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and it is precisely to prevent its arrival, which France may think proper to direct that these considerations are offered to against us? Or shall we be so much the public mind. That the first promo- alarmed at our present circumstances, ters and subsequent conductors of the as to suppose there is no safety but in. war bave done much to bring on such a desperation ? crisis, must be admitted; but there are “Nor must it be understood that the in this country powers of resistance depressing representations made respectwhich no misconduct of ministers can ing the condition and resources of this impair; energies which no concurrence country, are to be admitted in an unof exterior circunstances can destroy ; qualified and unlimited sense. It is only which depend not on the prosperity, or when we contemplate the prosecution the disorder, of financial arrangements, of the war, that we can be said to feel but on the limbs and strength, on the the insufficiency of our resources, or the hearts and minds of a people determined difficulties of our situation. It is the to be free. Whilst, therefore, the friends immense expenditure of our military and of peace, perceive, in its fullest extent, naval establishments the preparation the additional power acquired by our of formidable and expensive expeditions eneiny in the course of the war, they by the profuse and wanton manner in no means admit that his superiority is which the wealth of the nation is unaso great and so decisive, as to render the voidably expended and misapplied duestablishment of peace, upon safe and ring a state of warfare, that occasion honourable terms, an event beyond all this disproportion between our wants just and reasonable expectation. What and our supplies. Could we, for a momay be the consequence, if the same ment, allow ourselves to suppose, that steps which have hitherto been pursued, this enormous expenditure could, with should be persevered in to a further ex- safety to ourselves, be wholiy, or even tent, they cannot indeed foresee; but in part avoided, our prospects would they entertain not a doubt that, under suddenly change, and we should discover the present circumstances, a reconcilia- that the difficulties by which we were tion might be effected, which should surrounded were not of an absolute and not only be consistent with the honour' unalterable nature, but were merely the and interests of this country, but should result of a course of conduct which we place her beyond the apprehension of had prescribed to ourselves, and were danger from any power on earth. In determined at all events to pursue; looking to the strength and resources of To every object of our own protection France, they are not so appalled as tomto every doinestic improvement, and be forgetful of their own. If it be true, even to the liquidation of our immense that France has obtained the ascendancy incuinbrances, the revenues of the counover coptinental Europe, it is equally try are abundantly sufficient. WE ARE true, that on the ocean this country is STRONG FOR PEACE, BUT WEAK FOR unrivalled. If the revenues of France, WAR; COMPETENT TO DEFEND OURextracted from her extended population, SELVES FROM EVERY ATTACK THAT CAN be great, those of this country, which BE MADE AGAINST US; BUT INCOMPE

TENT TO CHANGE THE DESTINY OF EUindustrious people, but by an inexhaus ROPE, OR TO DRAG ITS PRESENT RULER tible foreign trade, are also great, and FROM HIS IMPERIAL HEIGHT. To supof a nature at least equally permanent. pose, therefore, that we are reduced to If a season of peace would give facilities such a state of debility by the war, as to the further power and aggrandisement to be rendered incapable of defending of France, it would afford them in a ourselves, unless we can accomplish the much greater degree to this country, destruction of our enemies, is a prewhich, froin the excellence of her ina- suinption as remote from the truth, as it nufactures, the extent of her mercantile ought to be from the apprehension of capital, and the incalculable superiority every friend to his country." of her fleets, is ready to enter on that is still * * * * * * * * * career of national prosperity for which “ That there should be a necessity, in France is yet unprepared. Does it then the present times, to enforce by argufollow, as an inevitable consequence, ments, truths which are in themselves that because we are unable to overthrow evident, is really melancholy; but such the power of France, we are incoinpe- is the dread of the power of France tent to defend ourselves from any atack that has pervaded every rank and description of persons in this country, that formed. It is not holks, and ropes, and they dare no longer trust, either to the canvas alone that constitute a navy; in dictates of their own reason, or to the order to render it coinplete and formidaevidence of their senses. Let us, how- able, skilful commanders and hardy and ever, suppose, in compliment to their experienced seamen are required, and apprehensions, that on some dark sin- these can only be obtained by a long ter's night, during the interval of a course of hostile discipline. That France treacherous peace, a naval force should should ever arrive at such a degree of be provided by our enemies, which at maritime power as to become formidabreak of day should land a numerous ble to this country, there is but one army on our own shores. Is there a chance, and that is, by our continuance British head or a British heart, that in of the present war. In the early periods contemplating the achievements of our of her revolution, France was not less countrymen in Egypt, in Italy, in Spain, inferior to her numerous adversaries in in every part of the globe in which they military strength, resources and expehave been placed in hostile array against rience, than she is now in naval power the enemy, could feel a doubt of the to this country; yet, being driven on by result? But if such have been their cour- her enemies either to submission or reage and success in distant lands, what sistance, she has, amidst dangers and would be their efforts on their own calamities, internal dissention and exshores, against an enemy whose power ternal war, fought her way through dethey have defied, whose superiority they rision, defeat, and disgrace, not only to scorn, and whose treachery they would victory and independence, but to an detest? If under the supposition of an unexampled degree of military power event, the occurrence of which defies and glory. In admiting therefore with probability, and outrages common sense Lord Grey, that our enemy now holds ut

the incasion of Englund by France in his disposal the resources of all those maa time of profound peacemwe should for ritime powers, who, in former times, one moment despair of making an effec- have even disputed with ourselves the eme tuat resistance, or of inflicting upon our pire of the seas, let us not wantonly and invaders a deserved and speedy ven- unnecessarily compel him, for his own geance, we are already ripe for the defence, to call those powers into acyoke, and ought to submit, without a tion. After having united with our almurmur, to any fate that may await us. lies to render him great by land, let us " " Fear has, however, no bounds, and now at least take care that we do not national fears act as an epidemic. It render bim great by sea. At present his moy therefore, perhaps, be said, that navies are growing in the woods, and his although no avowed preparations mar, seamen tilling the fields, or filling the during a state of peace, be made by ranks of his armies. Let us he cautious France for the destruction of this count how we compel them to appear in more try, yet that such a state will afford our formidable situations. Men act not enemies an opportunity of building a without motives; and without our hostinavy, in the various ports now under lity, our adversary can have no adequate their authority, to be ready for effecting reason for engaging in the task of forintheir purpose in case of a rupture, the ing a naval establishment that may rival causes of which are always in the power that of this country. In the present siof either party. This, however is, in tuation of the globe, he is already supefact, only a recurrence to the former rior to every other vaval power, and argument, and consequently admits of can therefore entertain no fear but from a similar reply. Ships cannou be built, ourselves. Even our maritime strength and navies formed in seeret; and if such is to him no legitimate object of envy. preparations were made, beyond the ex- Ships, colonies, and commerce, which tent which the exigencies of a country are to us of indispensible necessity, are in a state of peace might require, they to him only of secundary importance. would first become the proper object of The attempt to attain them would only Temonstrance, and, for want of explana- involve him in new contests, which it is tion, of hostile interference, upon the his true interest to avoid; and notwithadmitted principle before stated; but, standing his memorable language reindependent of this, it may justly be specting them, which produced such a * observed, that the period of peace is sensation in this country, there is little not the time in which a navy can be probability of his directing his efforts to

this purpose; otherwise, he would not French aggrandizement, but to the atin the negociations of 1806, have pro- tack of the allied sovereigns of Europe posed to divest France of so important a upon the then almost defenceless terria portion of her colonial possessions, in tory of France? To what is every acboth the East and West Indies. It is cession that she has made, to be in fact therefore apparent, that if France ever imputed, but to a perseyerance in the become a great naval power, England same hostile measures? Yet it must lie must not only compel her to the neces- confessed, that at times, just and reasity of it, but must undertake to be her sonable hopes might have been enterinstructor; and that for making an at- tained, that the power of the states tempt which must necessarily employ so confederated against ber would prore large a proportion of her resources, she successful, and be found sufficient-if can have no motive but the expectation not to conquer France, at least to keep of terminating a war, the continuance her within her own limits; but, note of which cannot fail, from the nature withstanding these warlike powers, are and extent of our strength, to be the rayed against her on every part of her Perpetual object of her vigilance and frontiers, she has broken through the her apprehension."

iron boundary, and diffused herself, Our author farther enforces his

like an ungovernable torrent, on every

side. Upon what grounds is it then to argument by a glance at past events,

be argued, that the subjugation of from which be draws this just and France, which, when she was in a state important conclusion:--That the pre of disorder and debility, could not be sent aggrandiscment of France is not effected by the united etforts of Europe, owing to the imprudent peace we

should vow, when she has acquired an made with her, but to our various

accession of power beyond all that

could have been conjectured, be acefforts made to oppose her in every

complished by the sole efforts of this part of the globe where we imagined country, not only without the aid of, any prospect of success; and that, but in opposition to, those very powers, if Lord Grey hard restored peace in in alliance with whom we commenced 1806, it is highly probable that the the war? To what strange perversity continent would not have been re- are we to attribute the conduct of our duced to its present unfortunate

statesmen, who, in proportion as the

attainment of the object becomes more state.

jinpracticable, and the attempt more " Reflections of this nature (adds Mr. dangerous, strengthen and confirm theinR.)inay besupposed to have been as likely selves in their determination to pursue to occur to Lord Grey as to any man now it; who, after having been repeatedly living. He must have recollected what foiled in the attempt to conquer France the relative situation of France and this by superiority of numbers, now expect country was in 1806, and he cannot but to accomplish it with an inferiority so rebe sensible, that the astonishing diffe- markable as to render all comparison as rence between that and the present, has ridiculous; who, instead of learning caubeen occasioned, not by a peace, but tion from their own disappointments and by a continuation of the war; which, their own weakness, feel only exasperawhilst it has increased the resources and tion at the power of the enemy; who extended the dominions of France, has indulge their wishes, rather than their greatly diminished the power and influ expectations, and in the eagerness of ence of this country; has actually de- their desires to humiliate that foe whom stroyed a great proportion of her 'mili- they have so eminently contributed to tary, and has reduced her to a situation, raise, forget that the same causes will Thot only comparatively, but positively continue to produce the saine effects; lower, than she was at the time such and who have flattered their owu paspacification was proposed. Yet with a sions, and prejudices to such a degree, full view of these circumstances, his as even to stiginatize as IRRATIONAL, or lordship stands forward to say, that be- INSANE, all those who would oppose cuuse the power of France is unhappily their destructive career.-In the debate established over the greater part of Eun on this subject in the house of Lords, rope, we must continue the war! To the Earl of Liverpool is said to have obwhat are we to attribute the origin of served, in his reply to Lord Grey, that

VOL. IX.

ku winterer difference of opinion for- IN THE POWER OF THIS COUNTRY TO 66 merlu existed on the subject of the CONTROUL THE AFFAIRS, AND PREai war, he believed, amongst all soBER, SCRIBE THE DESTINY OF EUROPE; and « FATIONAL, men, bnt little contrariety that it IS ONLY TO A CESSATION OF « of sentiment remained."

HOITILITIES AND A SEASON OF REPOSE, The author then proceeds to con THAT WE ARE NOW TO LOOK FOR EFFECsider the different mode proposed by

TUAL RELIEF." Lord Grey of carryiug on the war,

We cannot help ex pressing our reand after exposing the folly of our

gret that Mr. Roscoe has confined his advancing and retiring at pleasure,

strictures to one topic of Lord Grey's or taking just as much or as little spa

speech. The sentiments of his lordSwart as we choose, concludes his ship on the subject of a reform of pamphlet with the following reflec. parlament deserve equally to be retions which we earnestly wish were P

probated with those on the subject engraven on the hearts of our coun- , of the war. Although his lordship

had from his language at different trymen in general, and of our statesmen in particular.

times since his connection with Lord “ The apprehensions so generally en

Grenville, afforded ample ground tertained in this country of the conse- for suspicion that he had given up quences of a peace with France, are those opinions on this important subrather the spectres of an inflamed imagi- ject, he had so frequently and forci. nation, than the legitimate offspring of bly incalculated for twenty years in reason and of truth. This will be the the house of Cómmons, yet his speech more apparent to any man, the more he

on this motion for the address may will endeavour to analyze and define the vague, indistinct, and general positions be considered as the first open avowof those, who contend for a continuance, al of his apostacy. On that occaunder, some mode or other, of the present tion he explicitly declared—“ That war. Very evident, substantial, and im “ his opinions on the subject of a remediate, are, on the contrary, the evils " form of parliament hodin

“ form of parliament had undergone that must result from its furiber prosecu

some change. If he had ever said tion. However desirable it may be to this country to bumble the power and

" that without a parliamentary reform, pride of France, experience has shown

no administration could act usefully that it is not by hostility that this is like " for the country, that opinion he must ly to be effected. War it appears is the now retract; he thought if minielement in which she lives, the nutri “ sters had sufficient power, even as ment on which she feeds; and whilst war

" the house of Commons was now continues, she will continue to invigo

“ composed, that they migbt do everate and strengthen herself at the expence of surrounding states. If, in com

“ ry thing that was required for the pliance with the plan proposed by Lord “good of the country; but to do so Grey, the war be conducted on our part " they must possess the confidence with economy and caution, and be prin of the people and the confidence of cipally confined to a defensive system, “ the crown; for without the latter we shall only depress the spirit of the “ as well as the former. they could country, and prolong the anxiety and

“ not act with full effect, but must distresses of the people, by un inefficient, a protracted, and, in the end a ruinous

“ be subject to every obstruction.” warfure. If, on the other hand, we The long administration of " the resort to measures of annoyance and at- “ great statesman now no more," has tack; if we fit out expensive armaments, pretty well illustrated the nature of engage in hazardous expeditions, and

that confidence which ministers may subsidize with immense sums every country that can be induced to oppose our

possess on the part of both king and enemy, we must expect a repetition of people, and the means by which it the sume misfortunes that we have here may be procured. Some additional tofore erperienced A long course, of dis illustration of the subject has been astrous events has shown THAT IT IS NOT afforded by the present “ no popery"

administration. The friends of peace ward situation in which the governaad reform have, however, to ac- ment of the country has been placed knowledge their obligations to Lord since the appointment of the Regent, Grey for his frankness : he can no who has, on account of the prolonger deceive them; the opinions bable restoration of his Majesty, his lordship bas so openly avowed thought proper to retain his servants, must render it a matter of perfect although it is well known he has no indifference whether ne be in or out partiality for the men, if for their of administration. Were he indeed general system, is perhaps the reason to retire to his seat in Northumber- why Mr. S. has declined bringing land, to give up politics altogether, forward the business : but the public and to spend the remainder of his good ought to be paramonnt to every days in solitude and penitence, he other consideration, and we cannot probably would save himself much but lament that the opposition to the vexation, and his best friends the Perceval administration have not mortification of witnessing a politi- been somewhat more attentive to cal career, which, to borrow his lan- their duty in parliament than of late guage applied some years since to they appear to have been. the career of “the geeat statesman Mr. St. John Mason, in his dedi“ now no more", but now the ob- cation, challenges any one to disject of his lordship's panegyric, pute the facts he has brought forward “ exhibits one continued tissue of to demonstrate that there has been, " apostacy !"

more particularly in the department of the prison in which he has been

confined, a system of atrocity and PEDRO REDIVIVUS.

delinquency, practised by the proPrison Abuses in Ireland, exemplified fessed instruments of government,

by Documents setting furth the Op acting under its sanction, and wieldpressions and Atrocities of Doctor ing a sort“ of irresponsible authoTrevor, and his associates, as prac “rity, which that government contised upon State Prisoners of Kit “ tinued to extend, in the exact mainham; which Oppressions are: “ ratio of the abuses which had been alleged to have been committed by “committed." Order of Government. during the Of the nature and enormity of the Earl of Hardwicke's administration abuses complained of, our readers in Ireland. Selected by St. John may form a tolerable opinion by peMuson, Esq. Barrister at Law; rusing the following Index, “referand dedicated to the right hon. “ ring,” as the author expressess it, R. B. Sheridan. p. 156. 2s. 6d. “ to a few STRONG FACTS.” Prefixed to this pamphlet which

" INDEX. contains much matter afforded at a a

“ Doctor TREVOR. cheap rate, is a declaration of the

Dr. Trevor puts 5 stone weight of iron author, thal Mr. Sheridan assures

on Mr. Carty, which commissioners of

prison inquiry condem.--Blackens Mr. him that notwithstanding the trea

Carty's character to Mrs. Carty, before cherous and underhand efforts which

she is permitted to see bin. Customary he knows have been made by the de practice of Dr. Trevor.--Requires Mr. linquents, he will bring forward early Cariy and Mr. Galland to transport in the present session, the question

themselves. Says, if Mr. Carty consent of Prison Abuses in Ireland. A cone

the rigours of his imprisonment shall be

abated.--Puis 56 pounds weight of iron siderable part of the session is, how

on Mr. Coile for 3 months. N.B. The ever, elapsed, and the public have

marks of the irons on his legs to this day. nol yet had any hint from Mr. -Puts enormous irons on the state priSheridan on the subject. The awk- soners; strikes them off state allowance,

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