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OBSE

1825.)
Antient Seals.--Double Font at Beton.

297 Mr. URBAN, Lincoln's Inn, June 17. of the time of James I. the two badges

BSERVING that one of your given to the Earl of Northumberland

Correspondents is in search of are, the crescent, and the key and the crests and badges of the Baronial crown; but the latter is used differfamilies represented by the house of ently from Poynings, the key being Percy, I send you a drawing of the turned up and passed through the Seals of Sir Guy Bryan, Sir Robert crown. The unicorn is one of the Fitzpayn, and Sir Robert de Poynings, supporters of the Percy family. three of the noble ancestors of the Yours, &c.

JOHN GAGE. Duke of Northumberland. Sir Tho

HE matrix (of bronze chaser from Henry, fourth Earl of Northumberland, of the manor of of Lieut.-gen. Hutton, to whom it was Ackford Fitzpain, in Dorsetshire, and presented a few years ago by a gentlethese seals are among the title deeds man in Ireland, who brought it from remaining at Hengrave.

Demerara, where it had been used Sir Guy Bryan, K.G. bore Or, three some time in a merchant's store for piles Azure (see Plate I. fig. 1.) and sealing bottled liquors, &c. It is said appears from his seal, which is loose, to have been carried to Demerara by to have used griffins for his supporters; an officer who had found it among he died in 1390, having been sum- some ruins in Spain. moned to several Parliaments in the The legend, Dig, castri roffensis, reigns of Edw. III. and Rich. II. The- it is apprehended, can only apply to heiress of Bryan intermarried with Rochester in Kent, and any elucidaFitzpayne.

tion as to its use, &c. would much Sir Robert Fitzpayne gave for his oblige. It is probably about 300 years arıs Gules, three lions passant Ar- old.

Edit. gent, a bendlet Azure (see fig. 2.) This seal is appendant to a deed dated the day before the least of the Conver Thule for an the Church

of Mr. URBAN,

May 30. sion of St. Paul, 40 Edw. III. whereby he granted to Sir Guy Bryan, Sir Mar- Béton, about eight English miles from uin Moulisch, Canon of Salisbury, and Rennes in Britany, was sketched by other trustees, his manors of Ackford a youth of fifteen, who is a great adFitzpayn in Dorsetshire, Stourton ia mírer of Antiquities (see fig. 5). The Wilisbire, Bryghampton, Spekyntone font has the figures 404 upon it, the Staple, and Sedene in Somersetshire, first figure is obliterated from age; prowith the advowsons of the Churches bably 1404 is the date; and on the of the same places. His only child margin at top are some ancient letters, Isabel was wife of Sir Richard de which appear to be Celtic, but too imPoynings.

perfect to copy or decipher. Sir Robert de Poynings, son and The Church is of a much older date. heir of Richard and Isabel, by deed The steeple was destroyed in the Redated 26 June, 4 Henry V, enfeoffed volution, but the tower still remains, Walter Metford, clerk, Sir John Pel- though much dilapidated; the winham, and other seoffees, with his ma. dows are Gothic,'rarying but little nor of Ackford Fitzpayn. Upon his from the niches on the fonts and a seal he bears quarterly 1 and 4, barry house of about a century old has been of six Or and Vert, a bendlet Gules, added to the ecclesiastical building, Poynings, 2 and 3, Fitzpayn. His which was occupied two years since crest is a griffin's head, with wings by Capt. Wells of the British Navy. displayed; and he uses iwo badges, a The Church is sınall, has only one key with the handle uppermost, under aile, one window is stopped up, and a crown, and a unicorp passant. Pro- the tracery in the East and West winbably the later was derived from dows are in a very iinparseet state. Bryan. (see fig. 3.) Sir Robert Poyn: Over the windows are labels, termiing's eldest son Richard died in the nated at top alternately with a cross life-time of his father, leaving an ooly and a fleur de lis. (see figs. 6, 7.) child Eleanor, wife of Henry, Earl of I am, Sir, one of your oldest Northumberland.

admirers and subscribers, In an heraldic MS. in my possession

AN OCTOGENABIAN. GENT. Mac. October, 1825.

Mr.

299
On Laughter.

(Oct. Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 7.

and when it is suffered to become imIN N an antient Welch poem ascribed moderate, it is of painful consequence correctly to the tenth century, and

to persons of weak nerves. The roar noticed by Mr. S. Turner, III. 516, and noise of merriment, when accomare the following lines :

panied with loud laughter, is inimical

to all conversation, and generally, as is “Hast thou heard the saying of Taliesin, said to children, ends with gravity or In conversation with Merdhin ?

regret, certainly with great fatigue, beIt is natural for the indiscreet to laugh im- fore the parties separate. moderately."

But if external objects have the This remark of so ancient a poet power of exciting Laughter upon the seems to show that Laughter, which is nerves above mentioned, it must have confined entirely to the face of man, been so constituted with a pleasant and is an operation of the muscles and wise design ; for it is known to seated in the mouth and cheeks, may aid the digestive faculties which gravity claim of two distinct characters, this depresses and checks,-it is known to which belongs to folly, and the other add to the stock of cheerfulness in so to scorn. It has been attributed to the ciety, as the flowers of the field are fifth pair of nerves, which sending known to augment the diffusion of branches to the eye, ear, lips, tongue, fragrance, and to purify the air,-and palate, and muscles of the cheek, parts so up to the many blessings of the of the mouth, præcordia, &c. a sympa. Sun's light: the reverse of all these thy is formed between them all, so would have wrapped the glories of all that when one of them is acted or nations in gloom, and thus a smile excited either by external accident, or on the cheek of innocence is the most internal imagination, the others are transceudant charm of female manners, proportionably affected : if they please which can adorn, and animate, and the fancy, they affect these muscles give value to human existence ;-but with Laughter. (Rees's Cyclop.) this does not extend to laughter; it is

Many philosophers have denounced the pure essence of a mind elevated far it as not only exposing the force of in higher than the boisterous and frolicternal feeling, which they think should some indulgence of vulgar freedom. always be reserved, but also that it is Dr. Johnson gives ten definitions of a species of levity and contempt which Laughter and its concomitants, the it is either improper or immoral to en- greater part of which rank themselves tertain and to express. I believe the under contempt, derision, scorn, ridiSociety of Friends, to whom we may cule, and the rest under merriment, almost exclusively yield the palm of and are so used by the writers whom moral philosophy in mind and prac

he recites. tice, above all other sects, in their ear- In the sacred Scriptures the characliest education check any propensity ter of Laughter is very accurately deto laugh; and they are brought up so picted as follows: 1. Where it is acmuch in the habit of self-denial and companied with contempt and scorn; forbearance, that though we see great Gen. 17. 17; Job 1. 10; 12.4; 22. 19; cheerfulness among the Friends, yet 41. 29; 2 Chron. 30. 10; 2 Kings, we never detect them laughing; they 19. 21; Isa. 37. 22 ; 80. 6; Ps. 52. 0; avoid it in common communications 59. 8; 22.7 ; 27. 13; N. 2. 19; Ec. as an act of levity; but as an excite- 23. 32; Mat. 9. 24 ; Mar. 5. 40; Lu. ment to scorn or contempt they deem 8. 53. These eighteen passages are it a transgression against Christian for- not the whole of the same import, but bearance and meekness.

are sufficient for my purpose. 2. Where Bailey says, the ancients always it is accompanied with disbelief, Gen. painted its genius in a garment of va- 18. 12. 3. Where it is thoughtless and rious colours, to represent its varying sinfully merry, Prov. 5. 4; 14. 13; Lu. humour, its unsteady demeanour. It 6. 23. 4. Where it is deemed 'mad, arises in general from the excitement Eccl. 2. 2. 5. Where it is comfortacreated by surprise, which is in fact ble, and where sorrow is turned into wit; from smart repartee, sarcastic re- joy, Lu. 6. 21; under which head citation, from equivoque and enigma, may be arranged moral joy or rejoicfrom sudden and unexpected humour ing, though it is very seldom that in of either expression or action ; but then these instances the gaiety of heart is it evinces great want of self-possession; stretched beyond chcerfulness; for

Laughter

1895.)
On reading the Burial Service in Churches.

299 Laughter is too loud for sympathy, latter we beg to dissent; for if Clergywhich is an internal feeling or passion. men of the present day do wrong by Job 8. 21; Ps. 126. 2. 6. Sympathy neglecting their duty, they must exis a cause of joy, Gen. 21. 6; Isa. 66. pect it to be noticed and to be told 10. Now the majority of these pas- of it. sages obviously condemns Laughier; I know not what substantial reason and the wise King condemns it by de- is or can be given for such a refusal : claring sorrow to be preserable, Eccl. if indeed a person, no matter of what 7.3; and that Laughter is the symbol age, dies of an infectious disease, a of a fool, ib. 7.0; and the Apostle Clergyman may be warranted, from a James 4. 9, recomiends to the dou- regard to the living, in exerting such ble minded, and to others who are ac- an authority; but to talk of age as an customed to drown their transgressions objection, is ridiculous. It does not in boisterous mirth, to let their Laugh- appear from the Rubrick that the offiter be turned to mourning, and their ciating Minister has any discretionary joy to heaviness!

power or option, if the relatives of the There is no work extant of so high deceased require it; and I would ask authority for moral and practical phi- such a Clergyman if he imagines the losophy as the Sacred Scriptures, in immortal soul of a young person to be which the human heart is so truly de- less dear to the all-merciful God of veloped, and its frailties considered and our nature, than the soul of other hu. exposed, and if every man while he man beings, however aged they may reads it would apply to himself the be; indeed the usual inference is, that language of Nathan, he would never children are inore spotless, as being close the book without profiting by less contaminated by ihe world. the research not only in his life, but That part of the Burial Service, i eternity!

namely, the beautiful and sublime You have known me long enough, Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians, dear Octogenarius, to be sensible that which is read in the church, is so imI am not here putting in any claim to pressive, that the heart and mind of the rank of a crying philosopher, nor every one that hears it, must be caleren of those ancient cynics of either lous indeed if they do not feel a reliGreece or Rome, who denied the gious awe; it is calculated to turn the blessing of a comfortable smile, or a thoughts so upon a future state of excheerful hour in conversation with a istence, as to amend our lives and friend. But I think you will recollect make us better Christians; it may inThat all our hours of rational recreation duce such religious reflections and such have been enlivened by the satisfac- a conduct in life here, as to produce tions we have cultivated in more sedate content and happiness, and blessings and philosophical pursuits; and that which all the riches of this world can although neither of us have laughed neither give or take away. Whenever. much either at or in society, yet none I have heard it read, it has thrown a have niore exquisitely enjoyed the as- serenity over my mind, and abstracted sociations of our intiinate friends. me from all worldly concerns. I have Yours, &c.

A. H. relieved the distressed with more kind

ness; I have spoken to and treated my Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 9. family and domestics with more than T

usual' affection ; in short, I am conpied with their worldly concerns, vinced I have been better for it as a as very seldom 10 trouble themselves man and a Christian; and may it not about Ecclesiastical affairs; and it may have the same beneficial effect upon excite surprise in many of your readers others ? to hear that some Clergymen of the When all the Burial Service is read, Church of England refuse to permit over the mortal remains of a beloved the corpse of a person under 14 or 15 child or other relative, and all the comyears of age to be carried into the forts of our religion administered, we church. We live in too enlightened return to our homes soothed that we an age to pay implicit obedience to have performed our last solemn duties, ibe maxin of the ancient canon law, and we more confidently rely upon the “Sarcedotes honorandi sunt non judi mercies of our Creator. When the candi.” To the first part of this rule Service is curtailed and imperfectly we most willingly subscribe; from the performed, it leaves an impression

upon

in

300
M. Belanger's Journey to Persia.

[Oet. upon the mind, that we have left we passed through a desert, the soil of undone those things which we ought which is quite sahtish, and is only into have done;" and we are dissatisfied habited by the Iliates, a wandering at having that mournful consolation tribe, whose tents were scattered over withheld, which the benevolence of the plains. It was at Natchievan, that the Divine Author of our religion we were met by Emir, Kan-Beyg, would not have denied.

whom the hereditary Prince of Persia Yours, &c. ORTHODOX. had sent before M. de Richemont, to

serve as his Mimhandar (a kind of Mr. URBAN,

gentleman of honour). Having passed THI He following letter, dated Tauris, the Axai by a ford, we soon arrived at

May 28, and written by M. Be- the banks of the Araxes, which we - Janger, Botanist to the French King at ourselves crossed on rafts of timber, Poudicherry, contains an interesting while our horses swam over it. Not narrative of part of his journey over far from this river, and on the way to land to India, performed this summer Marent, we passed through a very danwith the Viscount Desbassayns de gerous defile between rocks, which Richemont :

was unsafe to travellers : last year a We left Teflis (the capital of Persian caravan, escorted by five hundred men, Georgia) on the 15th of April, and had been set upon and robbed here. thanks to the kindness and care of Ge- After clambering over the Mounneral Yermoloff, Chief of the Army of tains of Michove, which, though not the Caucasus, we had every thing pre- very high, were still corered with pared for us to facilitate our journey. snow, we got down into the valley in The appearance of the country of which Tauris stands. At some disTeflis and Karaklisse is mountainous, tance from this city, the Governor's and presents nothing interesting. The son, accompanied by Prince Abbas Prince of the latter, a Georgian by Mirza, Secretary of State, came, atbirth, gave us an excellent reception, tended by a numerous escort of cavalry, and got up for our amusement some lo pay their respects and compliments theatricals, acted by his soldiers, whose to M. Richemont. The Secretaries singing in chorus had a very agreeable of the Russian Legation, and a crowd effect. He commands the Russian of Mirzas and Kans, either from army in this frontier. The Prince courtesy or curiosity, I know not which, himself accompanied us as far as Gormi, joined our cavalcade, which was now the last city of his Government, and increased by a corps of infantry which sent us from that under the protection awaited our entry at the faux bourgs. of Beygler Bey of Tauris, who was re. The variety of costume, and of their turning from a mission to General colours, the strangeness of the figures, Yermoloff, and was then proceeding and the melange of French and Ruswith his suite into Persia.

sian uniforms, in the midst of the At the entrance to Erivan we were Asiatic dresses-on one side a crowd met by a Kan with a numerous escort, of foot soldiers armed with bayonpetted who conducted us to our lodging, musquets-on the other, Persian horsewhich was the house of the Governor men exercising in the course, ayrd the of that city. From our apartment we other usual amusements-the order and had a view of Mount Ararat and Etza- disorder which at once prevailed in niatzin, or the Three Churches, built our march - altogether exhibited 10 on the very place where the Ark rested. our view a very curious and not onenThe Zenguy rolled its murmuring bil- tertaining appearance. After being lows beneath us; Erivan, which the complimented at the gates of the city Persians consider the Boulevard of their by a respectable deputation, M. Riche- . empire, is only defended by mud walls. mont was conducted to the Governor's

At Davilly and Nourachiin we had abocle, where lodgings were prepared the very agreeable pleasure of seeing for him. the Persian cavaliers come to meet us; A few days after our arrival Prince on their way they had a sham battle, Abbas Mirza informed Viscount de exhibited their fleetness on horseback, Richemont that he would receive him and threw the lance, which they par- on the following day, and according to ried off with admirable dexterity and custoin sent him some sweetmeals address.

(sucreries). We were received by this Before arriving at Natchievan, which Prince with all the Asiatic pomp and is said to have been founded by Noah, ceremony: horses richly caparisoned

bore

1825.]
M. Belanger's Journey to Persia.

301 bore us to the gates of the palace, same ceremony already described. Just while we were preceded by the baton- as M. Richemont was retiring, Abbasblow dealers, who had occasion to ex- Mirza told him that, being now his ercise their calling by dispersing the friend, he expected he would send crowd that pressed upon us. On com- him accounts of himself, wherever he ing into his Highness's presence, M.de should happen to be. Richemont presented with his own I owe to my profession the honour hands (which is a signal honour), the of having been consulted, in turn, by letter of which he was the bearer. the lowest and the highest personages The pesches,' or presents, placed on a of the State. From the Prince Kans silver plate, was carried by a Ferach. and Mirzas down to the valets, &c. all The Hereditary Prince was particularly came to me. Did I cure them? Or kind in the reception he gave M. de have I only comforted them? Of this Richemont, and among other gracious know nothing. But one thing I things said to him :

know, that I have the consolation of “ I like France. You are a Frenchman, not having killed any of them, which, consequently my friend; all the provinces for a medical man, is saying a great of my Government are at your diposal.” deal. To the same qualification of

Abbas Mirza is an amiable Prince. being a disciple of Hippocrates I owe His conversation is lively, and his the exquisite favour of having had acinappers insinuating ; his features cess to several harems. are handsome and regular, but much Two pretty eyes, an aquiline nose, a altered from the sufferings caused hini handsome mouth, with a somewhat by a very inveterate liver complaint. elongated figure, is the general descripIn my quality of physician he conde- tion of the Persian ladies; but there scended to consuli ine, and was very are among then some ugly dames too, much surprised to find my advice con- as in other places. forınable to that of an English physi- We are preparing to set out in a few cian, named Cormac, who is attached days for Teheran. Hitherto our col. to his person.

lections in natural history are not very This Prince granted the Viscount a considerable, but we shall shortly enter second audience, which was private, a country where I expect we shall be and appeared excessively long to the enabled to gather a rich harvest, partilatter, who was invited to sit beside cularly in botany. The season is bethe Prince, and being obliged to do so, ginning to be very favourable. a la Persane, he was compelled to remain for two hours in a very distress

Ancient PAINTINGS ing, attitude to a European--that is,

IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY. on his ankles and bended knees (tailor

N our Review of Mr. Harding's wise).

" Antiquities in Westminster Ab. Eight days after, the Prince gave us bey" (p. 152), we proposed to recur to an entertainment in his villa. We the discussion on the ancient Wooden met there several persons of distinction, Enclosure near the Altar, written by and among the rest, Pexecuteur des the Editor Mr. Moule. We now propetites æuvres. The place in which ceed to do so, having, for our readers we were received was ornamented with better satisfaction, been allowed to a great number of paintings and por- copy a very neat woodcut, traits, among which we observed those This oaken enclosure has been bi. of Alexander and Selim, and a third, therto considered to be the shrine, or which we were astonished to see figure the canopy of the tomb, of Sebert, there. During the entertainment, a King of ihe East Saxons, the reputed number of daucers and singers exerted founder of the Church; but, that even their utmost to amuse the guests. Their the freestone altar-tomb on which it instruments consist of drums made of stands, was erected to the memory of cloth, of tambourines, the cases of that monarch, appears improbable. which were of dried clay, and a sort of That such a monument was erected, guitar, and a cherwan, which produced soon after the building of the present sounds like those of a bagpipe. Church, in the reign of Henry III.

Yesterday (the 27th) the Prince sig. has been handed down by history or nified that he would again admit M. tradition ; but the appropriation of this Richemont to his gardens, to grant tomb to King Sebert's name seems to him the audience de Conge. This took have originated from Camden (who is place in the same way and with the the first known writer on the Monu.

ments,

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