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wish for the prosperity of both is mean, and short lived. They have lands he yielded to none--and as all inore or less the principle of death the best and spediest means to se- within them; and all their malice, cure that prosperity for ever, he inveteracies and violencies will not was, and had been, a warm friend make them the less mortal. They to the principles of religious liberty. may rage or sleep, but they must
“I have come,” said the noble die. The right we claim is simple; Earl, “ deputed by my catholic it relies upon no reference to anno countrymen to ask for religious li- ther, but is self-evident. If a man berty—may that liberty which I ask has not a right to worship his God for, be your's for ever."
according to his conscience-if this Lord Stanhope begged leave to right be wrested from him, what are congratulate them on the glorious those you leave him? If a man can victory they had so lately obtained justly deprive another of this right, over bigotry and intolerance, in the where is the tyranny you may not house of Lords :-that liberty must legalize and justify? What ue seek ere long produce another still more is not religious toleration, but religions glorious and decisive victory-the right, because every man has a right grand use of those victories would to worship God, and no man has a be to show us how to gain others right to dictate to another how he the art was very simple when it was shall worship hun. For what is the known-it was nerther more nor less best manner to each man?that than keeping together, and acting to which his own conscience thinks to gether-the victory cained the other be the best. This is the test. Ree day was not gained by any sect, nor ligion is the free offering of the soul, by the dissenters, but by the friends and conscience alone can make it acof religious liberty throughout the ceptable. It is sincere, or it is 10country. He besought them in their thing; and therefore no man, no prosecution of this the most glorious King, no parliament, no minister, of all glorious causes, ever to keep no people, have a right to compel a in mind the fable of the bundle of man to worship God contrary 10 sticks, which, while united. could his conscience. The very proposinever be broken.-lle concluded by tion appears most absurd in its own proposing them a toast
naked statement. It is nonsensical “A long pull, a strong pull, and, because it would callinfidelity a test “ above all, a pull altogether."
of faith. It is madness, because it On the health of Lord Donough- would tear asunder conscience and more being drunk, Mr. Hutchinson religion, and make the one exist in in the absence of his noble friend, its hostility to the other. But these returned thanks in a short speech, irregolarities must in time give way replete with good sense and liberality. to the progress of order; and the
Mr. Gruttan spoke to the following two great islands, Old England and effect;--" I am grateful for the dis- Old Ireland, would yet grow older tinction you have paid me in drink in the interchange of mutual love, ing my health. i am grateful for mutual renown, and mutual prose the manner of it. I thank you for perity. As the first step to the acthe honour you have personally done complishment of that time, I would me. I thank you more for the priu- say, the Irish catholics have sent ciple upon which your having done over a petition, in which they pray it, did yourselves still greater ho for the restoration of their righis. pour. That principle is great, and May that prayer be prosperous! I will endure, while the prejudices wish you all ihat a great people can that oppose it are necessarily low, desire, when I wish equal rights and equal privileges to all our fellow-ci- men endeavours to prolong the. untizens.
happy dissensions of their country. The Duke of Bedford, on his His object was virtually to realize health being drank, said, the veay the union between the two countries, flattering manner in which the toast by taking every step best calculated proposed by the noble chairman had to promote the growth of their mubeen received (an honour both un- tual confidence. expected and unmerited by him) Mr. Ponsonby, in returning thanks claimed his warmest acknowledge said, this was a cause in which our ments; he must attribute it solely best feelings, in which all that ene to the anxious and earnest solicitude nobled human nature was interested; which had uniformly actuated him and he would tell the British part of in his endeavours to do justice to the company, that this was not the catholics of Ireland during the merely the cause of the Irisb cathoshort period of bis administration in lics but their own also, and that that country; and the kindness, the when the less liberal parly in Engconfidence, and the support which land knew the Irish catholics as well he had received from that great and as he knew them, he had no doubt loyal body of men, under trying and that they would repose in them the difficult circumstances, had made a same unshaken confidence that he deep impression of gratitude on his did. There was no confidence that mind, which nothing could alter or could be reposed in the Irish catho diminish.-With no pretensions to lics that would not be amply repaid eluquence, he trusted he might be by corresponding afiection. He had permitted to say, in the plain lan- no doubt of the ultimate success of guage of a plain man, that he had their claims, and was sure that in invariably considered the cause of future times the only wonder would the catholics of Ireland, as the cause be, why we had delayed so long to of truth and justice itself: resting grant to the Irish catholics wbat was on the same eternal and immutable not only mere justice to them, but principles, such a cause must and great and lasting benefit to ourselves. will ultimately prevail. He felt it Mr. Sheridan, after thanking the would be unseemly in him, to inter company for driviking bis health, rupt the conviviality of the day, by said, that he was rather awkwardly attempting to add one single word to circumstanced in being called upon what had been so ably and elo. to speak by those who had left him quently urged by his noble friend in nothing to say. The noble lord, the chair, in support of the just and (said Mr. Sheridan) after saying all vital question they were that day met that man could say upon the subject to recognize ; and he would content of religious liberty, and after having himself with saying, that every sen- heard his admirable speech echoed timent, every expression, every word in the most eloquent speeches of those uttered by the noble lord on that who followed him, now turns upon momentous measure, had his entire me and drags me forth to your oband cordial concurrence.
servation in a way that no doubt The Earl of Hardwicke, in a neat calls for my acknowledgments, and but short speech, returned his thanks. my most serious acknowledgments, I He said, that one of the principal beg leave now to tender to the noble objects of his administration in Ire- chairman. What you have already land was to repress party animosity, heard, gentlemen, I will not weaken and more especially to restrain that by repeating; yet I cannot refrain gross and coarse ill language, by from observing upon what appeared which the virulent bigotry of weak to me an unhappy expression that fell from an honourable friend of His right honourable friend had mine, Colonel Hutchinson, in the charged him with having used the heat of his very animated speech. words “religious toleration." He He used the words religious tolera. certainly bad made use of those tion—what is religious toleration but words ; but he had used them as syanother name for mitigated persecu- nonymous to religious liberty. tion? He knew that the family of Mr. Whitbread said, that the less his honourable friend are enemies to pretension he had to the honour just persecution in any form, and how- conferred on him, the greater must ever mitigated or qualified. He knew be his gratitude. He trusted to their the worth and liberal sentiments candour in making every allowalice that so eminently distinguished the for hiin, who had no pretensions to character of that gentleman's illus- eloquence, and came after a display trious relative (Lord Ilutchinson.) of oratory that not even his experiTherefore might it be the more dan ence had otten known to be equalled. gerous to hear the vicious phraseo- He could only express his hearty conlogy of “ religious toleration” fall currence in all that had been said, from the lips of ally member of that and said so well by those who had family we do not claim religious preceded him. This meeting had toleration, but as was so well sait certainly a general object, but the by my right honourable friend, Mr. Catholics of Ireland were necessarily Grattan, the great and consistent ils prominent feature. The claims Irish patriot, what we claim is relic of Ireland upon this country, he did gious right, therefore I cannot but not think it was in the power of complain of such a misapplication even Irish cloquence to rate too of the terms, as to call toleration highly; the word toleration, which, right, or right toleration, they are had exposed his hon. friend near not only distinct, but in a measure him, to the verbal criticism of his opposite; and I cannot help re- right hon. friend opposite, was an minding the honourable gentleman, instance how the language of in. that it is a sort of courtly interpre- tolerance had crept in upon our tation that would substitute mere habits of speech, even amongst the words for things, I give hin the warmest friends of religious liberty. fullest credit for his sincerity, zeal, The friends of religious liberty were and talents, but still I could not let not so much the friends of Tree the word so used pass without soine land or of this country, as of truth animadversion. Gentlemen, I have itself: that must be ultimately and now only to say, that so fully do I cternally triumphant. He rejoiced enter into the purposes of this meet- at all discussion in this country ing, and so highly do I calculate relating to the affairs of Ireland. upon its good effects, that I trust it because he imputed all her evils to will be annual. Let us, among our our ignorance of her claims-her other anuiversaries, devote one to qualities and her deserts. Irish ge. the genius of religious liberty. Gen- nius and Irishi valour were at this tlemen, I shall now sit down, giving moment doing the work that was to you this the first wish of my heart, establish our liberties for ever.--We that our next meeting may be, not had her valour employed in successto celebrate our progress to the at- fully fighting our enemies abroad. tainment of the religious liberties of and her eloquence as successfully our fellow subjects, but the attain- combating our prejudices at home. ment itself.
And yet how much was it to be deMr. Hutchinson begged the indul- . plored that in a country teeming with gence of the meeting for one moment. mines of wealth, pure gold-native
and unalloyed--that such is the in: cribed the unjust and unfortunate war fatuated bigotry of some men, that with America, at the close of which
they declared in Common Hall, “That while they see and acknowledge the
“ our excellent constitution appeared precious treasures that nature meant «inino
" in no circumstances more grievously in be freely used and bountifully en “ defaced than in the unequal represenjoyed ; that yet they shrink, with a “ tation of the people in parliainent, sullen superstition, from the use of " which continual experience had pros. that which they know to be essential “ed to be no less productive of calamito their security and happiness. He“ ties to this country, than depredatory
“ to the rights of Englishmen." hoped, however, that for she sake
That the subsequent enormous inof them and of their country, that
crease of debt and taxes, the increased they would soon be emancipated and incieasing corruptions and abuses from this worst thraldrom of the of the state, and all our grievances and mind; and that they would at length misfortunes, arise froin the same cause, learn to tbank the giver of all good and convince us that a constitutional in the grateful enjoyment of his best
reformation can no longer with safety
be delayer. blessings. The cause was indeed
That we consent in opinion with the progressive; so great in itself, that Lord Treasurer Burleigh, “ That Eng. even the claims of the Irish catholics “ land can never be ruined but by a were lost in it----prejudice and bigo- “ parliament." try were rapidly on the wane, the . That we agree with that enlightened dawn was already visible: and the philosopher, statesman, and christian,
Locke, “ That employing the force, truth that had set, and been so long
"B " treasure, and offices of the governhid from us, would soon arise again, “ment to corrupt the electors, is to and pour forth the flood of everlast. “ cut up the government by the roots, ing day.
“ and poison the very fountain of pubAbout twelve, the noble chair- “lic security.” man and his guests, together with
That we agree with that great lawyer, the Duke of Bedford, Lord Hard
patriot, and statesman, Sord Somers,
« That it belongeth to our parliament, wicke, &c. &c. retired, amid the ge
6 as being one of the great ends, as well neral plaudits of the room ; and thus " as reason, for which they ought to be terminated a day spent in a manner « frequently called and assembled, to most grateful to the friends of reli “ inquire into and punish the crimes of gious liberty thoughout the united “judges, and all others employed by kingdom.
wand under the king, in the executive is part of the government, from whence
« it is, as the house of Commons, aMEETINGS ON THE SUBJECT OF
6 mong other capacities in which they
sit and act, are by the constitution A REFORM OF PARLIAMENT.
" to be the great inquest of the kinge
6 dom, to search into all the oppressions SMITH MAYOR.
" and injustices of the king's ministers, In u Meeting or Assembly of the Mayor, " so the house of Lords, among their
Aldermen, und Liverymen, of the sea “ several other rights and privileges, veral companies of the City of London, « stand clothed with the power and auin Common Hall assembled, at the " thority of the high court of judicature Guildhall of the said City, on May “ of the nation, to punish those who 90, 1811.
“ have misbehaved themselves in all RESOLVED,
“ courts.” That the livery of London have, for. That we agree with Baron Montesthe last 40 years, felt and declared the quieu, “ That the English constitution corrupt and inadequate state of the re- « will perish whenever the representapresentation of the people in parliament “ tive power is more corrupted than the to be the great source of all our na- “ executive." tional grievances and inisfortunes.
That we agree with the great Earl of . That to this cause alone can be an- . Chatham, “ That parliament inust re
" form itself from within, or it will be council, and do thereby concur with "reformed from without with a ven- them in granting the use of the Guild“ geance.”
ball on the 3d of June next, for the That we agree with that venerable purpose of holding a general meeting of stalesman and lawyer Lord Camden, the friends of parliamentary reform. “ That taxation, without representation, That without attaching inproper mo“ is tyranny."
tives to such of our fellow-citizens as That we agree with Judge Blackstone, may have been misted by the misrepre“ That if any change were to be desired, sentations and unfounded calumnies of " it was in favour of a more equal re interested, designing, and unprincipled “presentation of the people in parlia- jobbers, contractors, and placemen, “ment."
who have long ted, and still hope to That we agree with Mr. Piti, whose feed, upon our taxes, we cannot suffiwords were exemplified in bis own ad. ciently reprobate their base attempts to ministration, “ That without a reforin:l- divert the public mind from this great “tion in parliament, neither the liberty national question, to sow the seeds of “ of the subject can be preserved, nor dissention, and by every possible means “can we expect to have a virtuous or to excite, whilst, at the same time, they “disinterested administration."
hypocritically express their apprehenThat we agree'with Mr. Fox, “ That sion of tumult and alarm. “ unless there is an entire rudical re- Resolved, That a deputation of livery“ form, not only in the house of Com- men be now appointed to present the " mons, but in every branch of the exe- resolutions of this day to the court of “ cutive government, there is no chance common council, on Friday next, re" for this country to enjoy any blessing, questing their concurrence therein, as " or even to remain safe long; and that well as their co-operation with the livery " This reform can never be obtained, un- of London, in their endeavours to ob« less there is a general and unequivocal tain a reform in the representation of “ erpression in its fudour by the people the people in parliament. "at lorge."
Besolved, That Messrs. Billinge,BromThat we agree with Mr. Burke, “That ley, Blackett, Cole, Esce, Thorpe, " the virtue, spirit, and essence of a Redder, Bumsted, Scott, Peacock, Ste“ house of Commons consists in its be venson, Pearson, Rosser, Stocks, Pick“ing the express image of the feelings ard, Manning, Piper, Litrell, Banks, " of the nation. It is not instituted to Wort, and Letts, be the said deputation. “ be a controul upon the people, as of Resolved unanimously, That the “ late it has been taught by a doctrine thanks of this common hall be given in " of the most pernicious nature and ten- the right bon, the Lord Mayor, for his " dency; it was intended as a controul upright and impartial conduct on all "for the people."
occasions, and particularly for the firm Tbat agreeing, as we do, with the 2- and independent manner in which he bove authorities, as well as the concur- has, in the present instance, resisted all rent opmons of the greatest lawyers, attempts to intimidate him in the expre historians, and statesmen, which might cise of bis duty. be adduced ; and observing, as we have done, the daily and lamentable departure from the principles of the constitu On Monday the 10th instant, a rion-the rapid and unceasing progress respectable meeting of the friends of of overwhelming influence and corrup Parliamentary Reform was held, tion, which threaten its overthrow, it pursuant to advertisement, at Freeis with the the higliest satisfaction, we
masons' Hall, the Court of Com. see a considerable number of the most respectable characters in rank, talents,
mon Council having rescinded their and property, now standing forward tó vote for the use of Guildhall. endeavour to remove these formidable Sir J. Throckmorton, having been evils, and to restore the constitution to called to the chair, stated generally its true principles, by a reform in the the purpose for which the company representatino of the people in parlia. was convened. ment.
Mr. Treranion, of Cornwall, rose l'hat we do therefore highly approve of tbe vote of the last court of common
for me purpose