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598 Badge of the Percy Family.

Assyrian Chronology. [xc. lier ; Dr. James Mackenzie, author of the “History of Health."-At the Theatre Mrs. Siddons first displayed her abilities. —At the Commandery, during the battle of Worcester, 'Duke Hamilton died.-On the East side of the Cathedral is the house where the patriot Lord Somers was born. S.T.

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) remarks, that the names

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 1. And again : VOUR Correspondent, Mr. Gage,

“ Then journeying to the holy land, 297) my query respecting the Crests But first the silver crescent won,

There bravely fought and died; and Badges of the Percy family; and

Some Paynim Soldan's pride." mentions the ancient Badge of the Crescent as used by the Earl of Nor Yours, &c.

E. G. thumberland in the time of James the First. This has been used by the family, from time immemorial, to the

Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 13. present period. The crescent encloses SIR ( a double manacle or fetlock, in a party p. coloured ground, the form of which of the Assyrian Monarchs recorded by charge has always been misrepresented Ctesias and the ancient Greek and Laon plate, carriages, escutcheons, &c. tin authors who copy after him, have of this noble House. — Edmonson's 20 affinity with the names of those " Baronagium Genealogicum” has it mentioned by the inspired writers; the most perfect, but not exacıly; in except that of Sardanapalus, whose consequence of which, allow me to name he had met with in Herodotus. send you a sketch, as iaken from an- (Euterpe, c. 150.) He adds, that alcient tracery on different parts of Aln- though Herodotus (whose numbers wick Castle, co. Northumberland, with concerning these ancient times are all a brief mention of its antiquity. too long) makes the duration of the

Assyrian empire only 520 years, Ctesias makes it 1360. I shall not follow this able writer in the arguments which he deduces from Scripture to prove the recent origin of the Assyrian empire, when Sennacherib invaded Judæa; and that Pul was the first conqueror among these Monarchs (see p. 267, &c.); but shall proceed to expose the absurdities and inconsistencies which abound in the received history of Assyria.

First. The number of the Monarchs, and the duration of their reigns, are variously delivered by the different historians.

Diodorus Siculus (lib. ii. c. 21, 23, In Knaresborough Church, county 28) says, the descendants of Ninus of York, a female of the Percy family, reigned for 30 generations and 1360 recumbent on an altar-tomb (erected years; as he professes to copy from in the reign of Elizabeth) rests her foot Ctesias. against a crescent.

Agathias (De Imper. et reb. gest. At Percy's, in the parish of Scot- Justiniani, lib. ii.) and Syncellus ton, co. York, the crescent appears on (Chronograph. p. 286, ed. Venet. p. the cieling of the hall in several places, 359, ed. Paris) ascribe the duration of of a very early date. A quotation from 1306 years to this Monarchy, but the an old ballad will further illustrate the right reading in both these authors is subject :

probably 1360, as in Diodorus. « The Minstrels of that noble house

Paterculus (lib. 1, c. 6) says 1070 All clad in robes of blue,

(some copies 1230) years, and 33 MoWith silver cresents on their arms

narchs. Attend in order due.”

Syncellus (p. 132, ed. Venet.) says

Sar.

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PART 11.] Chronology of the Assyrian Empire.

599 Sardanapalus was the 41st Monarch, rodotus has erred, in placing Cyaxares and says, the Monarchy lasted 1460 before Astyages, and that Astyages was years, ending (according to the same son of Phraortes. Assuerus and Asauthor) A. M. 4675.

tyages are universally allowed to be Syncellus (p. 133) quotes Cephalion, the same King of Media. Nabuchoas saying that the descendants of Ninus donosor was a name common to the reigned above 1000 years; and that no Kings of Babylon. Although Heroone of them reigned less than 20; and dotus does noi say that the King of adding that Ctesias relates the names Babylon assisted the Medes, yet it is of 23.

highly probable, as the King LabyneJustin says, the empire (lib. 1. c. 2) tus (Clio, 74) was the mediator belasted 1300 years.

tween Astyages (or Cyaxares) and Secondly. Not even 41 Monarchs Alyattes the Lydian, B. C. 585. Thus (the greatest number any author men we find that it is agreed on all hands, tions) could reign even 1000 years, the that the Babylonians and Medes were least number ascribed to them.

the destroyers of Nineveh ; but that it In my former communication, I is supposed to have been twice destroythink I satisfactorily proved it impos- ed, because chronologers ascribe each sible for any number of Kings to reign to a very different epoch. But we may more than 18 years, one with another, remark that Justin and Paterculus only Let us, however, admit for once that mention one destruction of the town; they might reign 20 years. Even in and that Herodotus and the Scripture this case the 41 Monarchs could only also only mention one; but as some fill up a period of about 820 years. will have it, a quite different event.

Thirdly. If these Mouarchs were This destruction of Nineyeh is vaso effeminate as described, how could riously dated. Sir Isaac Newton places they have retained so extensive an em it B. C. 609; Mr. Gibbon, &c. 606 ; pire so long? If they were not effe- Larcher, 603; Arnald, 613, or the 29th minate and cowardly, it is plain the year of King Josiah. historians are fabulists, because they If Newton has rightly placed the all agree in saying they were. Sarda. Trojan war B.C. 904, Diodorus himnapalus is said to have far exceeded all self

affords us a clue to the discovery of his predecessors in luxury and effemi- the truth; as he says the destruction nacy; and yet he is said to have com of Nineveh followed that of Troy 306 manded four armies in as many bat- years; consequently this would be dated tles, and afterwards to have destroyed about 600 B. C. Those who suppose himself and family on a suneral pile. that this town was twice destroyed, Herodotus mentions Sardanapalus as date it from Eusebius, B.C. 820, from very rich, and describes a successful Justin, B. C. 900. Blair, Gibbon, attempt to rob his treasury: but as he Paterculus, 740, Lavoisne, 747. either had written or was preparing to From Chronology, therefore, arises write a History of Assyria (see Clio. the only objection which can be made c. 106 and 184), he does not mention to the supposition, that the different the destruction of Nineveh. As this historians alike relate the same event. history has not been preserved, we un Of one thing we are certain, that Nifortunately are left very much in the neveh was destroyed about 600 B. C. dark on this subject, and can draw no as the Scriptures prove. Of the other conclusion from our author's silence

we can have no certainty, as the rehere.

laters of the same fact disagree with Fourthly. Ctesias and his followers one another, and place it in very difsay that it was Arbaces a Median, and ferent years. The artificial chronoloBelesis a Babylonian, who rebelled gers (as Newton calls them) do not against Sardanapalus, and destroyed here even agree; and upon their auNineveh the first time: and Herodo- thority only do we deny that there was tus says that Cyaxares, the Median but one Nineveh; and weary ourselves Monarch, conquered Assyria (Clio. c. in making useless conjectures, in order 106); and in the concluding verse of to explain a difficulty which we ours the apocryphal book of Tobit, Nabu- selves have created, and which is comchodonosor and Assuerus are said to pletely ideal. For the rest I refer my have destroyed it. Newton, c. 6, 310, reader to Sir Isaac Newton's work. (and others I believe) thinks that He

SEPTEMDECIMUS.

Mr.

600

Monument at Waterloo --Singular Epitaph. [xcv.
Mr. URBAN,
Nov. 12. Mr. URBAN,

Dec. 23. WHAT Field of Waterloo, must be

HE inclosed Epitaph is from a THI

very scarce book in my possesextremely interesting to the world in sion, entitled.: Variorum in Europa general, and to Englishmen in particu. nuscriptis selectiora tantum inscrip

Itinerum Deliciæ; seu, ex variis MaPar, who bore so distinguished a part tionum maximè recentium Monuin a battle, which in its consequences menta. Quibus passim in Italia et put an end to a bloody and protracted Germanică, Helvetia et Bohemiâ, Dawar, which for more than a a century had deluged the Continent niâ et Cimbria, Belgio et Gallia, An

gliâ et Poloniâ, &c. Templa, Aræ, with blood, and to a system of san

Scholæ, Bibliothecæ, Musæa, Arces, guinary and unprincipled ambition, by Palatia, Tribunalia, Poetæ, Arcus which one individual had brought in

Triumphales, Obelisci, Pyramides, calculable misery on the civilized part of the human race, and had shed the Nosodochia, Armamentaria Propug. blood of millions in the pursuit of his nacula, Portus Asyla, Ædes, Coena.

cula, Horologia, Pontes, Horti, Villa, lawless and tyrannical system of ag- Agriaria, Thermæ, Fontes, Monetæ, grandizement. Without further preface, permit me

Statuæ, Tabulæ, Emblemata Cippi to extract from the perishable pages

of Sepulchra, &c. conspicua sunt. Præa daily newspaper the following de missis in clariores urbes Epigrammati

bus, Julii Cæs. Scaligeri. Omnia nuscription of a “Monument at Water100," from the pen of Mr. J. Deville, per collecta et hoc modo digesta à Naa visitant of the spot :

ihane Chrytæo. Editio Secunda. Apud

Christophorum Corvinum, 1599. « This Monument is an earthern mound The book is dedicated to Christian, or hill of immense size, being upwards of third King of Denmark, Norway, &c. 700 feet diameter at the base, and 2160 If you think it worthy a place in feet in circumference. It is 200 feet high, your valuable Miscellany, it will be and 100 feet in diameter at the top. There flattering to an old Correspondent. is a double carriage road winding round it in a spiral form, and supplying an easy method of ascent for carriages to the very top;

The following Epitaph is from the

Church of S. Spiritus in Sienna. and by this road the materials have been and are conveyed to complete the work. In

Potatoris. the centre is a shaft of brick, which is car Vina dabant vitam, mortem mihi vida dedere, ried up from the bottom, and is still going Sobrius Aurora cernere non potui. on. It is to be 60 feet higher than the cop Ossa merum sitiunt, Vino consperge Sepulof the Eastern mount, making the whole height 200 feet. It is intended for a pedes Et calice epoto, care Viator, abi. tal to receive a lion, the crest of Belgium,

Valete, Potatores. which will be 21 feet long, and 12 feet high, 'Twas rosy wine, that juice divine, and which is ready to be put up when the work is completed. The mound has been But Death, alas ! has drain'd my glass,

My life and joys extended; 18 months in hand, and is to be finished within six more. For the first six months, The social bowl my jovial soul

And all my pleasures ended. 2000 men, 600 horses, and as many carts as could be kept at work, were employed

Till morn ne'er thought of quitting, upon it, and the number has been only di- A jolly fellow, his wine, till mellow, minished as the termination of the work

To leave is not befitting.

approached. It is of the conical form, with My thirsty bones are dry as stones, the top cut off, and out of it the shaft or And Deed much irrigation, pedestal for the lion rises. At present it I pray then o'er my grave you'll pour has a pleasing appearance, from the great A copious libation. number of horses, carts, and people, as Dear Traveller, stay, ere hence away, cending and descending by the winding This boon on me bestowing, road."

Then take a cup and drink it up,

A cup with wine o'erflowing. Not doubting but that the insertion of this extract will be means of further

Topers, farewell ! where'er you dwell, inquiry and elucidation as the work And be your lays, of wine the praise,

May wine be most abounding, proceeds, I remain,

In Päeans loud resounding."
Yours, &c.
INVESTIGATOR.
Yours, &c.

ΣΗΝΥΑ.

crum,

PART 1.)

[ 601 ]

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

09. A Manual of Classical Bibliography, ther edition would have equally served; comprising a copious Detail of the various and as no such edition is mentioned in Editions, Commentaries, and Works criti- this work, perhaps it is very rare and cal and illustrative, and Translations from valuable. (ve think it too of the first the English, French, Italian, Spanish, importance, that in books of this kind German, and occasionally other Languages

we should have an account of the lost of the Greek and Latin Classics. By works of eminent classics. Mr. Moss, Joseph William Moss, B.A. of Magdalen under Liry, luas given us some account Hall, Oxford. 8vo. 2 vols,

of the losi Decades. We shall add OUR natural reflection at sight of

some curious anecdotes on Bibliograworks of this kind is, why have we not

phy. a standard edition of each writer got

The Editio Princeps of Martial is up on the same principle as an autho- dated in 1471, and yet Bishop Jewel rized Version of the Bible, and illus

says (Reply to Harding, p. 8, fol. 1609), trated in the same mapner as the Del

“Marujalis was lately found in France phin editions? We say the Delphin in the cittie of Sennovica, in an arch editions, not that we conceive them

of stone under the ground, so corrupt the best, but think that the form of and defaced, that in many places it the notes conveys to us the most know, could not be read, and was never seen lelge of the nieaning of the author, and in the world at any time before, so litthe manners of the tinies. It is evi- tle did the best scholars of that day dently useful under present circum- know about Bibliography.” Menage stances, that we should know the cha- tells us (Menagiana, 1. gó), that Leoracter of the goods which we mean to nard Arctin found a Greek MS. of purchase, but it is certainly not very Procupius, and passed it for his own, pleasant to find various opinions in the but was detected by other copies beBibliographers, because it is utterly iin

ing found ; and, that Machiavel did possible for those not engaged in the

the like with the Apothegms of Pluvery identical line of research, to tell tarch in his Life of Castruccio, into which of these Bibliographers is right, whose mouth he put the best of the and to ascertain this point would re

good things that Plutarch said.Our quire a great deal of time and labour. Thomson in his “Seasons” has paraFor instance, under Ammianus Mar

pbrused whole lines of Lucretius, which cellinus, in the present work, 1. 38,

have passed unnoticed. Cicero de Rewe bave Lugd. Bat. 12mo, 1632,

publicâ is quoted by Augustine de CiBoxhornii.

vitate Dei, l. q. L. 2, and Ludovicus Dr.Harwood calls this edition beau- Vives, in his notes on this chapter, p. tiful and very correct. The Bibliogra- 335, says of these six books De Rephical Dict. I, p. 37, says that it, is publicà,—"Audio apud quosdam tanvery beautiful, and very incorrect.

quam aurea inala asservari.”. It is cer. We have some excellent editions of tain that this work is quoted by Bishop the Classicks, and we venture to say that Hooper in his “ Declaration of the the verbal corrections of numerous Third Commandment,” fol. 35, p.2, and editors are in several places perfectly was once, therefore, in England. Mr. childish. In Burman's edition of Pe- Mosse takes no notice of Ennius;

but tronius (who by the way is utterly Ludovicus Vives quotes fragments, omitted by Mr. Moss, because per- which he had a mind to collect into haps deemed by him a factitious Clas

one body. Justin is known to have sick, of later æra), numerous instances abridged Trogus, yet Ludovicus menoccur of this mischievous emendation. tions that there were persons who afWorks of the kind before us may warn firmed that they had seen Trogus's those who are in the possession of good work in Italy. (p. 348.) Jerom quotes editions not to part with them hastily. some lost books of Seneca, as those De We had an edition of Cicero's Ora- Superstitionibus et de Matrimonio (adtions by Freigius, 3 vols. 12mo, which versus Jovinianum). Sallust's books of we gave away to a person whom ano the Historia de Bellis Civilibus are lost. Gent. Mag. Suppl. XCV. Part II.

Part D

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602

REVIEW.- Dr. Highmore's Arguments, &c. [vc. Part of Varro's works are lost.—To practise in Doctors' Commons, but some of the editions of Tibullus are was rejected on account of having annexed Elegies, imputed to Corne- taken deacon's orders (see p. 47), the lius Gallus, which Grainger says are a appointment solicited being for that modern composition, the work of one reason contrary to the Canons. The Longinus Maximian, a physician applicants for civilian advocacy must (Notes on El. i. v. 3.) We do not have, it also seems, the approbation of find this noticed by Mr. Moss, i. 260. the Archbishop of Canterbury before -We here stop, because Mr. Roscoe, they receive their diploma (if it may in his Life of Lorenzo de Medici, be so called), and hence the concern abounds with bibliographical informa- of his Grace in the affair,-a concern tion, see i. pp. 30, 33, &c. &c. 3d ed. which we lament, because the ineligi410, 1797.-In p. 38 he informs us, bility of Clergymen for the office should that Nicciolo Niccoli, who died in have been expressed in the Act of Par1438, was the father of that species of liument ; but if it be the fact (and it criticism which corrects, the defects is not denied) that the complainant, and arranges the texts of MSS. Dr. Highmore, had taken Deacon's

We think that a diligent search for orders (see p. 47), he must of course lost Classics ought to be made in pri have sworn obedience to the Canons, vate foreign libraries, by means of cor- and whether his postulate, that advorespondence with the Literati abroad, cacy in the Commons ought not to be and that lists of the lost books would limited to laymen, be well founded or be useful adjuncts to the works on not, he cannot justly complain of the Bibliography. They are commonly operation of Canons, to which he has mentioned in the prefaces to the au sworn allegiance, or load the Archthors.

bishop of Canterbury with censure, Mr. Moss is very ample in his quo because his Grace did not choose to tations, and has certainly taken much infringe those Canons which it was pains with his subject. It is not from his duty to support. Had Dr. Highinjustice to Mr. Mogs that we say no more thought proper to acquaint him

self with the customary proceedings in A gentleman who has lately pub these matters before he took the de. lished a History of Chivalry, a Mr. gree of LL. D. nothing of this would Mills, has thought proper to attack have happened. Dr. Meyrick's admirable work on In the second Pamphlet Dr. HighArmour. Now we do not think a more calls himself a Commissioned Ad. man's opinion worth a straw upon vocate, because, we presume, from pp. such a subject, in comparison with 67, 68, that a commission had been those of Dr. M. if he has never pos made out, but was revoked or not exesessed, like Dr. M. a collection of cuted. The substance of this second armour. In the same manner, we pamphlet is "a heavy fire of grape, should think ourselves as unreasonable round, and canister," against the Bias Mr. Mills, if we gave opinions in shops and Clergy (who had no manpraise or reprobation of Bibliogra- ner of concern with the transaction), phers, without having seen the edi- and we are sorry to say, that, considertions upon which the remarks are ing the change of times, Dr. Highmade.

more's warfare is that of a pirate, and

the modes, those incompatible with 108. Arguments for L.C. J. Mansfield's Doc. He has taken up all the austerities of

the usages of civilized 'Belligerents. trine of a legal Right to plead in Doctors ancient times, and applied them to Commons, which Arguments the Court of the present. He has required that the King's Bench refused to hear. By Nathaniel Highmore, LL.D. 8vo. PP. 60.

Clergy and the Bishops should live in 109. The Popish Abuse called Lay Church rags and upon vegetables only, and de

vote the remainder of their incomes to Government, laid open to his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. By a Commis- the poor. Strange is it, that a man in sioned Advocate. 4to. pp. 73.

the nineteenth century, an LL.D. and

of high education, can utter such nonIN the first Pamphlet we are in- sense! Providence has ordained, that formed that the author having taken whatever be the wealth of a nation, the degree of LL. D. at an English that wealth must be spent upon the University, applied for permission to population. Suppose A, a dissipated

man,

more.

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