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488

Chronology of Events recorded by Herodotus. [Dec. he was king, this last-born son should dEUTEPW &Tas METCC Toy baratoi TOU Assucceed.” Darius acknowledged the pee.

C.7. justice of this suggestion, and declared “ After the reduction of Egypt, four Xerxes king. C.3.

whole years were spent in assembling “ After these things, and the revolt these forces; and in the fifth (= $pTT? of Egypt, while he was in the follow

έτει ανομευω) Xerxes began his march ing year making preparations, Darius with an incredible multitude.” C. 20. died, after a reign of 36 years.” HETO “Xerxes wintered at Sardis; and Aiyutti áTOOTROW TW USTEPW itt. C. 4. when in the spring he was on the

From these passages it is apparent point of setting out, the sun quitting that Darius died more than four years her seat in the heavens, disappeared ; after the battle of Marathon ;

and con:

and though the air was perfectly sesequently in the filih year." When

rene, a sudden night ensued in the place Xerxes was persuaded to make war of day.” C. 37. From these passages against Greece, in the second year after it is plain that after the death of Da. the death of Darius, he first sent an rius, at least five whole years had expedition against those who had re.

elapsed before Xerxes quitted Susa. volted, and reduced Egypt to a worse The eclipse recorded above appears condition of servitude than they had to have happened on the 8th of April, felt before, gave the government of that B.C, 480; as the following calculation country to his brother Achæmenes.”

from Ferguson's tables will show,
To the year before Christ 500
Add complete years 20
And join April

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13 min.
New Moon therefore, April 8th at 13 min. past 7 P. M.
B.C. 500 place of Sun's node
Add 20 complete years ..

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20 April 3 28 8 days 8 18 7 hours

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13 min. Sun from ascending node

6 From the descending node only..... At the time of New Moon ; therefore within the limits of a solar eclipse. Consequently 481 is the date when the following year; if then we reckon Xerxes set out from Susa; and as he three years backwards, from the year had been preparing for an expedition 487 B.C. that must be 490, and the above four years after the reduction of battle was fought in 491 B C. NewEgypt, that event must have taken ton, in his Short Chronicle, p. 41, place in the year B.C. 485. Some has this date, but Blair and Larcher months must necessarily have been place it B.C. 490. Wesseling on C. spent in this war; and the expedition 20, of Polymnia, by a similar calcu. was begun in the year after Darius's lation to mine, shows that Xerxes did death, which must iherefore have ta not pass into Greece until the 11th ken place, B. C. 486; and it is plain year after the battle of Marathon; and that ihis event must have been a year observes that this agrees with Thucyafter the revolt of Egypt; which we dides, who (Lib. 1, c. 18), says that shall therefore date B. C. 487. But this prince undertook the expedition three entire years had passed between on the 10th year after the battle. For the battle of Marathon and this event: as I have already shown, this prince left and this battle was fought very late in Susa in the year 431, and after a long the year, so that the news could hardly march spent the winter at Sardis (See Jeach Persia before the beginning of C. 32, Polymnia). SEPTEMDECIVS.

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1825.)
St. Michael's Church, Oxford.

489
Mr. URBAN, dotter Dec. 3. A modern font occupies the place of
A
LL the parish Churches of Oxford one of considerable antiquity and beauty,

are, or till lately were, remark- which was some years back disgraceable for their antiquity and interest. fully turned into the Church-yard, Several of these buildings have already from which indignity it was rescued been described in your Magazine. We by the venerable Alderman Fletcher, shall now present your readers with who had it conveyed to Yarnton, erectsome remarks on St. Michael's Church, ed on a pedestal, and placed in the situated on the East side of the Corn Church of that village in the room of market. The annexed Engraving re- a plain, but still more ancient font, presents a S.W. view of the Edifice, which, however, is carefully preserved (Plate I.) no part of which is distinctly in another part of the interior. whole seen by reason of a high and not very The pillars and walls are ornamentancient wall towards the South, and an ed in many places with richly-carved accumulation of old and shabby tene- panels and canopied niches, the rements on the East and North sides, mains of altars long since displaced. excepting the tower, which is at the The following curious particulars are West end, and though the plainest, is taken from a manuscript in the Muby many years, perhaps a century, the seun at Oxford.

be most ancient part of the whole edifice. Dionysia Burewald, an opulent lady In a word, it is Norman, having small residing in this parish, did about the windows of that character in the up- year 1260 build one of the chapels on per part, and having had one of longer the South-side of the Church, and dedimeusions in the West front towards dicated it to the Virgin Mary, and had the basement. The walls are built of therein a chantry instituted by her, as rubble, but they are of great substance, also a priest to pray for her soul, and and very strong, and though cracked the souls of her relations; and also for in several places, and lately threatened the soul of one Burold who lived here with destruction, have been repaired, in the reigns of Henry the First and and are likely to stand securely for ages Stephen; for the soul of Gilbert and yet to come. On the North side of the Radulph Burewald her sons, together body and chancel is an aile, to which with Hugh Burewald; for Robert the is attached a small chapel, occupying son of Gilbert, and for several others the place, and having the appearance of that name,"men of great wealth of a transept; and on the South side is and possessions within Oxford, and a spacious chapel, which constitutes benefactors to religious houses, as apthe chief ornament both of the exterior pears from St. Frideswide's, Osney, and interior of the Church. The space and Godstow Books.” Another chanbetween this chapel and the tower is try seems to have been founded in the occupied by a very handsome window Virgin Mary's Chapel by one of the of the fifteenth century, and the porch, same name and family, if not by Diowhich, though plain, is not inelegant. nysia herself. John Odybam, a rich

The lancet style of architecture ap- Burgess of Oxford, who died anno pears on the South side of the chancel; 1342, maintained one or two priests but the altar window, and that of the for the souls of himself, and all his reJateral aile, appearing over the roof of lations. the low and ancient vestry, are in the John Archer, another rich Burgess style of the fifteenth century, and very of Oxford, who died on the last of Noelegant; and the heads carved on the vember, anno 1524, and who with his corbels possess considerable merit. wife Agnes was buried in the Church,

The chancel arch has been modern- maintained two priests to pray for ized, but its ancient wooden screen re- their souls. tains its situation, and most of its or There are numerous relics of paintnaments. All the other arches of the ed glass in the windows, particularly interior have a handsome character; in those on the North side of the body; there are two on the South side of the but there are no perfect figures, or conbody, three on the North side, and one siderable patterns. sola on the same side of the chancel : the On the walls and pillars are several pillars are octagonal, and the capitals monumental tablets, and the floor is plain.

thickly strewed with records of morGent. Mag. December, 1825.

tality.

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490
On the Personification of Death.

[Dec. tality. Of these, none are of ancient and of truth, which is too often disdate, and not one sofficiently inter- regarded, but which conscience and esting to be particularly noticed. The reflection will sometimes enforce : extreme length of St. Michael's Church “ Mors ultima linea rerum est," is about 116 feet, and its greatest breadth was the sentiment of the ancient Bard, about 55 feet.

1. T. . and the idea was perfectly correct, and

who could be more capable of formMr. URBAN,

Leicester, Dec. 5. ing it than one who indulged every T is really astonishing that nearly sensual appetite in this world, and hitherto made to personify Death, tious and reserved in his allusions to a should have proceeded on the assump- state, the anticipation of which to him tion, that the “potent Conqueror "'is could afford no pleasure ? a skeleton-one of his own victims ! I am quite aware that my ideas on An old acquaintance of mine, (Mr. the subject are liable to criticism; that Bisset of Leamington) once told me, however I invite, for although a lover that when a boy, and residing in his of antiquity, I never can allow that native country (Scotland), he was ask- predilection to induce the advocacy of ed by a relation what he thought of a practice, which, (as I view it) outDeath ?--and that his answer was, that rages coinmon sense, and (what is of far if Death were what he was represented more consequence) insults the Deity. to be in his book of pictures, young

J. STOCKDALE HARDY. as he then was, if he had his Golf club," and was attacked by a score of Mr. Urban, Myddelton-sq. Dec. 14. sculls to atoms, and break every bonic SHOULD you approve of the fol

lowing letters, they are at your of their ribs! This anecdote most for- service. Perhaps the publication of cibly struck me, and has led me to my them in the Gentleman's Magazine present communication,

may elicit additional information from The finest ideas on record as to some of your Correspondents, which Death, are those contained in the ad- will throw still more light upon an mirable Burial Service of our National interesting subject. Church-a service principally extract, Yours, &c.

R. Milxe. ed from that fountain of light and truth, the Holy Bible. Now what

Dear Milne,

Walling-street, are these ideas: Why, that Death, so

Nov. 30. far from being a “Skeleton,” is the AS I have too much regard for you "Jast enemy to be destroyed,”—one to suffer you to figure before the prewho shall “put all things under his sent generation and posterity as one feet," one who at the last day, of the long-eared tribe, without a sethrough the Divine Atonement, shall, rious effort on my part to prevent it, I to the righteous, lose his “sting,” and impose on myself the very disagreeable claim no “victory.". Can any repre- penance of writing a long letter, in the sentation therefore be correct' which hope it may prove a means of deterring depicts this Hero as a chop-fallen and you from the unphilosophical and fleshless spectre—which depicts him as Quixotic attempt to change the name a shadow, who, the Bible tell us, is of the parish over which you have had to "reign until flesh' shall be no the honour to be appointed spiritual more?

pastor. Why, the hot summer, which, Death rides throughout the world partly through your instrumentality, dispensing happiness and misery, but has caused me so much bodily inconhe rides not a skeleton, but as venience, must surely have totally eraan illustrious conqueror ; - his steed, porated your modicum of common though “pale,” is fiery, and recog- sense; and the heat which has cracked nizes no distinctions—with one foot the pannels of your doors and cupon Royalty, another on Shakspeare, a boards, must certainly have cracked third on Pitt, and a fourth on Byron, your poor brain also. To hear a man, he “wings his way,” while his rider -a full-grown man,-a man who flourishes a sword above his head en can read and write-a man who has trusted to him by Omnipotence, and mixed with cultivated society-a man reads to all who now iarry in this who can talk very rationally about many earthly passage, a lesson of humility matters, - a Scotchman, – a clergy

as

man

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