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Present State of Literature.

197 and “Madoc," will ever immortalize We are conscious of not having enuSouthey, and his "Tale of Paraguay," merated a tithe of those who " strike will not lower his fame. Hogg is the the lyre;” but their number must plead most unequal poet now existing. He our excuse, whilst we hasten to the is often sublime, and often ridiculous ; TRANSLATIONS. Lord Levison and thirty lines cannot be quoted from Gower's “ Faustus," from the Gerhis “ Queen Hynde" that do not con- man of Goethe, and Ballads from the tain something beautiful, and some- same language, are deserving of much thing to put the risible muscles in mo- attention; though the latter are not tion. If his friend Sir Walter Scott so bold and animated as Lockhart's would deign to correct his works, there Translations of a similar nature from is no doubt but he would become po- the Spanish, which are by far the best pular.

of the kind our language can boast. The prevailing characteristic of the Bowring's “Anthologies” are deservpoetry of the two last years is, that it ing of commendation; but he only exis too feminine. Indeed most of the posed his weakness in endeavouring to writers of this class are at present compete with Lockhart in Spanish of the weaker sex, and the popularity Ballad-Literature. Rose's “Ariosto” is they gain induces others to imitate the the most literal poetical translation puerilities and luxuriances which are ever made; every word is exactly rentheir worst faults. In the productions dered without the least change to suit of Mrs. Hemans, of Miss Landon, and the rhyme or the caprice of the transof Mr. Alaric Watts, there is a conti- lator, and Wiffen's “Tasso" is a nual straining after delicacy, which in clever work. Neither of them is yet, I a little time palls upon the taste," believe, completed. Blackwood's Maand can scarcely be redeemed even by gazine abounds in excellent translathe beauties with which they abound. tions from the Gerinan and Spanish. A beautiful woman is never mention- Amongst prose translations Wilhelm ed but as a "lovely thing," and the Meister, Roscoe's Italian Novelists, “blue skies” of Italy are the con- and the Devil's Elixir, are well exetinual objects of adoration. Love too cuted; but the latter was not worth is the only passion ever described; translating. “ banks of flowers" are ever present; We now enter on Novels, the deand “thoughts too deep for tears” may partment of Literature which is at be found in every page. This might present the most cultivated and most easily be amended, and it is to be popular. To praise the “Author of regretted that many of our best poets Waverley," woald be but“ to gild reshould be spoiled in this manner. The fined gold;" we will, therefore, pass talents of Mrs. Hemans and of Miss on to his countless herd of imitators, Landon are very considerable, and Mr. Galt's “Spaewife” and “Rothelan” Watts's productions have been some- are infinitely inferior to his novels of times mistaken for those of Byron. the present period, and by far too

Of the hundreds of inferior poets, rambling, discursive, and unconnectwho are continually offering their son- ed. His knowledge of the pathetic is nets and addresses to the Moon, (or to also very small indeed-in these two the public instead of that luminary,) last works there is not a single scene Wade, Barton, Wiffen, and Bailey, are of any excellence in that point. One the most conspicuous. Wade is a new of the seven sons of Mr. Roscoe is reaspirant, but gives strong prognostica- puted to be the author of " The Ca. tions of genius. Barton and Bailey valier," " Malpas," and “The King are above the mediocres, and Wiffen of the Peak,”—Ihree excellent romances tolerable. But there are others claim- of the historical kind; but he has not ing stronger attention than these published a new work lately: we Montgomery and Clare. The for- hope it is not for want of encouragemer is rather among the list of by- ment. “St. John's Town” is also a tale gone poets, but his late productions abounding in interest and powerful in the “ Literary Souvenir” have sketches of character. The American directed general' attention to him, Novels of Cooper, namely “ The Spy," and he is universally acknowledged to “The Pioneers,” “The Pilot," and soar above many of his companions. “Lionel Lincoln,” are all in imitaClare is a wonderful self-taught genius, tion of the “Wizard of the North,” and superior to Bloomfield.

and far superior to other transatlantic

works career;


Present State of Literature.

(Sept. works of the same kind, especially MEMORIALS. So must I entitle “The Spy,” in which the characters those works which are devoted to an of Captain Lawton and Doctor Site account of the conversation and mangreaves are depicted with both truth ners of a deceased great man; such as and humour. " A Peep at the Pilgrims Boswell's Johnson, and Medwin's Byin 1642," although inferior to these, ron. The poet of the “Corsair” has is creditable to the author.

had probably more books already pubThe attention of Novelists seems lished about him when dead than lately to have been directed towards when alive. It would be a commend. Ireland. “The Eve of All-Hall- able speculation to collect all the valu ows,'' “The Adventurers,” and “Tho- able information they contain into a mas Fiz - Gerald, Lord of Offaley,” volume. It is to be lamented that no all relate to the ancient state of complete edition of the Works of the that unhappy country. The former illustrious poet has yet appeared, or has by Matthew Weld Hartstonge, Esq. any prospect of appearing ; his poems is dull and ridiculous; and one of having been published originally by his characters, Sir Patricius Placebo, four different booksellers, Cawthorn, seems to have been borrowed from a Murray, and Hunt, with some other little novellette, entitled “ Shan- who first sent forth “ Hours of IdleO-Neale,” which possesses consider- ness *." They might easily meet and able merit. “The Adventurers" I arrange the business. have not yet read, “Thomas Fitz- Amongst many other memorials, Gera!d” is very poor, and the author there is a catchpenny in three voso utterly destítute of invention, that lumes, against which the publick he has implicitly followed history in ought to be cautioned, entitled Me. almost every case but the making of moirs of Lord Byron," professing to Lambert Simnel captain of a band contain Recollections from his Life, of pirates.

written by himself, which Mr. Moore "Tales of the O'Hara Family," and so inconsiderately destroyed, defraudTo-day in Ireland,” with “O'Hal- ing the publick and the memory of loran," relate, on the other hand, either his illustrious friend, to “please the to the present time, or to a very recent ladies.” The exculpation of Byron date. The two former are almost from the charges brought against him equally good, and merit in a great de- is now irretrievably lost, uwless by gree the public approbation. The some fortunate chance a copy remains fatter is by no means equal to them. in some one's possession, or Lady Besides those I have enumerated, Burghersh retains sufficient recollecscores of others have lately seen the tion of the manuscript. The above light, which your limits would not work is a mere compilation from permit me to name.

Medwin, &c. and is not sufficiently Travels are in abundance; but authoritative to authorize the scanty though some are interesting, the ele. original particulars introduced. gance of Dr. Clarke is wanting in all. LECTURES. Literature consists not He would render even the dullest in books only. Any thing in the way scenes amusing ; but the present race of of original public recitation or readvoyageurs are only tolerable when they ing bas a claim to the denomination; cannot avoid it; nevertheless, Lyall's as for instance, the Improvisations of works on Russia are deserving of pur- Pisani, or (to come nearer) the Lecchase. Cochrane, who travelled on tures of Birkbeck, Partington, and foot throughout that vast empire, Macculloch. The two foriner are would, according to general opinion, highly accomplished gentlemen, who give the publick an interesting book; devote a great part of their time and but, alas ! his account is as dull as the trouble to the promotion of the good “ London Directory," and is a mere of the operative part of society. To narration of the places he visited, save the latter it is impossible for those in a few scattered parts which are who have heard him to assign a siworthy of extract. Holman's “Tra- milar high character. vels" are rather extraordinary, the au- The Stage is at present (we hope) thor being a blind man; it was pro- at the most disgraceful part of its bably this circumstance that pushed them on to a second edition; for they This juvenile volume was printed at are mediocre enough,

Newark in 1807, by S. and J. Ridge.

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1995.) On the Repairs of Frindsbury Church, Kent.

199 career ; for if it be destined to be narrow single light openings in the worse, it will become unworthy of taste of the 16th century, and is termi-, the notice of aught save the classi- nated with an octangular slated spire cal applauders of melo-drames. Not of no great height. The South aile a single author of any repute, with had two windows curtailed of their the exception of Miss Mitford and arches by the lowering of the roof, an Mrs. Hemans, has of late years alteration too common in country turned his talents into this course. churches. The East end of the aile Grovelling and neglected, the drama possessed a mullioned window of three is supported by splendid scenery lights, its weather cornice resting on and gaudy processions. Alas! how decayed corbels carved into busts. The fallen from the days in wbich all tracery of the East window was dethe existing genius flowed in this stroyed. The North side resembled channel. The tragedies are deficient the South, except in having an attachin force, energy, incident, or passion ; ed modern room communicating lo the comedies are five act or three act the Church through a Pointed arch. farces (for it is long since a five act The nave and aile are separated by comedy made its appearance); and three plain Pointed arches resting on the farces abound in “ brilliant re- octangular columns. The chancel is partees of chairs and tables,” thread- divided from the nave by a plain circuhare puns, and thread-bare situations. lar arch. The impost cornice is a fine Well may we say of the stage, with specimen of Norman moulding in rereference to its present and its for- lief; it consists of a strong course of mer state-Quantum mutatus ab illo. double billet moulding, below a series

I have now, Mr Urban, run through of interlaced arched fillets. On the the most popular branches of modern East side of the South pier, attached Literature. A few still remain, which, to this arch, is a niche with a circular with your permission, I shall hereafter head covering, - 1 presume a holy wa. notice, when perhaps some additional ter basin. These particulars are the reinarks will be made on those already only remains of the original edifice, mentioned. Yours, &c.

built by Paulinus Sacrist of Rochester, "E.S." (page 6), is mistaken in within thirty years after the death of a few particulars. “The Hive,” a the memorable Gundulph. The pul

, caded “The Mirror" by at least a do- modern. The font is large and octazen numbers. “E. S.'s” supposition gonal, of a reddish stone, bearing a that “ The Indicator” was the ori- letter on each face, and almost a coungia of all, is not well-founded, as Mr. terpart of that at St. Nicholas's Church Hont's work was on an entirely dif- in the City. But the most curious ferent plan. His statement also that it part of the Church was the ceiling of was sold for more than two-pence is the nave. Some benefactor had gone wrong-two-pence was the price, but to great expence to construct a ceiling, each number contained only eight pages. which, however at variance with the

style of the Church, was in itself an Mr. URBAN,

Sepl. 13. elegant and handsome object. In the UCH of your Antiquarian friends centre were three cupolas in a line

who have visited that noble mo- with each other, their inner surfaces noment of early English architectural painted with representations of sculpskill, the Keep of Rochester Castle, iure in relief, angels, statues, &c. in will no doubt recollect Frindsbury pannels, the intermediate spaces coChurch *. It is in good faith a visible loured in imitation of a sky. The fat church, and from it a fine view of the part of the roof was painted in comadjacent city may be taken. The partments representing, between archibuilding, contrary to antient custom, tectural decorations, an azure-coloured does not stand due East and West, the sky, sprinkled with gilt stars. The altar being much nearer to the South. whole had been painted with great It consists of a nave, and one aile on taste, and must at its construction the Soath side. At the West end is have been an expensive ornament. a massive tower in three stories, with When I saw the Church in May

1822, it was in the state I describe. See a view of it in vol. LXXII. p. 901. The ceiling appeared in excellent pre

servation, and the building in good re


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200 Frindsbury Church, Kent.-Church of St. Mary Aldermary. (Sept. pair. An inscribed board, at that time In the church-yard is a low stone, attached to the South side of the pedestal, with a sun-dial inscribed on Church, was as honourable to the lite- its surface, and near it is set up a rude rary abilities of the parochial authori- piece of stone, rough from the quarry, ties, as the repairs of which I am about in the situation and about the size of to speak, are to their good taste; the a grave-stone. One side is painted, said board offered a reward of three black, the.other white; whether there guineas, and set out with this learned is any thing uncommon relating to preamble,-“Whereas there has been this stone, except its appearance, a great number of times depredations not informed.

E.I.C. committed,” &c. I visited this Church again in the Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 5. early part of last month. A thorough

SE repair had lately taken place, and never

EVERAL houses having been was one more disgraceful to a parish the East of the Church of St. Mary

pulled down in Watling-street, to ever witnessed. The windows have Aldermary, part of the crypt of the all been altered into uniform dwelling- old church has been brought to view. house windows, with a sort of square It runs North and South about fifty headed weather cornice, to give a sort of “Gothic character;" the few re

feet, and is in breadth about ten feet.

There are five atches on each side, maiping sweeps in the tracery of the former windows, which had escaped

and one at each end. The roof of the the hand of other repairers, are en..


of which there are no remains, tirely knocked ont, and lay scattered appears to have been vaulted and about the church-yard ; and, above all, groined ; the ribs, five in number, and the elegant ceiling whitewashed !!! springing from their imposts between The walls of the Church have not es

each of the arches, and finishing in a caped this operation, and the whole corresponding manner at the opposite edifice now possesses as cold, un

side. 'The key-stones of the arches comfortable, and miserable an appear

are large, and perforated underneath, ance as could be desired in any coun.

as if to form the capitals of pillars, uy church, and which is increased by the tops of these key-stones other ribs

which they greatly resemble. From the ground glass panes in the woodensash style, defying all cheerfulness, and the East side, about 15 feet from the

probably sprung to the vaulting. Om diffusing that dull soporific air over the building, so foreign to an edifice of crypt, were dug up some pieces of this description, at least one that has clustered columns; which the work

men said had once been a door. escaped the hands of the innovator. To whom, I would ask, are we in

The Church of St. Mary Aldermary debted for these elegant repairs? I was rebuilt about 1518, under the auswill not charge a parish carpenter or

pices of Henry Keble, grocer and Lord mason with having superintended the Mayor

, and it is probable that

the crypt work,—the hand of a London archi- of the Church ihen erected is now tect is plainly indicated in the whole brought to light. The great Fire of of these tasteless alterations. A care

London having destroyed this buildless survey of the building, performed by the munificence of an individual


ing, the present Church was erected perhaps by a deputy just set down by Henry Rogers, esq. who, influenced the coach to look over the old building, and whose genius seems to have aim by motives of piety, and affected

by ed at giving it the air of a barn. of the loss of religious buildings, left course "whitewash the ceilings" stood 5000l. to rebuild one church in the at the head of the survey, and the or

City of London; and his lady, who ders were performed, while the

was his executrix, made choice of St.

proper guardians of the building supinely suf- Gorbic architecture. The handsome

It is of the later order of fered the havoc to proceed without an effort to resist its progress. Was no

steeple was erected with the produce humble artisan in the village to be of the duty on coals; the altar-piece found who would have repaired with

was presented by Jane, velict of Sir out altering? Even a mason from

John Smith, Alderman; and the pews the tunnel of the adjacent canal could only were provided at the expence of not hạve performed the repairs in a

the united parishes.
Yours, &c.

A. Y. worse style.


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