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and by that of American citizens devoted to her, The fame plan which is inceffantly pursued in Eu-: ropc, is pursued in America allo. It is to place power in the liands of those who are indebted to France for it, or who will use it for her aggrandizement. In Europe, it is enough to establish a republican form of government; in America, it is necesjary to do more. Poffefling, already, a government purely republican, it is necessary to calumniate it, to excite jealousies of the republican dispositions of those who conduct it, and thereby to bring them into disrepute with the people, and, by doing so, to fill all our departments with men who, being elected by a passion for France, must keep up that passion to keep their places. The effort to universal dominion is plain, and its progress is rapid. It seems to be impossible that the French party in our country can be blind to this danger. They must see it, yet they court it. They keep the people blind, by talking of a British influence, which they know does not and cannot exist. Of this, the letter afcribed to Mr. Jefferson, if really written by him, is a strong instance. I hope and have heretofore believed, that he did not write it. I wait with eagerness for his denial of it. If it shall not be denied, I own that my opinion of the moral character of that gentleman, as well as of his politics, will be much diminished.” .
To Thomas Jefferson, Esq.-It is now no longer a doubt that you are the author of the abominable letter to Mazzei, which has made so much noise, and excited to much indignation, throughout the United States.
Your filence, after being publicly, and repeat:edly, called on by numbers of your fellow-citizens to disavow it, is complete evidence of your guilt. Had you been innocent of the charge, all who know your
keen sensibility at everything which appears in print, 1991 to implicate your conduct, and who have heard your
a wamini wewe urofefions
professions of respect for public opinion, are fatisfied that you are filent, because you dare not contradict it: considering you, then, as the avowed author of that indecent libel against the government and character of your country, I shall animadvert on it with that freedom which the magnitude of the subject requires.
The effects intended to be produced by you in Europe are apparent, from the writings of a French journalist.
The following comments are made on your precious letter in the Paris Moniteur :- The interesting letter from one of the most virtuous and enlightened citizens of the United States, explains the conduet of Americans in regard to France. It is certain, that, of all the neutral and friendly powers, there is none from which France had a right to expect more interest and succours, than from the United States. She is their true mother-country, since she has alsured to them their liberty and independence, Ungrateful children ! instead of abandoning her, they ought to have armed in her defence. But if imperious circumstances had prevented them from openly declaring for the Republic of France, they ought, at least, to have made demonstrations, and excited apprehensions in England, that at some moment or other they would declare themselves. This fear alone would have been fufficient to force the cabinet of London to make peace. It is clear, that a war with the United States would strike a terrible blow at the commerce of the English, would give them uneasiness for the preservation of their possessions on the American continent, and deprive them of the means of conquering the French and Dutch coa lonies.
“ Equally, ungrateful and impolitic, the Congress haftens to encourage the English, that they might pursue, in tranquillity, their war of extermination
against France, and to invade the colonies and com: merce of France. They sent to London a Minis. ter, Mr. Jay, known by his attachment to England, and his personal relations to Lord Grenville, and he concluded, suddenly, a treaty of commerce which united them with Great Britain more than a treaty of alliance.
or Such a treaty, under all the peculiar circum. ftances, and by the consequences it must produce, is an act of hoftility against France. The French Government, in short, has testified the resentment of the French nation, by breaking off communication with an ungrateful and faithless ally, until she will return to a more just and benevolent conduct. Juf. tice and found policy equally approve this measure of the French Government. There is no doubt it will give rise, in the United States, to discussions which may afford a triumph to the party of good republicans, the friends of France. .
" Some writers, in disapprobation of this wise and necessary measure of the Directory, maintain, that in the United States the French have for partisans only certain demagogues, who aim to overthrow the exifting government. But their impudent falsehoods convince no one, and prove only what is too evident, that they use the liberty of the press to serve the enemies of France.”
The effects intended to be produced by your letter in the United States, and the effects which it must inevitably produce, will be hereafter examined.
There being some talk of inaccuracy i which has appeared in the papers, of the following let
ter, we lay it before our readers in the French. . From the “ Gazette Nationale ou le Moniteur Uni
versel,” Paris, Sixtidi, 6 Pluviose (January 25). Florence, le zer Janvier.-Lettre de M. Jefferson,
ci-devant Ministre des Etats Unis en France, et
un citoyen de Virginie.
Cette lettre (literalement traduite) eft adressée à M. Mazzei, auteur des « Recherches historiques et politiques sur les Etats Unis d'Amérique," demeurant en Toscane.
“ Notre état politique a prodigieusement changé depuis que vous nous avez quitté. Au lieu de ce noble amour de la liberté et de ce gouvernement républicain, qui nous ont fait passer triomphans à travers les dangers de la guerre, un parti Anglican-monarchico-aristocratique s'est élevé. Son objet avoué eft de nous impofer la substance, comme il nous a déja donné les formes du gouvernement Britannique; cependant le corps principal de nos citoyens refie fidele aux principes républicains. Tous les propriétaires fonciers font pour ces principes, ainsi qu'une grande masse d'hommes à talens. Nous avons contre nous (républicains) le pouvoir executif,
législature), tous les officiers du gouvernement, tous ceux qui aspirent à l'être, tous les hommes timides qui préferent le calme du Despotisme à la mer ora, geure de la Liberté, les marchands Bretons, et les Américains qui trafiquent avec des capitaux Bretons, les fpeculateurs, les gens interessés dans la banque et dans les fonds publics (établissemens inventés dans des vues de corruption, et pour nous assimiler av modèle Britanniqué dans ses parties pourries).
« Je vous donnerois la fièvre si je vous nommais les apoftats qui ont embrassé ces hérefies; des hommes qui étaient des Solomons dans le conseil, et des Samsons dans les combats, mais dont la chevelure à été coupée par la catin Angleterre.
“ On voudrait nous ravir cette liberté que nous avons gagnée pár tant de travaux et de dangers. Mais nous la conserverons ; notre maffe de poids et de richesse est trop grande pour que nous ayons à craindre qu'on tente d'employer la force contre nous. Il suffit que nous nous reveillons, et que nous rompions les liens liliputiens dont il nous ont garrotés pendant le premier sommeil qui a succédé à nos travaux. Il suffit que nous arrêtions les progrès de ce systéme d'ingratitude et d'injustice envers la France, de qui on voudrait nous aliener pour nous rendre å l'influence Britannique," etc.
Munroe.--. We are at length acquainted with all the circumstances relative to the infamous treatment this country, through their Minister, has met with from the French. Surely there never was a more impudent pretence for quarrelling with us. Munroe intends, it is said, landing in New-HampThire, and travelling home through the eastern States, because he has never seen that part of America.
“Does he suppose there is a man, not reduced to a state of idiotism, who can be imposed on by such a pretence ? Cabal and faction are in his heart; he has been impregnated by Barras and De la Croix ; the fætus is completely formed, and the parturition will be promoted by the obstetric hands of Goody Langdon and Goody Jervis, assisted by that old gentle
Massachusetts. The returning good sense, which is showing itself in all parts, will, I hope, take the proper steps to produce an abortion. "Munroe is precisely following Genet's maneuvre; that impudent Frenchman exhibited himself from the south upwards ; Munroe will make his experiments from the north downwards; Fauchet and Adet have, by, their emiffaries, been making their experiments to the westward. America is thus to be stroked backwards and forwards, and crossivays, by those impertinent quacks, in imitation of Dr. Perkins, with his metallic tractors. As to France, every exertion