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506
Alleged Impropriety in Exeter Cathedral.

(Dec. Exeter Cathedral, before and afler, but lightened age, thus continue to "strain not during divine service !!!

at gnats, and swallow camels!" Whether therefore the Hats worn Had the custom alluded to been a in the Chapel of St. Stephen in Lon- glaring impropriety, would it have es. don, will cover the dininitive Cap caped the penetrating eyes of Queen worn by the Sword-bearer in the Ca- Elizabeth ? of Charles the First? and thedral of Exeter, must be left to Co. of George the Third? Would it also lonel Macdonald, and the publick to have been sanctioned by all the Bidetermine; although it will be dif- shops of Exeter since the reign of ficult to conceive how an act, consi- Henry the Seventh ; and have passed dered as perfectly innocent in one place unnoticed by every one of those veof worship, should in a privileged per- nerable Judges of England, who have son be regarded as a flagrant and gross visited the Cathedral during their cirinstance of impiety in another!

cuits?-SURELY NOT! Let us not, Sir, in the present en Yours, &c. E. T. Pilgrim.

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.

ton, bart.

WORCESTERSHIRE.

(Continued from p. 416.) Seats : Croome Park, Earl of COVENTRY, Lord Lieutenant. Aldenham House, Sir Richard Edward Ac Grafton Hall, R. Lucas, esq.

Hagley Park, Lord Lyttleton. Apley Park, Thos. Whitmore, esq.

Ham Court, Rev. Jos. Martin. Badger Hall, Mrs. Hawkins Browne. Hartlebury Castle, Bishop of Worcester. Barbourne House, John Wheeley, esq. Hawford Lodge, J. Blackburn, esq. Belmont Lodge, Sir R. Wigram, bart. Henley Court, Sir John Knight. Bell Hall, Mrs. Noel.

Henner House, Thos. Benbow, esq. Belswardine, Mrs. Harnage.

Hewell Grange, Earl of Plymouth. Beoly Hall, Thomas Holme Hunter, esq. High Park, P. Greesly, esq. Berrington, Hon. and Rev. R. Hill.

Himley Hall, Visc. Dudley and Ward. Betton, R. Scott, esq.

Holon Hall, Hanson, esq. Blackmore Park, Thomas Hornybold, esq. Holt Castle, Henry Chillingworth, esq. Blakebrook House, John Jefferies, esq. Hopton Court, J. Botfield, esq. Brockhampton House, J. Barneby, esq.

Lea Castle, John Knight, esq.
Broseley, John Onions, esq.

Leigh Court, B. Gardiner, esq.
John Pritchard, esq.

Leikey Hall, Thos. Moore, esq.
Buildwas Abbey,
Wilkinson, esq.

Lodge, Ludlow, Arthur Salway, esq.
Caughley Place,
Brown, esq.

Madeley Wood, W. Anstice, esq.
Clent Hall, J. Amphlett, esq;

Madresfield, Earl Beauchamp.
Colebrook Dale, Francis Darby, esq. Manley Hall, Sir Edward Blount, bart.
B. Dickinson, esq.

Middlehill, Sir T. Phillipps, bart.
W. Tothill, esq.

Morvil Hall, Henry Acton, esq.
Conderton Lodge, Wm. Walter, esq. Moseley Hall, Mrs. Taylor.
Cotheridge, Rev. Dr. Berkeley.

Nevers, dear Worcester, Visct. Eastnor, Cotton Hall, Rev. J. H. Petit.

Northwick Park, Lord Northwick. Cound, J. Cresset Pelham, esq.

Norton Lodge, W. Watkins, esq. Drake's Place, near Hanley, John Allen, esq. Ombersley Court, Marchioness of DownDrayton House, T. S. Vernon, esq.

shire. Dupshill, Wm. Chambers, esq.

Overbury House, J. Martin, esq. Eardiston, Sir Wm. Smith, bart.

Perk Hall, Kidderminster, Abraham TurEaton, Rev. E. Williams.

ner, esq. Eaton Court, Wm. Hull, esq.

Pedmore Hall, Freeman, esq. Edgbaston Hall, Dr. Edw. Johnston. Perdiswell House, H. Wakeman, esq. Enville Hall, Earl of Stamford and War Pigeon House, Northfield, S. Ryeland, esq. rington.

Quarry, Pedmore, J. Owen, esq. Evesham Abbes, E. Rudye, esq.

Rhydd, Sir Anthony Lechmere, bart. Ewdness, John Barnfield, esq.

Rose Place, Worcester, E. Sanderson, esq. Eyton, Christopher Scott, esq.

Rouse Linch, Sir W. E. R. Boughton, bt. Farnham Abbey, Col. Cotterell.

Severn End, Mrs. Lakin. Gaines, J. Freeman, esq.

Sion Hill, Wolverley, John Smith, esq. Glasshampton, Rev. Denham Cooke. Spetchley, R. Berkeley, esq.

1825.] Compendium of County History.--Worcestershire. 507 Spring Grove, Bewdley, John Taylor, esq. West Coppice, Miss Smitheman. Spring-hill, Hon. John Coventry.

Whitbourne Court, Win. Smith, esq. Stanford Park, Sir Thomas Edw. Winning- Whiteford Lodge, Mrs. Lawrence. ton, bart.

White Ladies, Mrs. Ingram. Stanley, Sir Thos. Tyrwhitt Jones, bart. Whitley Court, Lord Foley. Stone, w. Pratt, esq.

Wick House, Pershore, John Sayer, esq. Temple Lawn, Worcester, R. H. Harrison, Willey Park, Lord Forester. esq.

Winterdyne House, W. M. Moseley, esq. Thorngrove, Rich. Griffiths, esq.

Witley Court, Lord Foley. Tickenhill House, Mrs. Onslow.

Woodfield House, Mrs. Cooper. Waysley House, Mrs. Orange.

Worcester Palace, Bp. of Worcester. Westwood House, Sir John Packington, bt.

Lady Gresley Peerage. _Dudley Viscounty to Ward; Evesham Barony to Cocks Earl So.

mers; Frankley Barony to Lord Lyttleton; Kidderminster Barony 10 Foley; Northwick Barony to Rushout; Ombersley, Sandys of, Barony to Hill; Powicke, Beauchamp of, Barony to Lygon Earl Beauchamp; Worcester Marquisate, Earldom, and Viscounty to Somerset Duke of Beaufort. Members to Parliament. For the County 2; Bewdley 1; Droitwich 2; Eres

ham 2; Worcester 2 ; total 9. Praduce. Corn, pulse, hops, cherries, pears, and other fruit in abundance.

Wool. Alabaster, calcareous flag-stonie, salt, quartz, coal, free-slone, limestone, gravel, brick-clay, hornblendie, mica. Manufactures. Glass, porcelain, pottery, iron, carpets, gloves, hosiery, stuffs, lace, needles, leather, Dutch and sailors' caps, horn, Hannels, oil-mills.

POPULATION. Hundreds 5; Market towns 11. Whole Purishes 152, Parts of Parishes 5.

Inhabitunts, Males 90,259; Females 94,165 ; total 184,424. Families employed in Agriculture, 14,926; in trade, 18,566; in neither 5,514; total 39,006. Baptisms, M. 27,457 ; F. 26,381 ; total 53,838. Marriages 13,178. Burials, M. 16,819; F. 16,722 ; total, 33,541.

Places having not less than 1000 Inhabitants :
Houses. Inhab.
Houses. Inhab.

Houses. Inhab. Dudley 3,279 18,211 | Droitwitch 474 2,176 Broadway 286 1,382 WORCESTER 3,140 17,023 Kidderminster

Powick

306 1,360 419

2,043 Kinder

Foreigo of

Whistons 209 1,344 2,000 10,709 Ombersley 1,814 Chaddesley

1,343 Bromsgrove 1,585 7,519 Cradley

1,696 Corbett Stourbridge 5,090 Hartlebury 1,676 Rock

1,266 Old Swinford 945 4,980 Inkberrow

1,667 Martley 249 1,264 BewDLEY 918 3,725 Great Malvern 313 1,568 Bishop Wick

263 1,263 King's Norton 709 3,651 Northfield

1,567 St. Jobn Bed

240 EVESHAM

1,161

wardine 899 3,487 Skipton-upon-} 320 1,562 Tardebigg

Blockley

1,158 Lower Milton 2,544 | Leigh

302 1,546 Kempsey

1,129 Claines 2,509 Wolverley 1,529 Hallow

1,081 Feckenham 2,383 Belbroughton 1,476 Hanbury

1,042 Yardley 456 2,313 Holy Cross

1,465 Tenbury

1,008 Upton-upon }

Hanley Castle

1,424
490
Severn

2,319
Alvechurch

1,413

}

MINSTER

280

360 357 332 371

989

249

285

510 514 478

267 323 325 260 281

250 240 225 163 219

HISTORY. 418. The Romans left this Island, carrying with them all their treasures. Mr.

Milner thinks they constructed the brick kiln found at Soddington in 1807, and which they were obliged to leave. (See vol. Lxxvir. 1009.) 628. Worcester taken by Penda, King of Mercia. 1016. Canute defeated with great slaughter by Edmund Ironside near Blockley. 1041. A tumult happened at Worcester in collecting the danegelt tribute.

The King, incensed at the riot, completely plundered the city, and burnt it to the ground. The inhabitants having retired for security to Bevere, an island in the Severn, two miles distant, were there attacked by the vindictive Me

narch,

508 Compendium of County History.Worcestershire, (Dec.

narch, but so warm was the reception, that the besieged honourably capito

lated. 1074. The conspiracy against Will. I. frustrated through the activity of the

King's friends in Worcestershire. The Abbot of Evesham, Bp. Wulstan, and Urso, guarding the passes of the Severn, stopped the Earl of Hereford,

and thus obtained the day. 1088. Worcester attacked by Roger de Lacy, &c. and the King's enemies.

Bishop Wulstan, animating the citizens on the part of the King, took or

killed 500 men, and freed the city from blockade. 1113. June 19, Worcester consumed by fire, caused, as suspected, by the

Welsh. 1129. Henry I. kept his Christmas at Worcester. 1139. Stephen, on his march to the siege of Ludlow Castle, visited Worces

ter, and offered at the High Altar his ring as a votive present.-Nov. 7, the forces of the Empress Maud, under Milo Earl of Hereford, attacked the

city of Worcester, and plundered and set it on fire. 1149. King Stephen burnt Worcester, but could not take the Castle. The

Castle was afterwards attacked by Eustace, but saved by Count de Meulant

who repulsed him. 1151. Stephen made another assault on Worcester Castle, but without success,

being obliged to raise the siege. The King "built castles” before the Castle, and filled ihein with garrisons, but they were overthrown by Robert Earl of

Leicester 1156. The Abbot of Evesham heroically attacked Bengworth Castle, and

razed it to the foundation. 1157. Worcester fortified by Hugh Mortimer against Henry II. but submitted

on the King's approach. 1159. Henry II. and his Queen offered their crowns at Worcester, and a Par

liament held there. 1207. John visited Worcester, and performed his devotions at Wulstan's tomb. 1214. John kept his Christmas at Worcester. 1216. Worcester declared for Lewis the Dauphin ; but was taken by Ranulph

Earl of Chester. 1218. Worcester Cathedral consecrated in the presence of Henry III. and a

great assembly of nobility, &c. 1225. A great tournament at Worcester, the actors in which were all excom

municated by Bp. Blois. 1232. Henry III. kept his Christmas at Worcester. 1234. Henry III. kept Whitsuntide at Worcester. 1263. The Barons laid siege to Worcester, which they took Feb. 28. 1264. Henry III. after the battle of Lewes, conducted prisoner to Worcester. 1265. Prince Edward (afterwards Edw. I.) taken at the battle of Lewes, and carried prisoner to Hereford, escaped to Worcester, where he assenibled an army. Prince Edward having defeated young de Montfort at Kenilworth, retired to his head quarters at Worcester, where hearing the Earl of Leicester bad crossed the Severn to Eresham, with the design of joining his son, he once more departed from Worcester on the 3d of August, and reached the beights about that town on the 4th; displaying the standards he had taken at Kenilworth, he completely deceived the Earl who was dreaming of nothing but his son's approach. The Earl being soon undeceived, they came to an engagement, in which, after 3 hours fighting, Edward gained a decisive victory, Simnon de Montfort and his son Henry being both killed, and his army entirely routed.-Henry went to Worcester and revoked all grants he was compelled to sign by Leicester. 1276. Edward 1. visited Worcester. 1278. Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, met Edward I. at Worcester, where he

married a daughter of Simon de Montfort. 1281. Edw. I. kept his Christmas at Worcester; and the following year held a Parliament there; he also visited Worcester in 1283, 1289, 1291, 1294,

1295, and April 1301, with his Queen. 1401. Worcester burnt and plundered by Owen Glendower's troop, but were driven back by Henry IV.

1825.) Compendium of County History.-Worcestershire.' 509 1407. Henry IV. visited Worcester twice. 1459. Henry VI. went to Worcester * after the battle of Blore-heath, and

from hence sent out his offers of pardon. 1471. After the battle of Tewkesbury, Queen Margaret was taken prisoner,

and presented to Edw. IV. at Worcester. 1484. "The extraordinary rise of the Severn seated Richard III. on his throne,

by preventing the passage of the Duke of Buckingham, who was preparing

to dislodge him. 1575. Queen Elizabeth visited Worcester. 1585. Queen Elizabeth visited the White Ladies at Worcester. 1642. in September Sir John Biron fortified Worcester against the Parliament.

He was atiacked by Col. Fynes on the part of the Parliamentarians, who having been denied entrance, besieged the town. On the 23d, the two armies engaged at Pitchcroft, in which Prince Maurice was dangerously wounded. On the following day the Earl of Essex took possession of Worcester for the

Parliament. 1643. A party of Parliamentarians plundered the house of Mr. Bartlett at

Castle Morton, while his devoted neighbours were absent at Sedbary Fair. 1645. Hawksley-house garrisoned by the rebels, but being besieged by the

King in person, they did not attempt to defend it. Charles had his headquarters at Droitwich.- August 31, Charles went from Shipston-upon-Stour with his army to Worcester, whence on September 3, they removed to

Bromwich. 1646. Ham Castle totally destroyed by the Parliament army.-Madresfield

taken from the Parliamentarians by the King. Hartlebury Castle taken by Colonel Morgan, and sold for little more than 3,0001.-March 26, Sir Wm. Brereton summoned Worcester to surrender to the Parliament, but at night drew off to Droitwich. For several months the town was again besieged, till provisions and ammunition becoming scarce, articles of capitulation were

signed July 19; on the 23d, the city taken possession of for the Parliament. 1651. Aug. 22, Charles II. possessed himself of Worcester, where he was first

proclaimed King. On the 26th he assembled his friends at Pitchcroft; and on the 28th Cromwell with an army of 17,000 men appeared on Red-hill, where, being met by other forces to the amount of 30,000, hostilities were commenced. After various skirmishes and engagements, the fatal 3d of Septeinber arrived, ou which day Cromwell, after ari obstinate engagement, completely defeated the Royalists. The King having escaped the dangers of the field, was conducted to Boscobel; and soon after escaped to France. 1687. Jaines II. visited Worcester. Upon this occasion, Thos. Shewring, as

Mayor, attended the King to a Catholic Chapel. On his Majesty asking the Corporation if they would not enter with him, Shewring nobly replied, "I

fear, your Majesty, we have gone too far already !" 1788. George III. and family honoured Worcester with their presence for se

veral days, and were honourably entertained by Bp. Hurd, &c. 1807. The Prince Regent visited Worcester.

EMINENT NATIVES. Baskerville, John, celebrated printer at Birmingham, Wolverley, 1706. Beauchamp, Richard, Earl of Warwick, in whom the 12 labours of Hercules found a

performer, Salwarp, 1881. Berkeley, Sir Robert, Justice of the King's Bench, Spetchley, 1584. Bernardi, Major John, brave and active adventurer, but great sufferer, Evesham, 1657, Blount, Thomas, miscellaneous writer, Bardsley, 1618. Bonner, Edmund, Bp. of London, Hanley (ob. 1569). Bray, Sir Reginald, patriot and architect, Great Malvern, flor. temp. Hen. VII. Bowles, William, divine and poet, Hagley (ob. 1705). Bristow, Richard, eminent divine and writer, Worcester, 1538. Burford, St. Richard de, Bp. of Chichester, Droitwich (ob. 1253). BUTLER, Samuel, author of the inimitable Hudibras, Strensham, 1612. Coventry, Thos. first Earl, Lord Keeper, Croome d'Abitot, 1578.

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* Stow says Gloucester; followed by Rapin.

Dee,

510

Accurate Models of Stonehenge, Avebury, &c. suggested. (Dec.
Dee, John, mathematician, astrologer, and alchemist, Upton (ob. 1608).
Derham, William, philosopher and divine, Stoughton (ob. 1735).
Evesham, Cardinal Hugh de, the Phænix of the age, Evesham (for. 13th cent.)

Richard de, Abbot of Vale Royal, Cheshire (ob. 14th cent).
Feckenham, John de, learned and good Abbot of Westminster (ob. 1585),
Habingdon, William, historian and poet, 1605.
Hall, John, Bp. of Bristol, Bromsgrove (ob. 1710).
Hardwicke, Margaret, amiable Countess of, Worcester (ob. 1761).
Hastings, Warren, Governor of India, Dailsford.
Hooper, Dr. George, eminent divine, Grimley, 1640.
Hopkins, William, learned linguist, Evesham, 1647.
Howman, vide Feckenham.
Kelly, Edward, the alchymist, immortalised in the Hudibras, Worcester, 1555.
Kidderminster, Richard de, learned Romish priest (flor. 16th cent.)
Lazimon, famous old historian, Astley.
Lyttelton, Lord George, elegant historian, poet, &c. Hagley, 1709.
Pole, Reginald, Cardinal and Abp. of Canterbury, Stoverton Castle, 1500.
Savage, Henry, divine and topographer, Eldersfield (ob. 1672).
Smith, Henry, benefactor to his native place, &c. Stoke Prior (ob. 1606).

Richard, the pillar of the Romish Church of his time, Worcester, 16th cent. Somers, John, Lord Chancellor, orator, incorrupt lawyer and honest statesman, Worcester, 1652 ; or, according to some, 1650.

John, father of above, eminent attorney, Kidderminster (ob. 1681).
Tombes, John, excellent disputant and opponent of Baxter, Bewdley, 1612.
Wall, John, eminent and benevolent physician, Porrick, 1708.
Walsh, William, critic and poet, Abberley, 1663.
Watson, John, Bp. of Winchester, Evesham, 1540.
Weaver, Thomas, divine and wit, Worcester, 17th century.
White, Thomas, architect and sculptor, assistant to Wren, Worcester, ob. 1757.
Williams, Lady, amiable niece of Lord Somers, Worcester, ob. 1757,
Willis, Richard, Bp. of Winchester, in 1714. Bewdley.
Worcester, William of, eminent writer, Worcester, 15th cent.

S.T. (To be continued.)

Mr. URBAN, Burton-st. Dec. 10. the principles of sound philosophy and I

AM surprised that no writer has demonstrative evidence. When an elo

animadverted on Mr. Browne's quent theorist rests his faith on an Univlaring and very eccentric hypothesis versal Deluge, and adopts that for a respecting the origin of Stonehenge thesis, for comment, and for inference, and Avebury. To treat him and his he may be learnedly and endlessly prohumble pamphlets with contempt, is lix. Every thing extraordinary and of unbecoming any man of sense and unascertainable origin, may be traced good principles to reply to him with to this mystic source; and all the exridicule and sneers, is equally unjust ternal forms of the globe, as well as and ungenerous. Mr. Browne pos- its internal arrangements, may be assesses strong natural capacity and ta. cribed to this vast convulsion of nature. lent,- has read much and thought But to refer any trifling, or comparadeeply : but unfortunately for himself tively trilling work of man, thai has and society, he has not mixed much resisted the “rush of waters,” and the with the enlightened and fastidious dismemberment of the earth, to an “spirits of the age.”

antediluvian age, manifests either darHe has formed theories in his closet, ing intrepedity of thinking, or creand gone

abroad to confirm them by dulity of mind. If it be the latter, looking at and reflecting on the ap we must pity and forgive the indivipearances of Nature. He has also stu- dual; but if there be evidence of the died the sacred writings; and with the former, it is a duty we owe to ourhopes of obtaining a clearer insight in- selves and the cause of truth, to treat to their literal meaning, has made him- it with respect, and endeavour to asself acquainted with the original lan- certain its validity or futility:. With guage in which they were written. No this feeling, and actuated by this prin. pursuit, no species of inquiry is so ciple, I must own I cannot entertain likely to seduce the mind from all the idea, even for a moment, that Stone

henge

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