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and puts them among felons, to compel Anne, caused by his removal from Kilthem to consent to their transportation to mainham at night, during his illness.-Botany Bay. Mr. Doyle kept so for 8 Turns the wives and children of Mr. months. - Deprives state prisovers of Dwyer and Mr. H. Byrne, who were in food, when they received medicine: viz. Kilmainham by agreeinent with governGlauber salts, the usual medicine.--Em ment, out of the jail, late in the evening, ploys a deaf and dumb nian, as a spy without dinner; they not knowing where upon the state prisoners. - Deaf and to put their heads. All for the alleged dumb man distributes his medicines. offences of their husbands.-Orders the Makes the dumb man take an oath. gaoler to informn Mr. Lyons, a state priReceives his testimony, declaring that soner, that if his brother would surrender dummy would not tell him a lie.-Re- to him, Dr. Trevor, that he, Lyons, ceives, as magistrate, the oath of a con- should be instantly liberated.-Death of victed robber, under sentence of traus- Mr. Camusky, a state prisoner, caused portation, and since transported to Bo- through want of medical aid, &c. Dr. tany Bay.--Requires the oath of a state Trevor prevents the inquest from stripprisoner in contradiction thereof.--Puts ping, examining or even approaching state prisoner among felons, for saying the body, which the coroner never saw, that he would not wash tables.---De- and concerning which no oath was ever prives 55 state prisoners of food, for 3 administered io the jury; Dr. Trevor days.-Deprives several state prisoners saying, that all they had to do, was to of state allowance for thirteen weeks, say if he, Camusky, were dead or not.. giving them bread and water only, and Prevents" liberation of state prisoners, forcing them to lie with criminals under when orders arrive from government for sentence of death, on the cold flags, their enlargement; and declares that he withont either bed or blanket-Supplies will not let them out, so long as the Hawet and rotten straw for beds. Imposes beas Corpus act shall continue to be strict and rigid silence on Mr. Carty, for suspended. --C'hallenges Mr. Hickson, a more than a year. -Prevents Mr. Carty's state prisoner, who had made a comwalking out, or seeing his wife, because plaint against George Duun, (then a he spoke to her about employing counsel turnkey, now gaoler of Kılmainbam,) for trial.-Strips Mr. James Byrne, state to box it out with Dunn.--Barbarous prisoner, stark naked, before all the fe- treatment of Mr. Jaines Tandy, who lons assembled in the yard of Kilinain- froin bis long residence and military serham.-- Locks Mr. Byrve up with 4 men, vices in India, had been subject to seunder sentence of death, for 2 nights vere bilious attacks. During one of and a day, without food of any kind, which, when Mr. Tandy was in solitary even a drop of water, during which tiine confinement, in Kilmainham, Dr. Tre. one of the men drank his own urine!- vor prevented the admittance of any Makes a luscivious proposal to Mr. physician, and of Mrs. Tandy, from FriByrne respecting his wife. ---Lodges Mr. day morning to the following Monday. Gray between two brothels, to prevent Mr. Tandy received no advice or assishis wife and children from going to him. tance from Dr. Trevor during this attack;

Employs soldiers, bis Majesty's troops, and so person was suffered near him, as keepers, attendants, workmen ihn bis but one of the attendants. N.B. Said bake-houst, turnkeys, and as his own Dr. Trevor, as a magistrate of the counservants. -- Employs state prisoners in ty of Dublin, commits men, as state grinding verdigrease, cleaning furniture prisoners, to said prison of Kilmainham, for his own house, &c. -- Offers Mr. of which he is the inspector, baker, cam Bryan Devlin money to become an in- terer, &c. &c. &c. - Borrows money former.-Requires Anne Devlin, daugh- from Tom Galvan, hangman of Kilmainter of Mr. Bryan Devlin, (both state pri- bam. soners,) to become an informer. Treats

“ INVESTIGATION. · her barbarously, when she refuses; and

July 16, &c. 1804. has her removed from Kilmainhain to “ By Judges Downes, Day, and Osborne; the Tower, Dublin Castle; and given up whereat 30 state prisoners deposed upon to the keeper with a wrong name, by his oath, respecting ihe mul-administration agent, George Dunn, now gaoler of Kil of Kilmainham, which was solely managed Dainbam, to prevent her friends disco. by Dr. Trevor. vering where she was removed 10.- “ Judges' Report, printed by order of Death of James Devlio, brother of said the house of Commons, April 26, 1806.

facts, Sworn to.

the barbarous Simpson, as gaoler over “ Bad meat, bad bread, bad better, the state prisoners. bail beer, bad milk, and putrid water. SURGEON GENERAL STEWART. ---Filihy rooms, filtby attendants, and “ Insinuates to Mr. Gray to become filthy service of food.--Hangman, an an informer, to intitle bim to liberation. attendant.-State prisoners closely con

MR. ALEXANDER MARSDEN, fined, for 22 hours of the 24.--Difficule Under Secretary of Lord Hardwicke. ties of access to privy, overflowing there- “ Seated in same coach with Lord of into the corridores, and up to the Hardwicke, when the disregarded me table, where dinner was served, and in- morial of the state prisoners, dated Auto the cells, where prisoners were locked gust 12, 1804, was handed to his exup.--Five prisoners in a sinall room ob- cellency.--Advances the baking estaliged to perform the offices of nature, blishments of Dr. Trevor, baker, by rein presence of each other; being exclu- ceiving letters for the concern, as seded from the privy, and allowed only a cretary, &c.-Becomes a baking partcommon stable bucket, as a substitute. ner.Becomes security jointly with Dr. -Visitors admitted for 15 minutes only, Trevor, baker of Kilmainham, for the ia presence of George Dunn, the depu- appointment of Simpson, gaolei thereof. ty and turnkey of Dr. Trevor. Such - Presents physician from attending admission on particular days, which state prisoners; saying, that there was were appointed by Dr. Trevor, who had a skilful physician attending the prison. the exclusive management of the prison. But Dr. Trevor had been a private sol--Letters intercepted and delayed by dier, could not therefore have had much Dr. Trevor, and opened by his Turn. skill; and a regular physician absolutely keys.--Dr. Trevor imposes on the judges, refused to consult with him, because he that he was not the baker, and brings was not of the profession. Christopher Duff bis Journeyman, for

GEORGE DUNN, ward, to swear, that he, Duff, was the Formerly Deputy and Turnkey to Dr. baker.---State allowance reduced by Dr. Trevor ; now Guoler of Kilmainham. Trevor, to 1s. 11d. per man daily. « Commissioners of prison inquiry cons Dr. Treyor swears, that all the rigors demn him, as to 7 matters of miscons were by order of the government. duct.-One instance of which was, that States Lord Hardwicke's particularity Dunn struck and knocked down Mr. therein, having the diinension; of every Myler, debtor, and when down, kicked Toom.

him violently; and next morning, chalMR. LURE WHITE.

lenged him to fight for a guinea. Said High Sheriff of the County of Dublin. George Dunn, when turnkey, during the

“ His outrageous conduct, in August, executions in 1809, entered the cell of 1804. When, at the head of 15 solo a certain state prisoner, and tauntingly diers, armed with loaded muskets and said, shewing a knife at the same time, fixed bayonets, and accompanied by a "This is the knife that cut off Felir drum boy to beat the alarm, he entered Rorke's head.'--Said Dunn declared to the yard of the prison ; where the state the state prisoners, that he had been prisoners, about 12 in number, were, employed, at Mullingar, for the intensome walking for air and exercise, some deci assassination of prisoners, that he playing at rackets. Mr. White had them would have readily obeyed any orders all forced backed to their cells and to that effect, and that similar orders apartments. N.B. To this act of out- inay be issued respecting Kilmainhum, sage he was set on by Dr. Trevor; who, which he would readily obey.-Dunn's during the transaction, remained skulk- wife cohabited with Dr. Trevor, in Kiling at the kitchen door of the prison, mainham, and the very fact can be and peeping out into the yard. Mr. proved. White did not deny that he was set on MR. SHERIDAN'S COMMISSION. by Dr. Trevor. All the prisoners ex

Commissioners. claimed against this outrageous and in “ Judge Daly. Dean Verschoyle. Wilhunan conduct; and Mr. Gray said, liam Dinsey, Esq. Barrister. Surgeon in a loud voice, in order that Dr. Tres Renny. Aud Mr. John Geale. vor inight hear him, in his lurking place, Commissioners' Report, Prinied by Or

If the devil ever inhabited a human der of house of Commons, Muy 25, 1809. form, he inhabits that of Trevor' “ Anonymous notice, and without auFurther cruelty of Mr. White in placing thority, to send in statenients in writing, Nov. 1808 --Notice, signed by order, “ The above are a few of the causes to meet at Sessions House, Green Street, which induced the state prisoners to deDublin, on the 29th Nov. 1808.-Ge- cline appearing before commissioners, NERAL COMPLAINT ofill-treatment, &c. from whom they despaired of an imparfrom state prisoners to commissioners. tial hearing. They therefore sent in Nov. 29, 1808. The appointed day their PROTEST against the form of the commissioners without any previous no- proceeding, particularly that of Privacy, tice of seclusion, shut themselves up in and solicited a public and liberal bearGrand Jury Room, with a door-keeper ing, accessible to all concerned; and stationed outside, who refused, by order not that sort of inquiry, from which they of commissioners, to take in a note or were personally excluded by commismessage. One gentleman, who, by mis- sioners, who, though their commission take of the door keeper, had been ad enjoined them to be particular, strict, initted, was instantly turned out.--At and diligent, stationed a door-keeper 10 4 o'clock, Mr. St. John MASON, at their exclude complainant, note, and mes. request, went to the commissioners. sage ; and who turned out of their room They stated various restrictions to him. an heavily aggrieved complaivant, and

OUTLINE OF THEIR REGULATIONS, also petitioner to the house of Commons, As stated to Mr. Mason, and as appears from which hon. house their existence as from their report, fc.

commissioners had originated. “ Privacy.--No complainant to read “I can produce proofs of the above his complaint to them.-No two com- facts.

St. John Mason." plainants to appear before them, at the same time; who would thus have been "A few Facts, respecting other prisons precluded from the advantage of each in Dublin; from Report of said commisother's testimony.--All complainants sioners, as printed by order of the house were required to embody their various of Commons, May 25, 1809. cases into one memorial ---Commission

PROVOST PRISON. ers declared they would receive nothing “ State Prisoners. Three cases of great which may criminate Lord Hardwicke's severity; and so acknowledged by com. government. They permit the person missioners.--All discharged without bail. accused to clear himself by his own Seventy-five state prisoners in one oath, contrary to justice and the prac- room, 37 feet by 17; had neither chair, lice of courts, which the commissioners, table, knite, nor fork. -- Deputy-marpage 34 of their report, profess to ad- shal kept a tap in this prison; no rehere to, one of whom was a judge, ano- freshment unless purchased from said ther an assistant barrister of a county. deputy. Unjustifiably exacts 6s. ed.

They also receive the testimonies of from every prisoner discharged " instruments to clear their principal; viz. A number of cases, affidavits, letturnkeys, under jailors, nurses of infir- ters, &c. are brought forward in conmaries, and approvers, to counter-swear

firmation of the truth of the charges

firmations which class, state prisoners would not descend. N.B. On said 29th Nov.

adduced. 1808, the customary entrance to said

One might imagine that the noble Sessions House was closed, early in the lord, Hardwicke, under whose adday, and at the other entrance, a per- ministration these transactions are son was stationed to say to all coming said to have taken place, and that in, that there was no busines to be Dr. Trevor. the person principally done there, that day.-- Judge Daly,

accused, would be anxious to have leading commissioner, had prejudged the cases of the state prisoners, on a former

the subject investigated by parliaoccasion, and they naturally feared, he ment; and we cannot hesitate in as. may prejudge them now. He should senting to the concluding reflections not with propriety, have been a com- of the author:-" Infamy must missioner.

“lie somewhere; and punishment “ M.. Disney,assistant barrister, may, 66 should fall either upon the perpeon such an occasion, be very reasonably supposed to be guided in opinion by the

“ trator of such crimes, if true, or judge.----Mr. Renny, surgeon, another

“ upon the calumniators if false. In cominissioner, was the reputed friend of " short government is loudly called Dr. Trevor, the party so heavily accused. “ upon, hy every -principle of jus.

" tice, of humanity, and of reve- “ wicke's administration in Ireland; “ rence for the constitution to insti- “ an investigation", adds Mr. Ma. "tute a solemn, strict and impar- son, “ which from my soul, I believe “tial investigation into the treat- " that noble lord is afraid to en"ment of the state prisoners, con- “ counter .!" “fined during the Earl of Hard

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.

EXPLANATION

gistrates are appointed, and authoOF A FORMER LETTER rity delegated in trust for the general IN REPLY TO MR. FLOWER, welfare—when the social pact, in AND REMARKS

short, is formed and completed in ON LORD GRENVILLE'S DOCTRINE all its parts,then in my humble RESPECTING THE THREE opinion the sovereignty of the people ESTATES.

has done its office, and must be con

signed to repose--from an active MR. EDITOR,

principle it becomes a passive one, I have read with attention the re- because it has created a government marks contained in your last upon whose province it is now to act; the my letter dated Jan. 13th, on the political machine is erected, and set subject of the regency. I am really a-going; the impulsion is communisorry that you should have supposed cated; and to interfere by means of there existed in my mind the least a contrary impulse can be produce desire of dictation when I writ that tive of nothing but destruction. letter, in a very hasty way, as I have If however the machine does not there said. The subject is certainly perform its office; if it hitches of great importance, and, if in deli in any of its parts; if any of its vering my sentiments upon it, I have members are faulty; then indeed had the misfortune to be thought the same power which first con. dogmatical, it must have arisen from structed, and set it a going, must the hurry in which I writ, and not be resorted to, in order to mend it. from that which, I trust, is my dis- In short I conceive, that he who toposition of mind. You say that the tally rejects the doctrine of the so-' regency question ought to be decided vereignty of the people, rejects the on the principle of the SOVEREIGNTY only solid foundation of legitimate OF THE PEOPLE.-I am of the self power and authority; but he who same sentiment. But what is it that attaches to the words such a capriwe mean by the sovereignty of the cious and unlimited controul over people? When people discuss a sub- public matters, as that not long ject with a view to the better un- since exercised in France by the poderstanding of it, they cannot be pulace, setting up one day and puttoo careful in defining the meaning ting down the next, doth what is of the words they make use of. By neither your intention nor mine, the soyereignty of the people, I bring a just principle into odium understand that natural inherent and contempt; and what is there I right in the people to choose and pray that may not, by being abused establish such a government as they be made odious and contemptible? conceive will most contribute to There is the same good faith due their social happiness; but when from a nation as from an individual; this establishment is made, and ma- cach are under the same moral tie to

keep their engagements, whilst those their prince was broken and canwith whom they have contracted, celled by his means, and consekeep theirs. Whilst the power with quently they entered again into all which the people have entrusted the their primitive rights : they actually civil magistrate is used for the pur- new modelled the inonarchy by setposes for which it was delegated they ting aside not only the father, but are not at liberty to resume it. The the son; also by making the professovereignty of the people can only in sion of the protestant faith an indisthis case be exercised when the so- pensible, qualification in all future cial contract is silent ; where a con. sovereigns; and by the adoption of tingency occurs that had not been pro- the house of Brunswick on failure of vided for; but I deny that the peo- the female line in preference to the ple are, even in that case, at liberty nearer claims of another illustrious to act without restraint, as they would house. Now all this was done by be, were the contract itself broken the people in 1688, on this elemenand dissolved : no, they must act in tary principle before alluded to, or conformity with their existing en: flowed as a consequence from what gagements. Theincapacity of George they ilon did : and if in 1688, the the Third to fulfil his engagements people, in convention, could unmake with the nation, does not annul the one king, and make another king, family compact, that the nation surely the same assembly would have has made with the house of Bruns- been competent at present to appoint wick; and by virtue of which that a kingly representative pro tempore family have an estate of inheritance without the help of fiction, without in the crown. Of this inheritance, setting upon a counterfeit third esthey cannot be divested so long as tate, to give their act a sanction they perform the duties of office, a. which it wanted not, being good and greeably to the constitution. As by valid without it! Was it not a conthe common law the guardianship vention of Lords and Commons alone of the estate of him who is non com without the intervention of the other pos mentis is given to the heir at law, estate that made William the Third on the ground that being eventually King; and does not George the Third his right, he would be the sufferer stand in William the Third's shoes ; in case of mismanagement, so it ap- and shall not that power which made pears to me that the Prince of Wales George the Third king al second hand, had (to say the least) a better claim be able also to appoint him a locum to the regency than any other man: tenens when he is unable to fill the and though the people by virtue of place himself? Shall not they who their primeval right of sovereignty created the office itself, and have nowere to decide this question, yet it minated a family to hold it, be a deappears to me that in this decision quate to the appointmentof a deputy! they could neither overlook the pac- Why then resort to a fictitious power tum familiæ existing with the house when there existed a real power adeof Brunswick, or the personal pre- quate to the purpose required? Why tensions of the Prince of Wales as try to make an act of parliament heir to the crown, who would be without a parliament? An act of the person most injured should any parliament we all know is an act of of the just rights of the crown be King, Lords and Commons, but belost or impaired by an inter-regnum. hold here an act of King, Lords, and In 1688, the people, acting upon Commons declaring that there is no the same primogenial right, had also king!! The act defeats itself, for it a much greater latitude, because says there is no effective king, what the grand paction between them and efficacy then can that instrument

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