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copious Notes.

Literary Intelligence.

(Sept. A Critical Essay on the Writings of St. No. XXIV. of Mr. WOOLNOTH's Views of Luke, translated from the German of Dr. Ancient Castles, being the completion of Frederic Schleimacher: with an lotroduc- the work. tion by the Translator, containing an Account of the Controversy respecting the

Preparing for Publication. Origin of the three First Gospels since Ancient Knighthood, and its relations Bishop Marsh's Dissertations.

with the past and present State of Society, Scottish Songs, Ancient and Modern ; and particularly with the modern Military illustrated with Notes, a Critical Introduc- Profession. By E. A. KENDALL, Esq. F.S.A. tion, and Characters of the most eminent The same Author is also preparing, Lyric Poets of Scotland. By Allan Cun- Zoological Errors and Mytho-Zoology; or

Inquiries concerning Sea-serpents, Crokers, The Elements of the Differential and In- Mermaids, Unicorns, Were-wolves, Ogres, tegral Calculus. By the Rev. Dionysius Pigmies, &c.; to which is added, ContinuaLARDNER, of the University of Dublin. tion to the Natural and Civil History of

An Analytical Treatise on Plane, and several known Animals. Spherical Trigonometry. By the same. Sermons, Expositions, and Addresses, at

The Principal Roots of the Latin Lan- the Holy Communion. By the late Rer. guage, simplified by a Display of their In- ALEXANDER WAUGH, A. M. Minister of the corporation into the English Tongue, with Scots' Church in Miles Lane, London. To

which is prefixed a Short Memoir of the A History of the Roman Emperors, from Author. the Accession of Augustus to the Fall of Essays on the Evidences and Doctrines of the last Constantine. By Mr. C. A. Elton, Christianity. By JAMES JOHN GURNEY. author of Specimens of the Classic Poets. A Practical Illustration of the Book of

A Translation of all the existing Frag- Psalms. By the Author of the Commentary meuts of the Writings of Proclus, surnamed on the New Testament. the Platonic Successor, by Thomas Tay. Sephora, a Hebrew Tale, descriptive of LOR, the Platonist.

the country of Palestine, and of the manner Sir John BARRINGTON's Historical Anec- and customs of the ancient Israelites. dotes of Ireland.

Outlines of Truth. By a Lady. Letters of Marshal Conway, from 1744 Botanical Sketches of the twenty-four to 1784, embracing the period when he was. Classes in the Linnean System, with fifty Commander of the Forces and Secretary of specimens of English Plants taken from State.

The Highest Castle and the Lowest Nugæ Sacræ; or Psalms and Hymns and Cave; or, Events of Days that are gone; Spiritual Songs. by the Author of the “ Scrinium."

Reports of the Parliamantary Proceedings Instructions for Cavalry Officers, trans- of the last Session, systematically Arranged lated from the German of Gen. Count Bis- aud Criticised, in one vol. 8vo. Also, in anomark, by Capt. L. BEAMISH, 4th Drag. ther vol. to be had separately, if required,

Origines Ecclesiasticæ, or the Antiqui- Abstracts of all important Papers presented ties of the Christian Church ; and other during the Session.—To be continued anworks of the late Rev. J. BINGHAM, M. A. nually,

A Dissertation on the Coventry Pageants Pathology and Treatment of Dropsies. By and Mysteries, with the Taylors' and Shear- Dr. AYRE. men's Pageant, &c. By Thomas Sharp. An Annual Work, entitled Janus, con

The Memoirs and Correspondence of sisting of Tales, occasional Essays, popular Paul Jones, from original documents in the Illustrations of History and Antiquities, possession of Mr. J. H. Sherburne, Regis- serious and comic Sketches of Life and Mantrąr of the United States' Navy.

ners, &c. &c. Mr. E. H. Barker, one of the joint Edi- A Translation of La Motte Fouque's Rotors of Stephens's Greek Thesaurus, is mance, the Magic Ring. writing a Life of Dr. Parr,

Paul Jones, a Romance. By ALLAN A Course of Catechetical Instruction on CUNNINGHAM. the Life, Doctrines, Death and Resurrec- William Douglas ; or the Scottish Exiles, tion of our Lord Jesus Christ. By the Rev. an Historical Novel. Harvey MARRIOTT, Rector of Claverton. The Contest of the Twelve Nations; or a Also, by the same, Biblical Questions, illus- Comparison of the different Bases of Hatrative of the History, Doctrines, and Pre- man Character and Talent. cepts of the Old and New Testament.

Mr. ACKERMANN's annual volume of For The Fifth Part of the Progresses of King get-me-Not. The literary department emJanics I.

braces, among many others, contributions Letters to a friend on the State of Ire- in verse and prose from the pens of James and, the Catholic Question, and the Merits Montgomery, Esq. Rev. G. Croly, Rev. R, of Constitutional Religious Distinction. By Polwbele, J. H. Wiffen, Esq. Henry Necke, E. A, KENDALL, Esq. F.S.A.

Esq. Rev. J. Blanco White, J. Bowsing,



Literature and Science.

259 Mrs. Hemans, Miss Mitford, Mrs. Hofland, two copies, one to the Berlin library, and Mrs. Bowditch, &c. &c.

another to the university: a third copy is conA Theoretical and Practical Treatise on sidered as the right of the censor, as before. Clock and Watch Making. By THOMAS No foreign work must be sold without exREID, Author of the article « Horology" in press permission. the Edinburgh Encyclopædia.

The first part of a series of Plates in con- THE DUKE OF York's Speech. tinuation of Smirke's Illustrations to Shaks

The premium of three guineas for the peare.

best Welch translation of bis Royal HighA work, on the plan of the German Lite

ness's admirable Speech on the Catholic rary Almanacks, inteuded more especially

question, was lately awarded to Mr. Robert for the religious reader of Literary compo. Davies, of Nant Glyn, in Denbighshire; and sitions.

a further sum of one guinea each has been

given to Mr. Pugh, solicitor of Dolgelly, ORIENTAL LITERATURE.

and a person under the signature of “Gre

gore," for their translations of it. The encouragement given to Oriental literature in France becomes every day more New INVENTION IN PRINTING, extensive. The vast stores of the royal library, so rich in Oriental literature, are to

The Dutch papers contain an account of be explored anew, and those MSS. deemed a new discovery in printing, or a new appliworthy of impression are to be printed at

cation of lithography, for the reprinting fothe public expence. The governments of reign journals, by which it is calculated that Europe vie with each other in seconding this the subscription to these papers, which now impulse. The King of Prussia has founded

costs each the postage and triple stampan university at Bonn, which is devoted to

31 fs. 20 cents per qr., not including the the study of the Asiatic languages; the King porterage, will be only 10 francs. The reof Bavaria, the Duke of Gotha, and the King print will be executed by lithographic and of Denmark, hare sent into Asia and Africa chemical process, to which the inventor has in search of manuscripts; Holland brings given the name of identigraphy. Every fofarth successors to the Schultens, and Russia reign journal, for which there shall be one is lavish in its encouragements and rewards

hundred subscribers, will be reprinted, and to genius. After mentioning these facts, a

the reprint appear two hours after the arreport by the keeper of the seals in Paris, rival of the mail

. The prospectus fixes no proceeds:-“Would it not be possible, after prices except for the Moniteur, the Constithe model of the great Byzantian collection, tutionnel, the Cour Francaise, and the Panand the compilation of the councils, and of dora. The Moniteur will cost fourteen, the historians of France, which were for twenty-six, and fifty florins, for three, six, merly executed at the royal press, to form

and twelve months; the two opposition joura collection of the principal Oriental works, nals, nine, sixteen, and thirty florins; and to be published under the auspices of the Pandora, eight, fifteen, and thirty florins, your Majesty? It would be very easy for the The difference between them and the preroyal press to complete the execution of this

sent prices will be from 25 to 30 per cent." enterprise, without any interruption in the

HYDRAULICS. usual course of its proceeding, or even without its causing any material expense.” A M. Schwæbel, a mechanic of Strasburg, decree has since been issued, containing re- has just invented a singular machine, with a gulations for the accomplishment of the lever, to replace the liydraulic lever, which project.

possesses the double action applicable to all PRUSSIAN LITERATURE.

machines moved by water or horses, either A royal edict has been issued in Berlin, lows, &c. It facilitates by its strength the

for spinning, flour-mills, sawing, forge-belforbidding the publication of all works a- machine to which it is applied, giving it a gainst the established religion ; at the same time ordering that, in all discussions on of two horses where four are required, and

more regular movement, and fills the place these subjects, invectives and personalities is also very useful in times of drought, as it should be avoided. Defamatory writing is will work a machine with half the quantity of decidedly forbidden ; and if by chance,

the censor should permit their publication, they

DIORAMAS. He not the less liable to be seized; but in such case the editor has redress in the ceu- These exhibitions, in which the spectasor, who being found insolvent, the govern- tors are subject to the peristrephic motion ment is cbarged with the debt. Since the of an amphitheatrical building, are becoming Ist. of January this year, this penalty has deservedly popular. Besides the celebrated been suppressed, and the editor is subjected one in the Regent’s-park, London, there is to a fine. Moreover, he is obliged to send one in Paris, and another in Manchester.



Arts.-Antiquarian Researches.

(Sept The one in Regent's-park is now exhibiting larches, in an immense valley. To obscurithe “Ruins of Holyrood Chapel," a moon- ty a brilliant light gradually succeeds. The light scene, painted by M. Daguerre, and vapours rise, the sky is illuminated, and the the Cathedral of Chartres,” by M. Bouton. tops of mountains shew themselves. The So powerful is the illusion, when viewing Diorama in Manchester, is exhibiting the the mouldering ruins of Scotia's ancient view of the Valley of Sarnen, in Switzerland; glory, that the very figures appear to move, lately in the Regent's Park. and the clouds to recede from the eye, There is nothing like a painting; every

BURMESE CARRIAGE. thing seems reality; and all this effect is The Burmese Imperial state carriage, produced by the wonderful management of which was captured at an early period of the light and shade; thus displaying the triumph present sanguinary Indian war, has just of perspective, and the ne plus ultra of pic- reached this country, and is now preparing torial illusion. The tomb-stones and mo- for a public exhibition. It is, without exnuments in the parts lighted by the moun, ception, one of the most splendid works of and the female figure in contemplation before a art that can possibly be conceived, presente lamp, give a powerful interest to the picture, ing an entire blaze of gold, silver, and preand shew the wonderful effect of light.- cious stones : of the latter the number muss The Diorama in Paris has lately exhibited amount to many thousands, comprehending a new picture, which represents the effect diamonds, rubies, sapphires white and blue, of fog and snow. The view is taken across emeralds, amethysts, garnets, topazes, cat'sa Gothic vestibule in perspective, behind eyes, crystals, &c. The carving is of a sery which nothing is at first discovered but a superior description. The carriage stands dim horizon. By degrees the fog disperses, between 20 and 30 feet in heigbt, and was and affords a peep of a vast forest of firs and drawn by elephants.


ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. Antiquities found in the Vicinity of Brool, ble impression on it ; so much so, that it

the Rhine. By Dr. RUDOLPH was in a mouldering state, had entirely lost BRANDES.

its firmness and brittleness, and when broThe importance of the vicinity of Brool

ken, pressed, or scraped, fell into small leaves

like mica. It had completely lost its transto the Antiquary, says the Doctor, is sufficiently known, as well as the great disco

parency; but it was still evident, from its veries made there by the diligence of M.

appearance in the centre, that it was origiDorow. It was through his kindness that pally perfectly transparent, that part, frum I obtained the antiquities considered in this having somewhat resisted the destructive ef

fects that had acted upon the rest, being so memoir, with the request to analyse them

still. Wherever the glass was covered with as speedily as possible.

the gold-like pellicle, it was not transparent ; I. A Fragment of Roman Glass found near

but where free from it, it was perfectly clear. Brool,

By endeavouring to separate that covering,

no gold-leaf was detached, but thin leaves The inventiou of glass is known to be of glass ; and the surface beneath soon ofvery ancient; nevertheless few antique re- fered a similar appearance. In some places mains of it have come down to us, or have that metallic tarnish assamed a fine blueish, been analysed. Although the art of mapu- red, or green hue; and a similar appearance facturing glass was not carried to that de- was produced by taking off the apparently gree of perfection among the ancients to metallic pellicle which was on the inside. which it has been brought in our days, still This shows that the cause of this tarnish in some branches of it they had gone very was the same as that which acts upou che far, as has been sufficiently shown by the glass long exposed to the weather,—such as learned investigations of Winkelmano. The in old church windows for instance; and piece of glass which I obtained from M. which has a similar appearance. However, Dorow was a fragment of a round vase, and to convince myself completely of the absence weighed about 10 grains. Its colour was of of gold, I heated as many as possible of the a milky-white with a very blueish cast. A shining glass leaves in nitric acid, by which pellicle of a brilliant gold-colour covered its process the gold-coloured covering entirely exterior, and in part its interior surface. disappeared, and the leaves remained without This had so much the appearance of gild- colour. In order to find out the component ing, that without a chemical trial one would parts of the glass, the Doctor submitted it have taken it to be gold. The long period to several chemical processes. The result of time during which the glass had been of which was, that the glass consisted of exposed to the effects of the air, water, and 1. Silica; 2. Soda; 3. Lead ; 4. Oside of the pressure of the earth, had made a visi- manganese; 3. Oxide of iron; 6. Lime;

7. Alus

Antiquarian Researches.

26 7. Alumina. Of these constituents the si- conquest. It was gradually diminished, in lica formed about two thirds, and the other succeeding reigns, until, in 1601, it was substance the remaining third of the whole made to weigh no more than 74 grains ; at mass.

which weight it has continued ever since. II. Sealing-war.

It is a curious fact, that these two little A piece of a light brown-red waxy sub- coins, in the year 1050, would have pur. stance appeared to be a fragment of sealing chased seven gallons of wheat; a century wax of which the Romans had made use. later, when wheat was double the price, The piece weighed about 20 grains, became they would have paiil for a day's labour in soft and fluid when heated, burned with a husbandry, and would have bought three Aame, left a carbonized residuum, and by a gallons and a half of wheat. greater and continued heat a very small yellowish hard substance.

On Saturday, Sept. 10, as the workmen From the examination, it appeared that the sealing-wax consisted for the inost part

who are employed in making a culvert in

St. Aldate's; Oxford, were digging near of common wax, to which a little gum and

Christ Church, they found a York penny of turpentine had been added, and which seemed to have been coloured principally by red

Edward I.; as engraved in Ruding, Plate 3, lead; containing besides a few leaves of gold fig. 18. The same day they also found á which seemed to have been added to enhance

jeton or abbey token, in a very high state

of preservation; on the obverse side is a the beauty of the wax, although in very

rude head, and AVE MARIA GRATIA PLENA; sadall proportion.

and on the reverse is a cross fleury with a Saxon Coins.

small fleur de lis in its centre. Two small coins have lately been dug up Aug. 6. A gold coin of the Emperor at Southampton, in a field to the east of Valens, in the highest state of preservation, the path-way leading from St. Mary's Church- was found a few days ago in the garden of yard to the gas-works.

J.J. Champante, Esq. at Taunton. On the These two coins are Saxon silver pennies. obverse, round the head, it has this inscripThey were found near a considerable por- tion, “ D.N. VALENS, P. P. AVG.", and tion of wood-ashes, intermingled with burnt on the reverse, “ RESTITVTOR REIPVBtones, io a kind of circular pit, which ex- LICÆ.” On the exergue, “ SIRM,” detended to a depth of about nine feet from

noting that this coin was minted at Sirmium, the original surface of the mould, before

the capital Pannonia. Its weight is 69 the clay was removed. Oue of them is that grains. The Emperor Valens died Ă. D. 378. of Burgred King of Mercia, exactly as engraved in Ruding's Coinage, Plate &, time since for the foundation of a building

Aug. 6. A mason, in digging a short figure 17. — The other has á head in the centre of the obverse, but no king's aigrette, enriched with diamonds, which is

in the environs of Vienna, found a Turkish name, simply that of the moneyer ; the

valued at 60,000 florins. It was probably inscription being DIORMOD MONETA. On she reverse is DOROBERNIA CIVITAS, Canter

worn by an Ottoman officer killed in a battle bury City. This may probably be rare, as

fought under the walls of Vienna, by which

Sobieski saved Germany. there is not one in Ruding's Book exactly resembling it. There is, indeed, one of

On July 20, as some workmen belonging Beldred, King of Kent, plate 3, with the to Sir T. Hare, bart. of Stow Bardolph, same moneyer's name, but differing in all

Norfolk, were at work at low water in the other respects.

The name of Diormod river Ouze, near Stoulridge, they discovered, occurs also among the moneyers of Egbert, deeply imbedded in the silt or sand, a peras stated by Ruding, vol. I. p. 246, but no

fect human skeleton, upon each foot of specimen is given of money coined by him. which were the remains of a shoe. In digThe coins themselves are in pretty good pre- ging beside it, they found twenty silver and servation. Ruding observes, and the poor copper coins, viz. one silver of Edward VI. Workmanship and appearance confirm the one of Mary, six of Elizabeth, and three of fact, that " in the reign of Burgred the art James I. and nine copper coins of the same of coinage had sunk into the lowest state of monarch, from whence it seems clearly barbarism in point of execution.” Both proved that it was the body of some person the coins are deficient in the weight neces

unfortunately drowned in the latter reign. sary to make up the 240th part of a Troy The copper coins are in remarkably high pouad of silver; the pound being 5760 preservation. grains, the silver penny ought to weigh 24 An ancient tiled flooring, abont two yards grains. One of these weighs 20 grains, square, was lately discovered on the east the other 225. It does not appear, how- side of the cemetery in Kirkstall Abbey. exer, that the silver penny was ever coined The tiles are each about four inches square, of a greater weight than 22% grains. This highly glazed on the surface, and of various was the weight at the time of the Norman colours,

SELECT [262]



the morn,


the ocean,

I care not for riches, and force 1 defy;

I heed not the great—and the proud I OH! dost thou not love the first blash of


(the eye, [silence of night, But the smile on the cheek, or the tear in When the song of the grove breaks the A responsive emotion will rouse in my When dances the dew on the tremulous

breast. thorn,

[so light. Unbrushed by the breeze which is passing May sympathy ever attend me whilst bere ;

May youth's sensibility still be my lot; And dost thou not love the soft stillness of Tho' the Stoic may scorn, and the Cynic

[is the lay,
may speer,

(not. Tho' clos'd is the flower, and tho' hush'd

And boast of their firmness-I


them When the feelings partake of the calm they For if manhood bereaves me of feelings like perceive,

[a prey?

these, And the breast is no more to the passions

(aow, Or if

age would deprive me of joys I feel And hast thou ne'er stray'd on the shores of May the chill hand of death life's current

soon freeze,

[brow. [and rest,

And soon may the sepulchre pillow my When Night stills all nature to silence

H. P. C. Save the ne'er-ceasing dash of the rude .

billow's motion, And the moon-beam which sports on its

STANZAS TO *****, turbulent breast?

A GLOOM is on thy troubled heart that And whilst the lone beach thou in silence

may not pass away, didst tread,


grey mists from the shrouded bill, or Lov'd you not on that scene there to lin- storms from April day; ger and gaze,

There is a shadow on thy brow, a tempest Lov'd you not the congenial rapture it shed, in thy soul, Love you not the delight which its me- No earthly hope may banish now, no mortal

voice controul ! mory conveys ? Yes! the freshness of morn, and the stillness For she, the charm, the life of life, hath

(on the sea,

vanished from the scene, And the grandeur of night when she sleeps And thou art left to mourn in vain a vision I have known, I have lov'd, I've regretted to

that hath been.

[leave, Alas ! too like a sunny beam from some ceAnd dear is the sweet retrospection to me.

lestial clime,

That with a transient radiance touched the But though lovely they are, yet they never Alitting wings of Time!

Sept. 14th, 1825.

O. L. R.
With constant affection's unchangeable
With the kindred delights of relationsbip's

[which flows Or che pleasureb unsullied from friendship

TO THOUGHT". Oh! false are they all who would dare to PASSING shadow of the mind ! mantain

Boundless rover unconfin'd!
That happiness never is found on the earth, Tyrant of imperious reign!
And false is the counsel which bids us obtain Lord of Pleasure, Grief, and Pain!
It in sensual pleasure and riotous mirth. Teacher of the erring heart,

Wisdom's ray to me impart;
It is to be found in the union of souls, Come with her enlightend power,
In reciprocal love-in congenial ties-

Renovate life's drooping hour ! In the firm bond of friendship, which nothing Pure and of celestial kind, controuls

Let me thee an angel find !
In the mutual joys which affection supplies.
And when absence from kindred companions

* These liges were found among the padeprives

pers of a literary lady, whose collection of Us of joys too delightful for ever to last; Poems, published many years since, have Still happiness lives, and still pleasure sur- been much admired. Upon the original vives

[are past. MS. she has made this remark, “ I thiok In the sweet reminiscence of times that these are the best verses I ever wrote."

of eve,

can vie

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