« ZurückWeiter »
History of the Church and Priory of Swine. (Dec. passage from Fox already quoted, to the proposing to make some addition have been defeated and obliged to to the name of the parish lately enswear fealty to Sweyne. Earl's Ditch trusted to my care, arises from a wish probably derives its name from the title to avoid the danger of a joke, so forof this nobleman. But above all, Co- midable to fools and simpletons. Few, nyston-gate, and Conyston-dyke, strike I think even yourself will allow, can me as decisive indications of a Royal stand a laugh better than I can; and resident at Swine in the Saxon or good sense, good taste, and good feelDano-Saxon period. Coning or cyning ing, forbid a man to act the Goth upon is the Saxon word for King; whence the antiquities of his country, and that Conisbro' near Doncaster; and Coney- merely to avoid a pun or jest. Being street in York, &c. Ton signifies a entirely opposed to Mr. Thompson in moated or fortified residence. Conys- my opinion as to the derivation of the ton-gate and Conyston-dyke denote, word Swine, and having a strong sustherefore, the gate or road, and ditch picion, which I am happy to find so or dyke of the King's abode. And strongly
, corroborated by your Letter, how could such names originate, if no that it is the identical appellation of Monarch ever inhabited such a dwell. the great Danish warrior, the motive ing here? And what other Sovereign by which I am influenced is to rescue than Sweyne does either history or tra- this memorial of the renowned father dition mention as having thus honour- of Canute from oblivion. It will, ed the parish of Swine?
therefore, I have no doubt, afford you But I fear I have already wearied great satisfaction to learn that I have your patience with the length to which no intention of changing the name (I my remarks have been extended. I would be laughed at till Domesday, leave you, therefore, to come to a de- rather than be guilty of such a Gothic cision from the evidence already before action), but merely of adding that of you; trusting that even if you remain Denmark to it. That the name is in unconvinced by my arguments, which danger of being lost, is but 100 eriI am well aware might hy abler hands dent; since a gentleman who has done have been set in a much more advanta- himself such honour as an Antiquary geous point of view; you will at least and Historian, has actually confounded respect my motives, and deign to profit it with that of a certain animal, who by my adrice. You may, if you think assuredly never laid claim to the soveproper, communicate my views to Mr. reignty of the ocean, and who was Thompson, who, on fuller considera- therefore not likely to contend with tion, will perhaps be led to retract his Neptune for the dominion of the sea present opinion, and who in that case, shore, nor even for the banks of the from his vicinity to the spot, his inti- Humber, flooded as they so frequently mate acquaintance with it, and his ac- were in those days, till the very site of cess to various documents relative to the village in question must on many its history, as well as from his acknow- occasions have assumed the appearance ledged talent and long experience in of an island. The adding of the epiAntiquarian pursuits, may be hereafter thet Denmark to that of Swine, and enabled 10 throw new light on this, I thus associating the name of the Mothink, rather interesting subject.
narch with that of the country whence I remain, my dear Milne, he came, will, I trust, for ever prevent
Your affectionate friend, such a mistake hereafter, and, like the
Thomas Greenwood. buoy that rides upon the ware, and To the Rev. R. Milne, Vicar of Swine. marks to every passing mariner the si
tuation of a certain spot, will on the My Dear Greenwood,
Myddelton- sg. undulating stream of time ever mark
Dec. 6, 1825. the principal scene of the great NorthMANY thanks for your long, valu- ern warrior's operations, and distinable, and interesting Letter. Ï could guish to all succeeding generations the not resist laughing lieartily, when read- noble name of Sweyn.-I am, my dear ing the commencement of it; nor do I Greenwood, neither a Golli nor a Vanthink resistance would have been pos- dal, but your very affectionate friend, sible, had I been more phlegmatic than I naturally am. But you are quite
R. Milne, Vicar of Swedenmark. mistaken as to the motive by which I The Rev. T. Greenwood, St. Antholin's am influenced, when you suppose that Rectory, Watling-street.
RAIMVNDVS CVSTOS HOSPITALIS
1895.) Ancient Seals.
497 ANCIENT SEALs.
further remarks have been received in AVING been long in arrear with its explanation. The inscription, from
an unfortunate fracture, is unintelligiject, we this month present to them a
ble, and the arms on the flag, supported plaie occupied entirely with their con- by thedog, require appropriation. From tributions, the whole being, as we be the appearance of the lion of Scotland, lieve, before unpublished, and many
we conceive it to be posterior to the recently discovered. The designs of accession of James I. but copied from several we are enabled to explain,
an ancient model. Of the provincial whilst others we must leave to the in- office of Admiral of England in the genuity of our readers.
county of York we have discovered no Figure 1 is from a brass matrix, mention elsewhere. purchased in 1824 by a brazier of Lis- Figures 3 and 4 are representations keard in Cornwall, from a quarter not of a leaden impression, 'found some mentioned. It is, as set forth in the years ago by workmen employed in inscription, the Seal of Henry Prince repairing the bridge leading to Nor-, of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, and Earl wich Castle; and now in the possegof Chester, for the Office of the Cocket sion of Mr. Johnson, the highly reof the Duchy of Cornwall :
spectable Keeper of that prison." It $. henrici principis Wall' due cor:
is,” says our Correspondent G.T. “in nub' Ę comit' cestr' de officio coketti
a very excellent state of preservation, ducatus cornubie.
and is composed apparently of a mixOur Correspondent, J. R. of Maw. tainly partakes most largely of the baser
ture of pewter, silver, and lead; it cerman near Falmouth, ascribed it to Henry the Sixth, because the seal of metals, but is much harder than if it Prince Edward' his son, as engraved The legend on the obverse is :
solely consisted of either pewter or lead. in “Sandford's Genealogical History," is, except in the inscription, very nearly similar. As, however, Henry
HIERVSALEM. the Sixth was never Prince of Wales, On the rererse : (succeeding his father before his cre
HOSPITALE DE HIERVSALEM. ation, and when only nine months old), it is undoubtedly an official seal
“It is therefore, I should think, the of Henry the Fifth when Prince, whose
seal of Raymond du Pay, who was the seal as Prince of Wales, engraved in Master or Keeper of the Hospital esSandford, it also much resembles, ex
tablished at Jerusalem for the relief of cepting that the swan used as the crest poor pilgrims sometime previous to the (or rather the badge), holds no labell's first Crusade, and who succeeded Geostrich feather in his bill. Henry of rard, the first Director, about or shortly Monmouth, as he was styled, was cre
before the year 1113, when he and his ated Prince of Wales in 1399; and in companions, who had previously been that year, it is probable, this seal was
inembers of the order of St. Benedict, made. He ascended the throne in 1413.
called themselves Knights of the Hos-The cocket office was that office iä pital of St. John of Jerusalem, now the custom-house where the custom Knights of Malta *.” was paid for goods to be exported. The
Fig. 5 was communicated by Mr. C. certificate of this payment being called Faulkner of Deddington in Oxforda cocket. The derivation of the wordshire. The brass matrix was found at and its application have been rather Oxford. The inscription seems to be: fully entered into by the late Mr. policer de 'Arqusdouct. Gough, in vol. Lxxii. p. 210, where Fig. 6 is from a brass seal found in is an engraving of the seal of the cocket Devonshire in 1823. It is inscribed in the Port of Exeter (which had un
Seban be $. quentin. accountably become the seal of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Bredon in Faulkner, is from a brass seal present
Fig. 7, communicated by Mr. C. Worcestershire.) A seal of the Cocketed to him by a friend, who found it for Inverness and Croc Bedhi is engraved in vol. Lxxxi. ii. 521.
* See Mr. Butler's Short Historical View Figure 2 is the seal noticed in the of the Provincial Religious and Military Orpresent volume, part i. p. 210; and no ders of the Romish Church. Gent. Mag. December, 1825.
IESVS EST AMOR MEVS.
498 Ancient Seals.
(Dec. among some old watch-keys. The in- of St. Eustace being converted by the scription is : s' 10H’Is BLAKET. appearance of a cross between the horos
The arıns, Argent, a chevron Gules of a stag. The squirrel in the tree is between three trefoils, are totally dissi- only introduced to denote the forest in milar from seven different coats of which this wonderful story is placed, Blacket mentioned by Edmonson. and to fill up the spare corner. The
Fig. 8 is from an elegant little seal engraver's great care to occupy the found, above 60 years ago, in plough- whole surface of the seal by his vaing at Mileham in Norfolk; and now rious ornaments of leaves, crescent, possessed by one of the family of the and stars, is, indeed, very remarkable. Rev. J. H. Barnwell, of Bury St. Ed. The motto is, mund's. The legend is SIGILLVM THOME DE OXWYK.
Fig. 13, communicated by A.D. is Of this family, who lived near Mile, the impression of an ancient ring, dug ham, mention is made in 1317, and up at Maidstone in 1821. It is of pure not subsequently to 1334. Their arms silver, and the circumference consiare not in Glover, nor any other col- derably larger than a man's thumb. lection ; but those of Oxcliffe were The design is apparently a rebus for very similar, — Argent, three oxen's
the name of If-cock, which may have heads cabossed Sable.
been the original of Hiccocks. Fig. 9, communicated by Mr. Thos. Fig. 14 is the impression of a gold Pope, of Cleobury, Salop, is from a ring, probably of Italian workmanship. seal found about fifty years ago in the now in the possession of the Rev. J.S. churchyard at that place. His friend, Banks, of Welwyn, Herts. It was in whose possession it is, “says he had it of his father, who, as far as he bridge, of a Jew, who said he bought
purchased several years ago, in Camcan remember, told him that it was
it of a man that had dug it up in a found at a considerable depth, in dig- field on the West side of the town. ging a grave, and that there were ashes, It is of pure gold, weighing 3 dr. I sc. and bricks, and a broken urn with it." and 2į gr. It has on the back a stamp From the rudeness of the letters and (b). From the design, which appears the workmanship, it is doubtless of
to represent a death's head passing over very early date.
It is a small private the sun, we think it may have been seal, representing St. Peter, with a book intended for a mourning ring; and we in his right hand, and his keys in his should imagine it to be about two cenleft; surrounded by the supplication : turies old. It may be one of the many
mementos invented to preserve in seFig. 10, from a brass seal in the
pos- cret the memory of Charles the First. session of the Rev. T. D. Fosbroke, Fig. 15, communicated by the Rev. F.S. A. is of the same age and cha- Chas. Walters, of Bishop's Waltham, racter. It represents a crucifix, with is from a seal found at Rumsey. The two figures in the act of prayer, and animal is probably a squirrel, and the bears the inscription:
inscription (which is accurately copied IESVS NAZERENVS.
by the engraver) we can only fancy to be Fig. 11 is from a matrix found at Winchcombe near Cheltenham. The Fig. 16 forms a singular companion inscription is,
to the last. The brass matrix was dug s'COLLECTARYM XV de se'c'DO ANNO. up in the churchyard of Seaton, in the which probably means, the Seal of the county of Rutland, by labourers emCollectors of the Fifteenth in the se
ployed in removing soil from the walls
of the chancel. The creature representcond year of some King's reign. . The ed is certainly nothing more than a arms, if appropriated, may assist in its
Ay; and the inscription iesVSELEVSEL, explanation. Fig. 12 is from a matrix in the pos
says the communicant H. M. “ bears session of William Hamper, esq. of Bir- vol. xciii. ii. p. 305, and interpreted
some resemblance to that engraved in age of Henry VI.; and represents the by Mr. Hamper (ibid. p. 386) to be crest of the Fitz Eustace family, which
JE SVY SEL DAMVR LEL, was adopted from the Popish legend
I am the seal of true love."
SAVNCTE PETRI ORA.