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Litho 12 Fludyer Su Westm."
PLAN of the POWDER PLOT CELLAR and other BUILDINGS,
Adjoining the Old Palace, Westminster.
1825.) Account of the Powder Plot Cellar, Westminster. 209 A logo of Mutton and shoulder
D. Cloysters to St. Stephen's Chapel, of Veale
09 Dow Speaker's House. A brest and coller of Mutton 0 7 E. Speaker's Garden. 6 Plover
F. Mr. Hatsell's house. 4 brace of Partridges
20 G. Mr. Hatsell's garden. 4 couple Rabbets
8 H. Old brick building, since removed. 2 Pigs
1 0 I. Court of Requests, present House 4 couple of Henns
20 of Lords. 2 couple of Mallard
1 0 F. Gallery from House of Commons 34 Eggs
06 to Painted Chamber, 2 bushels of Flowre
16 K. Cotton Garden, 16 loaves wbit Bread
L. Painted Chamber. 18 loaves wheaton Bread 09 M. Irregular brick buildings, erecta 3 loares Messelin
O 3 ed against it. 1 barell Double Beer
2 6 Ņ. Waghorn's Coffee house. 1 barell Small Beer
0. Part of Cellars below, but cover1 quarter of Wood
2 2 ed with Committee-rooms for the Lords. Nutmegs, Mace, Cinnamon and
P. Staircase from Cellar up to Painted Graises
0 3 Chamber. 4 pound Barbery Sugar
1 6 Q. The House which Percy first Fruit and Almonds
0 7 hired. Sweet Water and Perfumes 0 4 R. A smallenclosure, joining Powder 16 Oranges
0 2 Plot Cellar, and opening into it. 2 gall. elarrett Wine
2 0 $. Powder Plot Cellar, under the 1 quart Sack
05 Old House of Lords. 1 quart Malmsey
0 5 T. Irregular Brick Buildings. I quart Barturd
U. Prince's Chamber. 1 quart Muskadine
06 V. A small Court, leading into Par
liament Place. 2.1 17 0 W. A Passage from Cotton Garden
into Parliament Place. Mr. URBAN,
Aug. 16. X. Part of Old Palace Yard.
Y. Part of Parliament Place. I the Powder Plot Cellar, and other
The particulars of the Powder Plot, buildings adjoining, taken from some
and the circumstances attending its memoranda and measures, made by
discovery, are of course too well known myself and two other persons some
to need repetition. All that is here years since, while those buildings were
intended, therefore, is to ascertain and remaining unaltered. Very few per
point out the several spots, to which sons, it is believed, were ever in the
the narrative refers. Cellar, or knew where it was situated;
When, in a meeting of the conspiand there is reason to think, that no
rators, in a house behind St. Clement's similar plan may be in existence, but
Church in the Strand, about the middle to a certainty none has ever been be
of Easter Term 1603, as it seems, the fore published. And, as the build- nature of the plot had been decided. ings, which were part of the old palace, Percy, one of the conspirators, was sent have in the late alterations at West- to hire a house at Westminster, which minster (to speak at least of the old Fawkes and Winter, in their separate House of Lords, the Powder Plot Cel- confessions *, subsequently made, delar
, and the house which the conspi- scribe as near adjoyning to the Parliarators first occupied) all been destroyed, ment House. Winter, in his confesit was thought important to endeavoursion t, says it belonged to one Ferris, thus to preserve and perpetuate the and that Catesby, one of the conspiraremembrance of them.
tors, was the person who hired it, and
thereby became, as Ferris before was, Explanation of Plan.
tenant to Whinyard. Lord Salisbury, A. Part of the Commons Committee Rooms, Westminster Hall, &c.
See them inserted in a book, entitled, B. Lobby to House of Commons. “ The Gunpowder Treason, with a Discourse C. House of Commons, formerly St. of the manner of its discovery,” 12mo, 1679,
pp. 41, 51.
+ Ibid. p. 51. GLÅT. Mag. September, 1825.
210 Account of the Powder Plot Cellar, Westminster. [Sepi. in a Letter in Winwood's State Papers, their mine, that by Christmas they vol. ii. p. 170, says, that Percy hired a had brought their mine to the wall, part of Vyoiard House, in the Old and about Candlemas had wrought the Palace; evidently mistaking the name, wall half throught.”. After this he instead of Winyard's house, as belong- says, “about Candlemas they worked ing 10 Wingard. That person, Win- another fortnight in the mine against yard, in a relation inserted in the Ar- the stone wall, which was very hard to chæologia, vol. xii. p. 207*, is men- beat through." Fawkes says, “ truly tioned as having the keeping of some it was three yards thick 1:" "He speaks of the King's stuff, and as having been of the foundation wall, which of an honest and ancient servant of the course was the thickest; and the wall late Queen. So that evidently he was of the superstructure, above ground, keeper of the wardrobe. The same was on measuring it, in one place relation also speaks of Wingard's have found to be, in that instance, 6 feet 8 ing let some part of a room under the inches and an half, which is but 2 feet Parliament Chamber, to one that used 34 inches short of that measure. About it as a cellar, who is afterwards named Easter 1604-5, it was, that while they as Thomas Percy. Speedt points it were working, they heard the noise of out still more particularly as "a certain removing coals in the adjoining cellars. edifice, adjoining the wall of the Par- On sending round, they found the liament House, which served for with- cellar was to be let. They immediately drawing rooms for the assembled took it, and this was, beyond all doubt, Lords, and out of Parliament was at the
cellar under the old House of the dispose of the Keeper of the Place Lords, which is marked in the plan [Palace) and Wardrobe thereto be- with the letter S. Smith, in the Anfonging.". And this account of Speed's, tiquities of Westminster, has given so far as it speaks of the House as con- views of the elevations of the four sisting of withdrawing rooms for the sides of this cellar, in the lowest of Lords, is confirmed by Winter's con- which, as it stands in the plate, may fession, in which he mentions the ne- be seen in a recess near the right hand cessity they at one time experienced of extremity, as the beholder looks at it, postponing their work, because the the door through which Guy Fawkes, Scotch Lords were appointed to sit in when he had fired the train, was lo conference on the Union in Percy's have made his escape. This he was house 1.
to have done by crossing a small court, Unquestionably, from all these cir- marked V. in the plan, into Parliament cumstances of description, this must Place Y. and so to the water, at the have been a house which at one time further end of Parliament Place, where stood on the spot marked R in the a boat was to have been in waiting for plan. But the original house, existing him. A view of the stairs and landat the time of the Powder Plot, was ing place, at the end of Parliament afterwards pulled down, and replaced Place, which are now removed, and by another, which has also itselé been the end of the passage closed up with since destroyed. This last erection a wall, is given in an engraving in was at one time used as the Ordnance Smith's Antiquities, from a drawing Office, and afterwards as one entrance communicated by Sir James Winter to the old House of Lords. While it Lake. continued the Ordnance Office, a view This cellar, which was 77 feet long, of it was taken by Wale, for the pur- 10 feet 3 inches high, and 24 feet 4 pose of insertion in “ London and its inches wide, was accessible two ways. Environs,” published in 1761, in which One from Cotton Garden, through a work it will be found engraven.
door under the North side of the This original house the conspirators Painted Chamber, a view of which occupied, and they continued in pos- may be seen in Smith's Antiquities; session of it till about Easter 1605; the other from Parliament Place, for Fawkes, in his confession says, through the small court, marked V in that about 11 Dec. 1604, they began the plan, and so through the door,
above described as that through which * Ibid. p. 54.
Fawkes intended to make his escape + Speed's History of England, edit. 1627,
+ Fawke's Confession, p. 41. Winter's Confessions, p. 52.
Ibid. p. 41. § Ibid. p. 42.
.1925.] Letter to Lord Monteagle on the Powder Plot.
211 into the cellar itself. In Smith's An- in the Deputy Lieutenant's apartments, tiquities is a view of the East end of called the Council Chamber, in the the Prince's Chamber, which shews Tower, in the year 1608. And Mr. the appearance of this court, and a Chamberlain, in a letter to Mr. Windoor communicating with that before wood, dated 5th April, 1606, and indescribed. But the whole of these serted in the Winwood State Papers, buildings have been removed.
vol. ii. p. 206, says, " Abington, Hall, At which of these two entrances and another priest, were sent down, Fawkes was apprehended, has not been the last week, to Worcester, to be particularly pointed out; but the latter tried at the Assizes there.” It does is the more probable, as being the not appear what became of this trial, most secret, and therefore better suit- but these circumstances are sufficient ing the conspirator's purposes, which evidence that he was deeply implicated required concealment; and being be- in the plot. sides nearer to the river Thames, the The letter must have been written track in which he meant to escape. by one who was well acquainted with
There is strong reason for fixing the the movements of Lord Monteagle, letter, by which the plot was disco- and who was able to give precise direcFered, not on Percy, as a friend, as tions where at any particular time he Lord Monteagle supposed, but on a might be found. And the messenger much nearer relation, unfortunately must have been perfectly instructed on connected with one unhappily too this point; for it is observable, that deeply privy at least to the existence the letter was not delivered at Lord and tendency of the plot.
Monteagle's house or residence, but to Lord Monteagle's eldest sister, Mary, a servant of his in the Strand, about was married to Thomas Abington, of six o'clock in the evening. Now the Hinlip in Worcestershire, esq. *; and fact is, that Lord Monteagle, though Green, in his History of Worcester, his father Lord Morley was still living, vol. ii. p. 102, says,
“Mr. Abington's was himself a peer of Parliament, the wife, daughter of Lord Morley, is sup- Barony of Monteagle having descended posed to have written that letter to her io him on the death of his inother * brother Lord Monteagle, which warned and his regular residence was at Monthiin of the impending danger of the eagle House, Monteagle Close, SouthPowder Plot, and was intended to save wark, which is now standingt; but him from the intended massacre;" but this being too far off from the House Green has given no reason or authority of Lords, and there being then no for his assertion.
bridge at Westminster, he had taken Sir Edward Coke, in his speech on lodgings in the Strand, which was the trial of Garnet the Jesuit, 28 March, then as fashionable a place of residence 1606, mentions Greenwel 'the Jesuit, as Bond-street would now bef. And as meeting in Master Abington's house, who, but a person well acquainted with Hall another Jesuit; and as ad- with his motions, could know, that vising Hall to lose no time, but forth- len days before the meeting of Parliawith to seek to raise and stir up as ment he was residing in lodgings in many as he could t. And the Earl of the Strand ? Salisbury, who was one of the Com- Another proof that this letter was missioners for trying Garnet, notices written by some one very nearly allied that as soon as Catesby and Percy to, or connected with Lord Monteagle, were in arms, Greenwel came to thein arises from the letter itself, which at from Garnet, and so went from them first was written, “ My Lord, out of to Hall
, at Master Abington's house, the love I beare your. The writer inviting them most earnestly to come was proceeding to say “Lordship,” and assist those gentlemen in action t. but thinking that too personal, and Thomas Abington's pameoccurs
among likely to point out the writer to be those of the conspirators, in the me- some relation, altered it to “out of morial tablet erected by Sir William Wade, knt. Lieutenant of the Tower,
* See Dugdale's Baronage, vol. ii.p. 255.
+ Clark's Enquiry as to “God save the
King," p.85; and p. 81 a view of the house Dagdale's Baronage, vol. iji. p. 307. itself. The House is also engraved in Gent. + Trials at the end of the Gunpowder Mag. vol. LxxvIII. P: 777. Treason,
See Ben Jonson's Comedy of Epicæne, 1 Ibid. p. 144.
or The Silent Woman.
[Sept. the love I beare to some of youere Office, now held in Great Georgefrends,” by blotting out the word Street, Westminster; and a fac-simile "your," in the first instance, and add- of it is given in the Archæologia, rol. ing the rest *.
xii. p. 200*. The situation of Mrs. Abington, as The original tablet, erected by Sir the wife of one of the conspirators, of William Wade in the Tower, is still whose treason she dreaded the detec- existing there; and an engraving, and tion, and the sister of Lord Monteagle, copies of the inscriptions, are to be whom she wished to save from de- found in the Archæologia, vol. xii. p. struction (for probably she knew, that 193. from other engagements, her father Lord An account of the discovery of the Morley would be absent, or that her Plot, in manuscript, corrected in the brother would not fail to warn him), hand-writing of Lord Salisbury, then naturally suggested to her the mode Secretary of State, is now preserved in she adopted, in which she certainly the State Paper Office, and printed in acted wiih considerable dexterity. And the Archæologia, vol. xii. p. 202*. the circumstances above mentioned, it King James's own account, in his is imagined, are so strong, as to leave Speech to the Parliament, is printed in very little, if any doubt, that she was the Journals of the House of Lords, rol. the person who wrote the letter. ii. p. 358, and reprinted in the Archa
As the original materials or evidence 'ologia, vol. xii. p. 200* A Letter of for the principal of these facts lie dis- the Earl of Salisbury to Sir Chas. Cornpersed, it may not be useless to insert wallis, giving an account of the discothe following information.
very of the Plot, dated 9th Nov. 1605, The original letter 10 Lord Mont- is inserted, from a manuscript in the eagle, which discovered the plot, is Couton Library, in Winwood's State still remaining in the State Paper Papers, vol. ii. p. 171. J. S. H.
Pokeby som Pedigree of the
spects from the one that I possess, I
am induced to send you a verbatim et Rokeby Family, duly set forth literatim copy of both for insertion in on vellum, several yards in length, your Magazine, if you think them with the arms properly emblazoned, worthy the space they must necessaand a MS. account of the saine "once rily occupy. I of course do not mean powerful family," also very neatly to assume that mine is the correct one, written upon vellum, and as long as far from it, I would only surmise that the pedigree; it struck me the other such a thing is probable, from the fact day, for ihe first time, to refer to Sir of its being apparently the more anWalter Scott's Poem, for the purpose cient, as it contains one generation less of ascertaining whether it contained than Sir Walter's, and it appears to anything which they might tend to have been emblazoned during the life elucidate. With this object in view, of the last member of the family which I searched the notes to Rokeby, where it notices, judging at least from the obI found a statement of the family pe. servation of the Genealogist attached digree, which differing in various re- to No. 17.
Note 2nd to 5th Canto of Rokeby, “Pedigree of the House of Rokeby." 1. “Sir Alex. Rokeby, Knt. married to Sir Hump. Liftle's daughtert. 2. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Tho. Lumley's daughter. 3. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Tho. Hubban's daughter. 4. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Biggott's daughter. 5. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John de Melsass' daughter, of Benne-hall, in Holderness. 6. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Sir Bryan Stapleton's daughter, of Weighill. 7. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Wry's daughter. 8. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to daughter of Mansfield, heir of Morton, 9. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Strode's daughter and heir. 10. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Jas. Strangwaye's daughter. 11. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John Hothan's daughter. 12. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Danby, of Yafforth, daughter and heir 1. 18. Tho. Rokeby, Esq. to Rob. Constable's daughter, of Cliff, Serjeant-at-Law.
See the original letter, Archæol. vol. xii. p. 200*.
+ Lisle. * Temp. Henr. VII. mi. and from him is the House of Skyers of a fourth brother.