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1825.] Review:-Letter on the State of Ireland.

253 But notwithstanding' my great respect for destroyed in 1825; in p:79, that the the Scotch Clergy, I am compelled by re- pretended value of the Irish bishoprics gard for truth to deny their superiority, if is a sophism, because the lands are in all the circumstances of their case be takey lease to laymen, who, on an average, into account. I deny that their comes are less than those of the English give to the Bishops about one-fifth and Irish parochial Clergy, and I deny that part of the rents, under the name of their education is equal."

renewed fines; and (p. 101) that the

relative increase of the Irish Roman It appears also that the Scotch Esta- Catholics is another sophism, because blishment has not worked

so well as it purely proceeds from the early and the English and Irish. The Scotch improvident marriages of the people. Clergy, though an excellent and re- Here we must leave 'our abstracts. spectable body of men, are inade. The latter part of the Pamphlet conquately instructed, and are unable to sists of a vindication of the Protestant maintain the conflict against infidelity Clergy of Ireland, and proposed remein the upper orders, though aided by dies for certain evils attached to the the most summary laws.....AT PRE- present habits of Irishmen. With reSENT THERE IS NOT ONE Scotch gard to the Protestant Clergy, nothing CLERGYMAN IN

can be more false than the mis-state

ments made about them. GREEK TESTAMENT. P. 98.

“ The Established Clergy form the The good writing in the Edinburgh strongest link in the chain which binds the Review makes hundreds think, with two islands together, AND THE CONNEXION Cunningham's foolish ballad, that the WITH BRITAIN WOULD Thistle is above the Rose. Numerous Scotchmen are clever men. The ma- The Established Clergy. They have perjority of well-educated men neverthe- formed the abandoned duties of an emigrant less remain with England. The pre- nobility and gentry, They have been Deeminence of Scotland only lies in its puty Lieutenants, Magistrates, Physicians, wiser and more moral peasantry.

Overseers of the Poor. To them are adThe following paragraph merits re

dressed the cries of poverty, and from their gard :

purses issues the greatest portion of the

alms that are given to relieve the immea“It has been asserted, that the Reforma- surable distress of the poor. In the Protion would have extended its influence to testant districts of Ireland they are required Ireland, when Great Britain renounced

to perform these duties, together with their Popery, had the Scriptures been translated professional labours, and I might challenge into Irish, and public worship been cele- for the Established Clergy of the province brated in the native language. Wales' of Ulster a comparison with the Clergy of may be jastanced as a case which bears upon England, as to attention to their parochial Ireland, for there the Reformation com- duties. The manner in which they attend pletely succeeded. The Irish heard mass to the education of the poor in those places ia latin, of which they understood nothing; where the poor are permitted to learn, is and when they heard prayers in English, worthy of ihe highest encomiums ; and I they understood them as little. The unknown fearlessly assert that there is no profession, English was, therefore, as bad as the un- the members of which earn their knowo Latin ; but the Latin had prescrip- diligently than the Established Clergy of tion in its favoar, and therefore the Church the province of Ulster. The same may be of Rome prevailed over the Reformed Reli- said of them in every other part of the isgion. It was the policy of Elizabeth to ex- Jand, where Popery has not stified Christinguish the Irish language; and though tianity." P. 94. this policy succeeded after two centuries, it tended materially towards the establishment

Now we happen to have before us a of Popery in the minds of the Irish pea- of which, because it is instructive and

letter from an Irish Dignitary, an extract santry" ' P. 60. We shall now proceed with our ab

curious, we shall lay before our readers: stracts.

“The members of are eterIn p. 61 our author states, that with nally accusing the Irish Clergy of having nothe Irish peasant the priest stands in thing to do. I wish some of them were the place of God; in p. 63, that Dr. half as much and as well employed ;-beWalmsley circulated a pretended pro- burials, visiting the sick, &c. of a large

sides double duty on the Sunday, baptisms, phecy from Rev. vi. 9, 10, (wherein city, the Clergy here are appointed to the the focusts are said to mean Proteste situations of secretaries, treasurers, or comants), that the latter are to be utterly mittee men, to almost every institution,


pay more

Review.-Bayley's History of the Tower.

(Sept. whether for charity, education, or public gration. We regard not what political convenience. In consequence of this, I economists may sophisticize upon the have on some days received three different subject. The science cannot be sound orders to attend three different public insti- which excludes the irresistible operatutions. In addition to these usual occupa- tions of Providence. Our political printions, I am (with the Presbyterian Minister here) a Trustee to the will of an old lady, ciples are too well known, for it to be who has left us upwards of 20,0001, to be supposed one moment that we should

allow a Monmouth-street political disposed of in charitable purposes, at our

tailor to be the maker of our coats, or own discretion, no trifling responsibility

take the medicines which political and for this last week, we have had two Commissioners from Chancery, to receive quack-doctors recommend, by handour plans, and to swear various persons as

bills, forced upon us as we pass the to the expence and utility of them-and, as streets; and therefore we do think, if this was not suficient, we are continually that Government might do, as Naporequired by parliament to send returns of leon did, employ all applicunts for different matters required for their informa

labour on publick works, and levy the tion-the last was from the Commissioners

expence upon the country. If half of Enquiry respecting education, to procure the trouble and energy used on the returns from the Clergy of every school in Slave Trade Abolition (a worthy but their parishes, and yet

and will

not an exclusive subject) had been becry out again did Pharoah to the Israelites, “Ye are idle, ye are idle.' On Monday Irish, these troubles would have been

stowed upon the employment of the last, I attended M. P. one of these Commissioners (who by the bye is a very

much diminished. All this is very good man) to two schools, of which I am simple. In England, Scotland, and the chief manager. But had I time and Wales, a poor man says, “ I am going paper, I would give you a history of the to seek for work ;" not like a rabbit Hedge schools that I (not the Commis- for a burrow, a patch of potatoe ground, sioner) visited, and returned an account, as eatables only (the pleasures of civilizaper orders. You would be much amused- tion, a decent coat, clean shirt, &c. &c. some of them were without windows—and being out of the question); in fact, no in one, the children were arranged in rows, method which makes private benefit one above another, in form of an Amphi- instrumental to public good. But we theatre, with the pigs feeding in the centre-in

have no room for further remark. The others, the books read by the children (which we were ordered to return) were

pamphlet is momentous, and ought to

be read as a study. various, numerous, and extraordinary-in one thatched cabin, I noted, among fifty others, Homer's Odyssey, Meditations upon

52. Bayley's Tower of London. Part II. the Holy Jubilee at Rome in the year 1775, Harvey's Meditations, the Seven Cham

(Concluded from p. 152.) pions of Christendom, and Capt. Frency's THE parts which we shall now History of Irish Rogues and Rapparees, discuss of this interesting and wellbut not the Sacred Scriptures; that appeared written volume, consist of an account to be the only book forbidden by the Priest of the Constabulary and Constables, --and without this forbidden book, depend and an Appendix of original papers, upon it, all the plans and regulations for the

from both which sections we shall exeducation of the Irish, that can be devised,

tract soine curious matters. will be of no avail, and they will ever remain in the same pagan state, without a

From p. 655 we find that rushes religion, and without morals, a savage and a

[for strewing rooms) were brought to barbarous people."

the city by boat-loads, at a time that

sprats wcre fished for between the This letter was written without the

lower and the sea, in boats called smallest view to publication, and was

“ staleboles ;” and from p. 656, that put into our hands by an exemplary the state-prisoners, even of high rank, Clerical friend, for public motives. were either ironed like felons, or sub

The writer we know to be a kind- ject to be so, unless perhaps a pecuhearted amiable man.

niary commutation was made. The pamphlet before us is one of unbounded information ; but it must

“ Of every Duke committed, he (the

Constable of the Tower) had a fee of twenty be evident, in our opinion, that the pounds; of every Earl so committed, twenty grand cause of the evils in Ireland, is marks · for the suite of his yrons ;' of every want of employ for the population, Baron for the suite of his yrons,' ten and in defect of that, a means of eini- pounds.” P. cvi.


1825.) Review.-Bayley's History of the Tower.

255 We now proceed to the Appendix. “ When God shall send you to those

In the year 1551-2 we find that the years as y! shall be fitt for you to company daily dinners of the Duchess of Somer- wth yor wife (wch I had rather were sooner set consisted of multon“ stewed with then yt by ill company you should fall into potage,” and boiled mutton, besides any ill rule), then I would wish you to boiled beef; roast veal, a capou, and wihdrawe yourselfe into some private dwellrabbits. The suppers, of more multon ing of your owne." lxx. and pottage, and roast mutton, besides The cruel disregard of natural right sliced beef, rabbits and larks, or other and private feelings, under wardship, (sic). At both meals bread, beer, and is shown in the next passage. wine ; the former being sd. in cost, “ If your brothers may be suffered to reand the two latter only viiid. cach, so maine in your company, I would be most that the wine must have comprised gladd thereof, because continuing still tobut a very small portion. The vege- gether, should still increase love between tables consisted only of onions and you. But ye world is so catching of every sallets; the sauces or seasonings, of thing yt falls, as I believe, Tom being after spices, vinegar, and mustard. P. xlvii. my death ye queen's maties ward, shall be

It was deemed an acquisition for begged by one or another. But yet you noblemen to get into their service men are sure to have your brother Wm left still useful in building. Sir Edw. Warner, with you, because, poore boy, he hath noLieutenant of the Tower, begging of thing to feede cormorants wth all.” P. ix. Mr. Secretary Cecill (Burleigh) a par

The Duke recommends him to mix don for cne Rob. Goddard, says, fasting with bis prayers, in order “ to

"YfI were of yowr callying, and a buylder, tame the wicked affections," not of as yow be, ther'shold nothynge be to dere the body, but of the myode.' P. IX. to me to get such a fellowe to my hows."

His Grace considers twenty the age

when young women come io discreThomas Duke of Norfolk, after his tion. He says to his daughter-in-law, condemnation, in a letter to his chil- you must to your years of 15, atteyne dren, recommends his son to study at

to ye consideracion and discretion of Cambridge for a year or two, because 20." P. Ixii. it was near to London, whither he

The next extract which we shall could therefore come to attend to his give, is a translation from part of a law business ; then to enter himself at Latin Indiculus or Diarium, from an ion of court, but not to commence

1580 10 1585, containing the following house-keeper till his wife lived with account of the cells in which the prihim.

soners were incarcerated, and of the "I would wish you for ye present to

tortures to which they were subjected. make your chiefe abode at Cambridge, wch “ That the matter may be better underis the place fittest for you to prosecule your stood, it is to be observed, that this is pelearning in, and besides is not very farr culiar to the gaol, which they call the hence, whereby you may within a dayes Tower above other prisons, that every priwarning, be here to follow yor own causes, soner has his own chamber or proper prison, as occasion serveth. If after a yeare or two, or proper guard, who may always keep him you spend yor tyme in some house of ye in observation, restrain bim from the sight lawe, there is nothing that will prove more of others, and conversation with them, and to your comodity, considering how for ye prevent all intercourse both by letters and time you shall have continuall busyness messengers. about your omne lawe affaires; and thereby “ of the torments or particular afilicalsoe, if you spend your tyme well, you shall tions, which are exercised now towards this be ever after better able to judge in your man, now to that, there are seven kinds in Owne causes. I too late repent yt 1 followed this prison, of which the first is the LAKE, not this course yt now I wish to you ; ffor or certain subterranean cave, twenty feet if I had, then my case perchance had not deep, without light. been in soe ill state as it now is." P. lix. The second is a certain chamber or very

contracted cavern, in which a man can It is well known, that in order to prerent imprudent marriages, affianc- the little rest which it affords, they have

roarcely stand upright, and therefore from ing took place between the children of called it Little EASE. the great, as early as seven, eight, or “ The third is the Equuleus, by which, nine years old, cohabitation not taking through certain machinery und wooden place il more mature age. Accord- blocks, the limbs of a mau are dislocated ingly, the Duke says,

(in diversa distrahantur),

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Review:- Bayley's History of the Tower. (Sept. ! " The fourth is called the Scavenger's In a presentment, we find that no daughter, so named, I suppose, from the foreigner was by right, to live within inventor. It consists of an iron circle, the Power or its precincts. which brings (compiugit) the feet, hands, and head into one ring.

* Also we do present, that it is not “ The fifth is the IRON Gloves, by which

meete that any stranger borne out of this

realme should dwell within the Tower, at the hands are most grievously tormeuted. “ The sixth' is the Chains, which are

the liberty of the same." P. cxxis carried on the arms.

So much for that motley fortified “ The seventh is the Iron Fettes, warehouse of the nation, the Tower of which are fitted to the feet.” P. lxxiii. London. It is as miscellaneous as a

In the 4 Ric. II. the weekly board pedlar's box. A Norman tower, with of a Duke was 5 marks, and of bis artillery stores on the ground floor, and chaplain and each of his gentlemen for soldiers below, and lawyers above. 6s. 8d, and of each of his 38. 4d.; of an Earl 40s., of each of his Bastions of stone without cannon, and gentlemen 5s., and each of his

bastions of brick with cannon. yeo

Mints men 2s. 6d. ; of a baron 20s., of each for coining money, and prisons for of his gentlenien 38. 4d., and of each coining groans. A long modern lownof bis yeomen 20d. P. xcvi.

hall-looking building, not filled with · Thus it appears, that the allowances feasting corporationers, but muskets, for the table were strictly apportioned swords, and pistols. All the Kings of to the rank of the party, and that the England, in a row, cloathed in the gentleman of a Baron was only, sup- which (says Dr. Meyrick) not one

armour which_they actually wore, of posed to have half the rank of the ileman of a Duke; the former being piece is older than the time of Henry tabled at only 3s. 4d. the latter at

the Serenth. Amenagerie of wild 6s. 8d. It also appears from the scale, beasts, and a cupboard for the crown ihat the rank of the servants was esti jewels. Dashing modern houses, with mated all through according to that of fine sash windows and antiquated the master. Alter the attainder of a

towers. A platform battery of cannon, state prisoner, the allowances were to

with no command of space before it: be regulated by royal pleasure (p. cvi). in short, a most extraordinary jumble; Similar to this was the restriction to being an arsenal, a mint, a state prison, bread and water of felons under sen

a record-office, a jewel-office, a menatence of death, now or recently en

gerie, an old castle, a modern fortress, forced.

a wharf, a warehouse, and a town, all We find one use of wicket gates in stuffed, like the goods in a waygon, into the following item :

a small artificial island. “ After the great gate of the bywarde is work, with sincere respect for its au

We leave this valuable and elaborate shutt in the niglit tyme, the same shall not bee opened for any prisoner servant, nor

thor; who, we are glad io hear, has anwives, nor any other p'sons but wth the nounced a History of London. We privitic of the Lieutenant or his deputy. shall impatievtly expect it. But such as have occasion to come in or out, to use only the little wicket, where, according to ancient custome, twoo wardens 53. Practical Olservations on crrtain Patho shall stand on each side to view those that logical Relations which erist between the come in and out.” P. cx.

Kumeys and other organs of the Human A similar practice was no doubt ob

Body, especially the Brain. By Johu served in our ancient castles.

Fosbroke, Surgeon, Cheltenham. The warders were not permitted to

THIS volume treats chiefly of the give the slightest intimations to the relations of certain morbid states of the prisoners, of any orders which they kidneys, to certain morbid conditions of might have received.

other important organs, all which it If any of the Yeomen shall at any time appears are very essential to be underreveale by himselfe, or by any other meanes,

stood, for the cure of patients so affected. directly or indirectly, to any prisoner, any has deduced his positions, are numerous.

The cases from which the Author directions charge, or co'maundment wch they or any of them shall receave of the His observations contain not only mang Lient. hee shall not only loose his place, original views upon the main points of but bee imprisoned during his Mat's plea- his subject, but also upon the way in sure.", P. cxii.

which affections of the kidneys and




in years.

Review.-Miscellaneous Reviews.

257 mucous membranes come to be mis. 57. The Bulls from Romé and British taken for liver diseases.

Mastiff's is a just and merited satire upon The work has evidently cost much the impositions practised under the mask of labour and long and minute investiga- religion by the Papists. tion. Indeed, the chief qualities of Mr. Fosbroke seem to be a deep in

58. The Hand-Look, by Mr. WALTER terest in his profession, more espe- HAMILTON, M. R. A.Ş. is a concise Diccially in the science of it, a calm and tionary of Terms used in the Arts and Scireflecting love of study, a perseverance

The Encyclopædias appear to have not easily daunted, nor soon wearied, tions well compressed. The Author no

been diligently consulted, and the explanaand a courageous independence of opi- tices that bis labour was much increased by nion, founded upon the unerring trath the very numerous list of words he was comof physiological action. Through the pelled to reject (about half a million), He closeness of his attention to his studies has certainly presented us with a work well at London and Edinburgh, the late adapted to general uses, and particularly for Dr. Jenner said, that he had acquired the young in pursuit of scientific knowledge. as much in months as others had done

59. Sonnets, and other Poems, by D. L. We should not have entered into RICHARDSON, 12mo. p. 151.—There is an these biographical minutiæ, did we

even tone of gentlemanly elegance in the not feel, that every kind aid is due

whole arrangement of this little volume that

exhibits a mind accustomed to refined cons' to a young man of talent, and ap- templations. Many of the Sonnets are very plication, at his outset into life, egpecially in the medical profession, superior efforts, and the occasional reference

to oriental scenery gives a pleasing variety to where success (to the public injury) is the sketche... The Soldier's Dream is of a chiefly dependent upon sickly and ordi- higher cast, and displays much power of nary minds, to which inferior and assi- imagination, with an expression of corremilated qualities are more acceptable sponding vigour. There are, too, the sorand intelligible.

rowful breathings of a heart that has been touched by misfortune, and there is a plain

tive tone of genuine feeling in many of the 54. Dr. Orger's edition of Anacreon and Stanzas alluding to the personal experiences Sappho is very beautifully printed, and is al- of the writer that is very affecting. Thus, together extremely neat. The text is in a in his address to his lost child bold Porson character, and a literal but Thy rest no mortal pang may break, faithful English translation is placed at the And but for thy lone mother's sake, bottom of the page.

Oh how this weary breast would pine,

My darling—for a home like thine. 55. The Uses of the Athanasian Creed Explained and Vindicated, is a Visitation 60. Mr. FOSBROOKE has reprinted the Sermon, preached at St. Helen's, Worcester. Chapter on Costume, from his “ EncycloBy HENRY CARD, D. D. &c. This dis- pedia of Antiquities," as a separate Tract, course, like the other works of that erudite under the title of “ Synopsis of Antient setmlas, is distinguished by forcible reason- Costume, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, British, ing and an ardent zeal for truth. Taking his Anglo-Saxon, German, and English.” To text from 2 Tim. i. 13, “ Hold fast the which he has interwoven Additional Remarks; form of sound words, which thou hast heard and the Work is illustrated by 71 figures. of me," he proceeds in a masterly manner This Tract, and the Synopsis of Antient to explain the uses of this excellent sum- Arms and Armour, by the same Author, are mary of the Christian faith. The whole is admirably calculated to furnish elementary accompanied with learned Notes.

information to the studeut in Archæology,

as they will enable them to ascertain the 56. The Stanzas to the Memory of Lord character and distinction of figures upon Byron are truly elegant and poetical. Marbles, Coins, Tombs, Painted Glass, I

luminations, &c.

Ready for Publication.

most interesting scenes. By J. HARDY, Esq. A Picturesque and Descriptive Tour in An Account, historical, political, and stathe Mountains of the High Pyrenees; com- tistical, of the United Provinces of Rio de prising twenty-four coloured Views of the là Plata ; translated from the Spanish. GENT. MAG. September, 1825.

A Cri

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