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INDUSTRIOUS USEFUL MEN STRUG

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PART 11.)
Review.-Life of Abp. Sharp.

603 man, spends 10,000l. per annum in Highmore, they are as such (to indulge his pleasures ; his money is dispersed silly vulgar jokes) in a bad spiritual among the horse dealers, coach makers,

way. wine merchants, &c. wlio purvey for In short, Dr. Highmore in the bitthose pleasures, and their journeymen terness of his disappointment rails at and fainilies. Suppose B to spend the the innocent, the Bishops, Clergy, &c. same sum in charities; the donees lay all en masse, because men in holy orit out also among the tradesmen, who ders cannot become Advocates in Doc. supply their wants. We mean not to tors' Commons. He has exhausted a say, that a bad disposition of money large portion of learning and ability does not encourage vice; we mean to insult and disparage those who never only to say that it is utterly impossible injured him, and, of course, made hosts for a man, in spending money, to pre of enemies, for which there was no vent its coming to the poor. If he reason whatever, because nothing but takes upon himself the sole mainte an Act of Parliament in his especial nance of them in idleness, he collects favour could have placed him in the about him a mere retinue utterly use situation desired. less to the public, because they contri We should not be surprised if a disbute nothing to it.

God forbid ! that appointed lover were to publish that he we should oppose JUDICIOUS chari- lost his intended bride, because the Bities. By Hospitals, by Infirmaries, by shops and Clergy were not reformed Grammar Schools, by University foun- according to his ideas. dations, by EVERY MEANS THAT ASSISTS

110. Life of Archbishop Sharp. GLING WITH LARGE FAMILIES, Charity then acts like machinery in aid of

(Concluded from p. 450.), manufactures. But let us suppose that WE left Dr. Sharp at his preferfrom the King downwards every man

to the see of York. We lived on 501. per annum, and gave the

have now to consider his acts as an rest away weekly at his doors. An Archbishop, which his biographer diidle mob is collected round his house, vides into three heads, his ecclesiastical ready to become robbers if the boon is conduct, i. e. relating to his diocese; withheld, and the bees, labourers and his court, i. e. his proceedings at Court manufacturers, are starved! - Theclergy and in Parliament; and his domestic, are sportsmen, &c. &c. Men of libe- i. e. the economy of his private life. ral education have pleasurable inclina

Each of these (chronological arrangetions, and we wish that the Clergy ment being disregarded for the purpose would not sport, but are the numbers of bringing the respective materials in a game list of certificates those of all under one head) forms a distinct Part the clergymen in a diocese? not by a or large Chapter. We shall take, twentieth part. A rigid man orders a Part II. Ecclesiastical Conduct. fowl to be killed for his dinner, ano One rule at his very entrance upon his ther shoots it himself. A third man charge, was to bestow pretends only is a Justice of the Peace. He intro- upon Clergymen beneficed in his dioduces humanity and feeling in the ad cese, or the Chaplains retained in his faministration of the laws, and he very mily; and the other rule was never to properly tempers the power of the concern himself in the elections of Memlaity who have property; power we

bers of Parliament. The first rule he say, for there are hundreds of country chiefly exemplified by preferring those villages where there are only them- meritorious Clergymen who had small selves and their tenants, and where in livings in towns; and to the second consequence, if they were cruel, the he steadily adhered, from considering very lives of the poor might be put an that it would only entail upon him end to by starvation and oppression.- checks and difficulties in his episcopal Dr. Highmore would also not have capacity (p. 121); with the exception lay-proctors, " because when our Lord of the Borough of Rippon (where he selected his Apostles, not a lawyer was had a temporal jurisdiction), and in found amongst them!” (p.8;) but surely which he put his own son. that is the strongest reason why clergy- his opinion, that "it was almost immen should not be Proctors, or Chan practicable for even a parochial Clergycellors, or Registrars, because they must man to engage openly in an election, then be lawyers, and, according to Dr. without impairing his credit und autho

It was

same.

604
Review.-Life of Abp. Sharp.

[xcy. pity as a pastor. (p. 130.). However, against notorious offenders, he disliked he took upon him privately to reprove all “Societies for the Reformation of and to write letters of monition to Manners,” a thing much in vogue Members of Parliament within his about the year 1697. diocese. P. 133.

His Grace's opinions on this subThe next steps he took were to get ject, besides his conviction that such up a Complete Knowledge of the societies might be made instruments Church and its Revenues, and of the of private malice and officious molestaClergy and their Behaviour. For the tion, were these: first purpose he partly wrote and partly acquired a notitia of the diocese, in 4

“The principal end for which these so

cieties were formed in London, was to provols. folio; for the second, he made memorandums in short-hand. His

mote piety and all Christian virtues and

graces among their own members; and the opinions of Clergymen were always meddling with others who were not of the guided by their good preaching, un- society, was not brought on till of late, and blameable lives, and parochial labours. still it is but a secondary end. Whereas the (p. 140.) What he particularly dis whole business and design of founding this liked in preaching was "railing at the society at Nottingham, is to reform others, Dissenters, as he worded it. The pros- who are not of the society, by getting the titution of the pulpit to such unworthy laws to be put in execution against them. ends, was a thing which he could not But as for the reforming themselves, or the endure, nor the men that were guilty improving one another in holy Christian of it." P. 144.

living, there is little provision made. I

must confess I think it is of a great deal He preached often to set an exam

more consequence both to a man's self and ple of that practice to the Clergy, and

to the public, that he use all means possible he was constant in his attendance at

to be devout, humble, charitable, and in a church, to induce the laity to do the word) in all things to live like a Christian

himself, than to be jealous in informing “He always had a gteat opinion of the against others, who do not live like Chriseffects of good sermons, viz. those wherein

tians. The first is of certain benefit, both the fundamental doctrines of religion were

to a man's self and others, but the other laid down distinctly, and clearly disentangled may be often both indiscreet and vexatious." of the controversies about them, and where

P. 175. in the practical duties of Christianity were Of the bickerings, persecutions, and pressed warmıly and affectionately.” P. 145. mischief, which such foolish societies

“ The subjects of sermons he wished to would create it is unnecessary to speak, be the most weighty points, such as struck because it puts ali men in the power at the very root of evil principles and vicious of their neighbours; but as concealdispositions ; such as if a man's conscience

ment of treason is a civil crime, we be once touched with, it is in a manner impossible for him (if he were given to think

do not see that the modern Constituand consider) not to be both a moral man

tional Society (for instance), conducted and a good Christian." P. 153.

by a man whom we have known from

boyhood to be a correct character and As to those who did their duty by man of talents (Sir John Sewell), or proxy, through non-residence, he used the Society for Suppression of Vice, by to say it would be well for them if any means merit the opprobrium lavishthey were not rewarded in the other ed upon them. Treason, obscenity, world in the same way. P. 154. and infidelity, ought in every reason

Some interferences of this good able man's judgment to be suppressed, Archbishop would not be tolerated in and not have a loop-hole to escape, the present day One instance is quar- through the honourable delicacy of inrels between a Clergyman and his wife, dividuals, to turn informers, or through but, we must add, he was reputed to the expense of prosecution. With only be unfaithful to his conjugal vow. the specific objects in view which have Another was prohibition of the Sacra- ' been mentioned, we see no ground for ment, even to a Lord Mayor of York, outcry; for not one single principle of and noblemen and baronets--to one of liberty or justifiable freedom of discusthe larter for keeping a woman. The sion is brought into question. delinquent disregarding two letters, We had before occasion to notice the Archbishop handed him over to the slander of laying to the doors of the Spiritual Court. P. 169.

the Clergy all the rices of the age; as Now though he proceeded thus if little dogs which can only bark and

not

P. 192.

PART 11.]
Review.-Life of Abp. Sharp.

605 not bite, were half so effectual to guard ing and prudence. (p. 191.) But as a house as mastiffs, who can do both. bis Grace thus acted according to meAn active police will in a few weeks rit, he found, with regard to applicado what no enthusiasts can hope for in tions of interest, that there were" diffia whole life; because in dealing with culties if he concealed his reasons, and persons “ whose consciences are seared greater difficulties if he gave them.with hot irons," adversity or bodily suffering is the only efficient means of It is to be observed, that all these reforın. All the Clergy can do is, 10 things were done under the full operainculcate good principles. If ricetion of the Ecclesiastical Courts, and abounds, it is the fault of the Magis that a Clergyman had then nothing to tracy; and the Archbishop thinks that do but to consign offenders over to the Clergy ought not to interfere, for those Couris. the following reasons :

This power was to end; and the I do not take it to be proper for me, as Clergy still to be expected to make a Clergyman, to take upon me either to every body moral. They, however, erect, or to authorize any society for this who think as statesmen, historians, purpose ; nor do I think it proper to my and (in our judgment) critics, ought function, if such societies be set up to do to think, i. e. abstractedly and philoany episcopal act about them, any more than sophically, may be of opinion that inI think it proper to give orders to my Clergy stitutions professing to regulate affairs about business that belongs to Justices of de anima, by the ecclesiastical proPeace.-The truth is, it seems to me that they would receive better directions for the

cesses, savour of barbarism. carrying on their work, from the Charges

As to toleration, it is an indispensathat they may hear from the Justices of ble measure of sound policy, and Peace at the Sessions, than they can from merely allows persons to follow their the Sermons of the Clergy.” P. 176.

own opinions, instead of adopting those The Archbishop thought that any subject much better. Moreover, we

of others, who may understand the coalition of the Clergy with the Dis- think that Toleration is an indispenssenters, upon religious principles, was contrary to the constitution of the the laiter was entirely derived from

able adjunct to Protestantism, because Church, and to the engagernents which

exercise of the freedoin of opinion, the Clergy are under to preserve it.

wh therefore, it cannot consistently This idea appears to us highly to

refuse to others. The Toleration Act vindicate those Clergymen who prefer passed at last ; and then the unjustlythe “Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, and the "Propagation of persecuted Dissenters, like school-boys the Gospel in Foreign Parts,” what-church-duties, and would almost have

at breaking up, inade gambols of ever may be the opinions of many wor

exhumated the dead, that they might thy Church-ministers, who are irregular from good infention and no other perform a burial service twice over.

They celebrated marriage, a civil conThe Archbishop, nevertheless, draws

cern (where property is at stake), witha proper line, with regard to Churchmen and Dissenters, viz. that they are their christenings, churchings, and bu

out licence or banns (see p. 362), and only to differ in religious principles.

rials, were utterly intangible by law, as I am not against the coa'ilion of Church- is plainly confessed by Lord Chief Jusmen with Dissenters in any matter where tice Holt (p. 362), and therefore the they can go together in promoting the com- Clergy were left without power. mon cause of Religion or good manners. So far from that, I heartily wish them well.

“ Some of the first difficulties he met And it would be the inost pleasing thing in with in his diocese, were from Dissenters the world to me, if we could all be united in taking advantage of the Act of Toleration to one body. And in the mean time, while we break loose, and assume greater liberties continue separate, I would have all possible than were designed them by the Act. (p.358.) tenderness and kindness shewed to all good Some people thought to shelter themselves men amongst them." P. 177.

under it (the Act), from ecclesiastical cenFor the service of village churches, in any place. Such there were in his own

sures, for not attending the worship of God his Grace thought persous of regular diocese, and though the Act does not in life, right honest, and well-tempered, reality destroy or enervate the Bishop's to be the fittest ministers; in large and power over such delinquents, yet it makes populous towns, those of greater learn- the exercise of it more difficult, and inore

606

Review.-Letter to the Abp. of Canterbury. [xcv. liable to be evaded than it was before.” Hanover succession, and covertly faP. 363.

vour the Pretender, as has been reAdd to this, that the Temporal peatedly asseverated, was utterly false Courts, by writs of supersedeas (p. and unfounded. (See p. 324.) But 216), set aside the writ de excommunic there is a singular circumstance attachcato capiendo, and “the easiness of ed to this point of history, the appellaobtaining these writs of supersedeas tion of the Pretender as Prince of was so well known by the practising Wales, in conversation with her Mas aitornies in the country, that they did jesty, without blame. We have also generally encourage all sorts of people read that the Queen was worried to to stand out in defiance of the Church dieath by the factions among her Micensure.” P. 216.

nisters. It appears from this book, Now when we consider that ohjec- that her Majesty's life was passed in tions were made to the marriage of the most painful drudgery of canvasspersons who had not been baptized ing for votes, &c. She was put into (see p. 205), we must adınit that it the situation of a hawker or pedlar could be no means of promoting vir- for custom, or rather of a rider for the tue; and, in our judgment, it was a

firm of her Ministers. How the Queen part of ecclesiastical discipline grow- wheedled the Archbishop is amusing; ing out of popery.

and it ended very naturally in a hope Another case ensued of excommu expressed by her Majesty, that he nication, &c. against a person for mar would always do what she desired.rying the sister of his deceased wife, P. 322. and refusing to separate from her. We assure our readers that there is Here his Grace recommended a Cler a fund of information, ecclesiastical, gyman to talk to them upon the sub- political, and curious, in these importject, and insist upon a total separation. ant volumes, – that they exhibit an (pp. 209, 210.). Now incest must, we

Archbishop like many preceding and think, in the view of reason, be limit- existing prelates, who wore his rochet ed to connexions by blood; and if first and lawn-sleeves upon the inward as cousins can marry, where there is

well as outward man. blood, why should mere propinquity be made an obstacle?

Indeed we

111. A Letter to his Grace the Archlishop doubt not but certain of the prohi

of Canterbury, on the sulject of New bitory degrees were put into the table

Churches, &c. Svo. pp. 68. in papal times, for the purpose of get

THE question here agitated, is, ting more money by the sale of dis- whether in the New Churches, Ecclepensations. In vol. II. pp. 127—134, şiastical offices of a certain kind can be the subject of these prohibitory degrees legally celebrated; and whether in paris amply discussed, and it is in p. 129 ticular, marriage, which carries with it confessed, that impediments not exist such an important train of interests ing in the Levitical Law, have been and consequences, can, in virtue of the put into the scale, “because all the Acts of Parliament newly made with prohibitions being made purely upon relation to these Churches, be legally account of nearness of kindred, those solemnized ; for, says the author, Mr.' persons who are in the same nearness Harvey, of kindred must be supposed to be alike “ It would give me great pleasure to be prohibited." (p. 130.) Thus relation convinced that there is no chance, that our ship by consanguinity and affinity is children or grand-children may find themmade one and the same thing; which selves disinherited, and branded with the doctrine we affirm to be opposite both stamp of illegitimacy.” P. 67, to nature and reason; for, in fact, a And it is preposterous, that on acwife's sister is no relation at all, but count of the extent of the parish of in custom and prescription, to the hus- Lambeth, band. The enlargement of the code

“ A poor woman, just out of her lyingwas of papal manufacture, and we re in room-residing at Norwood—where a gret that the Reformation had not re New Church is erected-should be obliged vised this code as well as others.

to walk five or six miles, to be churched, We shall now take our leave, with and to have her child baptized, whatever simply remarking one important histo- may be the state of her health." P. 65. rical fact; viz. that any desire on the We are certain, that no interests, part of Queen Anne to impede the no circumstances, render it a wish of

any

PART 11.]
REVI&W.-Scientia Biblica.

607 any Clergyman whatever (Bishop or given, as aforesaid, there shall be placed in Curate) to withhold Ecclesiastical of some conspicuous part of the interior of fices to any person legally entitled such Chapel a notice in the words followthereto, but ihat if there are difficulties ing : Banns may be published and Marriages in Acts of Parliament, it must be owing solemnized in this Chapel.to omission or neglect of plain speak This entirely removes the objection ing. A jargon, certainly, law language of Mr. Harvey, because every man has become, and though its high and who has a marriage celebrated in a beautiful reason is apparent, upon ar- Chapel not so authorized, does it at his gument before the Courts, yet ihe ori- peril; but satisfied, as we are, that our ginal Acts themselves show, that there political sentiments cannot be misinmay be stammering and stuttering in terpreted, we feel, with him, that to writing as well as in speaking. render Acts of Parliament intelligible

We have heard, that when Mr. is a humble necessity, amounting only Pitt's Income Tax was first levied, ahe to this, that the writing on a direction Town of Berwick - upon - Tweed was post be legible. omitted in the Act; and that a cun

One more remark-De Gustibus non ning Lawyer, knowing, or affirming est disputandum; and we do not like that it was neither in England or in Churches being built in any other than Scotland, obtained by virtue of the the Gothick style of architecture; nor omission, a whole year's exemption such words as Banns may be, &c. infrom the operation of the said tax. scribed in any Church or Chapel whatWe remember, in our younger days, ever.

It looks to us like "Licensed that the “ town of Berwick-upon- to deal in Coffee, Snuff," &c. Tweed" used to figure away in proclamations, and its titular pretensions 112. Scientia Biblica: containing the New have not, as we know, been extin Testament, in the original Tongue, with guished by attainder.

the English Vulgate, and a copious and Odd things, therefore, obtain in tem

original Collection of parallel Passages, poral as well as Ecclesiastical docu printed in Words at Length. In 3 vols. inents; but non omnia possumus omnes;

8vo. Booth. and we wish that the generalship of

WHEN

persons are proceeding on Lawyers was brought into action, as a journey, it becomes a serious impewell as their jargon ; for so we call diment to their progress if they have lo that which must be put into the form of diverge every now and then, to make Blackstone's Commentaries, or Reeves's calls and visits; and the Student in History, before any person can under- Divinity is in a similar situation, if he stand a word of it. Some generalship has to look out all the parallel passages. might have been used in the late Mar. These, however, it is most important riage Acts. If, as in Registers of Bap- to know, because it is an essential rule tisins, the publicatious of banns had in theology, that if one text be exbeen in this form, “ I publish the plained at the expence of another, banns of marriage between A. son of which contradicts it, such explanation B. and C. Roe, of D. (if any particular is unsound; and moreover, these colresidence) in the parish of .... Batche- lections of the parallels bring all the lor, and É. daughter of F. and G. Doe, heads of doctrine upon particular of H. in the parish of 1. Spinster,” &c. points, into a focus. But there are then those, who were capitally prose- things which recommend themselves, cuting poor celibacy, might have been and this is one of them. It is thereimpeded in their efforts to procure sen

fere unnecessary to enlarge upon obtence of death by a charitable applica- vious conveniences. It is sufficient to tion to parents for suspension of the make such things known; and 10 state proceedings, because his pretended with regard to this book, in what man. murder by breaking hearts, may be

ner the author has executed his task. only justiñable homicide with regard We have great satisfaction in saying, to fortune-hunters.

that the present work contains many We find in the last Marriage Act, thousand parallel and illustrative, pas4 Geo. IV. cap. 76, the following sages, more than any other compilawords :

tion in existence. “ S IV. Provided always, and be it enact.

The Editor shall now speak for himed, That in every Chapel in respect of which self. suci authority (of marrying, &c.] shall be “ The Editor solicits attention, particu

larly

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