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tremely thin and emaciated. In plants, growth in the ensuing spring. Very however, a converse process takes probably, part of the time is used in place. Instead of using up the stores building up the complex chemical accumulated during summer, a slow compounds of the various ferments but sure elaboration of some at least which render the stored-up material of the raw material takes place during available for immediate growth, such the winter, in gradual preparation for as the change of starch into sugar. the sudden development of active

Felir 081vald, D.Sc. The Speaker.



It is intimated that Mr. Crawford's Messrs. Constable will shortly pubforthcoming novel "Prima Donna" is lish a new work by Dr. Ray Lankester, to be a sequel to his "Fair Margaret." entitled “The Kingdom of Man." Af

ter sketching the origin and progress of The volume on Shakespeare in the man and his resistance to the natural "English Men of Letters" series has law of extermination and survival, the been prepared by Professor Walter Ra- author gives an account of the adleigh and it will appear this vancement of science in the past quarson.

ter of a century, and then describes in

detail a case-the sleeping sickness-in The three volumes of "The Letters which man has brought disease and of Queen Victoria," which have been death upon his own head. edited by Mr. A. C. Benson and Lord Esher, are now in type. It will be Few of the Nobel prizes thus far disimpossible however to publish them tributed can have been more welcome before the autumn.

to the recipients than that given this

year to Giosuè Carducci, the eminent A new story which is to appear this Italian poet. The presentation took spring by "Barbara," who wrote “The place at his villa at Bologna. The Garden of a Commuter's Wife," will poet, who is now helpless from a parabe the first of her books to bear on lytic seizure, uttered a few words of its title page the name of Mrs. Mabel thanks, with tears running down his Osgood Wright. It is to be called cheeks. It is doubtful if he will ever “Poppea of the Post Office.”

work again. Queen Margherita, who

has done many a kind and noble thing, E. P. Dutton & Co. announce the not long ago bought the Carducci villa publication of a volume entitled “Race and the poet's library and other efPrejudice," by Jean Finot. The work fects, to the end, we are told, that in is divided into five parts: The inequal- his old age and suffering he should not ity of human beings; Towards the be troubled by sordid questions of unity of the human type; Anthropo- ways and means. Psychology and Anthropo-Sociology; The mysterious or uncertain origins of The Library of Congress is one of peoples and races; and Are there peo- the largest in the world. This library ples condemned to remain eternally in- now contains 1,379,244 books, 89.869 ferior to others?

maps and charts, 437,510 pieces of



music, 214,276 prints, besides a large tion. Her study of her subject's poetinumber of manuscripts which have not cal writings is especially sympathetic. yet been counted. The library re- and her renderings of the sonnets are ceived, by gift and purchase, a great skilfully done. She tells the story of many interesting additions during the Vittoria's friendship with Giberti, Silpast year, notably Prof. J. P. Jac- doleto and Bembo, with the Cardinals Lean's collection of Shaker literature, Pole, Sontarini and Morone, and above believed to be the most complete in :ill with Michelangelo with considexistence; a series of Van Buren pa- erable fulness of detail and makes ilpers, consisting of about 1,700 letters luminating quotations from her letters, and political documents, and about 500 Altogether, we have here a winning letters and documents from the papers portrait of brilliant and noble of Senator James Brown, of Louisiana, woman. There are six illustrations in ranging from 1777 to 1810. The daily photogravure. E. P. Dutton & ('o. average attendance

of students amounted to 2,243.

The “Revolutionary Princess" who

forms the subject of Mr. H. Remsen In connection with the forthcoming Whitehouse's memoir

Christina tercentenary celebration of the found- Belgiojoso-Trivulizio, who was born iu ing of the colony of Virginia in 1607 1808 and died in 1871, and was one of Messrs. MacLehose announce that they the most striking and picturesque figwill shortly publish, in one volume, the ures in the conspiracies and struggles chief works of Captain John Smith, which led up to the realization of the who went over with the first party of dream of a united Italy. The Princolonists, and became their leader. cess's character was full of contradirThe volume-which comprises “The tions and her career was full of adGeneral Historie of Virginia, New Eng. venture. She was of noble birth and land, and the Summer Isles, with the large wealth; she possessed exceptional Procedings of those Severall Colonies, beauty and a brilliant mind; she had and the Accidents that befell them in romantic predilections and was well all their Journeys and Discoveries," endowed to be a social queen; yet she published in 1626; "The True Travels, threw herself with resolute purpose Adventures, and Observations of Cap- and a complete self-sacritice into the tain John Smith,” being his own ac- revolutionary movements for the freecount of his early life, published in ing of Italy and is found organizing 1630; and “A Sea Grammar,” published regiments, commissioning officers and in 1627-will be uniform with Messrs. establishing a hospital service with the MacLehose's editions of “Hakluyt" and energy and success of a trained cam"Purchas His Pilgrimes.”

paigner. Mr. Whitehouse has made a

thorough search for material in the Mrs. Maud F. Jerrold's “Vittoria Co- memoirs of the time and his narrative lonna" is a charming study of one of is extremely interesting not only for the most attractive figures of the Re- the central story but for the incidental naissance. Mrs. Jerrold does not pro- glimpses which it gives of Mazzini. fess to originality either as to materials Cavour and others with whom the or treatment. She claims only to have Princess was associated. There are selected from materials which were twenty or more portraits, among them already more or less accessible; but she two of the Princess herself as a leader has at least done this with tact and of the Neapolitan volunteers. E. P. discretion and a due sense of propor- Dutton & Co.

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CONTENTS. 1. Chicago. By Charles Whibley

BLACKWood's MAGAZINE 387 II. The Newest Journalism. By Albert E. Care

CONTEMPORARY REVIEW 393 III. Amelia and the Doctor. Chapter XVI. Miss Vera Proves Herself a

Heroine. Chapter XVII. Mrs. Copman's Death. By Horace
G. Hutchinson. (To be continued)

404 IV. Johannes Brahms. 1833-1897. By A. E. Keeton

MONTHLY REVIEW 410 V. The Hohenlohe Memoirs. By Sir Rowland Blennerhasselt

NATIONAL REVIEW 415 VI. Bees and Blue Flowers. By G. W. Bulman.



425 VII. The Joint in the Harness. By Ole Luk-Oie,Author of “The Kite.” (Concluded)

BLACK Wood's MAGAZINE 433 Britain and the United States

SPECTATOR 440 IX. The Prophet and the Earthquake

SATURDAY REVIEW 442 X. The Charm of Bad Weather.


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A PAGE OF VERSE XI. The Top Shelf. By F. W. Saunderson CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL 386 XII. Larks. By Eleanor Alexander

SPECTATOR 386 XIII. A Dancing Song. By Oline ouglas






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America may be defined as the coun- ferences of temperament. There is a try where there are no railway porters. far deeper difference in the character You begin a journey without ceremony; of the country through which you travel. you end it without a welcome. No A journey in Europe is like a page of zealot, eager to find you a corner seat history. You pass from one century to and to dispose of your luggage, meets another. You see a busy world through you, when you depart. You must the window. As you sit in your corner carry your own bag when you stumble a living panorama is unfolded before unattended from the train. This en- your eyes. The country changes with forced dependence upon yourself is the sky. Town and mountain and corndoubtless a result of democracy. The field follow one another in quick sucspirit of freedom, which permits a cession. At every turn you see that stealthy nigger to brush your bat, does wonderful symbol of romance, the not allow another to handle your lug- white road that winds over the hill, gage.

To the enchained and servile flecked perhaps by a solitary traveller. mind of an Englishman these distinc- But it is always the work of man, not tions are difficult to understand. A the beauty of nature, that engrosses training in transatlantic liberty is nec- you. You would, if you could, alight essary for their appreciation. How- at every point to witness the last act of ever, no great evil is inflicted on the comedy, which is just beginning. Men traveller. The ritual of checking your and women, to whom you are an epibaggage may easily be learned, and the sode or an obstruction, flash by. Here absence of porters has, by a natural is a group of boys bathing. There process, evolved the “grip." The peasants gaze at the train as some"grip," indeed, is the universal charac- thing inhuman. At the level crossing teristic of America. It is as intimate a a horse chafes in his shafts. In an inpart of the citizen's equipment as a hat stant you are whizzed out of sight, or coat, and it is not without its advan- and he remains. Then, as night falls, tages. It is light to carry, it fills but the country-side leaves its work; the a small space, and it ensures that the eyes of the cottages gleam and flicker tra veller shall not be separated from all through the trees. Round the corner his luggage. A far greater hardship you catch sight of a village festival. than the carriage of a grip is the en- The merry-go-rounds glint and clank forced publicity of an American train. under the shadow of church. The Englishman loves to travel in se- The mountains approach and recede; clusion. The end of his ambition is a streams grow into mighty rivers. The locked compartment to himself. Mr. gray sky is dark blue and inlaid with Pullman has ordained that his clients stars. And you sit still, tired and shall endure the dust and heat of a travel-stained, having shared in a day long journey in common; and when the the life of hundreds. voyager, wearied out by the rattle of Such is a journey in Europe. How the train, seeks his uncomfortable different the experience in America! couch, he is forced to seek it under the On the road to Chicago you pass public gaze.

through a wilderness. The towns are These differences of custom are inter- infrequent; there are neither roads nor esting, because they correspond to dif- hedges; and the rapidly changing drama


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