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[Aug. passed, saying, that if it was worth given me the plate, from which the 47,500, it was worth 48,000* ; so I print of Woodlands House, in that closed with him for that sum, when work, is taken, I have sent it for inserhe delivered 'me the stone, for which I tion in your Magazine, if you think paid him very honourably, as by my proper. (See Plate I.) books appear. And I here farther call As I do not understand what is beGod to witness, that I never used the come of the Pitt Diamond, perhaps least threatening word at any of our some one of your Correspondents may meetings 10 induce him to sell it nie; be able to inform you, together with and God himself knows it was never its history during the French Revoluso much as in my thoughts so to do. tion. Since which, I have had frequent and Ridgeway, the last Earl of Londonconsiderable dealings with this man, derry of the Pitt family, having broken and trusted him with several sums of his leg in shooting, died at Woodmoney, and balanced several accounts yates Manor, a part also of this prowith him, and left upwards of 2000 perty, 11 miles from Blandford. pagodas in his hands at my coming Yours, &c. Wm. MEYRICK. away. So had I used the least indirect - ** Thomas Pitt, esq. * was boru at means to have got it from him, would St. Mary's, Blandford, 1653. He was not he have made himself satisfaction in Queen Anne's reign appointed to when he has had money so often in the government of Fort St. George, in his hands ? Or would I have trusted the East Indies, where he resided many him afterwards, as I did, preferable to
years, and gained an immense fortune. all other diamond merchants ? As In 1716 he was made Governor of Jathis is the truth, so I hope for God's maica ; but resigned that post 1717. blessing upon this and all my other He was M. P. in the 3d, 4th, 5th, affairs in this world, and eternal hap- and 6th parliaments of Great Britain, piness hereafter. Written and signed for Old 'Sarum and Thirsk. He reby me, in Bergeu, July 29th, 1710, paired and beautified the churches of
Thomas Pitt.” Blandford St. Mary, Dorsetshire, The Diamond was sold to the King Stratford in Wiltshire, and Abbot Ion, of France for 200,000l. and the crown Hampshire. It having been reported jewels of France, in sealed packets, that he gained his fainous diamond by numbered, were pledged for the pay- a stretch of power, he made the above inent of it. My great-grandfather, Mr. solemn declaration that he purchased Cholmondeley of Vale Royal, who was it fairly for 48,000 pagodas, or 20,4001. for 42 years M.P. for the County Pala- A further vindication was thought netine of Chester, at stated periods took cessary, in a sermon preached at his one of these packets to Dover, which funeral by Mr. Richard Eyre, Canon he delivered to a messenger of the of Sarum. It was at the tiine reckoned King, and received from him an instal- the largest jewel in Europe, and ment of the purchase money. This weighed 127 carats. When polished descended principally in the other it was as big as a pullet's egg. The branches of Governor Pitt's family ; cuttings amounted to 8 or 10,0001. but the estates I possess in Dorset. Governor Pitt sold it to the King of shire, Devon, and Wilts, were pur- France, as our Correspondent above chased with a part of this money on states, for 200,000). Other accounts the marriage of his 2d son, Colonel say, for 120,0001. 125,0001. or 135,000/. Thomas Pitt, afterwards Earl of Lon- See Gent. Mag. vol. XLVI. p. 105; donderry, with Lady Frances, daugh- LXXXV.:i. p. 593, in which volumes ter of Robert Ridgeway, Earl of Lon- an account of several rare Diamonds will donderry. The ancient house at Wood. be found. Query, what was the precise lands, in the parish of Mere, Wilts, is sum obtained by Governor Pitt? a part of this property, which you will The Pitt Diamond, or as it was find amply described by our learned called in France, the Regency Diaand indefatigable friend Sir R. Colt mond, formed the principal ornament Hoare, in his elaborate and splendid in the French Crown before the ReHistory of the Hundred of Mere; and as, with his usual kindness, he has * A full pedigree of the Pitt family is
given in the new edition of Hutchins's Dor* 20,400l. sterling, at 8s. 6d. per pagoda. set, vol. iii. p. 361.
107 volution; and the form of it is shewn et in hanc sedem natalem redux, erga Pain the annexed representation :
trem coelestem et terrestrem, Pietatis suæ duplex erexit monumentum, anno Domini 1712."
The eldest son of Governor Pitt, Robert Pitt of Boconnoc, who died 1727, was the father of the celebrated Earl of Chatham. The 2d son of Governor Pitt was created baron Londonderry 1719, and Earl of Londonderry 1726. He was succeeded by his sons Thomas and Ridgeway, successively Earls of Londonderry. These dying without issue, the title became extinct in 1765. But the property descended to the only daughter of the
Earl of Londonderry, Lady Lucy, marWe understand from Messrs. Run- ried to P. Meyrick, of Anglesea, esq. dell and Bridge, that the Pitt Diamond The tithing of Mere Woodlands is now among the King of France's is described by Sir R. C. Hoare, in jewels. There was a portrait of Go- his History of Mere. It adjoins to vernor Pitt at Boconnoc, by Kneller, the town of Mere on the South, and with this diamond in his hat. See consists chiefly of pasture lands, watered Camden, Brit. i. 26, 2d edit.
by a copious stream. The whole tithGovernor Pitt died 1726; and in ing consists of 2801 acres. Blandford St. Mary Church, Dorset, The earliest possessors of the Woodis the following handsome memorial : lands estate, of whom Sir R. C. Hoare
* To the Glory of God. Thomas Pitt. could procure certain intelligence, eso. of this place, in the year of our Lord were the Dodingtons, whose armorial 1711, very much repaired and beautified bearings on the outside of the present this Church; dedicating his substance to farm-house, of which our Correspondbis Maker, in that place where he himself ent has sent us a view (see Plate I.), as was first dedicated to his service. In this well as over a chimney-piece in one of pious action he is alone his own example the apartments below stairs, attest their and copy, this being but one specimen of former residence on this spot. many of the like nature. Thus by building In 1672 Woodlands was mortgaged God's houses, he has wisely laid a most to Matthew Andrews, esq. afterwards care foundation for his own, and by honour- knighted. who appears to have puring the name of the Almighty, has trans
chased the estate in 1705, and died
ho mitted bimself to posterity by such actions. He deserves not only this perishing register,
1709. but also to be had in everlasting remem
In 1753 Woodlands was purchased brace."
of Henry Andrews, esq. by Richard
Wotton and William Kay, of St. On the North side is also a mural George's, Hanover - square; and by monument thus inscribed, to the me- them sold in 1756, to Thomas Pitt, Dory of his father, by Governor Pitt: first Earl of Londonderry. His son.
4. S. E. Vir reverendus Johannes Ridgeway, 3d Earl, bequeathed it to Pist, hajus ecclesiæ per annos viginti octo his sister Lady Lucy, who married Pastor fidelis, Vitæ integritate, morum pro- P. Meyrick, esq. and had issue Ridgebitate, et doctrinae puritate spectabilis. way Owen Meyrick, who married Duxit uxorem Saram, Johannis Jay, gene- Diana Wynne, and had one son, roti, filiam, ex eaque, Dei dono, suscepit Henry, who died an infant. Lady bberos povem. E quibus Johannes, Sara, Lucy Meyrick died in 1802, and WoodThomas, Georgius, et Dorothea ipsi super- land's descended to her daughter Elizastites.
beth, who died 1816 unmarried; upon Obüt 250 Aprilis, anno Ætatis sue 620.
s Dom. 16720.
whose decease the estate devolved,' by Hanc inscriptionem, postquam hanc sa
entail, on her cousin, Owen Lewis che Ædem instauraverat, ornavit honoratus Meyrick, who died in 1819, when
tus Meyrick, who died in 1819, when Thomas Pitt, armiger, defuncti filius natu
Woodlands descended to his son, the secundus, qui post varias utriusque fortunæ Rev. William Meyrick, the present vices, et multis terra marique exantlatos possessor. The estate is estimated at labores, demum opibus et honoribus auctus, 232 acres.
[Aug. Mr. URBAN, . Melksham., sense, while they stimulate his curiTHE day had long been on the osity to fresh efforts, Aalter his ans,
1 wane, and the mild aspect of bition with the consciousness of posan autumnal sky portended the ap- sessing the knowledge of truths hidproach of night, as I was travelling den to the bulk of mankind ; - thus through a romantic district of one of the native ardour of curiosity presses the western counties of England. The forwards the votary of research, while orb of day had sunk beneath our he wonder and admiration is wont oftener misphere, and the dusky mantle of to attend his march through the devi. eyening had already begun to circum- ous recesses of her innumerable gradascribe the prospect around me to very tions!" inconsiderable limits, when I threw The landscape which rose on every my eyes soinewhat anxiously over the side, and checquered my path, did not, waste which opened to a considerable indeed, combine those grander characextent before me, endeavouring to re- terestics, amidst which Rousseau decognize some friendly place of shelier lighted to give utterance to the images where I might domiciliate for the of his soul. Rocks, and cataracts, night. A light which streamed across and snow-capped mountains, which the moor presently announced to nie wrought up the imagination of the the object I sought; and I hastened citizen of Geneva to tenderness and to afford to the animal which had for sublimity, had here no reality to assist many hours been the companion of the visions of the traveller. "The unmy solitude, that rest of which he dulating copse, the verdant pastures, stood in need. As wont, the beauty the gentle declivities, sometimes, lowof the evening lured me from repose, ever, rising into precipitous steeps, emand guided my vagrant footsteps to a browned with the tints of foliage, and spot where I might, alone, resuine the faded hue of the wild flower and that train of reverie which is free the mountainous heather, rather deliquently elicited from circumstances, neated scenery in which the imaginaand a kindred association of objects. tions of our countrymen Thomson
An admirer of beauty, the checquer. and Cowper would have opened to a ed scenery of a wild and romantic dis- congeniality of sentiment, and afforded trict, sequestered far from the social in rich abundance those archetypes of haunts of busy mankind, opened an Nature, in which the minds of our enthusiasm of soul in unison with that amiable Peets--the faithful, yet subwhich had very recently filled and ani- lime chroniclers of Nature, as she exmated it, while wandering on the beet ists in her simplest and most beautiful ling eminences which crown the se- forms, would hare responded with a questered summits of the Wye. “How generous reciprocity of feeling. exhaustless is the field," (was the lan- The inoon, sole arbitress of night's guage which involuntarily escaped me, dominion, from whose mild radiance, as visions of the illimitable grandeur so many hearts have been led to conand extent of Nature's operations rose templation, when the shadows of evenon my fancy), “How exhaustless is ing have closed around terrestrial obthe field, which Nature, exuberant jects, and calmed the active passions in all her departments, opens to of the breast, shot the mirror of her the intelligent mind !-What worlds, light into the clear expanse of a neigh. teeming with unbounded variety, ex- bouring river, which, in hoarse murquisite proportion, and matchless con- murs, rolled its deep waters beneath trivance, rise before the philosophic the spot where I stood. The oak, eye, accustomed to mark her wide whose broad and umbrageous arms, economy! To the vulgar gaze of the Aung in many a goarled direction, million she occasionally addresses here canopied my retreat, exbibited, conself with resistless appeal, as she strikes jointly with the other tenants of the in her grander features, but she will thicket, which rose on the opposite habitually enchain the energies and bank, partially, the sad remnants of provoke the enquiries of him why, former verdure, and indicated the rafroin his retirement, watches her mul- vages which the recent storms of an tiform operations. “Wheel within autumnal equinox had impressed upon wheel,” in one grand concatenated se- them. ries of cause and effect, emerge on A lthough, in certain places, the every hand to his view ;-discoveries, amalgamated Liuts of summer still reformerly impervious to the human tained a vestige of their former exu