibullus.--Sketches by Hogarth. [Oct. of Tibullas, it may be proper to re- they discovered nine whole length mark, that, after having rapidly squan- figures in outline, spiritedly done in dered a considerable property in splendid the style and manner of Hogarth, wtao and luxurious living *, he was obliged appears to have been on intimate terms to retire to the country, where he lived, with Bishop Hoadley; and it seems in comparative indigence, on a small probable that these drawings were inportion of his former extensive domain, tended to represent some of the prinas we learn from his own descriptions, cipal theatrical characters of that period. in which he talks of personally driving His Lordship’s predilection for the the plough, tending, bis sheep, and drama is well known. It may be sagoats, getting in the harvest and vio- tisfactory for the lovers of the drama tage, &c. which now brings us to the to learn, that they have all been caresuspected passage, viz.

fully traced by a skilfal Artist, and “ Ipse seram teneras maturo tempore vite's

will be speedily published. Rusticus, et facili grabdia poma manu." Yours, &c. Thos. FAULKNER. Here I strongly suspect that the poet wrote Teram, not Seram--for the following reasons

Mr. Urban,

Sept. 14. 1. Whether we read Feram or Seram, Yours Correspondents have my or the diher 'caseche Vine for the the kind attention paid to my enquiry Grapes, 'or the Apple for the Tree; and respecting the Baskervible family, in the former is certainly tot 'mure harsh vol. xciv.:pt. ii. p. 290, 578, 579; and Provjectionable than the latter.

. 136 of your last Number. The fol2. By mentioning the Grapes with lowing singularity arises from consult. Ferum, the writer expresses his inten- ing the peligree, which is agreeable tion of personally carrying them home with all other authorities, viz. that at the time of the vintage-maturb'tem- Balderious Teutonicus the founder of pore--at the proper seasonra circum- the Baskerville family, married the stance of much greater iniportance in daughter of Richard Fitz-Gilbert de the gathering of grapes, than in the Clare, who was related to Herfasi. platiting of vines and apple-trees, which the brother of Gunnora Duchess of do not like the grapes) demand an Norinandy in the 4th degree, while exact scruprilous 'attention to any pre- Nicholas ide Baskerville, the son of cise critical moment 'for perforining Baldericas, by martying the daughter the operation.

of Herfastus, 'was related only in the 3. If'we'suppose the Apple to mean Ist degree. It would be a 'needless 'the Tree, the epithet 'Grundia'is "rather usurpation of your pages to state here aukwardly applied to it, though well the exact pedigree from whence we atlapted to Poma, 'literally understood derive the above, as your Correspondof the fruit.

ents are well aware of the copsan4. The epithet Teneras 'is better ap- guinity of these noble families, and plicable to the Grapes than to the Vine their opinion of this statemerit I should itself.

value in ascertaining. The communi5. The poet had no 'occasion to cation of Col. Montmorency decidedly planit Vines or Apple-trees on an estate, states this. which (though now reduced in its di- Your Correspondent Mr. Blount has mensions) was already highly culti- kindly offered to your notice an aneevated, and had been richly productive dote of Earl Coningsby, Being much to his predecessors, as he himself de- interested in all that relates to the Coscribes it, Lib. 4, 1, 184.

ningsby or Baskerville families, shall I Yours, &c. JOÁN CAREY. venture to hope that that gentleman

will still further favour us with some

biographical or historical notices of Mr. URBAN, Chelsea, Sept. 1. that nobleman, tending to elucidate A

FEW days since, as the work- his character, respecting whom so little

men were taking down the wain. has ever appeared before the public. seot in one of the bed-rooms of Win- In your account of the Paintings at chestër Palace, 'preparatory to the sale Hampion Court, say that Lord Coby auction of this venerable 'edifice, ningsby bad seven children by his first

Wife, not six See Lib. 4, 1,183, and Horace, Epist. 1, 4. Subjoined I send you a monumental

inscription Mr. URBAN,

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Baskerville Family English Judges. inscription on the tomb of Lady Scuda dearyst frind Tho. Baskerville" The more, at Sunning-well, co. Berks : wilt of Nicolas Baskerville a Captain

* Mary the daughter of Sir Thomas in the Low Countries, “goeing uppon Throgmorton", wife first of Sir Thomas service, doe think it good lo make my Baskervill, and afterwards of Sir James Scu- will, &c." dated 12 Nov. 1595, &c. &c. damovet, was buried Oct. 17, 1632. Her Sir T. Baskerville was of Good Rest, sost, Hannibal Baskerville, esq. Lord of this co. Warwick. Visit. of Berks. 1569. Manor, aged about 72, was buried March These communications in some 16, 1668, who had sixteen song and two

measure may relieve the queries of deuguters. The eldest, Thomas, is now N. Y. W. G. in xcur. ii. 336. Lord of this Manari, 1680. Henry, aged Yours, &c.

R. J. 25, was buried April 15, 1656. Nicolas, aged 24, was buried May 2, 1656. William, aged 33, and buried at London 1665,

Oct. 10. Robert, aged 19, died at sea, 1654, George,

jesty's Ministers in the last Session died young, and was buried at Wells

. Ger- of Parliament, of conferring in future trade, aged 22, buried Oet. 18, 1656. the appointment of Judges upon men Constance, died young, and was buried at

in the prime or middle of life, may Sobrerten in Somersetshire.

“ This issue the above-named Hannibal perhaps at length lead to the accomhad by Mary the daughter of Captain Nicat plishment of a most desirable object, las Baskervill, who died et Flushing, second

viz. the holding of the Assizes more brother of Sir Thomas Baskervill, General frequently, the Judges being men of of the British Forces in France, and died greater activity and more fitted to conthere June 4, 1597, and was buried in the tend with the pressure of business than new quire of St. Paul's, with this epitapb, our present venerable sages of the law. till consumed by the dreadful fire of London, Many of the present objections to the 1666.

measure will be removed ; it will no * These are the glories of a worthy praise Of noble Baskervill: which bere and read burihen of those who already from

longer be said that it is adding to the la honour of the life and later dayes

To number thee amongst the blessed dead; age or infirmities are scarcely capable A pure regard to ye immortal part,

of performing their present duties, at A spotless mynde, a badye prone to payne,

that it is requiring too much from

in the decline of life. A giving hand, and an unvanquished lseart : And all these vertues void of all disdaine,

to the subject

, udges may be selected,

proper And all these vertues yet not so unknowne But Netherlands, Seas, Indies, Spaine whọ, although in the very vigour of and France

[owne, their lives, have their judgments suffiCan witness that these honours were thyne ciently matured, and their passions

Which they reserve thy meritt to advance, sufficiently under controul, to quality That valour should not perish voide of fame, them for ihat arduous office; men posa Nor noble deeds but have a poble name. sessing all the distinguishing and

Vide No. 4762, Harl. MSS. a folio essential qualities which ought to chaof Miscellanies chiefly relating to Ge- racterize an English Judge, among neral Sir Thomas Baskerville; many which may be named extensive legal letters to his “ wyffe the Lady Basker- learning and experience, irreproachable ville," commencing Sweti Malle," integrity, eloquevce, dignity, patience, concluding “thy loving husband and mildness, firmness, impartiality, gene


* Sir Thomas Throgmorton, knt. was buried at Tortworth, co. Gloucester. His effigy is in full armour, with the following inscription :

“Here lieth che body of Sir Thomas Throkinorton, of Tortworth, knight, who lived all his days in faithful service to his prince, in hartie love to his couutrye ; a constant professor of the true Christian faith, who living at the age of threescore and nine yeares in happy and peaceable manner, departed this life the last day of Januarie in the year of our Lord 1607, leaving here his ortal partes interred in this monument, uatill by the command of Christ it rise again imu.vitall.

"I have fought a good fight, i have finished my course, I have kept the faith, henceforth is laid up for me a crown of righteousness. 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8."

He is interred in a marble coffin.
+ Sir James Scudamore was buried at Home Lacy, co. Hereford, 14 April, 1619.

Thorias Baskerville, esq. was aged 50, in the year 1680. Is any thing known of his death, or descendants, if any?


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