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guilty of crime, who has exposed, these facts under the consideration in his proper character, an unwor- of your hon. house, conceives that thy servant of his Sovereigh), whose he has acquitted himself of a duty.. councils are mischief, and whose He entertains no feeling of impapresence is pollution.
tience under his fate, being more Memorialist further states, that than compensated for its hardships he is sincerely desirous to conform by the belief that his exertions have to the law, as well in the manage. dune much towards abolishing a ment of his newspaper, as in every horrible species of punishment, which other part of his conduct : but that disgusts the national feelings, while the uncertainties, contradictions and it disgraces the national character, absurdities, of the law of libel, as --which debases that army which explained by the judges, leave him it is intended to reform, which in utter ignorance of what inay or places man on a footing with the may not be safely published. Not heast that perisheth,—and converts only have different judges given dif- a land of superior freedom and huferent, and consequently false, inter- manity into the last assyluin for pretations of the law of libel, but even the system of torture, which has the same judge has diffcred from him- been banished from Continental Euself at different times. By the pre- rope. sent Lord Chief Justice of the Court While, day by day, facts are of King's Bencb it has been laid transpiring, which place beyond a down as law, that there is no impu- doubt the injurious effects of tbe nity to any one who shall violate savage punishment which Memoindividual feelings, or render the rialist has condemned:-while the person or abilities of another ridicu- most distinguished officers in the Jous; a definition as intelligible as service are raising their voices ait is sweeping, and which at once gainst it:---while the legislature is reduces the right of discussion to a interfering to do away with i: by non-entity;---but which cannot, by degress, Memorialist addresses the imperfect understanding of your your hon. bouse from the prisen to Memorialist, be reconciled with the which he has been sent, for engaprinciple of another maxim declared ging in the good work. He has by the same learned and noble judge been sentenced to undergo a heavy to a jury; namely, that a certain punishment for publishing an articlass of persons, called authors, cle, which, in all its essential parts, may very safely and properly be has been acquitted by a jury : held up to just ridiculo; and that he has been convicted under a charge it is for the interest of society and of being the friend and advocate of government, that their works should the enemy, and he has been punished be fairly examined, and praise, cen- under a charge of libelling the enesure, or sarcasm, applied according my:--in fine, he has been convic, to their mcrits. Memorialist claims ted of LibeLLING an act which the benefit of this liberal principle, may merit praise instead of punishin behalf of such discussion as ap. ment, and he has been tried under plies to rulers and to governments: a law which assumes new shapes for --and he complains to your hon. every case, and concerning which house, that he has been tried and nothing is certain but its uncertain. punished by a law, which, instead ty. These circumstances form the of being plain to the meanest capa ground of the complaint which your city, is involved in inconsistency, Memorialist prefers :and absurdity.
And Memorialist submits these Memorialist hy bringing forward premises, &c. &c. &c.
CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN . of the 30th April and 23d of June. BRITAIN AND AMERICA. No answer.
: 21st Aug.-- On the subject of The following is an abstract of blockades. No answer. the correspondence between the Mar, 25th Aug -Announcing the re. quis Wellesley and Mr. Pinkney, vocation of the Berlin and Milan de taken from the papers published by crees, and demanding the revocation order of the American government of the orders of council in conseand which were refused by Mr. Per- quence. Answered the 31st of Aur ceval, upon the motion made by gust. : ? Mr. Whitbread, in the house of 15th Sept. On the misconstrucCommons, for their production... tion, by Sir J. Saumarez, of the
The effect of the conduct of Lord blockade of Elsinore, the seizure of Wellesley upon the American mio the American ship Alert, and taking nister, and thereby upon his governo away four of her seamen. Answered, ment, will be seen by the succeeding only as to the misconception of the extracts from Mr. Pinkney's letters blockade,' on the 26th September. to Mr. Smith, the American secre- The case of the ship was referred to tary of state, contained in the same Sir W. Scott's tribunal, who, after pamphlets published by order of the the usual delay in ihe admiralty American government.
couit, restored the vessel, as there · Mr. Pinckney writes to the Mar- appeared no ground for her deten.. quis Wellesley :
tion; but awarded no damage for i2d. Jan. 1810.-On the subject the loss of the voyage or expences at. of the conduct, and demanding the tending her recovery, only ordering recal of Mr. Jackson. Not answered the captain of the inan of war to till the 14th of March. Mr. P.says pay his own expences !. No answer in a letter to the secretary of state, as to the men taken out of the ship; “ although I was aware an answer but they were afterwards released by " would not be hastily given, I was an order of the admiralty board. : " pot prepared to expect this delay." 21st Sept.-Again on the subject
15th Feb. --- On the subject of of blockades, referring to the notes blockades. - Answer, 2d March... of 30th April, 230 June, and sih
30th April.-On the Berlin' and August, and urging an answer, as Milan decrees. No answer.
the American government had long 2d May. Complaining of, and 're expected a communication on that monstrating against the permission of subject. the forging American ships' papers in Sth Dec.-On the subject of the London, to give an American charac. For, demanding her release in conter to the British ships, and of such sequence of the revocation of the papers being an open article of traf- French decrees. ·No answer! but fic. No answer.
the king's advocate had orders to • 22d June. Referring to his letter suspend proceedings in this and all of the 30th of April, on the subject similar cases till farther orders. This of the Berlin and Milan decrees to suspension was continued till after which no answer had been given. Mr. Pinkney and Mr. Foster had and requesting a reply on that sub- sailed. The printed speech of Sir ject. No answer.
W. Scott gives the result.---The con7th July. On the delay of nomi- demnation of the vessel. : . natinga minister to the United States. 10th Dee.--Is the date of the last A verbal assurance that it should be letter published from Mr. Pinkney, immediately done.
embracing the general subject of his 8th Aug --Referring to his notes long neglected letters.-A short reVOL. IX.
ply, but no satisfactory answer; on “ concerning the four American sea. which Mr. P. demanded his audi- “ men taken from the Alert. I inence of leave.
“ ferred from the reply to my appliThe following are extracts from “cation for the Mary, that she Mr. Pinkney's letters to Mr. Smith, “ would be released ; but so far the American Secretary of State : “ from it, she is to be forth with pro< 131h June." I have not yet ob“ ceeded against as a prize. These “ tained any answer from Lord Wel. " things require a large stock of pa" lesley to my letter of the 30th of “ tience.” “ April last, concerning the block- 7th Nov.-" I mean to mention “ades of France, before the Berlin “ again to Lord Wellesley the ap“ decree.”.
“ poinment of a minister, which note 26th June.- Lord Wellesley still " withstanding his written and verwithholds any answer to my note “bal pledges, he seems to have for% of the 30th of April, and I again “ gotten !"-The first mention of it “ wrote to him on the 23d inst." was in January, 1810, and Mr. 'Fos.
14th Aug.-" No answer yet from ter was not appointed till after Mr. Lord Wellesley to my note of the P. had demanded his audience of leave * 30th of April and 23d of June. in Feb. 1811.
! wrote to him again on the 8th . 14th of November, and its post. " inst. No importunity had before script of the 13th. ". been spared which it became me. He appears to have lost all con fi* to use, and I intend to renew my dence in Lord Wellesley's promises : " efforts to obtain some answer.” i determines not to write as he thought • 29th Aug. " Yesterday, in a of doing respecting the minister; "short conversation, Lord Wellesley that he hears nothing from Lord W. • told me, that my notes resepcting as to the orders in council; and
the Berlin and Milan decrees should adds, “ It is impossible for me to “ be mentioned to his colleagues to “look back, and to place much va. “ day, and that I should have an “lue on conferences.” “ immediate answer; that the affair 14th Dec. " The general imprese “ of the Chesapeake should be settled “sion as to the orders in council is, " to my satisfaction, and that he “ that they will do nothing. My “ believed he should recommend to “ letter (of the 10th) was written “ the King the appointment of a mi “ (as my verbal communicatiou had
nister either this week or the next ; “ been given) under a persuasion " that he had two persons in his eye, “ that they will do nothing if they " both men of high rank. I urged "can help it. A very firm tone “promptitude on all these subjects “ought now to be assumed with this " as indispensible; but you will per- “ govornment.” “ceive, notwithstanding past pro 23d Dec.-" No answer of any "mises, nothing has yet been done; " sort has been given to my note of "and there has been no security that "the 21st of Sept. on the subject of " we shall have any thing but pro- « blockades. I have urged in my ( mises : Lam truly disgusted with " letter of the 10th instant, the revo6 this, and if I followed my own in. “cation of all the blockades to “clination, would put a speedy end “which my note of the 21st of Sept. " to it."
. w related.” . 4th Sept.-“I mean to confine. What apology can be made for umyself te written intercourse with such conduct on the part of the ¢ Lord W."
Marquis Wellesley, it is difficult to ***28th Sept. -No notice has been conceive ; but it is hardly possible
taken of the residue of my letter that upon such documents, the as. sertions so repeatedly made by his teenth year of the reign of his pre Majesty's ministers that no conci- sent Majesty, to extend towards liatory effort towards America had such persons further relief. been neglected on their part, can be That your petitioners apprehend founded. Common courtesy appears that the said bill is inconsistent with to have been wanting on the part of the principle of the before-inentioned our government !
acts, and will greatly diminish or entirely sụbvert the privileges and
exemptions which those acts have PETITION PROM THE FRIENDS so long usefully conferred. That OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY AT your petitioners conceive that such THE LONDON TAVERN. bill is not justified by necessity, nor
can produce any advantage, but To the Right Honourable, the that it will occasion great inconveLords Spiritual and Temporal, in nience and distress to many of your parliament assem bed :
petitioners, and to many hundred The humble petition of the seve- thousand loyal, virtuous and reliral persons whose names are here- gious inhabitants of this realm unto subscribed, being protestant will injure the public peace and dissenters, or friends to religious to prevent national prosperity-and will leration, residing in various parts contravene the object of the first of the United Kingdom of Great before-mentioned statute as declared Britain and Ireland. .
in the preamble thereto, by tending That your petitioners have been “to disunite bis Majesty's protesinformed that a bill is depending in tant subjects in interest and affecyour right honourable house, en- tion.” titled, “ An act to explain and ren- Your petitioners therefore humder more effectual certain acts of bly pray that the said bill may not the first year of the reign of King pass into a law, and that they may William and Mary, and of the nine- be heard by their counsel or agents teenth year of the reign of his pre- against the same. sent Majesty, so far as the same re. Signed by about 600 persons. late to protestant dissenting minis.
PETITION OF THE MINISTERS OF THE tors : That your petitioners humbly re
May it please your Lordships, present and submit to your lord. ships, that it was the object and
We, whose names are subscribed, he
ino psotestant dissenting ministers of meaning of the before-mentioned act the three denominations, residing in and of the first year of the reign of King about the cities of London and WestWilliam and Queen Mary, that all minster, beg permission most respectpersons being dissenting protestants, fully to approach your lordships, tor Who conceived themselves to be on the purpose of expressing the deep con
cern and alarm with which we have pelified to preach or teach, and who
rused a bill now before your right hothereby pretended to holy orders,
nourable house, intitled " An Act to and who demonstrated their loyalty explain and render more effectual cerand christian principles, by taking tain acts of the first year of the reign of the oaths and subscribing the de- King William and Queen Mary, and of clarations thereby required, should the nineteenth year of the reign of his be at liberty to teach and preach,
present Majesty, so far as the same re
late to Protestant Dissenting Ministers." under the regulations thereby enac
Your petitioners conceive the princited, and that it was also the declar- ple of that bill to imply an invasion of ed intent and meaning of the said inalienable rights pertaining to the dearbefore-mentioned act of the nines est interests of man, nor can they con
template its provisions without antici- applying to be qualified under the propating a state of embarrassment and visions of those statutes to various devexation which they are convinced your lays and difficulties, as well as to the lordships, no less than themselves, would absolute refusal of the benefits intended be anxious to prevent.
to be granted by them, so that such It would neither gratify nor become persons have been reduced to the alteryour petitioners to expatiate in their native of abandoning what they deemed own praise or in praise of that muinerous an important duty, or incurring the peclass in the United Kingdom, with which nalties from which those acts were dethey are more or less connected, and signed to protect them. But while they in common with which they now parti- have refrained from soliciting the intercipate the liyeliest apprehension. They position of the legislature, considering will, however, humbly appeal to your it inexpedient to agitate the public mind, lordships, whether the moral habits of they had indulged the hope that if the protestant dissenters, their obedience subject were brought under the notice to the laws of the realm, their submis- of parliament, it would be with a view sion to public burders, and their zeal to the extension and not the abridgment to support the interests of their country of the privileges they have so long enon every emergency that has required joyed. their co-operation, have been so remiss It is, therefore, with much pain and and defective, as to call for the intro- surprise that your petitioners perceive duction of measures calculated to pro in the bill introduced to your lordships, duce among them nothing but disap- provisions generally restrictive, and likepointment and perplexity.
ly in their operation essentially to preThey appeal to vour lordships, whe- judice all who may be desirous of exerther they may not claim to be considered cising the christian ministry among proa peaceable and loyal part of the com testant dissenters, and also those who munity and they submit whether jus- are already engaged in the duties of that tice and policy do not urge the proprie- profession. Your petitioners, adverting ty of leaving them in the indisturbed to those provisions, beg leave humbly possession of the protection and privi- to represent, that in their judgment, leges secured to them by an Act of the they all proceed upon the assumption, First of William and Mary, and con- that the right of determining in ecclesifirmed and enjarged by an act of the astical matters, even for dissenters from nineteenth of his present Majesty, and the established form of worship, is veswhether their conduct has not been such ted in the legislature, and that if caras to entitle them to the undiminished ried into a law, they will most materialenjoyment of that protection and those Jy interfere with the principles and arprivileges, for which they are anxious rangements long since adopted and still to express their grateful acknowledg- prevalent in their congregations. ments to the Supreme Being, and under The bill before your lordships, purhim to a wise, equitable and indulgent ports to be an act to'explain and render government.
more effectual certain acts of the First Maintaining, as it is presumed every of William and Mary, and the ninefriend to well-defined liberty must main teenth of his present Majesty, which tain, that men are amenable to God are recited in its preamble; but it conalone for their religious opinions, and tains provisions not existing in those stashould be left to worship him conformably tutes, and by no means according with to the dictates of their consciences, your their liberal spirit and design. petitioners infer the right of every indi- Your petitioners humbly submit, that vidual to communicate religious instruc- the interpretation given, in the preamtion, ugreeably to his own views, and ble (of the bill, of those clauses of the according to the measure of his abilities, recited acts, which describe the persons to all who are willing to hear him, pro- who may claim the benefits and immucided the public peuce and security be nities proposed to be granted by them, not thereby violated or endangered. is unwarranted by those statutes, wbich,
Your petitioners have observed with under the denominations of persons in regret constructions put on the acts of holy orders, pretended holy orders, or the First of William and Mary, and the pretending to holy orders, or ministers nineteenth of his present Majesty, which and teachers of congregations, have, hihave exposed many of their brethren, therto, been liberally construed, p