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PART 11.)
Roman Antiquities.

633 fluids ; so that the modern art of manufac and Blackman-street were found various returing pottery-ware may be materially im- mains. proved, not only with regard to the forms On the South side of St. Saviour's Church, and ornaments, but also the preparation and a Roman tesselated pavement was found by application of the materials, by a diligent some of Mr. Gwilt's workmen ; but he was and continued examination of those very only enabled to remove a few fragments. A ancient vases.

number of Roman coins were found; but

those of which we have learned were chiefly ROMAN ANTIQUITIES DISCOVERED IN of the Lower Empire. A copper coin of LONDON.

Antoninus Pius, with a Britannia on the As the workmen employed by Mr. Chad reverse, was found in St. Saviour's churchwick, the architect, were lately digging near

yard. The head is in excellent preservation, the foundation of the New Trinity Church,

and the execution is such as is perhaps not they discovered a Roman vase of a very

excelled by any modern coin-certainly not peculiar form. Shortly afterwards they struck by any of our own. against one of very considerable dimensions, In the course of the excavations for the which could not be accurately ascertained,

new London-bridge, a quantity of Roman as it was unfortunately broken to pieces,

mortar was found, which, it was conjectured, and the fragments were carelessly shovelled had belonged to some Roman embankment away, but from those which remained, it is

wbich had fallen into the river at one time. judged that it was about four feet high.

From the remains found in various parts, Many fragments of Roman pottery, chiefly a

there can be little doubt (though it is not light sort of stone ware, have been dug up

mentioned in our histories), that Souththere. It is supposed that this spot is con

wark was a very flourishing Roman station. tiguous to that which Bayford mentions in

In the works carried on in the course of the his letter to Hearne, as the place where a

restoration of St. Saviour's church (which nuniber of Roman remains had been found.

has been so absurdly stopped by a party of Mr. Chadwick added the first specimen to

the learned parish diguitaries), a quantity of the collection of Mr. G.Gwilt, the architect Reman bricks was dug up near the Spiritual and antiquary. The latter gentleman bas Court, and were found worked in with the formed a small museum of the various Ro

flint in the walls. The greater part of these man antiquities which have been recently antiquities have been collected and preserved discovered in the Borough in digging the by Mr. Gwilt. Indeed his success as a culIn digging near his own house in

lector has occasioned several rivals to take Union-street, amidst a variety of Roman

the field, and watch the works at any new remains, was found a very singular vessel,

sewers, drains or excavations, in the expecwhich in shape has some resen.blauce to a

tation of meeting with something curious. galloo stone bottle with a very small aper

The foremost of these is Mr. Gaitskill, the ture. The aperture is perforated with small magistrate; but Mr. Gwilt has hitherto holes, and it is evidently adapted as a sort of beaten off all competitors hy superior libewatering-pot acting upon the principle of rality amongst the workmen. He has obthe cominon implement used in taking sam

tained one funeral urn, with an inscription, ples of liquor from casks, in which the fluid which is likely to puzzle the Society of Anis retained so long as the orifice at the top tiquaries. Every antiquary who has yet been, is kept closed by the finger, but from which

allowed to see it, has, it is said, given a it flows as soon as it is removed. From the

different coustruction and hypothesis upon nature of the ware, which is black, the it to his brethren. workmanship, and the situation in which it - It is probable that in carrying on the new was found, no doubt whatever is entertained streets, and in digging to form the improveof its being a Roman utensil. A Samian

ments of the Metropolis, discoveries may be cup and several specimens of Samian ware,

inade, which, if they come within the knowwere found near the same spot. Some of ledge of the learned, will serve to elucidate the fragments resembled thiuse found in

the site of the Roman London, or Aqdigging in Lombard-street, near Birchin gusta, which is now a matter of such wide Jane, in 1786*.

conjecture. In digging for the erection of a steam lo forming the late new buildings at the engine at Messrs. Barclay and Perkins's

India-house a considerable extent of ground brewery, a human skeleton was discovered,

was cleared to what was considered the Roand between the legs was found a vessel with

man site, where a Roman road was discovered. several Roman coins, chiefly of the lower

Mr. Fisher, of the India House, the celeen pire, in it.

brated Antiquary, who gave an account of Near the Dissenters' burying-ground was

the superb Mosaic pavement, discovered in found, not long since, a Roman bypocaust,

Leadenhall-street in 1803, has examined or flue. In the whole line of Union-street the spot very accurately, and promises to

give to the public a paper upon the subject,

iu which he will endeavour to set forth a new * See Archæologia, vol. vill.

hypothesis as to the site of the Roman city. GENT. Mag. Suppl. XCV. Part 11.

There H


Roman Antiquities.-Select Poetry.

[xcv. There can be little doubt that many an entirely obliterated. The Spitalfields Matiquities have been destroyed or dispersed thematical Society, learning that the Roman from ignorance of their nature, and that camp in the fields beyond White Conduit many interesting remains, which might have House would soon be obliterated by the furnished matter useful perhaps to the histo- brickmakers, have had a drawing of it taken. rian, have recently been broken up without With respect to some later antiquities, any notice having been taken of them. less care has been taken. In taking duwa

In making the new buildiugs lately be the antient church of St. Katherine, to form hind the Cold Bath Fields Prison, a number the new St. Katherine's Dock, the tomb of of piles were dug up, and some stone work John Duke of Exeter was opened. The was found, which we understand appeared cranium is small and retiring. The teeth to be the vestiges of a bridge of great anti are remarkably perfect. It appeared that quity. Io making the new buildings by the his tomb had once before been plundered of old Pancras church, the mounds which were the lead. His will, in which he bequeaths accounted by Dr. Stukeley to be the remains to the high altar of the church “ a cuppe of a Roman camp*, and which is highly pro- of byrol garnished with golde, perles and bable, notwithstanding the wildness of his precious stones to be put in the sacrament," other conjectures respecting it, have been and a number of other valuable effects, is to

be seen amongst the Tower records. See Itinerarium Curiosum.


What duties have I not foregone,

That I would, could, and should have done,

While feasts of gay delight thou didst declare, HOWE'ER unwelcome thoughts intrude,

Thou would'st, ere long, for me prepare !
Or doubts perplex, or hopes delude ;
Do trusted Friends betray,

And, tho' thou ne'er the truth didst tell,
Or children disobey;

Thou didst delude with such a 'witching air,

That I still called thee kind, and thought Does Fortune prove ungenerous--still

thou meantest well. In spite of every pressing ill, In spite of all that's felt or done, .

I said, I thought, thou meantest well : We freely, fondly muse upon

And so again thy promises believ'd, Success and happiness in store,

And so was I again deceiv'd : A fairer scene, a brighter day,

At twenty-three this strong fallacious spell Than all the scenes that charm'd, or day Still binds me to itself-e'en now that went before.

Sungilt and fair, the prospect lies Sweet Hope, the solace bland of woe,

And scarce a cloud obscures the skies: The balm of anguish and distress,

Thus-thus am I constrain'd to bow Fair guest of prisoned loneliness, At thy blest shrine, sweet Hope ! oh come! How much to thee do mortals owe

For once my day-dreams realise, Of all the comforts they possess :

Ande'er, as thou wert wont, my bosom make 'Tis thine from Sorrow's pallid cheek,

thy home.

G-C--EB-Y--N. To wipe the pearly, tender tear,

L-dd-g-.n, Rut-shire. And soothingly to speak

Of joys unfelt as yet, but near ; 'Tis thine to chase Despair and Dread away,

THE SOLDIER'S GRAVE. And on the heart to pour the sunshine of

THE moon shone bright on the green fern

and brake, 'Tis thine, as 'twere, before our eyes Her silvery beams had illumin'd the lake, To picture vivid fantasies,

And the Convent bell chim'd on the air, To show us what we have not seen,

To summon the Nuns to the ves per prayer. And make us what we have not been, It pealed forth a dull and solemu sound, Or rich perchance, or great, or wise ;

I scem'd to be treading on holy ground. "Tis thine, when storms begin to low'r, All Nature appear'd at rest and still, Texalt our future 'bove our present state,

Save to the slow murmuring of the rill ; And by the touch of magic pow'r

But yet could I hear the cadence of song, Ideal forms substantiate ;

That the breath of the zephyr swept along. 'Tis thine to point to other homes and plains, It flow'd on the breeze all sweet and holy, And scenes and realms, where Mirth and And waken'd the Muse of Melancholy; Goodness sports and reigns.

As the lone echo was winging its flight

Around, 'mid the darkness and gloom of
How oft have I believ'd thy wiles,
And courted, Hope, thy heav'n-lit smiles ; Not far from a clear running stream, full

For I have been from early youth to thee shone
An enthusiastic rotary ;

The Moon's pale light og & marble stone.

I look'd

the day.



Select Poetry.

635 PART 11.] I look'd thereon with a watchful eye,

Peace to his manes! his soul has Aed this And there was writ a mournful elegy;

earth, Nature was hush'd in the silence of sleep, Where mortal man must perish with his


J. H. B.
And the trembling willow had seem'd to weep.
The fairness of Luna was darkly hid,
Beneath the night's dull cloud was canopied,

And my spirit of soul was sunk in gloom,

1 Sam. iv. While pondering over the warrior's tomb. I mus'd-and thought that I saw arise HEARD ye

that burst ?-'twas the groan The dread vision of Death before my eyes.

of the dying.

(flying. I mus'd--and saw his grim aspect appear Heard ye that din ?-'twas the rout of the Beside a black pall

spread over a bier ; Heard ye that shout?--'twas the tumult of Near him stood Time with his scythelooking on,

[were gone. Fitfully borne on the ear from afar. And mocking the days and the years that My hair stood on end, and my heart felt

dead, Tumult of battle, or rout of the flying,

Louder and deeper than groan of the dying, I gaz'don again—but the visions had fled Clangor of cymbal or clash of the swordI cast my eyes round with a look of despair, Heard ye that shout ? " "Tis the Ark of And heard but the gush of the midnight air;

the Lord !" No cipher was sculptur’d here to tell The name of the Hero who nobly fell ; Heard


that sound as of wailing and woe No idle trophy here had deck'd his grave, Pouring afar from the ranks of the foe, No pompous display of Heraldry, save -"God is come down to withstand us, and The lion couchant, the colour, and spear,


[despair ?” To tell that a Warrior's tomb was here; Where can we hide us from shame and The love of a Briton was well exprest,

Hark! 'tis the bray of the battle, again For a Briton had left him here to rest ;

Israel's army is vanquish'd and slain ; “This Hero in his Country's cause had stood,

And 'midst the wild tumult and slaughter And for his Country had shed his blood.

forsaken, Prouit Fame had aroused his passion of heart The glorious Ark of the Covenant, taken ! In the conflict where Death had play'd his part ;

Wbere has that diourner of Benjamin fled, He had fought right well ;' full many a day

Fear in his features, and earth on bis head ? Had he borne the heat of the battle fray, Bears he that message of wonder and fear And was one of England's brave sons who fell To Eli, “ who sits by the way-side to hear.” In Victory—as will her records tell,

Trembling and faint, and well stricken in He fell (if her History speak the truth)

years, He fell in the bloom and the prime of youth,

Long has he waited with failings and fears, Valour with him had led on to the fray,

And the flushing of life his pale brow has And Valour with him had beld furth her


(taken. sway.”

As he hears that the Ark from his people is This was the noble epitaph

D. A. BRITON. Which mark'd the hero's cenotaph ; There now he lies beneath the sod, O'er which perchance he once had trod, On an Infant sleeping in the Mother's arms. With triumph beaming in his

eye Before the vanquish'd enemy;

O LOVELY babe! how sweetly sleep

Sits on thy eyelids, and how calm That eye which oft with fire had shone,

The breathing of thy coral lip; When Glory crown'd the deed he'd done,

Upon thy cheek, how fresh and warm Was now obscured ; his mortal worth

The roses glos, while on thy brow Peace seems Had now for ever clos'd on earth.

To dwell, and hush thee in its silent dreams. The heart that once exalted high The charms of love and harmony,

Soundly thou sleep'st, to grief unknown, When free from care and free from strife,

Pillow'd on thy young mother's beating

breast; Or perils of a soldier's life, The heart that once had held command

Who looking on thy face, partly her own, Had rous'd the lion of the land;

And partly his, her heart's sole guest, Had felt lovè, valour, fame, and all

With fondest feeling; from her eyes That honours man-exalts the soul

Beam forth warm wishes, prayers, and sighs ; Above the needy trash of care,

As hope or fear her breast bids fall or rise. Above the crouching arm of fear, Sleep gently on, for never more Has now for ever ceas'd to beat,

Wilt thou so softly and so sweetly sleep, Lies mould’ring 'neath the traveller's feet, As now in ehildhood; ere the war Lies free from worldly hope or pain,

Of mauhood wakes thee up to weep. To pass to nothingness again.

Ere care and trouble gather on thy brow; The laurel that once crown'd his brow Ere with thy age encreasing, grief doth Gives place unto the cypress now.


L. W. W.


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[ 636 ]




of all Good, for the blessings of health and A letter from Murcia, dated Dec. 2, states

abundance, and peace, which he has deigned that, from the Straits of Gibraltar to the

to bestow on the American people. It is

also mentioned as a just topic of congratuwaters of Carthagena, the number of Colombian corsairs, large and small, is very con

lation, that with a small but unhappy ersiderable. All our ships, whose cargoes are

ception, the European countries are at valuable, become their prey, anıl, to com

peace, and most of their Governments are plete our misfortune, those which are not

acting upon the principle, that the proper laden they sink or burn. We see landed on end of political institutions is the happiness

of the people.--In adverting to the Foreiga our coast, every day, the unfortunate crews of ships taken, sunk, or buint. On the 3d Relations of the United States, the Presiinst. the Commissary of Marine of Almeira

dent naturally directs his first attention to received advices from different maritime

Great Britain. He notices the important points on the coast of the kingdom of Gre- changes lately effected in our system of nada, in which it was announced, that on

commerce and navigation. The systein of the second, and on the morning of the third,

the United States, he says, is a liberal one. fifteen vessels had been captured. These Ten years ago they offered to other maricorsairs, having resulved to annihilate our

time nations to place their respective shipmercantile nnvy, have taken their measures

ping on an equality as to tonnage and imso well, that no ship can escape them. They port duties. This offer was after a tine achave armed small boats, which pass along

ceried to successively by England, Sweden, the coast touching the land, enter our port, the Netherlands, the Hanse Towns, Prusand carry off ships. This has just happened sia, Sardinia, Oldenburg, Russia, and, in a at las Roquetas close to Almeira, where they modified degree, by France. Some restriehave seized in the port a large three-masted

tions yet remain which it is desirable should

be removed. vessel, which had taken refuge there.

The next topic to which Mr. Adams ad-

verts, is one which, however popular in The last Annual Obituary of the Russian America, will carry little weight with it

elsewhere; we mean the claims of America Empire, published at St. Petersburgh, records the death of a man at the very advanc

on France, Naples, Denmark, &c. for ined age of 168, near to Polosk, on the fron. demnity on account of the robberies perpetier of Livonia. He had seen seven So

trated by Buonaparte. vereigns on the throne of Russia, and re

A inore gratifying part of the Message, membered the death of Gustavus Adolphus. is the announcement of a Treaty of NavigaHe had been a soldier in the thirty years'

tion and Commerce concluded between the

United States and Colombia, and an intimawar; at the battle of Pultowa, in 1709, he was 51 years of age. At the age of 93 he

tion that similar treaties will soon be conmarried his third wife, with whom he lived

cluded with several of the orber South

American Republics. It is also an import50 years ; the two youngest sons of this marriage were 86 and 62 respectively in the

aut piece of information that the United

States have been invited to send Represenyear 1796 ; the oldest of his other sons in the same year were 95 and 92 respectively. tatives to the Congress about to be assemThe entire family of this patriarch comprises bled at Panama, and have accepled the invi138 descendants, who all lived together in the village of Pollatzka, which the Em

After a slight notice of the Commission press Catharine the Second caused to be appointed under the treaty of Ghent, and of built for them, granting, at the same time, that appointed to settle the imdemnification a considerable tract of land for their sup

for captured slaves, the President proceeds port. In the 163d year of his age, this mo

to treat of the internal concerns of the Redern Nestor was in the enjoyinent of the public. He recommends a new Bankrupt most robust health.

Law, and a new law for the regulation of

the Militia; and gives the following view of
the American Finances :-

The following is an abstract of the Mes Receipt (independently of Loans) 22,000,000

EXPENDITURE. States, Mr. Quincy Adams, communicated Debt paid off

8,000,000 to Congress at the opening of the Session. Remunerations for past services 1,500,000

The Message is appropriately introduced New Fortifications erected 1,500,000 by an expression of gratitude to the Author Augmentation of Naval Force 500,000


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PART 11.) Foreign News.-Domestic Occurrences.

637 Purchase of Indian Territory 500,000 he strongly urges a permanent Naval Peace Roads and other Improvements 1,000,000

Establishment. Interest of the National Debt 4,000,000 The communications by post in the United General Expences of Government 7,000,000 States are wonderfully extensive, and yet the


Post Office Establishinent now (for the first

time) produces a surplus receipt of 45,000 Thus it appears that though eight million

dollars. dollars of debt have been paid off, only two

The remainder of the Message evinces in of these have been required to be raised by Loan ; consequently, the Revenue has at Mr. Quincy Adams a very laudable zeal in forded a surplus of six million dollars applied and justly of “ the generous emulation with

the cause of science. He speaks handsomely io extinction of Debt. At this rate, the whole remaining Debt, which is only 81,000,000

which the governments of France, Great dollars, would be paid off in 134 years.

Britain, and Russia have devoted the geThe organization and discipline of the nius, the intelligence, and the treasures of Army, the President says, are effective; and

their respective nations to the common imhe highly praises the new Military Academy provement of the species " in gengraphy and and Artillery School. From these he passes

astronomy, and holds those Governments up to the Treaties with the Indian tribes (pru- respect by the American Legislature. He,

as splendid examples to be followed in this dently deferring the disputed questions on the Creek Treaty till a futare Message), and

in like manner, quotes the examples of Eng

land and France, in their scientific improvewinds up this branch of his remarks with a notice of the surveys made by the Engineer

meut of weights and measures, suggests the ing Department, with a view to the opening struction of an Observatory, and recommends

endowment of a University, and the connew communications to the interior, &c. The next great object the Navy. The

certain enlargements of the Executive and President dilates upon the employment of Judiciary departments, as required by the the cruising squadrons in the Mediterranean great increase of population, and the wide and Pacific seas, and the suppression of the

ramifications of foreign intercourse. Slave Trade and of Piracy, not forgetting an

Mr. Adams suns up his discourse with the incidental compliment to the Marquis ® De remark, that “ Liberty is Power.” We reLa Fayette, who was conveyed across the joice to see, in the Messuage of Mr. Quincy Atlantic and baek under the American Flagi Adams, a spirit of candour, and a readiness and it deserves to be noted that as Mr.

to do justice, not only to the good inten

tions, but to the liberal conduct of tbe BriAdams had warmly applauded the mainte

tish Government. nance of institutions for a Land Army, so

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trouble them upon that head. Pope BenPARTS OF THE COUNTRY.

net, by his bull, dated at Avignon, grants A gentleman in Arbroath has in his pos

to John, Abbot of Arbroath, the privilege session a document anent the Abbey of of making use of, and wearing the pontifical Averlrothock, which shows the extent of pa ornaments; and they had the privilege of tronage that had once belonged to that mag giving the minor orders. King Robert de vificent building, with its religious esta Bruce granted ten marks Scots to this blishment, and the privileges that the Abbot Abbey. enjoyed. Cardinal Beaton was Abbot from The Caledonian Canal Navigation is now about 1524 to 1540. The last commenda- opened between the Eastern Sea at Invertory Abbot of Aberbrothock was John Ha ness, and the Western Sea at Fort William, milton, second son to the Duke of Chatel to the depth of 15 feet water on the shallowherault, who was afterwards created Marquis of Hamilton. This Abbey was erected The success of the Darlington Railway into a temporal Lordship, in favour of James, Experiment, and the admirable manner in Marquis of Hamilton, son to the former, which the loco-motive engine does all, and upon 5th May, :508. It afterwards be more than all, that was expected from it, longed to the Earl of Dysart, from whom seem to have spread far and wide the convicPatrick Maule of Panmure, geutleman of the

tion of the immense benefits to he derived bedchamber to King James the Sixth, pur from the construction of new railways. chased it, with the right of patronage of all A plan for making a Railway from Selby the parishes thereto belonging. The Ab- by way of York, through the Vale of York bots of this place had several privileges to Newcastle, with a branch to Suoderland, which others did not enjoy. They were ex is under consideration. It is proposed to be einpted from assisting at the yearly Synods, effected by a Joint Stock Company, who will and Pope Pius II. declared his resolution in previously fix with the landholders for the 1461 to excommunicate all those who would right of passage, and so rcoder an immediate

est parts.

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