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FIG. 85.—Ruins of a Roman camp at Gamzigrad, in Servia.

has a rough centurion for judge. Bardaicus is an adjective, said to be derived from Bardaei, an Illyrian people that used a heavy, coarse boot.

14. Grandes, etc., refers to the size of the centurion.

15. More Camilli, L. Furius Camillus during the siege of Veii (405-396 B. c.) kept the soldiers under arms all the year round. There is no historical account of such a special rule as is here referred to.

17. It is quite just then that centurions should be judges where soldiers are concerned, and doubtless I, as a civilian, shall receive redress; but I shall make enemies of all his fellow-soldiers, and they will see to it that the revenge I obtain brings consequences worse than the original harm.

20. Chors; Weidner says this form is used for cohors, in contempt.
21. Curabilis, needing remedyi. e., severe.
23. Mulino corde, asinine intellect.
Vagelli, unknown.

24. Cum duo crura habeas, etc. These words are variously explained : With all your injuries you have two sound legs left, don't risk them against 80 many soldiers' boots ; or you have two legs (to run away with); or since you have only two legs, don't try conclusions with so many. I think the last is preferable.

25. Clavorum, Juvenal speaks of the heavy nails in the soldiers' boots, III, 248.

Quis, etc.—i. e., as a witness.

Procul must be ironical, for the Praetorian camp which seems to be. meant was close to the city. Cf. V, 153, note.

26. Pylades. The friendship between Pylades and Orestes was proverbial, like that between Damon and Pythias.

29. Da testem, produce your witness ; so III, 137.

31. Dignum, etc.—i. e., phenomenally brave and loyal. The ancient Romans wore beard and hair long; cf. capillato consule, V, 30.

33. Paganum, villager and so civilian. 34. Pudorem, honor, good name.

35 ff. The soldier has another advantage in that his lawsuit is settled quickly, while that of a civilian is drawn out by tedious delays.

36. Sacramentorum almost = militum. The sacramentum was the oath of allegiance taken by the soldier.

38. Sacrum sazam, the boundary stone.

39. I. e., where I have sacrificed every year, at the feast of the Terminalia, on the 23d of February.

40. Pergit non reddere, insists upon not returning.

41. Cf. XIII, 137.

42. Qui lites inchoet, which begins the lawsuits of a whole peoplei. e., a civilian's suit must wait a whole year before it is even reached on the docket.

44. Subsellia, judicial benches, cf. 1. 14.

Tantam sternuntar, are only spread with coverings—i. e., not actually used.

47. Lenta fori barena, the tedious arena of the court.

48. Baltens, sword-belt. Cf. Fig. 86.
50. Suffiamine, drag-chain. Cf. VIII,

FIG. 86.-Soldier wearing the

balteus. 148, rotam astringit sufflamine.

51. The soldier is also free from some forms of the patria potestas-e.g., he may dispose of his own property even during the lifetime of his father.

53. Placuit, it has been decided. Census, property ; genitive.
56. Captat, pays court to. Cf. X, 202. Hunc refers to Coranus.

Favor. The MSS. all have labor, but it seems inexplicable. Favor is Ruperti's conjecture. Favor aequus is the favor he has earned.

57. Et pulchro, etc., seems to mean, makes his toil sweet by giving it its deserved rewards.

58. Referre (with the genitive), to be advantageous to.

60. Phaleris ; phalera seems to have been used for a necklace as well as for a part of the ornamental trappings of the war-horse. Cf. Fig. 61.

Torquibus, a gold collar, or neck-chain. Cf. Fig. 41.
The fragment ends abruptly; the last sentence is incomplete.

a

LIST OF PASSAGES IN WHICH THE PRESENT EDITION DIFFERS FROM

BÜCHELER'S TEXT.

1. 122. praegnans
III. 38. et cur non omnia ?

218. Phaecasiatorum
IV. 67. saginae
V. 38. berullo

39. phialas
42. illic
116. fumat

169. iacetis VII. 16. Gallia

40. maculosas
114. Lacernae
121. lagonae,
134. stlataria
136. illis
159. laevae
165. quod

198. fies
VIII. 68. primum

90. regum 112. nam 162. Cyanis 176. Galli 207. credamus tunicae 234. Bracatorum

239. gente
X. 54. vel

150.maltosque
193. pendentisque

B. praegnas et cur non ? omnia Haec Asianorum sagina berullos phiala illi spumat tacetis gallica Maculonis Lacertae lagonae. stlattaria illi laeva quid fiet privum rerum iam Cyane galli credamus, tunicae bracatorum monte quae aliosque pendentesque

DIFFERENCES FROM BÜCHELER.

213

B. et fugientem nec arboris aut mirandis exanimis utque putet inscripta, ergastula reverentia, si quid-nec felicis foedae longae rosas, medicamen cadet praestantibus omnibus instans

XI.

XII.

XIII.

XIV.

55. etfugientem
57. vel
32. arbori
116. et

65. miranti
224. exanimes
16. atque
17. putat
24. inscripti, ergastula
47. reverentia. Si quid-ne
119. felices
152. foede
217. longi
254. rosas. Medicamen
296. cadit
75. praestant, instantibus Onibis

XV.

INDEX OF PROPER NAMES.

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Acestes, VII, 235.

Alexander (Pellaeus iuvenis), X, 168 ; Achaei, III, 61.

XIV, 311. Achilles, I, 163; VII, 210; VIII, Allcdius, V, 118.

271; X, 256 ; XI, 30; XIV, 214. Allobrox, VII, 214. Acilius, IV, 94.

Allobrogici, VIII, 13. Aeacus, I, 10.

Alpes, X, 166; XIII, 162. Aeacides, VIII, 270.

Amydon, III, 69. Aegaeus, XIII, 81, 246.

Anchemolus, VII, 235. Aegyptos, XV, 2, 45, 116.

Anchises, VII, 234. Aegyptius, I, 130.

Ancon, IV, 40. Aemiliani, VIII, 3.

Ancus, V, 57. Aemilius, VII, 124.

Andros, III, 70. Aencas, I, 162; V, 139; XV, 67. Antaeus, III, 89. Aeoliae rupes, I, 8; X, 181.

Anticyra, XIII, 97. Aethiops, VIII, 33; X, 150.

Antigone, VIII, 229. Afer, V, 152; VIII, 120 ; XI, 142. Antilochus, X, 253. Africa, VII, 149 ; X, 148.

Antiochus, III, 98. Agamemnon, XIV, 286.

Antiphates, XIV, 20. Agamemnonides, VIII, 215.

Antonius, VIII, 105; X, 123. Aganippe, VII, 6.

Aonidae, VII, 59. Agathyrsi, XV, 125.

Apicius, XI, 3. Agave, VII, 87.

Apollo, I, 128 ; VII, 37 ; XIII, 203. Aiax, VII, 115; X, 84; XIV, 213; Aquinum, III, 319. XV, 65.

Arabarches, I, 130. Alabanda, III, 70.

Arcadicus, VII, 160. Alba, IV, 61.

Archigenes, XIII, 98; XIV, 252. Albanus, IV, 100, 145; V, 33; XIII, Aricinus, IV, 117. 214.

Armenia, VIII, 169. Albina, III, 130.

Armillatus, IV, 53. Alcinous, XV, 15.

Arpinas, VIII, 237, 245. Alcithoe, VII, 12.

Artorius, III, 29.

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