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Some of the recent finds in Egypt are in a few days. A peculiarly interestamong the most important which it has ing volume is an edition of Lincoln's fallen to the lot of excavators there to Speeches, edited by Mr. Bryce. This
make. In one day nine texts were dis- would have been a happy selection ans covered. Several of these are entirely way, in view of Mr. Bryce's studies of new, including new odes of Pindar, American institutions and acquaintance parts of the lost tragedy of Euripides with American public men; but it is on Hypsipyle, parts of a new Greek especially so now as Mr. Bryce suchistorian, and of a commentary on the ceeds Sir Mortimer Durand as Eng. second book of Thucydides, the second land's representative at Washington. half of the Symposium, and portions of In the department of fiction "The Old two manuscripts of the “Phædrus” of Curiosity Shop” is added to the DickPlato, of the “Panegyricus" of Isocra- ens series and "Framley Parsonage“ tes, and the speech of Demosthenes follows “Barchester Towers" in the reagainst Bootus. The Pindar manu- production of Trollope. Among weightscript was of about A.D. 100, and was ier works are Dennis's “Cities and written on the back of a census, which Cemeteries of Etruria,” 2 vols.; Finfortunately assisted in the assembling lay's "Greece under the Romans“: of detached fragments. The identity of Grote's "History of Greece," 12 vols.. the poet was disclosed by coincidences edited by Fellow Balliol: in other Pindaric fragments.
and Thierry's “Norman Conquest,"
vols. The London Publishers' Circular publishes as usual an analytical table of One of the early books in England the output of books during 1906. The this season will be Sir Hubert Jerninggeneral result is stated as follows:- ham's account of his travels from Eng. "The total number of new books re- land to India, and thence to Japan. ported during 1906 is 6,985—only 168 Manchuria, and Korea, which Mr. Murmore than in 1905. Theological books, ray is to publish under the title “From in spite of an increase of fifty in No East to West: Notes by the Way." The vember, show a decrease of eight on author explains that the special objects the year.
Educational works are of his journey were to study Japan "be over a hundred more, as also are polit- fore it is wholly spoiled by success, as ical and commercial books and re- it might well be in the next generaprinted novels. New novels and juve- tion," and to visit the scenes of the nile works show an increase of 375. battles by land and sea in the war Law books, books on the arts and sci- with Russia, especially Port Arthur. ences, and new biographical and his- Sir Hubert Jerningham and his comtorical works, have not been quite so panions, who included Lord Leitrim. numerous as in 1905. In Belles Let- were received in most places by Japatres our 1905 table showed an increase nese officers in high command, who had of more than a hundred; this one shows taken part in the fighting; and the a decrease of seventy-four. A slight Japanese Government provided for decrease is shown in books on travel their transport throughout and geography, also in poetical and sonal diary of a Japanese naval officer. dramatical works."
“Before Port Arthur in a Destroyer."
which has been translated from the The fourth instalment-volumes 156 Spanish edition by Captain R. Grani. to 205—of "Everyman's Library” will D.S.O., is expected from Mr. Murru be published by E. P. Dutton & Co. about the same time.
EDINBURGH REVIEW 451
BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE 463
(To be concluded)
By Dr. Louis Robinson
Amelia and the Doctor. Chapter XVIII. The Burglary at Miss
NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 475
Textual Critics and English Verse
CORNHILL MAGAZINE 486
The Migration of Murtagh Gilligan. By Jane Barlow
INDEPENDENT REVIEW 491 MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 501
Hymn for the Healing of Strife. By Newman Howard. SPECTATOR 450
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THE STATE OF RUSSIA.*
Many people are apt to identify revo- materials. The second and third tempt lution with the particular form it took to predictions for which no available in France at the end of the eighteenth knowledge offers any certain base, and century, and look for the execution of in regard to which even the best ina sovereign by an infuriated people, formed observers, if they are wise, will and something more or less equivalent speak with a caution little likely to satto the storming of the Bastille, as ac- isfy the demands of inquirers eager to companiments, without which, to their know at once what time alone can mind, the term is hardly applicable. show. But while abstaining from any For this reason amongst others they positive statements in the dangerous fail to appreciate fully what has taken region of prophecy, data may be furplace in Russia during the last two nished and certain opinions offered years; and continue to discuss, from with a view to helping readers at a various points of view, the possibility distance to form their own conclusions, of revolution there when, as a matter or, at least, to follow events as they of fact, that great event is progressing occur in Russia with intelligent apprerapidly, if fitfully, before their eyes to ciation. its inevitable completion. For, what- Let us see, to begin with, what the ever the outcome of the present crisis, Revolutionists are doing; what form the old régime-absolutism pure and their activity is taking; and, on the simple—is passing, one might almost other hand, by what measures the Govsay has passed, never to return; and ernment is endeavoring to check their the chuge from autocracy to repre- progress, re-establish order, and assure sentative government, however limited, its own supremacy. That the state of brought about by manifestations of vio- the country now, compared with that lence due to the utter breakdown of obtaining at any previous period since Tsarism at home and abroad, does in January 1904, is quieter, more peaceful, fact connote a revolution, though the is beyond dispute. For some time Emperor's head be still on his shoul- there have been no pogroms nor any dlers and the Winter Palace unsackeil. open attempt at rebellion, no
Meantime, on the eve of the election meetings, no strikes on a large scale. for the second Dooma, the questions In short, social, commercial, and input by all foreigners who take an in- dustrial life, taken as a whole, has to terest in Russian affairs are: What is a great extent resumed its natural the actual state of things? What will course. We know that the recruiting be the composition and fate of this for the year has passed with little disnew representative assembly? And. order, anal with fewer abstentions and above all, what of the future? To the evasions than usual. We hear that first of these questions an answer more the revenue returns far exceed the or less full and accurate can be re- most sanguine expectations and are esturned with no other difficulty than timated to leave but a small deficit, if arises from the superabundance of any, on the ordinary Budget; and, in
• 1“Russia in Revolution." By G. H. Perris, and G. 0. Pope, with Introduction by Fred author of "Leo Tolstoy, the Grand Mujik,'' &c. erick Greenwood. London: D. Nutt, 1905. London: Chapman & Hall, 1905.»
3 “Russia." By Sir Donald Mackenzie Wal2 “The kussian Empire and Czarism." By lace K.C.I.E. 2 vols. (New and enlarged Victor Berard. Translated by G. Fox-Davies edition.) London: Cassells, 1905.
certain branches, business has never Moscow; on General Rennenkampf been more active and prosperous. But Irkutsk-both on October 30 (0.s.); the how far and how deep does the im- assassination of General Polkovnikoff. provement go? To what extent is it commanding the garrison at Poltara due to the merely repressive power of on November 4; the attempt on General the State? To what extent to reac- Goloshtchapofi', ex-Governor-General of tion? And for answers to these ques- Elizavetpol, at Tiflis, on November 8: tions let us turn first of all to the the murder of Preestaff Sheremetiet Press, which, though treated once more in St. Petersburg, November 22; of with considerable severity, is still al- Count Ignatieff at Tver on December lowed to publish much, both in the 23; and, as stated, numberless other way of news and of opinions, that in murders, attempted murders, robberies, days not long past would have in- &c.; while, owing to the establishment volved immediate suppression of the of field courts-martial, the list of exeoffending organ, and brought condign cutions has been exceptionally heavy. punishment on editor and writer. For since the Government, finding that
If we take up almost any one of the it could still rely on the army and the daily papers, whatever its political con- police, recovered its courage, steru revictions may be, we find in large type pression has been the order of the day, such headings as “The Revolutionary and people are shot or banged right Party," “Arrests," "Murders," "Rob- and left, not only for any act that can beries under Arms,” "Executions,” possibly be construed as overt rebeland rarely a day passes that there are lion, but for mere attempts at armed not under each of them several items robbery, even unattended by bloodof news. From October 17, 1905, the shed. If we turn to other statistics we date of the Emperor's historical mani- find it stated, and this time officially, festo, to October 17, 1906, it has been that during the twelve months ending computed--we cannot guarantee the November 1, 1906, over 30,000 persons tigures—that 17,000 people were killed were dealt with administratively-that or wounded in connection with the is, lined, imprisoned, or exiled without revolutionary movement; of these any semblance of a trial, without aus about 4,000 were Government repre- real opportunity of proving their insentatives, officials, soldiers, policemen, Docence. It may well be asked, How &c.; the rest Revolutionists or chance can all this be, when the Emperor's victims; 215 people, it is said, were manifesto of October 17 (30), 1905, prohanged, 314 judicially shot, 741 killed claimed thenceforth a reign of law and in punitive expeditions. Soldiers, in- liberty-liberty of the Press and of cou: cluding Cossacks, number 750; police science, inviolability of the person, the men, 452; police officers, 226; Civil ser- right of public meeting and of associavants, 123; officers, 109; gendarmes, 96; tion? The answer is that all this is Governor-Generals, 8; Governors, 33; done under cover of various "excepand police inspectors, 60. The number tional states"-the state of war, the of bombs thrown was 244; there were state of siege, the state of extraordimore than 2,000 cases of robbery un- nary protection, and the state of inder arms and 1,500 of agrarian disor- creased protection, which together enders; 23,000 people were arrested, and brace a large part of the empire and 118 depots of arms and 183 secret are still being extended. Thus, Cronprinting presses seized.
stadt, early in November, was declared Since then we have had the attempt
" During August, September, October, this on General Reinbot, Chief of Police, at men were shot or hanged.