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Compendium of County History.--Wilshire. (Sept.
Philip Earl of Pembroke, brother of the above, Wilton (ob. 1649-50).
Sir Nicholas, Lord Treasurer, Tisbury (ob. 1631).
Alexander, Bishop of Salisbury, Salisbu y (ob. 1667).
Williain, brother of the above, and no less celebrated as a loyalist and musician (ob. 1645). Ludlow, EDMUND, honest and independent republican, Maiden Bradley, 1620. Malmesbury, Oliver of, mathematician and astrologer, and the first English aērial voyager. (flourished in the eleventh century).
William de, learned historian and librarian to the Abbey t, (flor. 12th cent.) Mann, John, divine and politician, Laycock, 1568. Marlborough, Henry of, historian (Alor fifteenth century). Maschiart, Michael, Latin poet and able civilian, Salisbury (ob. 1598). Massinger, Philip, eminent dramatic poet, Wilton, 1585. Matthew, Sir Toby, celebrated Jesuit and politician, Salisbury, 1577. Maton, Robert, celebrated divine, North Tidworth, about 1607. Merriott, Thomas, divine and author, Steeple Langford (ob. 1662). NORDEN, JOHN, surveyor and topographer, about 1548. Norris, John, eininent divine, poet, and platonist, Collingbourne Kingston, 1657. Pitt, William, truly patriot Earl. of Chatham, Stratford House, Old Sarum I, 1708. Plantagenet, Margaret, the mother of Cardinal Pole, Farley Castle, 1473. Potter, Francis, divine, and excellent mechanic, Mere, 1594. Raleigh, Dr.ß whose misfortunes during the civil wars were truly distressing, Downton (ob.
1645). Rudburne, Thomas, Bishop of St. David's, Rudburne (ob. 1449). Sacheverell, Henry, notorious political preacher, Marlborough, 1672. Salisbury, John of, Bishop of Chartres, one of the most eminent scholars of the day, Salis
bury (ob. 1181). Scott, Dr. John, learned divine, Chippenham, 1638. Sedgwick, Joho, nonconformist divine, Marlborough, 1600.
Obadiah, brother of John, and learned divine, Marlborough (ob. 1658). Sguire, Dr. Samuel, learned Bishop of St. David's, and Greek scholar, Warminster, 1714. Stephens, Nathaniel, learned divine, Stanton Barnard (ob. 1677).
Philip, physician and author, Devizes (ub. 1660). Tanner, Thomas, Bishop of Norwich, a most learned and useful antiquary, Market La
vington, 1674. Thornborough, John, Bishop of Worcester and excellent chemist, Salisbury, 1552. Tobin, John, dramatic author, Salisbury, 1770. Webbe, George, Bishop of Limerick, Bromham, 1581. Willis, Thomas, eminent physician and author, Great Bedwin, 1621. Wilton, John of, sen, a learned and subtle disputant, Wilton, close of thirteenth century.
Jobu of, jun. an elegant and allegorical writer, Wilton (flourished Edward III.)
Thomas of, Dean of St. Paul's, London, a man of great learning and abilities. Winterburne, Walter, Cardinal of St. Sabin and polemist, Salisbury, about 1224. Withers, Philip, a writer of considerable distinction, Westbury (ob. 1790). Wren, Sir ChristOPHER, celebrated architect, East Knoyle, 1632. Zouch, Richard, learned civilian, Anstey, 1390.
MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS. At ALBOURNE King John is traditionally said to have had a hunting seat, part of
which remains. This village is thoughi to have been described by Goldsmithi in his “ Deserted Village,” but it is most probable that village was in Ireland. * According to some at Purton.
+ Some give him birth in Somersetshire, Seward's Anecdotes, vol. ij. where is a view of the house. The Editor of luis Life, 3 vols. 8vo. says he was born in St. James's parish, Westminster; and another writer says in Devonshire. Grandson of Sir Walter.
1825.] Compendium of County History - Wilshire.
229 At ALDERTON died in 1684, Gore the antiquary, who was also born and buried
here. (Mentioned before.) AMESBURY House was the residence of the celebrated Duke and Duchess of
Queensberry, under whose patronage Gay spent the happiest years of his life,
and wrote some of his best pieces here. At Anstey the Hospitallers had a house founded by Walter de Turbevill, temp.
John. ASHCOMBE is situate upon an isolated knoll, in the centre of a circular amphi
theatre, formed by the surrounding hills. « An inverted bason placed in the middle of a large china bowl will give a clear idea of this romantic spot. On
the circular top of the inner bason stands the house." BEMERTON is interesting from its having been the residence and rectory of Bi
shop Curle, George Herbert, and John Norris, as it is now of Archdeacon
Cose, distinguished names in the annals of literature. In BISHOPSTONE Church are two stone coffins, generally supposed to have con
tained the relicks of two ancient Bishops. Amongst the curiosities at Bowood was a portrait of Oliver Cromwell, on leaf
gold, by Walker, the Protector's favourite artist. Near the aviary is a remarkable echo, which repeats every word three or four times. In the forest James
1. amused himself and courtiers with hunting, In BOYton Church are two antient altar tombs to the Giffards. On one we
have the true origin of the label as a difference in armorial bearings. In the other Lady Margaret Giffard forgot the downfall of her family.--Here resides Aylmer B. Lambert, Esg. F. R. S. a gentleman well known in all our literary societies, and justly celebrated for his researches in botany and natural history. - Between Boyton and Corton is a remarkable place called Chapel or Chetile Hole; where, according to tradition, a Church was swallowed up by diabolical agency. It was probably named cetel a chaldron, from a spring rising at its
bottom. The Corton beach is a vegetable curiosity. Of BREMHILL is Vicar the Rev. W. L. Bowles, the pathetic and eloquent poet.
Many of his were chiefly written here." At BROAD-CHALK, Aubrey possessed an estate, and here he occasionally resided. At BROMHAM was born the Rev. John Collinson, historian of Somersetshire. At Calne the Kings of Wessex had a palace. Near Calne, on Cheril-hill, is a
large white horse, formed by paring off the turf on the side of the chalk hill;
executed about 1780. At CHARLTon Park are some very valuable original portraits by Vandyck, &c. CHERILL was possessed by the great king-making Earl of Warwick. CHIPPENHAM, a favourite residence of the Kings of Wessex. Alfred bequeathed
the palace to his daughter Ethelfleda.—The origin of the extensive clothing trade is singular.-In Chippenham Church is a monument to Sir Gilbert Pryo, kot.—Here died Mr. Thorpe, author of “Registrum Roffense, &c." buried at Hardenhuish, where also is interred the late David Ricardo, Esq. ACWITTERNE All Saints are several memorials to the family of Matthew Mitchell
, who was employed to defend Zealand against the French, and to assist the Dutch in restoring the Prince of Orange to the dignity of Stadtholder. Ai Clarendon Priory, in the fifteenth century, were dug up the bones of a
monster, in length 14 feet 11 inches.-Clarendon gave title of Earl to the famous Edward Hyde, Lord Chancellor.—Here the celebrated Stephen Duck pursued the humble employment of thrasher, and whether labouring at the plough, the reap-hook, or the flail, the poetical works of Milton were ever in his hands. His melancholy end was noticed under “Surrey.”—Nothing now remains of Clarendon palace, the residence of some of our early monarchs, but ruined walls and heaps of rubbish. Of Codford St. Mary was Recior the loyal Dr. Creed, who published a de
fence of Dr. Hammond's EXTEVESTERON against Mr. Jeanes. The Vicar of Corsham possesses very extraordinary privileges, having episcopal
jurisdiction within the parish.—At Corsham house is a valuable collection of paintings by Titian, Rubens, Vandyck, &c. &c. The river Deverill dives under ground like the Guadiana in Spain, and the
Mole in Sarrey. (See vol. xciv. p. 33), and pursues its subterraneous course upwards of a mile; then rising, runs onward toward Warminster.
Three Egyptian Sepulchral Stones described. (Sept. Devizes Castle, characterized as the strongest fortress in Europe by our early
historians.- In the market place, many years ago, was a pillar recording a singular inark of divine vengeance. (See Beauties of England, vol. sv. p. 430.) -Many curious Roman antiquities have been discovered here. S. T.
(To be continued.) MR. URBAN, Taunton, Sept. 20.
be a representation of Isis, with an
attendant. Both these figures are CHERE have been lately presented silting in chairs, one behind the other.
This stone has a piece broken off from stitution, by John Quantock, Esq. three the right-hand corner, and from the Egyptian Sepulchral Stones, brought appearance of the adjoining, parts, it from the ruins of Thebes. They con- would seem that some figure had occusist of one sculptural stone, one painted, pied the space, and one inscribed with hieroglyphical The second stone is painted, and characters. The figures on these stones contains a representation of the god appear to represent the Worship of Osiris, under another form. In this Osiris. On the sculptured stone there figure the head is that of a hawk. Osiris are two compartments; in the upper, being sometimes represented with the the Egyptian god, Osiris, is represented head of that bird, which, by its quick naked, sitting in a chair, with a cap on and piercing eyes, is a proper emblem his head, like a mitre, with two pro- of the sun, of which Osiris was the jections in imitation of horns ;' he symbol. The head has the cap, simiholds a stick or rod in his left-hand, lar to a mitre, as in the sculptured bended at the top similarly to the pas- In the painting, the god, who toral staff of our Bishops-an emblem, is represented in the human shape, exit may be supposed, of that fatherly cept the head, is in a standing postare, protection of his people for which he clothed, holding with both hands, beis celebrated in history. In his right fore him, the bended rod and whip, hand he holds a whip with three and also the crutched staff which is thongs, which may be regarded as a spoken of above as being held in the symbol of punishment in his charac- right-hand of the figure, who appears ter of a judge. There is an altar be- to be addressing Osiris in the upper fore him, on which is placed a vase, compartment. There are two female and over it hangs the Lotos. A figure figures, one behind the other; the stands in front of him, with a staff in female in front of the god is holding his right-hand, something like a crutch, up both her hands, as if in the act of but with the crutched part sideways, adoration, whilst the figure behind her and in his left, which is hanging holds up only one hand. There is an dowwards, is an hieroglyphic, which altar of similar shape to that on the Dr. Young, in his Treatise on Hiero- sculptured stone, with a vase or uro glyphical Literature, gives as the em- upon it, between the figure of Osiris blem of life; it is the figure of the and the two females. It has been sug: Hebrew Tau, with a ring at the top, gested that the painted stone, and which is held in the hand. In the That which is sculptured, though both Museum Worsleyanum, this hierogly- found in, and brought from, the same phic is said to be the symbol of Ty place, are of difierent ages. There are phon, the brother of Osiris, and it is considerable patches of hieroglyphical here placed, doubtless, to identify the writing on both stones. figure of that personage. He appears The third stone is wholly inscribed as if addressing the god, and his coun- with hieroglyphical characiers. It is tenance and attitude seem to breathe divided into two compartments, upper that defiance and violence which and lower, and each compartment into marked his character. Dr. Young seven columns. There are numerous says, that “ the symbol for brother or symbols on this stone, similarly with sister appears to be the crook generally those given in Dr. Young's work, seen in the hand of Osiris, This which has been previously inentioned. strengthens the supposition that the Two or three observations appear to figure addressing Osiris is that of Ty; arise out of the posture of the hands phon, the former holding in his hand of the two female figures which are the symbol of his relationship. represented on the painted stone. The The lower compartment sceins to figure in front of Osiris is holding up 1925.) On Parochiul Settlement.-- State of Education in Ireland. 231 both her hands, in the act of adoration, or returns a pauper to his own parish whilst the other is holding up only one to live upon its scanty pittance, draghand. The expanding of the palms of ging out a miserable existence, when he the hands, as a religious observance, might honestly and happily have eaten has been discussed with much learning the sweet bread of his own industry. in that elegant work the Museum Pio- Labour is the only commodity the Clementinum. The extending, how- poor man can bring to market, and he ever, of one hand alone, seems rather has a right to its full value ; but being to imply a shout of praise than a sign restrained and shackled by this mode of devotion. The King of France of gaining a settlement, he cannot had a medallion, on which was repre. obtain it; for those to whom his labour sented the Panionian Solemnity, that is now valuable, are afraid he should is, a General Congress or Festival of become a future burden. Out of these lonians, instituted in imitation of the laws arise the greatest part of those Panathenean Show. On this medal- expensive litigations between parishes, lion thirteen figures were seen attend- upon which so much money is unproing the sacrifce, and extending to fitably expended ; as those country genwards Heaven their right hands only. tlemen, who are called upon as Justices Spanheim considers that attitude as the to attend the Quarter Sessions, can indication of a religious ceremony used well attest. in the sacred solemnities of the Greeks, From this source also spring those and grounds his opinion on some plau- little arts and quibbling evasions, so sible arguments. The bas-relief of the much practised in hiring servants, to Apotheosis of Homer* furnishes us
prevent their gaining a settlement. with another instance of this rite, as Perhaps this may meet the eye of we find in it several figures that attend some gentleman who may have power, the sacrifice, and hold up their right- upou due consideration, to propose bands only.
J. SAVAGE. the remedy—a repeal of those statutes
by which a settlement is gained by MR. URBAN,
Sept. 17. hiring or service. Such a repeal I ani T has lately been my
sure would be a great blessing to the ship, expense, and inconvenience arises
to all. I am at a loss to know what from the law as it now stands, allowing objections can be made, but I think Parish Settlement to begained by biring they can be of no greater weight than and service; and I hope you will allow dust in the balance. me a small space to state a few rea
Yours, &c. A TRADESMAN. sons why I think such a mode of gaining a serilement would be beiter done
STATE OF EDUCATION IN IRELAND. The moral character of the labour- T for inquirting into the state of education ing classes, particularly in the country, in Ireland, which has lately issued from the is much affected by it, and any mea
press, extends to upwards of one hundred sore likely to benefit their morals is
pages. The Commissioners are decidedly well deserving the attention of those averse to the continuance of the present sysenlightened Members of the Legisla- tem, and recommend the establishment of ture, of whom this country has reason Schools for the education of children of all to be proud.
religious persuasions. The school-rooms In some instances farmers are bound are recommended to be opened for the inby their leases not to make any settle. struction of Roman Catholic and Protestant dients in their parish; and if the mas
children alternately. The following facts ter and servant are ever so well satis- gleaned from the Report will afford our reafied with each other, they are obliged ders some idea of the worth and respectability to part before the end of the
of Irish Schoolmasters in general. It is and
year ; even where no written agreement ex
intended to dismiss many of them from their
situations. But there are some who are ists, the fear of increasing the num
likely to be visited with a severer punishber of paupers has the same eflect. The servant is therefore compelled to The School of Sligo was visited by two of seek another service, perhaps a worse; the Commissioners, who found the schoolof finding good conduct of no avail, house and premises in very good order, and he has recourse to dishonest practices, the appearance of eighty-two children, which
it contained, favourable. It appeared, how* Engraved in rol. xIx. p. 121. Edit. ever, on inquiry, that the master was a man
[Sept. of violent and ungoverned passions, and that twenty-vine only belonged to the Society. the boys were most severely and cruelly One farm of nearly sixty acres was two miles punished, not only by him, but also by his and a half distant from the school, and the son, and by a foreman in the weaving depart- boys were occasionally taken there to work. ment, and that these punishments were in- In the School at Castlecomer, the Comflicted for very slight faults. The habitual missioners found that the master trok very practice of the master was to seize the boys little part in the instruction of the boys. by the throat, and press them almost to They complained of being ill-fed and cruelly suffocation, and to strike them with a whip, beaten, both by the master and mistress. or his fist, upon the head and face, during the Two boys had recently been very severely time his passion lasted. One boy had black punished by the master. They stated that eyes at the time of our visit, caused by blows they had been set to work in the garden, of the master's fist; and the punishment of and having had but little breakfast, they another boy, who had received, many years were hungry, and had eaten a raw cabbage ; ago, by an accident, a severe and permanent that the master, who appeared to be a man injury in his eyes, was attended with circum- of violent passions, caught them, and flogged stances of peculiar violence. The anger of them for this offence severely; that one of the master was chiefly excited by the boys them received sixteen stripes in the usual performing less work than he expected in the manner, and six blows with a stick on the weaving shop (of which the master had the head, which continued cut and bruised when profit), or by their not weaving well; they the school was visited by the Cominissioner. were obliged to get up at five, or sometimes The other boy had eloped in consequence of four o'clock in the moroing, when there the beating was a pressing demand; one little boy had On visiting the Charter School at Longbeen severely punished for complaining of ford, the children were very squalid and this violation of the rules of the society. The wretched, having been half-starved. The fear of the master generally deterred the boys master was in a state of hopeless fatuity, from stating their grievances to the cate- In the School at Lintoun factory, it was chist, to the local committee, or to casual fouud that, out of twenty-one youths previsitors.
sent, only thirteen could read. There At the School of Stradbally, the boys, were only six copy-books for the whole eighty-three in number, were accustomed to school. The master did not teach, and there experience the same brutal treatment from
was no usher, the savage appointed to instruct them. They In the School at Newport, which in 1819 had been deterred from disclosing the prac- was converted into a day school, there were tices of this barbarian from the fear of pro- found only twelve children (three or four of voking his further vengeance. From the whom were of the master's own family), and evidence taken on this occasion, it was suffi- a large pile of unused books. ciently proved, that about three weeks before At the Charter School at Clonmel, which the first visit, one boy had been flogged also is a day school, were found only two with a leathern strap nine times in one day, children, and no book, except a few fragments his clothes teing taken down each time, and of Testaments. The inaster is a cripple that he received in the whole uear a hundred from rheumatism; he receives fifty pounds Jashes, all for “a sum in long division.” a-year, and has a house rent-free; he also On the same day another boy appears to rents twenty-four acres of land from the have received sixty-seven lashes, on account Society, at twenty-five shillings an of another sum in arithmetic ; another boy, At Clonmel, in 1817, the boys appeared to only thirteen years old, had received seven- have been punished with great severity by teen stripes with a rope. On the sth of the usher, who used on all occasions a comOctober, the day before the second visit, mon horsewhip. It was stated that he often eight boys had been so severely punished, gave four dozen lashes with his utmost that their persons wero found by one of the strength, and that the boys have been beaten Commissioners in a shocking state of lace- till the blood ran down upon the flags. A ration and contusion. The offence with boy was once knocked down by the usher, which these boys were charged by the usher and kicked so severely, that two of his ribs was “looking at two police-men playing at were broken, and the ear of another boy was ball in the boy's ball alley.” The instru- nearly pulled off. ments of punishment were in the first case, At New Russ the same severe mode of a leathern cat and a rope; and in the latter, punishment is stated still to exist; two boys branches from elm trees. These severe pu- have been punished for complaining, one of nishments were all inflicted by the usher in them with peculiar cruelty. Their common the absence of the master, and without his employment was wheeling dung in hand-barknowledge. The man was too much occu- rows. Fifty had eloped in the course of the pied with farming to devote any of his attention to his school. He was found to be the Many other abuses, scarcely less flagrant holder of three farms, containing together than these we have quoted, were discovered nearly one hundred and thirty acres, of which by the Commissioners.
last nine years.