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Answered by Mr. Pitt, who defends the law, and exposes

the frauds of manufacturers-Motion rejected on a

division-Mr. Pitt opens the Budget---Prosperous state of

the Revenue---Reverse of the picture, by Mr. Sheridan-

dispute with Spain-Nootka Sound-King's message to

Parliament Address of both Houses-King's speech-

· Dissolution of Parliament-Mr. Fitzherbert sent to Madrid

--Discussions between the British Ambassador and the

Spanish Minister-Spain applies to France for the fulfil-

ment of the Family compact--France not disposed to go

to war with England-Spain, despairing of assistance,

complies with the deinands of England - Final adjustment

of the dispute in contention.

: CHAPTER XV.

Proceedings of the National Assembly of France ---Declare the

old Laws to be in force until new' Laws shall be

-enacted ---Dissent of the People from such Declaration---

The will of the People, or rather the will of the Parisian

populace, becomes the law of the Nation--- Riots ensue---

Hopes raised by Neckar's promises dissipated---Distresses

of the Country---Enormous deficit--- Assignats issued on

the security of the Estates of the Church, which are

ordered to be sold---Offer of the Clergy to supply the sum

required rejected by the Assembly---The Public compelled

to receive Assignats at par---Titles and Armorial bearings

suppressed on the motions of Charles de Lameth, and

Matthew de Montmorenci---Conquerors of the Bastille

rewarded by the Assembly, but resign the honours pro-

posed to be conferred on them---A deputation to the As-

sembly from all the nations of the Earth---Anacharsist

Clootz a Prussian vagabond, orator of the deputation---

Favourably received by the Assembly---Curious Anecdote

of this Deputation---The King resolves to put himself at

the head of the Revolution---Communicates his resolu-

tion to the Assembly--- Weakness and inefficacy of this

Attempt---Robespierre becomes conspicuous---Marat

excites the People to Rebellion---Seditious language of

Camille Desmoulins--- Proposal of Mr. Malouet, for pro-

secuting these Libels, first adopted, and afterwards de-

feated---Amnesty passed for all Revolutionary Crimes---

Motions for a similar Amnesty, for all persons accused of

opposing the Revolution, rejected---Tumult in the Assem.

bly excited by a Speech of the President de Frondeville---

The President prints his Speech--- Is imprisoned in his own

House, by order of the Assembly--- Reflections on this

Transaction---The Duke of Orleans, at the instigation of

his mistress, sends a challenge to M. de Frondeville, but

dares not meet him ---Neckar, alarmed for his safety, flies

from the Capital, and leaves the Kingdom---Opening of

the new Parliament of England---The King's Speech-

Debates on the Convention with Spain, which is censured

by Mr. Fox---Supported by Mr. Pitt---Mr. Pitt proposes

means for defraying the Expenses of the late Armament-

Mr. Burke's Motion respecting the Impeachment of Mr.

Hastings---Mr. Pitt's Speech---He defends the Rights and

Privileges of Parliament. --Contends that an Impeachment

by the Commons is not abated by a dissolution-Examines

the Question on the grounds of Precedent-Of the pra-

tice of Parliament, and of judicial Decisions, and the

Opinions of eminent Lawers Animadversions on the

mode of Prosecution by Impeachment, and on the Judi-

cial Power exercised by the House of Commons--The

House resolve, by a great majority, to proceed with the

Impeachment of Mr. Hastings - Mr. Burke proposes to

limit the Prosecution to one more Charge-Remarks on

his Speech-Motion for putting a stop to all further Pro-

ceedings rejected, and Mr. Burke's motion carried-War

in India—Reprobated by Mr Fox-Defended by Mr. Pitt-

Approved by the House---Mr. Wilberforce moves the

Abolition of the Slave Trade-Mr. Pitt's Speech in favour

of the motion.--Arguments in defence of the Trade---

Motion rejected by a considerable majority-Philanthro-

pic spirit of the Age-Laudable in its Principle, though

mistaken in its application Repeal of certain Penalties

and Disabilities, to which Papists were subjected by the

Act 10. of William III. for preventing the growth of

Popery---The Papists not satisfied by such partial Relief---

Declaration of one of their members on that Subject---

Petition of certain English Catholic Dissenters to the
House of Commons--- They renounce many obnoxious

tenets of the Church of Rome---They are not Dissenters

merely in name, but in fact---The tenets which they re-

nounced proved to have been enforced by the decrees of

general councils, which all Papists are bound to obey-

Bill for the relief of these Catholic Dissenters introduced

by Mr. Mitford (now Lord Redesdale)-Supported by

Mr. Windham and Mr. Fox-Mr. Fox defends the Bill,

but insists that it does not sufficiently extend the principle

of Toleration—Quotes the example of Prussia, Holland,

America, and France-Those examples shewn to be ir-

relevant---Comments on Mr. Fox's notion of Toleration

-The Bill passes both Houses without opposition--The

proposed Oath of Allegiance to be taken by the Catholic

Dissenters, modified by the Bishop of St. David's~Obser-

vations on that Oath-Debates on the Bill for giving a

New Constitution to Canada --Mr. Pitt's Speech - Pro-

poses the division of Canada into two Provinces, and the

establishment of two distinct Governments—The Bill

passes through its first Stages without Opposition or De-

bate-Unexpectedly opposed by Mr. Fox on the Report

He condemns the whole of its Regulations---He repro-

bates the establishment of Hereditary Honours---Reduces

the distinction of such honours, in established Govern-

ments, to a mere question of prudence-Mischievous

tendency of such Principles-He censures the Provision

of the Clergy as too liberal, and recommends the Govern-

ment of France and America, as affording better models

for a good Constitution-Is answered by Mr. Pitt, who

deprecates the introduction of Republican principles into the

British Consticution–The Bill is re-committed-Com,

mittee on the State of the Nation-Mr. Sheridan panegy-
rises the French Revolution-Mr. Fox pronounces it to be
a stupendous monument of human happiness Acknow-
ledges a complete change in his system of external Politics
to have been produced by the change in the government
of France-Tendency of his speech to encourage and pro-
pagate Revolutionary Principles in Great Britain.

THE

POLITICAL
LIFE OF MR. PITT.

CHAPTER XI.

Affairs of France-Weak and Impolitic Conduct of the French

Ministers-Powers of the Parliaments-defined by Louis the Sixteenth-Their opposition to the King - Their illegal pretensions—Beneficial plan of the Ministry—frustrated by the Parliament of Paris-Bed of justice at Versailles The Nobility and Clergy, support the Parliament against their Sovereign-Domestic Concerns-The King's Illness --Parliament assemble-Adjourn for a fortnight-General summons of the members ordered-Examination of the King's Physicians by the Privy Council-their re-examination by a Committee of the House of Commons-Mr. Pitt proposes to appoint a Committee to search for precedents-Opposed by Mr. Fox, who asserts the Prince's Right to the Regency—The Claim of Right resisted by Mr. Pitt, who insists on the necessity of a formal decision on the subject by Parliament-Supported by Mr. FoxDebates on the same question in the House of Lords Explanatory speech of Mr. Fox-answered by Mr. Pitt, who states the outline of his proposed plan for the Regency

-Mr. Pitt's Conduct justified Proceedings in the House of Lords-Speech of the Duke of York deprecating the discussion of the question of Right-Debate, in the Vol. II.

Commons, on the question of Right, and on the plan of the Regency -- Mr. Pitt's Speech on the subject-Asserts the Right of Parliament to appoint a Regent, and to define his powers-Controverts the principles advanced by Lord Loughborough+Moves Three (Resolutions - Lord North moves an Amendment-reprobates the alleged right of Parliament, as a violation of the Constitution, and refers to the Revolution for a precedent-Ketlections on his speech, and the applicability of his precedent examinedSmollet's Comments on the proceedings in 1688.-His notions of the Constitution proved to be erroneous and absurd—Plan of proceeding proposed, different from the plans suggested by either party-Able Speech of Mr. Fox defends himself against the charge of Inconsistency-Mr. Pitt's reply-Lord North's : motion negatived by the House and Mr. Pitt's Resolutions carried—Farther De. bates-Mr. Fox examines the applicability of the precedent of the Revolution to the case of the Regency—Is answered by Mr. Pitt-The Solicitor-General asserts the Right claimed for the Prince to be illegal-Mr. Fox urges a strong objection to the proposed plan of Proceeding Majority of seventy-three in favour of Mr. Pitt's propositions-Discussions, in the House of Lords-Resolutions carried by a large majority-Mr. Pitt communicates his plan of the Regency to the Prince of Wales, in a letter, in obedience to the Prince's, commands-The Prince's answer-Observations thereon.

[graphic]

[1788.) During this year, the domestic concerns of the French nation began to attract the serious.attention of all Europe, and to assume ea gloomy and portentous aspect. It has been seen that the King, and his ministers, had

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