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to health. Reflections on Mr. Pitt's conduct during these

discussions-On the proposed dismission of the King's

Confidential Servants by the Regent-Proceedings on the

Regency in the Irish Parliament- Their precipitate con-

duct-Declare the Prince Regent-Glaring instance of

ibeir inaccuracy on a constitutional point-The Marquis

of Buckingbam (Lord Lieutenant) refuses to transmit

their Address-Delegates appointed to carry it to the

Prince-The Prince's Answer considered as an indirect

censure on the Parliament of Great Britain-Protests of

the Irish Peers against the legality of these proceedings,

and pointing out their dangerous tendency."

CHAPTER XIII.

The Parliament opened by Commission-Unanimous address

of Congratulation on the King's recovery-Bill for for-

tifying the Colonies passed---General Thanksgiving- Uni-

versal rejoicings on the occasion-Mr. Beaufoy's motion

for the repeal of the Test Laws negatived by a Majority

of Twenty-Mr. Pitt opens the Budget-His financial

Statements opposed by Mr. Sheridan, and adopted by the

House-Mr. Pitt proposes to subject Tobacco 'to the

Excise-Reflections on the extension of the Excise Laws

Objections to the proposed plan by the Manufacturers

The Bill for carrying it into effect passed into a Law-

Parliament prorogued_Affairs of France - Riots at Paris-

Attempts to seduce the Troops--Second Assembly of

Notables-Discussions respecting the convocation of the

States-General unnecessary and dangerous-Mr. Nec-

kar– No Statesman-Good intentions no excuse for

profound incapacity-Epigram on Mr. Neckar - The

Notables décide in favour of the established usage in the

formation of the States – Their decision opposed by Mr.

Neckar, who prefers and acts upon his own-Memorial of

the Princes of the Blood to the King, foretelling the cala-

mities to which their Country would be exposed--The

Duke of Orleans refuses to sign it - Character and Conduct

a kobiet of that Prince-Employs the Abbé Sieyes to draw up the

Instructions for “his bailiwicks-Parliament of Paris

publish a resolution on the state of the Nation—Their

Influence is lost, and their resolution received with indiffe-

rence-Mr. Neckar insists, in contradiction to the King,

to the Princes of the Blood, and to the Parliament, on

allowing a double number of Representatives to the Com-

mons-The King yields to his Advice-Factious proceed-

ings in the Palais-Royal-Riot at Paris –Many of the

mob killed by the Troops - Rioters hired at 12 livres a

day—The States-General assemble at Versailles-The

King's Speech - Mr. Neckar's speech produces general

disappointment-Contest between the different orders

respecting the verification of powers—Views of the demo-

cratic party-Conference between Malouet, Sieyes, and ·

Target-Avowed plan for the destruction of Nobility

The Commons declare themselves duly constituted -

Debate respecting the name which they should assume –

Adopt, on the motion of Sieyes, that of National

Assembly-Resolve to act without the other two orders-

Falsehood of their declarationexposed — Their usurpation---

Declare all existing taxes illegal. Continue them by their

own authority-Mob employed to insult the first two

orders of the State - The King orders the Hall of the

Commons to be prepared for a Royal Session-The Presi-

dent, Bailly, apprised of the King's intention-Misre-

presentations of the King's conduct on this occasion

exposed–The Conimons adjourn to a Tennis Court-

Take an oath not to separate-One member only refuses

to take it-Hold their next sitting in the Church of St.

Louis-Re-joined by a number of the clergy-The Royal

Session-The King proposes a plan of reform highly

favourable to the Liberty of the Subject-Reflections on

this plan-Mr. Neckar absents himself from the Royal

Session-Motives of his absence-Factious Speech of

Mirabeau-The Commons, on the suggestion of Mirabeau,

declare their own persons inviolable ;-and all those Trai-

tors to their country, who shall dare to reproach them

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for their conduct-Observations on this declaration-

Neckar courts the applause of the mob—The mob attack

the Archbishop of Paris-Motion for the clergy to join

the Commons rejected by a majority of one--Afterwards

carried by a stratagem of the Archbishop of Bourdeaux-

Scandalous behaviour of some of the clergy-Democratic

meeting at Mr. Neckar's house-Forty-four members of

the Nobles join the Commons-Popular outcry against

Aristocrats—The King's conference with the Presidents,

and some leading members of the first two orders—The

Nobles and Clergy, at the King's request, join the Com-

mons-Excellent speech of the Archbishop of Aix-

Fresh disturbances at Paris-Troops stationed for the pro-

tection of the capital-The Assembly address the King to

remove them-Mirabeni's seditious speech-King refuses

to disreiss the Troops, but offers to remove the assembly-

· Dismission of Neckar-Commotions in Paris–Treachery of

the French Guards-The populace force the prisons-The

National Assembly again importune the King to remove

the Troops—The mob attack the Hotel des Invalides,

and carry away all the arms-Imbecility of M. de Som-

breuil-The Bastille attacked-- Surrendered-Misconduct

of M. de Launay, and M. de Buzenival Curious motive

for it-Murder of M. de Launay, and M. de Flesseles.-

Misrepresentations respecting the surrender of the Bas-

tille corrected-Critical situation of the King--The

assembly once more call upon him to remove the

troops-He yields at last to their request--and gives his

sanction to the establishment of the militia, as National

guards of Paris-Ohject of the Conspirators in the

assembly–The Orleans committee Cowardice of the

Duke of Orleans-Mirabeau's opinion of him-Offer of

Marshall Braglio to remove the Royal Family to Metz

rejected by the King-The Assembly send a deputation to

Paris-Eloquent speech of the Couni de Lally-Tolendal --

The King goes to Paris-His reception by the populace -

Murder of Messrs. Fonlon and Berthier--Atrocious.obser-

vation of Barnave in the National Assembly--Recal of

Neckar-Addresses of congratulation to the Assembly

drawn up at Versailles by the Breton Club-Dreadful

state of the country–The conspirators impute the public

disorders to the intrigues of English Agents—The Duke

of Dorset's letter to the minister repelling the imputation-

Memorable sitting of the assembly on the evening of

the third of August, All Feudal rights annihilated-

Tithes suppressed – And property invaded – Salutary

decree for abolishing the sale of places, and for other

useful purposes-Speech of the Abbé Sieyes, in defence

of the property of the Church-Contrasted with his

writings --Public diorders increase-Neckar" proposes a

small Loan-Fails in his efforts to obtain it-Illegal

proceedings of the National Assembly-Project of the

Conspirators for removing the Assembly to Paris-In-

tended attack on the Palace—The Assembly early apprized

of it-The Regiment of Flanders called to Versailles for

the protection of the Royal Family - The mob and the

· Paris Militia proceed to Versailles Mounier's reproof

of Mirabeau—The King forbids his body guards to fire

on the mobmor to repel force by force-M. de St. Priest

urges the King and the Royal Family to leave Versailles-

The King promises, but recals his promise-La Fayette

requests the King to go to rest, and answers for his secu-

rity-The Palace attacked—Attempt to murder the

Queen - The Duke of Orleans directs the mob to the

Queen's apartment-Gallant conduct of the Body Guards

Some of them murdered—The mob driven out of the

Palace-The King and Royal Family remove to Paris--Are

followed by the National Assembly.

CHAPTER XIV.

Favourable sentiments of the People of England respecting the

French Revolution-Attachment to the Constitution of

Great Britain-The cause of those sentiments in some-

Imputable to Revolutionary principles in others. The

Revolution Society-Doctor Price --Earl Stanhope-Con-
gratulatory address of the Society to the National Assem-

bly of France, adopted at the instigation of Doctor

Price-Contrast between the British and French Revolu-

tions-Cautious conduct of Mr. Pitt, on the subject of

French affairs-Meeting of Parliament--Army Estimates

-Opposed by Mr. Fox, as too great-Mr. Fox echoes the

sentiments of Mirabeau and Robespierre, in panegyrising

the rebellious conduct of the French Military, which he

bolds up as a glorious example to all the armies in Europe

-Tendency of such praise-Answered by Colonel Phipps,

who contrasts the conduct of the British troops, in 1780,

with that of the French at this period.--Mr. Pitt supports

the proposed Estimates—Mr. Fox again applauds the

French Revolution-Eloquent speech of Mr. Burkem

Mr. Burke apuy characterises the spirit and principles of

the French Revolution, and the conduct of the French

soldiers; and contrast them with those of the English

Revolution, and of the English soldiers—Mr. Sheridan

opposes Mr. Burke, and praises the French Revolution-

Charges Mr. Burke with having libelled Bailly and La

Fayette-Mr. Pitt closes the debate, and expresses his

thanks to Mr. Burke Mr. Fox moves for the repeal of the

Test and Corporation Acts-Debates on the subject--Mr.

Pilt opposes the motion-Defines the nature of Toleration

-Defends the principle of Tests, as congenial with the

spirit of a monarchial Government-Argues the question

on the double ground of right and of policy-Proves the

Test Laws to be no violation of the rights of the subject,

but a 'restriction on the prerogative of the King—Demo-

· states the necessity of an Established Church, and the

necessity of Test Laws for its support—Mr. Burke sup-

ports the arguments of Mr. Pitt-Notices a meeting of

Dissenters at Bolton-Acknowledgment of their designs

to abolish Tithes and the Liturgy-Exposes the dangerous

tendency of their conduct-Motion rejected by a great

- majority=Parlimentary reform--Mr. Flood's project,

Opposed by Mr. Windham ; by Mr. Pitt ; withdrawn-

-Mr. Sheridan moves for the repeal of the Tobacco Act

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