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"bad himself no tie to render his to Corneille. The verses are as fol. * life of any importance.”

lows: Miss Aune Plumptre thén ob " Le premier qui fut roi, un soldat serves :" So far Mr. Burdon relates

“ heureux; " to the infinite bonour of the youn

“Qui sert bien son pays, n'a pas

besoin d'ayeux." "ger Pulignac; but here he leaves

These verses are in the mouth of " the story, with the impression up

Poliphonte, in the tragedy of Merope, “ on the reader's mind, that his

by Voltaire. . “ prayer was granted, and that he

Miss Anne Plumptre is equally " was executed; he could not pre- ir

incorrect in ascribing to Bonaparte's “ vail upon himself to add, what

Joséphine the verses at the end of “ in justice he ought to have added,

her 3d volume. Among the various " that a free pardon was granted by

accomplishments of the creole. Josè“ Bonaparte to both the Messieurs " Polignac."

phine Lapagérie, she never could Thus Miss Anne Plumptre as.

boast of poetry.

The quoted verses were written sumes to currect Mr. Burdon's state

by the Countess de Beauharnois, ment, (which is certainly erroneous)

who was the mother of Joséphine's by a statement still more erroneous,

first and unfortunate husband. The Doubtless Miss Anne Plumptre

Countess de Beaubarnois wrote also will admit as correct, the statement

the following ingenious verses on the of Buonaparte's official Moniteur,

occasion of the late queen of France, which, under the date of the 27th

Marie-Antoinette's first child, (now of June, 1807, noticed, that the

Duchess of Angoulême) born in reprieved Armand-François-Herac

1788: ljus Polignac was to be confined

“ Oui, pour Fée étourdie à vos four years in the castle of Ham, in

“ traits je me livre; Picardy, and afterwards transported; “ Mais si ma prophétie a manqué and that his brother Jules Polignac “ son effet, should be confined two years in the

« Il faut Vous l'avouer, c'est que'n

« ouvrant mon livre, same prison, Wonderful mercy !

“ J'avais, pour le premier, pris le * It was not the brother, (who was

« le second feuillet." bimself under confinement) but the

This alluded to the Countess's wife of the condemned Polignac,

mistake in having predicted to the who solicited and obtained of Bo

queen that her first child would be naparte the life of her husband.

a male and not a female. The disa In addition to the above instance

appointment is happily expessed. of the perversion of truth by Miss

This specimen of Miss Anne Anne Plumptre, who was then in

Plumptre's faithful narrative will not France, and must have read the

be the only one offered to the public. French papers, she may be charged with carelessness in quoting verses

I remain, Sir, from Voltaire, and ascribing them

Your humble Servant,

W. B. Epping, March 15..

' sono vino engage it is ;-*. 1- . 3 MISCELLANCOUS ARTICLES.

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REMARKS ON THE SPEECH 'OP parated from "France for a century,

THE PRINCE 'REGENT. are still as much French as the ile [From the Moniteur.)...

habitants of the banks of the Loire.'

In the present state of affairs, Mar.

citique, Guadaloupe,' the isles of ! House of Lords, Teb. 12.. Reunion and France, furnished 110The Lord Chancellor read the thing to the parent state, and cost speech of the Regent for opening the it inore than twenty millions a year, session, which was a's follows:-. These twenty millions would build

[Here follows the whole of the ten ships of the line' à year; which speech, from which we select such at the end of the five or six years that passages only as are commented the war may probably lust, will proupon.]

;

duce fifty ships of the line. . Speech-(1)- The capture of the The coffee, , sugar, and cotton, “ Islands of Bourbon and Amboyna which these colonics produced, are " have still further reduced the colo- at so chcap a rare in London, that “nial dependencies of the eneniy" their sale will 'not pay the expence

Note in the Moniteur. -The naval of carriage to Europe. It is doubtsuperiority of the enemy 'nécessarily ful whether these islands will sup. places at his disposal all the small port the expence of the government French colonies. Martinique, Gua- and the military which the English daloupe, the Isle of Reunion, the government will be obliged to mainisle of France, must of course be- tain there. They must keep up garlong to the squadrous which had ihé risons in them.' In scattering her command of the ocean. Their gar- forces England will become vulnerarisons could not have amounted at ble in a great number of points. most to more than 2000 men. Had The colonies occupied by England they been more numerous, they could will be restored to the mother coun: not have procured means of subsis- try at a peace, or when the empire tence. It is evident that 2000 men, shall have 120 sail of the line, and at a thousand leagues distance from 200 frigates or smaller vessels. This their country, could not make an period, which is foreseen and calcueffectual resistance when they should lated, is not far distant from us. become the ohject of the successive The possibility of having so great attacks of 12,000 men.

a naval force, arises from the partiBut is the uccupation of ihese co Cular situation of the empire. The lonies by the English a inisfortune woods of Istria, Italy, France, and to France under existing circum- Germany, reach us by the rivers of stances ?.

which we command the navigation. These colonies suffered much from The Adriatic, the Zuyder sea, the the strict blockade in which they Scheldt, the roads of Brest and Touwere held. The connection which lon, the coasting trade of the imbinds these colonies to the mother mense maritime borders of the emcountry will become more close, and pire, serve to instruct our sailors, their haughtiness will encrease un- and furnish us 'with the means of der the tyranny of a government manning all the vessels we can build. which finds no greater pleasure than (2) Speech.-" The attack on the that of humbling every thing that “ island of Sicily, which was an. falls under its power. The inhabi. “nounced to the world with a pre, tants of Canada, who have been se " sumptuous anticipation of success,

" has been repulsed (8) by the per "commanding on that station, des

severing exertions and valour of "rived material support from the * his Majesty's land and sea forces." 4. zeal and ardour that were inani

Moniteur.-This expression is that “ fested, during this contest by the of a writer who is more accustomed "inhabitants of Sicily, and from to the bold exertions of a pamphle. “ the co-operation of the naval teer, than of a person who is in the “ means which were directed by his babit of drawing up the official de- “ Sicilian Majesty to this object." clarations of a government.

Moniteur. - The English people For the purpose of occupying Sjö are better informed than their gocily 30,000 men must have been de- 'vernment. ; tached from the continent, which was ? Every one in London know's that not deemed adviseable in the year the Sicilians were very far from ma1810. In consequenec, no pledge . nifesting either zeal or ardour, and of any kind was given at that time that they hate the English. The that it was intended to conquer Sie court itself does not conceal its avercily..

sion for them. But it was necessary The King of Naples bad assemi. .to speak of the co-operation of the bled at Reggio, notwithstanding all Daval forces of his Sicilian Majesty, the efforts of the English, 600 small to induče a belief that the flotilla of vessels, all manned by Neapolitan the King of Naples was victorious, sailors. He kept 19,000 British in merely because the force opposed check, and compelled England to to it was composed partly of Eng. recall the force that threatened lish and partly of Sicilians. . This Corfu. Effecting daily disembarka- affectation of mentioning the naral tions in Sicily, his flotilla was daily forces of Sicily, can have no other engaged, and as often victorious. motive. His subjects gave proofs to the Eng. (5.) Specch.-" In Portugal and lish of the ardour with which they " at Cadiz, the defence of which fought against them. Sicily will be " constituted the principal object of conquered whenever it is desired; "his Majesty's exertions in the last but is it so trifing an advantage, "canipaign, the designs of the enethen, to oblige the English to keep my have been frustrated (6) hi12,000 men so far removed from " therto (7)."'-. England and Ireland ? it is attended N ote in the Moniteur ---It was with this three-fold advantage: the only a ycar ago that the English dispersion of the British military government aimed at nothing less force, the deterioration of their fi- than expelling the French from Mapances, and of a very useful moral drid, and driving them beyond the effcct upon the minds of the Sici- Pyrenvees. Now it is Portugal and Jians. The appearance of an here- Cadiz which constitute the principal tical military force, always brutal object of its exertions : we Aatter and intoxicated, and of that British ourselves that in the speech of 1812, haughtiness, so offensive to all coun: his Majesty will have equally suco tries, haş irritated all classes of per. ceeded in the principal object of his sons in Sicily.

exertions; because at that time Poro (3). Repulsed! The person who tugal and Cadiz will not be the prepared the speech will be good principal objecis of his exertions, enough to tell us how it was possi- but the defence of Gibraltar. ble to sepel an attack that was never (5) The designs of the enemy, made.

.. you say, have been frustrated in Specch.-" The judicious ar- Portugal. Should it have so hap"rangements adopted by the officers pened, that they had made a land

ing at Edinburgh'; that after having having abandoned three-fourths of taken possession of Scotland, Nor- Portugal, and of having laid waste thumberland, &c. it had driven the country of which you call youryour armies before it for 15 days at selves the protectors, and which you the point of the bayonet; that pru- consider as your own property; and dently retreating with the torch in still you are not sure of being able the one hand, and the steel in the to maintain possession of it. You other, you had devastated your say hitherto; this is a confession explains, destroyed your catile, your torted from the English government farms, your parks, your country- by facts. As to us, we will tell you seats; that having arrived, &c. at plainly, that we wish this hitherta the heights of London, resting one may be very remote; and that if the wing on the sea, and the other on day upon which your army embarks the Thames, posted on desert and is to be a holiday, it will be only inaccessible mountains, fortified with for the English people; that the ada 1500 pieces of heavy artillery, thir- vantages of the actual contest will ty-six, twenty-four, and eighteen be the greater for us, the larger your pounders, drawn from your ships stake is. It must be large to be de and your arsenals, and having your cisive ; it must be protracted to proflanks so covered that it was impos- duce all the results we expect. An sible to turn you and cut you off army of 60,000 English encamped from the sea, would you then boast upon the heights of Lisbon, obliged that you had defended England ? to procure from London even the very But the inhabitants of Essex, Mid- straw they want; England obliged to dlesex, &c. would tell you, that to keep at the mouth of the Tagus 600 burn' and 'destroy a country is not transports, and 20,000 sailors; having defending it ; that London is not the to subsist not only 80,000 soldiers or frontier to an army which comes sailors, but 400,000 men, women, from Scotland; that to take a 'po- and children besides, who have taken sition 80 leagues from the frontiers, refuge at Lisbon, and concentrated leaving the enemy master of three themselves in one point; being, morefourths of the country, is neither over, obliged to support all this exa measure of defence nor a proof of pence, with a course of exchange strength. This is the way, how- which has fallen 33 per cent. gives ever, in which you have defended to France, already, all the advanPortugal. You have abandoned Al- tages she could desire from the premeida, Ciudad Rodrigo, Olivenza, sent contest. It is part of the contiand Campo Mayer, and suffered nental system, which diminishes on 25,000 of your allies to be taken; one side your revenues by reducing you have surrendered the country your commerce, and on the other in between the Minho, the Douro, and creases your expence by compelling Mondragone--between the Beira and you to maintain armies in Sicily and the Tagus; you have burned and laid at Lisbon. It is, in vulgar language. waste; and still you have the impu-l to burn the candle at both ends. In dence to say that the defence of Por- the mean time, the French army, tugal, the principal object of his according to its fundamental law, Majesty's exertions, has been accom- subsists on the country upon which plished, and that the designs of the it makes war, and only costs us its enemy have been frustrated. May pay, which we should be obliged to Wellington one day defend England supply wherever it was. in the same manner !

In short, if Massena, having re(7) Hitherto. This word is worthy ceived his reinforcements and his of observation. Thus you boast of heavy artillery, should be inclined

VOL. IX.

to advance upon, after having si- of the 30th of September, in the follenced your batteries; or if you your. ing words.-" Although I fear I shall selves, rendered impatient by this not be able to obtain the object I ruinous contest, march against him, had in passing the Mondego, and in what will be the consequence? I occupying the Sierra of Busaco, yet you are victorious you will derive no I do not regret to have done so," advantage from it, for you will was to defend the position of the have scarcely made two marches be- Mondego, the right of which rested fore you are met by new armies. If on that river, and on the inaccessiyou are conquered, you are lost. ble mountains of the right bank of The loss of 60,000 men to England, the Zezere, which empties itself into is as great as that of 500,000 to the Tagus 30 leagues from thence France. The two countries are in and whose left extended on the moun. the proportion of one to three to each tains which rest on the Douro. By other with respect, to population; this central position, the English gethe same proportion prevails with neral did not obtain the glory of derespect to the extent of the coun- fending Portugal, since he had altries where you are obliged to have ready abandoned $0 leagues of the troops, which on the whole produces country to the enemy. To defend a proportion of one to nine.

Portugal he should have raised the We are ignorant of the intentions seige of Almeida, or at least have of the cabinet of the Thuilleries; occupied the one positions of Guarda. but we wish with all our heart, that However, having thought proper to the Prince of Essling may maneuvre occupy the position of Busaco, he instead of attacking you, and by so covered 3-4ths of Portugal : he prodoing keep you some years where tected the fine vallies of the Tagus you are. The consequences would and the Mondego; he kept the French be, you would add 100 millions army at 40 leagues from the capital; more to your debt, and we should he kept up his communications with be certain of the more complete sub- Oporto, and with all the provinces mission of the peninsula. When the on the other side of the Douro, of question is about a great extent of which he remained master. The continent, what are a few years ? French army of Portugal remained seAll the nations who have been sub parated for upwards of eighty leagues jugated, have defended themselves from the army of the South, and defor several years; you alone have rived all its subsistence from a counexhibited the solitary instance in try which Wellington had intenhistory, of a nation conquered in one tionally laid waste, employing all battle, and so subjugated by the the time that was necessary to make Norinans your conquerors, that your the devastation complete. It was laws, your customs, every thing was thus reduced to the necessity of drawtorn from you by a single victory. ing its provisions from Spain by im.

(8) Speech." And particularly passable roads; and when the rains " by the brilliant part which they began, the communication would be " bore in the repulse of the enemy cut of with Spain, and the army " at Busaco."

would bave been obliged to return Moniteur.-The affair at Busaco, to Almeida. The English army ocwhatever was its nature, or whatever củpying the position of Busaco, all accuracy there might be in the ac- Portugal would have supplied it with counts on either side, did it answer provisions, and furnished nothing to the object of the French or of the the French army. If the English English general ?

general, then, had maintained his The object of the English general, position at Busaco only for 15 days, as he tells us himself in his dispatch he could have boasted of baving won

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