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proportion to the degree of its con- which is by no means a solitary one; vulsion, and expenditure of its con- of distinguished capture, in the glostitutional force, will be the neces: rious catalogue of England's naval sity for, and duration of, subsequent victories, throughout the last war. répose. As to the continental powers, “In regard to the new government so exhausted were they in general, of France, it would be no difficulé and reduced by the war, that peace task to shew, did the design and libecame not only an object of their mits of this little work admit, that most ardent wish, but absolutely it is far more likely to maintain the indispensable50 that, perhaps, it “ accustoined relations of amity and would not be too much to say, that peace” with this country, than was it will require half a century, at experienced under her ancient regime. least, to repair the wreck they have I have not the least wish to discuss sustained !
whether her former or present sys“ It must also strike every inteltem of government is most suitable ligent observer of public affairs, that to the genius of Frenchmen. This the continental powers, from the is a matter which, strictly speaking, numerous and extensive partitions, belongs solely to themselves. I shall and choppings and changings of pro- but remark, from historical notoriety, perties, which have taken place, will that for the last two hundred years, require no small portion of time for . England enjoyed but very few exregulating, managing and concilia- tended intervals of peace with France ting their new subjects and posses- under her former rulers. sions. Intent on these and other “ Under her present sway; and inafters of internal moment, after great increase of empire-too exten• their long arid sanguinary scene of sive for herself, perhaps, in sound hostile devastation, yo new rupture policy--neither the same thotives for anong them can now be rationally hostility with trs exist, nor can exlooked for to disturb the tranquillity ist. Her ancient governments were of Europe. But even supposing that continually restless-a disposition a misunderstanding was to occur, Bri ginerating war, yet without any ulo tain is now so detached (and happy timate attainment of their ambitious will it be ultimately for her) from views. But the ambition of her concontinental connexions, as to have no sular system of rute seems to have real interest in the contest!
reached, to all human appearance, “ But a more important question the summit of her aim. But were is-how stands Britain's security, this not the case, England would on the ground of peace, with her still derive no mean security of a neighbour France, since the esta- durable peace from the acknowledged blishment of the new Gallic govern: soundness of understanding in the ment, and Ilerčuleån increase of her First Consul. - Bonaparte is too wise, strength 1-The answer is plain too great a politician, to risk, by a whatever be the increase of power new conflict with us, the withering France hath attained, it is not of of those laurels, which so bloom and that description which can make an brighten on his brow. The events impression on our " Sea-girt islc." In of Egypt and its shores are sufficient truth, France, with all her addition to shew this inodern Alexander, that of territorial power, has been consi- Britons can conquer armies pros derably. eúrtailed of that force by nounced invincible. which she could only dare to assail “ But that the inclinations and inthe impregnable cliffs of Albion. tentions of this wonderful man are corThe battle of the Nile affords an im: dially pacific, can be duubted unly by mortal illustration in proof and those who are blind to everything
that is passing under his government ! disputably fair and promising of a Scarcely was he arrayed in the con- long enjoyment of the blessings of sular robe, when he made an over- PEACE-a prospect, in which the ture to us of the olive branch-saga- keenest eye may be challenged to ciously judging, that one principal point out even a remote shade of means of securing himself in the seat warfare, what an increase of vigour of bis high elevation was to sheathe ought our public funds to experience the sword, as soon as possible, with and manifest! The sense of a uni." the British nation. The Overture versal reign of tranquillity, and the was deemed premature by our mi- moral certainty of a long absence of nistry, on the ground that some time war, cannot but speedily operate was requisite to cvince his power of with its full force. In spite of every maintaining the accustonied relations cloud which artifice can raise to obof peace and amity. And when are struct the power of its beams, the cunsidered, indeed, the antecedent sunshine of peace must immediately rapid successions of partizans, strug- prevail, and with such influence, as gling for the Gallic holm, during the to give that lustre to public credit, revolutionary contest, such a pre. which it has been ever wont to discaution, on the part of our govern- play in times, more particularly, of ment, can neither in candour nor general pacificaiion. reason be deemed impolitic or unwise. “In a word-every individual
" But Bonaparte's subsequent con- who has property, whether in land, duct towards this country, places the in the funds, or any other channel, sincerity of his wishes that France must feel an increased confidence of should be, and remain in peace with its security, from that bright and us, beyond alt doubt and cavil ; for extended scene of tranquillity which when he had still more extended his now pervades the universe : and if continental conquests, and reached to this confidence each possessor of to power truly gigantic, and con- a funded or any other property, centered it all around him-in short, would add an equal share of pru. when he fully evinced to the world dence and resolution not to suffer that he was capable of maintaining the machinations of schemers to lesall the accustomed relations of amity sen, in his own estimation, the value and peace, not only with England, of it, the public would but seldom but with every other nation, he still hear of depressions of the funds manifested, not merely by professions, without an adequate cause.” but in acts, a considerable anxiety to The author then proceeds to conbe in friendship with Britain. This sider the state of our revenue, comconduct, after the seeming slight of merce, and manufacturers, from his first overture above intimated, re- which he with additional confidence dounded no less to his honour, than assures us of the stability of the to his wisdom and policy. Negocia. public funds. Towards the close of tions were set on foot-the first con- the pamphlet, he presents the folsul still shewed every cordiality to lowing picture to his brother stock embrace the olive branch-and peace holders. was at length proclaimed. That it “ It may be particularly asked, will be durable, can be doubted by how will the public be supplied with no man, who weighs but even a stock for their daily purchases ?-small part of the numerous impor for the public are, in general, ali tant interests which forcibly and buyers. In short, the holders of mutually operate to bind in close omnium, if they estimate as they friendship the two nations.
ought to do, the real consequence “ Under a prospect, then, so in. of their stock, they will discover Ihat they are in possession of a golo. Such was the Pisgah view of the den mine. A prudent firmness is as funds held up to our stock holders, necessary and politic at the present in 1802 ; but how soon alas! was moment, as obstinary may be indis- the whole overclouded. Before six creet at another. Let them act with months had expired Mr. Addington a manly respect towards their valu took it into his head to be a war able property, and I prophecy that minister; and not being able to find ominium will yet fetch a premium of out a just cause of war, madly 10 per cent.
rushed into it by breaking the treaty " There is an advantageous arti- of Amiens. The consequences bave cle, attaching to the present omimum been an eight years contest; and which seems to be litile understood how much longer we may continue by the public; or it surely would in this horrid state God only knows. have been long since bought up, as if, however, I am not much misin a special manner it suits uninors taken, our rejoicings at our victories,
it is the deferred stock. It's in- as they are called, in Portugal and terest commences in January 1808 Spain, and the predictions of our - that is, in five years from next ministers of the happy result-the January. This can be bought at Deliverance of Europe, will a few 55 or 6—and would produce, in the years hence, appear as surprising, first instance, about 5 per cent in- and were it not for the waste of blood terest. But that is not all-it has and treasure, as amusing, as the reevery prospect of being worth 1001. joicings and predictions of Mr. Siat the above period; for that consols meon Pope ! will be long before then, at par, re
PACIFICUS. quires no great insight into futurity June 14. to augur!"
REVIEW OF BOOKS.
Remarks on the Resolutions passed at and the establishment of the propo.
a General Meeting of Protestant sed society. The Country Dissenter, · Dissenters and other Friends' to presuming that the society will be Religious Liberty in London, May formed, principally, of persons who 24, 1811. In a Letter to Samuel passed the said Resolutions, and Mills, Esq. Chairman of the Meet- that to them will be entrusted the ing. By a Country Dissenter. Is. management of the civil and religious Jones, and Eaton.
rights of Dissenters, has thought it Amongst various Resolutions pass- necessary to remark on their recent cd at the late Meeting of Protestant proceedings, and to suggest his opiDissenters and other Friends to nion as to what ought to be the Toleration, on the rejection of a Bill principal objects to be pursued by which of itself will be sufficient to the proposed society. : hand the fame of Lord Sidmouth The author, after reverting to that down to posterity, were two; the indifference which it has been susone for establishing a society for pccted the Dissenters, by their conprotection of the Rights of Dissen-. duct, have long shewn to the inteters, the other for soliciting contri- rests of civil liberty, and that this butions from the Dissenting Con- indifference would be followed by a gregations throughout the kingdom comparative indifference to religious towards defraying past expences, liberty, expresses his hopes that their recent conduct will ettectually tion on the continent, let not Britain be remove the suspicion, more especial- her assylum or her resting place. ly as it relates to the latter point.
“ That activity in the cause of civil The 7th. Resolution, he observes,
and religious freedom is the duty of
every subject, but parucularly ot every nobly declares their determination
christian, is a principle you readily ad“ to disregard all docirinal and ri mit, or you could not justify your pre""tual distinctions,” and to unite to sent activity. The present time is auprevent" Lord Sidmouth's bill from spicious for the attempt to enlarge our " passing into a law."
religious liberty till it shall be complete, The author then remarks on the
and therefore it ought not to be neglee
ted. This first position admitted, I proinactivity which has for a long time ceed to define what is meant by croll past characterised the conduct of the and religious freedom and perfect toleraDissenters as it respects the penal - tion ; por can I do it better than law's still hanging ouor their heads; in the words of your second resolution, and which he ascribes to the reluc. “ To worship God according to indivi. tance avowed in the Resolutions to
“ dual judgment, and that without pu
“ nishment, restraint, or deprivation of agitate the public mind : he consi.
“any kind.”—The toleration act it is ders the presumption expressed “ibat true grants us much liberty for which we “ no persons would in his age, veri have ly be thankful; released us from sture to assail the Act of Tolera the fines and penalties of the act of uni"" tion after the memorable declara. formity, and was given by King William “tion of the King, to be sufficiently
as a grateful return for the services of "proved by the late attempt of Lord
the sectaries, in driving from the throne
the despotic race of the Stewarts, and * Sidmouth to be fallacious." In
uniting their efforts in establishing the his remonstrance on this part of the house of Brunswick on the throne of subject be proceeds as follows: these realms. It was peculiarly grateful - “Myintention however in this address to the hearts of Britons, and a great reis not to cast reproaches for any thing ward considering it was given at a time that I may judge to have been wrong in when the continent was bound fast by the past conduct of you my brethren, the fetters of religious intolerance; when but if possible by pointing out wbat I Spain made converts by gibbets, racks consider to have been erroneous, to pre- and tortures; when her inquisitions were vent a recurrence of the same conduct. shedding the blood of protestant bere
To act on the defensive only while the ties; when France was revoking her enemy hardly discouraged, intimates his edicts of Nants, which gave the protesintention of renewing his attack is un- tants liberty, and by this revocation worthy tbe character of christians, un- banished from her realm upwards of like the examples set us by the apostles, eight hundred thousand of her best suband the first christians; they feared not jects. Poubtless ibe Toleration Act agitating the public mind in the cause of was a great boon under these circumtruth and freedoin ; they even reproved stances, and at this time; but is it to be with boldness the rulers of their times in considered so now? When Spanish ina manner that would perhaps subject quisitions are happily falling, when an you to the charge of sedition, and the auto da fe is no more heard of; when obloquy and reproaches of your more the despots of the continent have given courteous, and I fear I may add otse- their subjects toleration, so far as to requious brethren. Imitate then their no- lease them from every pain, penalty or ble example, their dignified conduct; disability on account of their religions throw aside not only “ all doctrinal, and opinions, is Eugland to be ihe only “ritual distinctions,” but all party poli- kingdom in Europe where ibe sectaries tics and prejudices; upite in promoting are subject to the penalties of Test and the enlargement of your religious liber- Corporation Acts, and many other acts ties, as the only means of quieting that yet unrepealed; is this the time for redisturbed spirit of intolerance which is ligious liberty to be stationary in Engmaking I trust, its last efforts against land, when it is advancing with such rayou. While she is flying in every direc- pid suides in every part of civilized EW
rope; and are the protestant dissenters is this too much for the subjects of a w!,0 have forinerly been such active government boasting of its freedom and friends in the cause of religious freedom liberality to ask, or is it more than such to be quiescent in her present state of a government ought to grant? If you stagnation, while her principles are have no such views, our encouraging a marching ibrough the rest of the civilized coinmiitee to regulate our affairs in world? Shall the Committee for con- town is only giving up in some measure ducting the affairs of protestant dissen- the liberty we enjoy of conducting our ters he content that we are not going own affairs, in the way wbich seems backward? We douburss rejoice at best by each separate and individual the defeat of intolerance, though it congregation, and in some measure coushould be personined in one of the sent to be directed by a committee or weakest peers of the realm; but is this synod, in whom from the last resolutions to be considered the cause of so much we bave lost'some degree of confidence.' triumph aud exultation; is it for this The ubject held up to the proposed that the whole body of dissenters are ro
o society as expressed in the 4th Rebe organized, and contributions requested with earnestness; that we are to
solution, which speaks of the revival have so many remaining acts of parlia of “ the intolerant provisions of the ment banging over our heads? . The de- “ Conventicle Act in Berkshire, and feat of Lord Sidinouth, though agreeable, “the outrages committed in Kent is but a sort of negative success, ill “ and Suffolk,” is considered hy the suited to the times in which we live; writer as frivolous, and rather tend. and if the committee can exult it may be ind to increase
ing to increase than to diminish the reasonably suspected that all is not right with you, that either you have not laid
evil complained of, as he apprehends asides all doctrinal and ritual distinc
that " when a fund shall be raised ** tions," or that the majority hare by * sufficiently ample to pay for such their chilling resolutions of the 25th of “ pleadings, we shall have law.eMay, been endeavouring to serve' poli “ nough, and five hundred new contical purposes. I must be allowed there- «structions of the Conventicle and fore to remark on this second set of reso- «Torerun Arte » The sun and lutions for the purpose of ascertaining
§ 9th Resolutions he considers as juswhether you are under the present circumstances, actuated by ibe fear of tifying his suspicions that the coinagitating the public mind, or are con- mittee is endeavouring to obtain tented with the inferior station the sec- “ liberty for themselves, and that taries of this realm are placed in, and “the extent of their toleration is for which, when compared wiih the secta- « persons of their own cast" . ries under the despotic governments on
The Resolution of thanks to Mr. the continent, proves we are a full century behind the subjects of those go
Perceval is reprobated in the follows vernments,
ing terms: " It will much depend on the result « The 8th resolution votes thanks to of this enquiry, whether the dissenters "Mr. Perceval for the polite attention in this country can unite and entrust the with which he attended to the repres management of their affairs into your "sentations of their compittee, and to hands; if you are actuated by timidity every menıber of his Majesty's governor a love of ease under the guise of pru- ment for withholding from the bill their .. dence, when courage and promptitude important support."-What politeness of conduct should mark your proceed- has been shewn by Mr. Perceval that ings, you must sink again into compara has not been shewn by every prime mitive insignificance: if on the other hand, nister, we are not intormed, and thereyou can really “lay aside all doctrinal fore cannot argue from these private and to and ritual distinctions," and meet unknown communications; but I have your opponents at the door of the legis.. not seen through the medium of the pubiure, and ask-for what? for a repeal lic prints any thing in his Majesty's yoof the whole of the penal statutes against vernment that expressed their disapproevery description of dişsenters; for as batjou of Lord Sidmouth's bill. Lord much religious liberty as the subjects of Liverpool it is true spoke of the expegespotic governments now cojoy; and diency of withdrawing the bill, from the