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This resolution is the less astonishing in the magistrates of a parliament, whose peculiar character is an inviolable fidelity to their kings, and an invincible courage in the greatest dangers. But can we sufficiently admire the extraordinary generosity, which inspired the townsmen of Calais with love to their country, and a view to the public good! The town reduced by famine to the last extremity, offered to capitulate. The king of England, [h] provoked at their holding out so long, refused them quarter, except upon this sole condition: “ That six of the prin

cipal townsmen, with their heads uncovered, their “ feet bare, and halters about their necks, should

bring him the keys of the town and castle in their “ bands; that upon these he would execute his plea; “sure, and receive the rest to mercy.” When they had assembled the town), one of the chiefest townsmen, named Eustace de St. Pierre, began to speak; and he spoke with a courage and resolution, which would have done honour to the ancient Roman citizens in the days of the republic; he said, that he offered himself to be the first victin for the safety of the rest of the people, and that rather than see his fellow-countrymen perish by hunger and the sword, he would be one of the six that should be given up to the king of England's vengeance. Five others, encouraged by his discourse and example, offered themselves with him. They were conducted in the equipage prescribed, amidst the confused cries and lamentations of the people. The king of England was inclined to execute them; but the queen, touched with compassion, and breaking out into tears, threw herself at his majesty's feet, and obtained their pardon.

When the great Condé commanded the Spanish army in Flanders, and laid siege to one of our towns

, a soldier being ill treated by a general officer and struck several times with a cane for some disrespect[6] P. Daniel.


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ful words he had let fall, answered very coolly, that he should soon make him repent of it.

Fifteen days after, the same general officer ordered the colonel of the trenches to find him out a bold and intrepid fellow in his regiinent for a notable piece of work he wanted to be done, for which he promised a reward of a hundred pistoles. The soldier we are speaking of, who passed for the bravest of the regiment, offered his service, and taking with him thirty of his comrades, of whom the choice was left to himself, discharged his commission, [i] which was a very hazardous one, with incredible courage and success. Upon his return, the general officer highly com mended him, and gave him the hundred pistoles he had promised. The soldier presently distributed them among his comrades, saying, he did not serve for pay, and demanded only that if his late action seemed to deserve any recompence, they would make him an officer. And, now Sir, adds he to the general officer, who did not know him, I am the soldier you so much abused fifteen days ago, and I told you,

I would make you repent of it. The general officer in great admiration, and melting into tears, threw his arms around his neck, begged his pardon, and gave him a commission that very day. The great Condé took a pleasure in telling this story, as the bravest action in a soldier he had ever heard of. I had it from a person to whom M. le Prince, the great Condé's son, has ofien told it.

The same cannon-ball that killed M. Turenne, carried off an arın from M. St. Hilaire, lieutenant general of the artillery. His son breaking out into tears and lamentations, Hold your tongue, child, says he to him, and pointing to M. de Turenne, as he lay dead, there's a proper subject for your tears.

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() The business was to know, the covered way, discharged his betore they made a lodgment, whe- commission so well, that he brought ther the enemy were underinining off the hat and instruments of one the glacis. The soldier, as soon as of the miners whom he had killed it was night, throwing himself into in the mine.

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[ki] I have already spoke of the famous Henry de Mesmes, one of the most illustrious magistrates of his time. The king, (Henry II. if I am not mistaken) having offered him the place of advocate-general, he took the liberty to represent to his majesty, that the place was not vacant. It is, answered the king, because I am dissatisfied with the person that fills it. Ercuse me, Sir, answered Henry de Mesmes, after having modestly spoken in defence of the person accused, I had rather tear up the ground with my nails, than enter into that post through such a gate

. The king gave ear to his remonstrance, and continued The advocate-general in his place ; who coming the next day to thank hin for the services he had done him, Henry de Mesmes would scarce accept of his acknowledgments for doing what he said was an indispensible duty, and which he could not have omitted without disgracing himself for ever.

A president à Mortier [?] had thoughts of quitting his post, in hopes of procuring it for his son. Lewis XIV. who had promised M. Peletier, then comptroller-general, to give him the first that fel!, offered him this. M. Peletier, after making his most humble acknowledgments, added, that the president who had quitted, had a son, and his majesty had ever been well satisfied with the family. “I am not used to “ be answered thus,” replies the king, in surprise at his conduct and generosity; "well, you shall have the “next then.” Nor did he wait long for it; for within two years after, M. le president le Coignieux dying without a son, so noble a disinterestedness was rewarded.

And here I must ask, when we read of such actions, can we possibly resist the impression they make upon our hearts.

It is this voice and [m] testimony of an upright, staunch, and pure nature, not yet cor

[6] Memoires Manuscrits, quoted vitatibus detorta uniuscujusque naalready in the first volume.

tura, toto statim pectore arriperet [] C). Peleterii Vita.

artes honestas. Dialog. de Oratoim] Quæ disciplina eò pertinebat, ribus, cap. 28. ut sincera & integra, & nullis pra

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rupted by ill examples and bad principles, which should be the rule of our judgments, and is in a manner the basis of this Taste for solid Glory and real Greatness I am now speaking of. And it is our business to attend solely to this voice, consult it in all things, and conform to its dictates.

I know very well that something else is requisite, besides precepts and examples, to make a man thus superior to the strongest passions, and that God alone can inspire him with these sentiments of nobleness and grandeur, as the heathens themselves inform us. [n] Bonus vir sine Deo nemo est. An potest aliquis supra fortunam, nisi ab illo adjutus, erurgere? Me dat consilia magnifica f erecta. [o] But we cannot too much inculcate these principles into youth; and it were to be wished they could never hear any other discourse, and that these precepts were continually sounded in their ears. [p] The principal fruit of history is to preserve and invigorate those sentiments of probity and integrity we bring into the world'with us; or, if we have swerved from them, to draw us back by degrees, and re-kindle in us those precious sparks, by frequent examples of virtue. [9] A master well skilled in directing the genius, which is the principal province, will omit no opportunity of instilling into his scholars the principles of honour and equity, and of exciting in thein a sincere love of virtue, and abhorrence of vice. [1] As they are of an age as yet tender and tractable, and corruption has not taken

Offic. 1. 5.

[1] Senec. Ep. 41.

[9] Civitatis rectorem decet. .. [O] Conducere arbitror talibus verbis, & his mollioribus, curare aures tuas vocibus undique circum- ingenia, ut facienda suadeat, cupidisonare, nec eas, si fieri posset, quid. tatemque honesti & æqui conciliet, quam aliud audire. Cic. lib. 3. animis, faciatque vitiorum odium,

pretium virtutum. Sen. lib. 1. de [p] Omnium honestarum rerum

Ira, cap. 5: semina animi gerunt, quæ admoni- fr] Facillimè tenera conciliantur tione excitantur : non aliter quàm ingenia ad honesti rectique amo. scintilla fatu levi adjuta ignem

Adhuc docilibus, leviterque suum explicat. Senec. Ep. 94. corrupris, injicit manum veritas, si

Hæc est sapientia, in naturam advccatum idoneum nacta est. Seo converti, & eò restitui, unde public nec. Ep. 108. cus error expulerit. Ibid.

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deep root in them, the truth more easily finds entrance into their minds, and fixes itself there without difficulty, if ever so little assisted by the master's wise reflections, and scasonable counsels.

When, upon every point of history read to them, or at least upon the brightest and most important, they are asked what they think, what seems beautiful, great, and commendable, and on the contrary, what blamable and contemptible, it seldom happens but youth answer justly and rationally, and pass a sound and equitable judgment upon whatever is proposed to them. It is this answer, this judgment, which, as I have already said, is in them the voice of nature and right reason, and cannot be suspected because not suggested, that becomes in them the rule of a good taste with respect to solid Glory and true Greatness. When we see a Regulus exposing himself to the most cruel torments, rather than break his word; a Cyrus and Scipio making a public profession of continence and wisdom; all the ancient Romans, so illustrious, and so generally esteemed, leading a poor, frugal, and sober life ; and on the other hand, see actions of treachery, debauchery, dissoluteness, low and sordid avarice, in great and considerable persons, they hesitate 110t a moment to pronounce in favour of the side they ought.

[s] Seneca, speaking of one of his masters, says, that when he heard him discourse of the advantages of poverty, chastity, sobriety, and a conscience pure and unblamable, he went away from his lectures, enamoured of virtue, and filled with horror for vice And this is the effect history must produce, when wel taught.

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[!] Ego certè, cùin Attalum fates nostras traducere, laudare casaudirem, in vitia, in errores, in tum corpus, sobriam mensam, pulmala vitæ perorantem, sæpe miser- ram mentem, non tantum ab illilus sum generis humani. . . Cùm citis voluptatibus, sed etiain superverò commendare paupertatem cce- vacuis, libebat circumscribere guperat. . . . sxpe exire è scholâ pau- lam & venisem. Senec. Ep. 108. peri libuit. Cùm cæperat volup



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