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1895.] Ancient Paintings in Westminster Abbey.

305 &c. with oil. The art it appears was in- at Coronations.” This fact we do not vented in the Byzantine empire about the find noticed by Mr. Moule. year 800.

For a long time Constantinople furnished all Europe with artists through tinues, " have been the sport of idle

The other panels, Mr. Gough conthe medium of Venice, and to this city the art of Oil-painting seems soon to have

boys, and are completely scratched

passed; hence its progress to Lombardy, where

out. One, however, undoubtedly rea book was written by Theofilus, probably a presenting King Edward the ConfesGrecian Monk, about the year 1000, which sor, was so far perfect in 1791, that gives directions for oil-paintings, and is call- Mr. Schnebbelie was able to make a ed «Tractatus Lombardicus.' Eraclius, ano- drawing of it (see Plate II.) and it ther old author, proves its use anterior to was engraved in his Antiquaries' MuVan Eyck, to whom Vasari bas attributed its invention. Vide Raspe's Essay on Oil

King Edward is represented clothed Painting, London, 1781, 4to.

"The most ancient pictures in the Mu- in a tunic and loose robe; his head sée Royal at Paris, 1814, are said to have crowned, and surrounded by a nimbus been painted at Prague about 1357, being or glory; his beard long and curled. figures of St. Ambrose and St. Augustin, by In his left hand he bears a sceptre, Theodoric de Prague ; and the Crucifixion, and in his right his constant symbol, by Nicholas Wurmser de Strasbourg ; while the ring, which, according to his wellthe portraits on these panels bear every in- knowu legend, he gave to St. John the dication of having been executed at the Evangelist, when that saint, in the form time of the opening of the uew Church for of a poor man, asked alms of him at the Divine Service, 13th October, 1269 ; at foundation of a church dedicated to which time the choir appears to have been the saint, at Clavering in Essex. In completed, being in the fifty-fourth ycar of the next compartment, as there can be the reiga of Henry III."

no doubt, St. John stood to receive the That front of the stalls which faces gift, and to him we may conclude the Ambulatory, has always been open King Edward's legend was addressed, to view; and is engraved in Dart, Ac- as King Sebert's to St. Peter. kermann, and Neale. It was not so There is a stone figure in Henry the splendidly ornamented as the princi- Seventh's Chapel, which represents pal froni ; but like it exhibited four King Edward in the same manner. figures. These paintings have faded lo a woodcut in the Golden Legend away and peeled off under the public printed by Winkin de Worde, 1527, eye, being visible to all entering the we have him drawn exactly in the Church at the most frequented and, same fashion. tili lately, public door, that of Poet's

The Chapel of Romford, Essex, in Corner. The four figures they repre. which parish the King's Palace of sented are said to have been St. Peter, Havering-atte-Bower was situated, is St. John the Baptist, King Sebert, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. King Edward the Confessor.

Edward the Confessor; and in the Weever tells us that verses, by way East window of the South aile, as we of question and answer, were placed are informed by Weever, were "the underneath the figures ; that St. Peter pictures of Edward the Confessor and was represented talking to King Se- the two pilgrims,” who brought him bert; and that the inscription under back the ring when returned by St. bim was these Leonine verses :

John, with this inscription : Die, Rep Beberte, pausas; mihi con: dita per te

Johannes per peregrinos misit Regi Hare loca lustravi, demum lustrando Edwardo (the rest broken out with the glass]. dicabi,

A portraiture of King Edward, as One of the panels, which was doubt. renewed in 1707, under the direction less the first (ihat stands fourth on the of “ John Jarmin, Chapel-Warden," other side, and contains no remains of still remains in the chancel window of painting), was (says Mr. Gough, in the Romford Chapel, but " the costume Introduction to his Sepulchral Monu- of this figure," Mrs. Ogborne in forms ments, p. xcii.) deprived of its remain- us, in her History of Essex (which Hising colours, when it was taken out to tory, by the bye, we muc) wish she form “a passage to some of the Royal would proceed with), appears to have Family, who were seated in this tomb assumed more from the taste and fancy GENT. Mag. October, 1825,

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