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expense of the original work, which not an effect resembling as nearly as possi. merely atones for the loss but supplies ble the reproduction of a photograph. in its place an intrinsic work of art,

Instead of trying to decorate a page, such exceptions in no way affect the

the back-illustrator would persuade us argument.

that he has "snap-shotted” some inci. The inferiority is not in the method dent or scene described by his author. of reproduction, which has been vastly Illustrated journalism has been de Iinprored, but in the originals to be graded and deprived of all artistic in. reproduced. And the key to this mys- terest by the wholesale employment of terious decadence of illustration wbile pbotographs instead of drawings, but 80 many excellent illustrators are found the evil influence of the camera has not in our midst, will be discovered when ended here, since the degeneration is we compare the illustrations of the six

spreading from the journals and their ties with those of the present day; for readers to the artists who engage in un. whereas the former, without exception, wise competition against the photo are in line, the latter, in the main, are graph. The dull uniformity of our sixin balt-toue. More than to anything penny illustrated monthlies and weekelse the deterioration of illustration is lies, brought about by their publication due to the substitution of that bastari of similar and often identical photo in art, the wash-drawing, for the pure graphs, is now matched by the monoto design in line. This preponderance of nous impersonality of the wash-draw. wash-drawings in the pages of our ings by the few illustrators for whom magazines and illustrated weeklies is employment is still found. With the the outward and visible sign of an in- exception of Punch-a last stronghold of ward and spiritual degeneration. False the line draughtsman against the in. ideals are responsible for the change vading forces of the wash-drawing and which has resulted in decay. Modern half-tone block-it would be difficult to illustrators are apt to aim at truth in- name a single English periodical whose stead of beauty, forgetting that if illustrations are an attraction to an ed. truth be the goal of science, beauty is ucated purchaser. Nowadays the pathe goal of art, and that if, as Keats trons of illustration confine their attenhas said, beauty and truth are ulti- tion to books, or to American periodimately one, neverthe'ess artists ar Sci. cals, in which the standard of illustraentists travel by different roads to the tion is admittedly higher, not because common end. Moreover the back-illus- America has better illustrators, but betrator of to-day seems to adopt the cause American editors have better canera as his standard of truth, and to taste and shrewder artistic judgment endeavor to obtain with his indian-ink than our own.

The Academy.

TIIE MOTOCRAT.

I am he: goggled and unashamed.
Furrel also am I, stop-watch?1 and

horse-powerful.
Millions admit my sway--on both sides

of the road. The Plutocrat has money: I have

motors.

The Democrat has the rates; so have I

-Two-one for use and one for

County Courts.
The Autocrat is dead, but I-I increase

and multiply.
I have taken his place.
I blow my horn and the people scatter.

I stand still and everything trembles. Wise rulers saw me coming and made I move and kill dogs.

roads. I skid and chickens die.

Now that I am come, they go on makI pass swiftly from place to place, and ing roads-making them up.

horses bolt in dust storms which For I break things.
cover the land.

Roads I break and Rules of the Road. I make the dust storms.

Statutory limits were made for me. For I am Omnipotent; I make every- I break them. thing.

I break the dull silence of the country. I make dust, I make smell, I make Sometimes I break down, and thounoise.

sands flock round me, so that I And I go forward, ever forward, and dislocate the traffic.

pass through over almost But I am the Traffic.
everything

I am I and She is She--the Rest get "Over or Through” is my motto.

out of the way. The roads were made for me; years Truly, the hand which rules the Motor ago they were made.

rocks the World. Punch.

or

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

Two changes of ownership of English ing memoir. He died in the Canary periodicals took place at the beginning Islands at the age of 57, after a long of the year. "Mind” was transferred illness through which he toiled at his to the Macmillans, and “The Indepen- chosen work with indomitable courage. dent Review" to John Lane.

Preparations are being made in GerApropos of the discussion of Celtic many for the celebration, March 12th literature The Academy remarks of the three hundredth anniversary of tersely and pointedly that “there is the great hymn composer, Paul Gernothing in the so-called “Literature of hardt, the author of "Befehl du deine Ireland to warrant it being called liter- Wege." He was born in Gräfenh ini. ature at all."

chen, in what is now the province of

Saxony, in Prussia, where a memorial The set of "The Spectator” which the house is being erected for charitable Library of Harvard University has re- work. A fine edition of his hymns has cently acquired at a cost of $500 is been issued for the nominal sum of 75 the same which was sold in February, pfennigs. 1901, for $35; but with this difference, that there hare been added the nine- The Methuens have published a treateen issues of the second series and tise on "Comnierce in War," by L. A. Nos. 2 to 8 of the final issue.

Atherley Jones, K.C., M. P., and H. H.

L. Bellot, M.A., which, in ad lition to Professor F. W. Maitland, whose dealing with the different branches of biography of Sir Leslie Stephen was international law concerning the comappreciatively reviewed by Sir Fred- mercial relations between neutrals and erick Pollock iu ad article recently re- belligereuts, contains a collection of the printeil in The Living Age did not long more important treaties and ordinances survive the completion of that interest- relating to these matters which have

a

a

announces

an

been entered into or made by Great Wyld, Baines Professor of the English Britain and other States from the fif- Language and Philology in the ini. teenth century to the present era. versity of Liverpool; “Six Lectures on

Painting Delivered to the Students of G. P. Putnam's Sons announce the Royal Academy of Arts in Lonwork entitled “Our Struggle for the don," by George Clausen, A.R.A., Fourteenth Colony: Canada and the R.W.S., Professor of Painting in the American Revolution," by Justin H. Royal Academy; "Aims and Ideals in Smith, Professor of Modern History in Art," eight lectures delivered to stuDartmouth College, whose "Arnold's dents of the Royal Academy by George March from Cambridge to Quebec" and Clausen; “The Roman Capitol in An"The Troubadours at Home" were also cient and Modern Times," the Citadel, issued by Messrs. Putnam. The new the Temples, the Senatorial Palace, the work will be in two illustrated vol- Palace of the Conservators, the Muumes, and will be based almost en- seum, by E. Rodocanachi, translated tirely on first-hand material. A thor- from the French by Frederick Lawton, ough search was made in the United

M.A.;

and new edition of “The States, Canada, and Great Britain for Thread of Gold,” with a new introducMSS. relating to the efforts made from tion by the author, Mr. Arthur C. 1774 to 1783 to incorporate Canada in Benson. the American Union, and more than 1,400 new documents were found.

Professor John Franklin Genung of

Amberst, whose studies and translaAn English house

the tions of the book of Job and Ecclesiearly publication of illustrated astes have been greatly enjoyed by travel book by C. W. L. Bulpett, en- Biblical students, carries these re titled “A Picnic Party in Wildest searches still farther in a volume on Africa," being a sketch of a winter's "The Hebrew Literature of Wisdom" trip to some of the unknown waters of which embodies a series of lectures, the Upper Nile. The expedition was delivered at different times to Proviorganized by Mr. W. N. McMillan, an dence, Amherst and Boston audiences. experienced American traveller, and The Old Testament books which are had for its object the surveying of the grouped for study under this general Musha and Boma plateaux. Seeing designation are Job, Proverbs and Ecthat one of the caravans marched clesiastes and the apocryphal books Ecthirty-eight days

half-rations, clesiasticus and the Wisdom of Solo largely through a country flooded by in- mon. The Epistle of James is taken cessant rain, the trip could not have as a specimen of New Testament wisbeen altogether a picnic, but it appears dom literature. Professor Genung does to have been a great success. Mounts not busy himself with the niceties of Ungwala and Naita were ascended, Biblical criticism. His quest is for the and hundreds of square miles of pre- literary and spiritual values of the viously unexplored country were sur- group of writings which he studies. veyed and mapped.

He writes with freedom and yet with

reverence, with the insight of a poet E. P. Dutton & Co. open the year's and the painstaking care of a close new books with the following, among student. The result is a volume which others: "The Historical Study of the is a positive contribution to the underMother Tongue. An introduction to standing of the sacred writings Philological Method,” by Henry Cecil Houghton, Mifflin & Co.

on

FROM BEGINNING

SEVENTE SERIES
VOLUME XXXIV.)

No. 3266 Feb. 9, 1907.

{.

CONTENTS. 1. Japan and the United States. By Sydney Brooks

FORTNIGHTLY REVIEW 323 11. The Scribbler's Defence

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 333
I.
Amelia and the Doctor. Chapter XIV. “Monkey" Kingdon.

Chapter XV. Mrs. Copman Tells Miss Vera the Truth. Ву
Horace G. Hutchinson. (To be continued)

339 IV. Contemporary French Fiction. By A. W. Erans .

TWENTIETH CENTURY QUARTERLY 345 V. Historians I Have Known. By T. H. 8. Iscott .

CHAMBERS's JOURNAL 351 VI. Giotto in Modern Life. By Basil de Selincourt .

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 356 vu. The Joint in the Harness. By Ole Luk-Oie," author of “The Kite." (To be concluded)

BLACKWOOD's MAGAZINE 305 VIII. French Christianity at Bay

SATURDAY REVIEW 373 IX. The Disaster in Jamaica

OUTLOOK 370 X. The Great Tunnel Question. By Owen Seaman

PUNCH 378 XI. Women and Happiness

SPECTATOR 379 XII. The Winter Sleep of Plants. By Felix Oswald, D. Sc. SPEAKER 381

A PAGE OF VERSE XM. To England. By Alfred Noyes

SPECTATOR 322 XIV. A Child's Philosophy. By Henry Nerobolt

ACADEMY 322 BOOKS AND AUTHORS .

383

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tiers face A million foemen of an alien race; But thou, Imperial, by thy pride of

place, Oh, canst thou falter or fear to set

them free?

You and I and all the.rest
Sleep near those we love the best.
Do not wake before me, mother:
Let us wake with one another.

Henry Nerobolt. The Academy.

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