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438
REVIEW.-Nicolas's Lady Jane Grey.

[Nov. at all melancholy, or less gay and in good Jane found in these a benevolent provihum our; they could touch the lute and vir- sion of nature for converting nisery ginal, sing like to the damask rose, and their into happiness ; for this has ever been breath was as sweet as their voices; they the effect of study and literature. danced the Canarys, Spanish Pavan, and Selengers Round, upon sippets, with as much regard to Lady Jane Grey, and that

That our opinions are correct, with grace and loveliness as any Isaac, Monsient her parents unintentionally made her fop-call and apish postures." pp. 700—702.

a saint and a philosopher, is clearly

shewn in the following extract, wbich We find from the Memoirs of Mrs. though not novel, is yet not so trite, as Frances Sheridan, that her father Dr. to render only reference sufficient. Chamberlaine with difficulty allowed his daughter to learn to read; and writ “ In 1551, Roger Ascham, Lady Jane's ing he considered as superfluous, tend- early tutor, visited her at Bradgate, and his ing to nothing but the multiplication account of the interview affords interesting of love-letters or frivolous female cor. he states, that on his arrival he found that

information of her pursuits and disposition : respondence. (p 4.) We only, quote the Marquess and Marchioness of Dorset this passage, not to vindicate it

, but with their attendants, were hunting in the to show how different opinions our park, and that Lady Jane was in her chamancestors entertained from ourselves. ber, reading the Phædo of Plato in Greek ; The fact is, that our ancestors in the and to his inquiry why she did not join in main lived in the country, and, being the amusement in whieh her family were enout of the world, educated their girls gaged, she replied with a smile, I wisse accordingly, as if for farmers' wives, (think] all their sport in the park is but a though uneducated womeu are only fit shadow to that pleasure that I find in Plato, for coarse men.

-alas! good folk, they never felt what true Here we must leave this interesting pleasure means' Ascham then inquired, volume. We have only given a sketch

* And how came you, Madam, to this deep of one or two curious matters,-more knowledge of pleasure, and what did chiefly was impracticable; and it must be suf. allure you into it, seeing not many women, ficient for us to say that the revival of "I will tell you,' she replied, and tell you

but very few men, have attained therennto ? these tracts, and the execution of the

a truth which perchance you will marvel at. work, do great honour to the judgment One of the greatest benefits that ever God and editorship of Mr. Upcott.

gave me is, that be sent me so sharp and severe parents, and so gentle a schoolmas

ter, for when I am in presence either of fa78. The Literary Remains of Lady Jaue ther or mother, whether I speak, keep siGrey, with a Memoir of her life. By lence, sit, stand, or go, eat, drink, be merry, Nicholas Harris Nicolas, Esq. Fell. Soc.

or sad, be sewing, playing, dancing, or daAntiq. Post 8vo. pp. cxlviii. 61.

ing any thing else, I must do it, as it were, TO be a saint, a philosopher, and a

in such weight, measure, and number, er

even beauty, at the early age of seventeen,

so perfectly as God made the world; or else is a rare characteristic of females. The I am so sharply taunted, so cruelly threalatter was a gift of fortune, and the tened, yea, presently sometimes with two former were acquired in that ex- which I will not name for the honour í

pinches, nips, and bobs, and other ways, cellent but unwelcome school of wis- bear them, so without measure disordered, dom, soffering. Had Lady Jane that I think myself in hell, till the time Grey been a spoiled child, it is pro come that I must go to Mr. Elmer, who bable that her character would have teachech me so gently, so pleasantly, with lost all its interest, and that she would such fair allurements to learning, that I have been no other than a mere prat- think all the time nothing whilst I am with tling and tittering spinster, studious him; and when I am called from him, I only of dress, balls, and lovers. Her fall on weeping, because whatever I do else parents oppressed her in order to sup- but learning, is full of great trouble, fear, port such an ascendancy over her, that and whole misliking unto me; and thus my she might be the passive instrument of book hath been so mach my pleasure, and their ambition ; and though it is not bringeth daily to me more pleasure, and likely that they, however fastidious, in very deed, be but trides and treubles unto

more that in respect of it all other pleasures cared mach about her accomplish- me." P. xxi. ments, except so far as they were necessary adjuncts to her station, and re Lady Jane Grey's descent from the commendatory of their object, yet Lady Royal Family was this. She was

daughter

1825.)
Review.-Nicolas's Lady Jane Grey.

439 daughter of Frances, Marchioness of James I. At all events, even under Dorset, eldest daughter and coheir of the testamentary disposition, Lady Mary Tudor, sister of King Henry Jane could have no title, during the VIII. In other words, Lady Jane lives of Mary and Elizabeth. This was great grand-daughter of Henry difficulty was to be overcome ; and the VII. Why she was picked out for modes adopted for so doing were, 1. the throne, was owing to the follow- The pretended illegitimacy of the two ing fashion of the day :

Princesses, on account of the annule “At no period of our history (says Mr.

ment of Henry's marriages with CaNicoles) was the detestable disposition to

therine of Arragon and Anne Boleyn, render every connection subservient to poli- by Act of Parliament; and, ?, an intical purposes, so much the prevailing feel strument executed by the King and ing, as in the reigns of the Tudors; the ties Privy Council, in favour of Lady of friendship or of kindred were seldom suf- Jane. The ostensible plea was the fered to interfere, when opposed to the prog- security that such a succession would pect of advancement ; self-interest super- afford to the Reformation. All this is seded every other consideration, and little very clearly and elaborately displayed as honesty and generusity are to be looked by Mr. Nicolas, pp: XXV--xxxiv. for in courtiers, the total absence of these

Such were the cabals of men of the virtues was never so manifest as when that world; but they did not calculate that dynasty swayed the English sceptre.” P. xix. their schemes were not practicable

There were two speculations con without military power. Cæsar, Croincerning Lady Jane ; one, to marry her well, Napoleon, and Monk, secured to Edw. VI.; and the other, to inake this point before they showed their her Queen regnant. The first project teeth as political agitators; and a pawas soon blasted by the young Mo ramount General may become a sucnarch's early decease; but ihat decease cessful usurper ; but certainly a inere gave birth io the second. Northum- factionist cannot, because the tie of berland, knowing that he had not the party obligation is self-interest in the slightest pretensions to the Crown, followers ; and under military preponadopted the scheme of allying his own derance men see their way, but not family to the Blood Royal, and for this under civil matters merely subject to purpose thought the best mode to be opinion. å marriage of his son with Lady Jane. Because Henry VIII. governed by Circumstances seemed to favour the caprice and tyranny (a circumstance design. In the will of Henry VIII. owing entirely to the civil wars of were certain entails (contrary to the York and Lancaster having made any usual laws of succession), by which, suffering easy, compared with a renewal in the event of Edw. VI. and Mary of such sanguinary conflicts, and to the and Elizabeth dying without issue, certainty that the vengeance of a tyrant the Crown was to descend to the chil- wreaks itself upon court favourites or dren of his nieces, the daughters of his court enemies), therefore the Governyoungest sister (the issue of his eldest ment of Edw. VI. attempted to play sister being excluded), which nieces the same game of politics. They had were Lady Frances, mother of Lady hold of a boy-king, who could not help Jane Grey, and Eleanor, Countess of himself, and cut off the heads of his Cumberland. But what was singular, two uncles (thus murdering the Royal under the will, his nieces themselves connexions at pleasure, not for actual could never have sacceeded to the civil and political crimes, but mere throne, only their issue, and the above party rivalry), and made the short Lady Frances having, no son, Lady reign of Edw. VI. a similar scene to Jane, the senior daughter and coheir, that of Murat and Robespiere. Their became, under the will, heir to the plans were too mighty for their means; Crown upon the decease of Edward, and, when rogues fall, a reasoning man Mary, and Elizabeth, withont issue : thinks that " honesty is the best poWe repeat, under the will, not accord- licy.” A House of Commons like ibe ing to the usual laws of succession, present would have nipped all these because there was issue of the King's projects in the bud, and sent these eldest sister Margaret, Queen of Scot- ambitious nobles to their country seats, land, which issue did succeed to the while the newspapers made fireworks throne afterwards in the person of of their reputation.

Το

440

Review -Nicolas'a Lady Jane Grey.

Nov. To the purpose, however. Lady could be discovered, which were in any Jane Grey was guillotined: a term degree connected with her life.” We which we use, because it implies a bave therefore confined ourselves to conformity between ancient and mo short developements of an illustrative dern political states and things. kind, as to history; and of a philoso

The memorials of this interesting phical kind, as to character. girl are few. She was not old enough The work is an excellent dissertanor hacknied enough in the world to tion on the political and private history become artful. A strong mind, excels of the times, and this pre-eminent lady. lent principles, and beautiful simplicity, It is a book which elevates sentiment, formed her character. Tormented all and purifies the soul. Lady Jane Grey her short life, like a child in training reading the sublime Phædo of Plato, for an actress or a public performer, she was an ominous incident. The Al sighed for nature and happiness. She mighty in the blessedness of His justice found the former only in solitude, and conveyed her holy and heroic spirit to the latter only in books. Her parents heaven, even before death; and the made of her mere money to gamble scaffold of Mary was the fiery chariot with ; and never thought that she was of Elijah. human or entitled to feelings, till they In a supplementary sheet the Editor saw her and themselves dragged to the states, that since the publication of slaughter-house. But there may be this volume, he was accidentally inglorious scenes in death. There was formed that two documents of consi- one when the sublimest of Beings in derable interest connected with Lady passive acquiescence only raised his Jane Grey were preserved in the lie divine eyes to heaven; and, like him, brary of New College, Oxford. They this ineek martyr paid the tribute of are contained in the book of original a few tears to the imperfections of hu warrants addressed to the keeper of manity, when she saw the headless the Palace of Westminster by Edward corpse of her husband borne by; and VI., by Lady Jane Grey whilst she then forgot human nature for ever. usurped the Royal dignity, and by

Murder a poor harmless girl of se- Queen Mary, for the delivery of silks, venteen! bad as Mary was, she did velvet, jewelry, clocks, the will of not wish it; but the weak Suffolk, Henry VII., deeds, and other writings, though he had just had a hair-breadth &c. Many of these warrants are escape, would not be contented. He highly curious. Mr. Nicolas then attempted a fresh rebellion, and, as he adds : had never talent enough for a success “So few of the documents signed by ful rogue, occasioned trouble, and suf- Lady Jane Grey whilst she exercised the fered for so doing at a time when boih Royal functions, are extant, that the followhe and his daughter would otherwise ing are of sufficient importance to demand have withdrawn to happy retirement. the exertion which has been made by printWhen Sir Thomas Wyatt attempted ing. some extra pages immediately after the to raise the county of Kent, and Sir Editor had transcribed them, to give them Peter Carew that of Deron,

à place in this volume. The first was signed

on the day of her accession, and the velvet “ The Duke of Suffolk, whose unaccount was evidently wanted to cover her tempoable weakness neither danger nor experience rary throne and its appendages. From the could correct, seduced by the prospect of second, dated four days afterwards, we learn once nuore seeing the imperial diadem on that the jewels which formed the personal his daughter's brow, joined the conspirators, ornaments of the Sovereign, had been preand undertook to raise the midland coun- viously delivered into Lady Jane's own ties." P. Ixxix.

hands, pursuant to her verbal commands. The insurrection was founded on But perhaps the most curious fact connectthe unpopularity of Mary's attachment ed with these documents, besides the rigid to. Popery, and her projected marriage and tradesman-like attention with which, with Philip; but it was premature and from the marginal notes, it is manifest, each badly managed: and, in consequence,

article was compared with the list, is, that the Duke, Lady Jane, and her hus the words • THÉ QUENE' have been lined band, were brought to the block, that no public instrument of the unhappy

over with a pen, from which we may infer

Jane's bearing the title that produced her Mr. Nicolas candidly informs us, destruction was permitted to remain in its " that no documents hitherto inedited original state among the public Archives,

The

quam celerrimè.

1925.) REVIEW.Davy's! Discourses.

441 The warrants themselves could not be de- bours for inspection into their studies, for stroyed, as they accounted for the expendi- further appropriate Discourses, or improve-, ture and transfer of certain parts of the ments on past labours :- no expense was Crowe property; but the loyalty of Mary's withheld in purchasing, from public libra-, servants was of course too fervent, and their raries, every book that could give me asattachment to their Sovereign too jealous, sistance : and having, by close application, to allow so hated an appellation to remain for years together, again exhausted (as far attached to her rival's name, even though as I could find) every

subject according to the tomb covered that rival's mutilated re my plan; I applied to his Grace the Archmains !"

bishop, who gave me my requested assists ance :—the Bishop of London refused me,

as did also the then Bishop of Exeter. 79. Divinity, or Discourses on the Being of

“ Thus discouraged, I dropt all further apr God, the Divinity of Christ, the Personality and Divinity of the Holy Ghost, and plication ; and resolved to try my own abion the Sacred Trinity, being improved Er- lity in the case : I purchased

some old type, tracts from A System of Divinity.By

and made a press myself; and, in five

months, with unremitting labour, produced the Rev. W. Davy, A.B. Curate of LustJeigh, Devon. 2 vols. 8vo. Featherstone,

328 pages, with prefatory matter, which I.

distributed in part to such persous as I Exeter.

PP.
630 and 660.

thought best qualified properly to appre. THESE Volumes might suggest ciate the work, and to assist it, if approved.”. good hints to the fertile genius of Mr. D'Israeli, either for the Curiosities Having been · favoured by the auof Literature," or the “ Calamities of

thor with one of these in every way Authors,” the fate of Mr. Davy's pub- extraordinary copies, the writer of this lications being remarkablyunfortunate, article lost no time in declaring his and his personal history as reinarkable

unbiassed opinion of it; as may be for his unabated indusiry, as his Dis seen in our vol. lxv. p. 671. It bears courses are for personal merit.

the title of “ A System of Divinity, in, The First Edition of his Works in a course of Sermons, by the Rev. Wil six volumes octavo, published by sub- liam Davy, B.A. (of Baliol College, scription in 1786, escaped our notice; Oxford). Lustleigh, Devon, printed but was favourably spoken of by the by himself, pro bono publico, 1795.” Critical, Monthly, and Edinburgh Re “ As the Address is long,” adds Mr. views. Their sentiments are extracted

Davy, “and the design, for which it was by Mr. Davy, who thus proceeds : given, is past away, I shall here only reprint “The following Letter from the late

that part of it which mentions the copies Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge, to the Edi

delivered, as it will manifest my endeavours tor, on his receipt of the first edition, as it

to ascertain the real merit of the work, and must be of great weight with the public, in

to have it brought forward again in a prorecommendation of this work, from so dis- per manner by a generous assistance, if aptinguished a seat of learning, is here wholly proved.” inserted; franked by his Lordship, the Bi

Twenty-six copies were thus given shop of Peterborouglı; whose judgment, away, leaving only fourteen in the therefore, in this case, may well be sup author's possession. posed to be united.

“At which limited number, the work will “Rev. Sir,-I am extremely obliged to you for the six volumes of the System of be proceeded on (God willing) in future, if

not thought worthy of greater encourageDivinity, which I received a few days ago : I heartily wish you success in so useful and

“ The supernumerary copies, delivered to laudable an undertaking. And, as I think

any, over and above a single one, are designit will best promote your intentions by making the work more generally known, I have learned ;-that, from a variety of judicious

ed for their judicious distribution among the ordered it to be deposited in the University discussions on the work, its real value may library:-I am, Rev. Sir,

be ascertained. Your obedient humble servant,

“A copious Index to the whole is preL. TURNER.

pared, to be filled up as the work shall adPembrook Hall, Sept. 27, 1786.'

vance, assisted by an improved similar one, “ Encouraged by these encomiums on

from the first edition." my labour *, and having exhausted the contents of my own little study for the purpose,

In addition to the short Review in I spared. no pains in applying to my neigh the Gentleman's Magazine, Mr. Davy

was gratised by the usual return of # Favor Virtuti dat Vela.

thanks of the Royal Society; and for GENT. MAG, November, 1825.

ment.

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« Recom

449
REVIEW,Davy's Discourses.

[Nov. *** Recommendations of the work from from errors; but, though its imperfections correspondents, who affirm that, indeed are obvious enough, when the mode of prothey cannot think too well of a plan that duction is considered, it appears a very expromises to exhibit proofs of the existence traordinary effort. Contractions, and a few and attributes of the Deity, and the truth awkward expedients are very excusable, and of his Revealed Will, collected from the ac insufficient to remove the wonder of seeing cumulated arguments of the most judicious such a volume executed by a single person, writers on such subjects.

untaught in the art, and with implements “ It seems also more peculiarly adapted so uncommonly imperfect." to the present day, when we should use The learned Critic, after enumerat. every weapon in our power, to oppose the ing the contents of the eleven Sermons, attacks that are made from every quarter upon the fundamentals of our holy Religion, this Volume, thus proceeds :

and part of a twelfth, announced in - hoping that the apprehensions expressed for the success of the work were ground

“ Such are the topics which this worthy Irss, and that no want of encouragement

and indefatigable Divine hias, by his own may

have induced to relinquish the under personal labour, presented to a few, as a taking, which promises to possess such evi- specimen of his whole work. It appears, dent utility :--most cordially wishing to be though we have not an opportunity of compossessed of the work,—to add their names paring, that the whole is very greatly augto the list of my subscribers, and offering mentes since it was first published; and we their assistance towards procuring others. do not hesitate to pronounce, that if it could

“ Though I was extremely obliged to fully be completed for general sale, it would these advocates in my cause : yet, as the form a very useful and excellent acquisition head was without fruit (towards me at least), to the public. It has been, as the author these 'lower branches were not of sufficient informs us, the labour of thirty years, and strength."

certainly the labour has not been bestowed

in vain. Though it is professedly a compiThen follows the opinion of the writer in the British Critic; part of

lation, the parts are so blended together, which shall be here copied :

that it is not easy to trace whence the wri

ter has selected them: and we doubt not . “We can scarcely conceive a more strik that he might, without much difficulty, ing proof of honourable and laborious zeal, have passed it as an original work.—Perhaps or, on the whole, a more extraordinary pro also, without much impropriety; for, if he duction than the present book. A Clergy has adopted only the sentiments in general man, desirous to diffuse the most import- of other writers, without their words, it may ant branches of sacred science, by compiling be altogether as original as many publicathe sentiments of the ablest writers into a tions which are so announced. System of Divinity, attempts to publish his “ Here follow some specimens of the work by subscription, in 6 vols. 12mo. A production, in which (as the Review protolerable List of Subscribers appears, but ceeds) the author appears throughout as a their number being thinned by desertion, le very able advocate for the doctrines and is left, at the end of his enterprise, 100l. practice of our Church.'—But these may be out of pocket, out of about 2701, which he seen either in the Reviews here referred to, had expended. This happened in 1786. or at large in the work itself.-Concluding Not discouraged, though by no neans in thus, circumstances to sustain such a loss, he «• We must here take our leave of Mr. contracts his necessary expenses, and conti- Davy, and shall feel much satisfaction, nues to labour assiduously towards improv- should we be at all instrumental in procuring his compilation, and preparing it for a ing for him the great object of his long consecond edition. That being effected, but tinued, peculiar, and meritorious labours, the author equally unable to risk a second the power of producing his whole work, in loss, and procure a second subscription, how

a proper manner for the use and advanlage does he proceed ? By a mode the most sin- of the public.' gular that was ever attempted, and one that

The Literary Panorama, in 1811, evinces the most indefatigable perseverance. after giving an account of the whole chases old types at a cheap rate, and by his work, according to the title-page, and own manual labour, pursued unremittingly prefacing, hath the following: for five months, he produces forty copies of "Mr. Davy bas selected some good a specimen, consisting of 328 pages, besides things, and his Compendium includes much prefatory matter ; and these he distributes information, not readily to be found in any to such persons as he thinks most likely to other work. We commend the intention of appreciate the work, and to assist it if ap the author, as he hath expressed it in his proved. It cannot indeed be affirmed, that Preface :-we admire the spirit of persethe typography thus produced is fit to rival verance, with which he is endowed ;-his that of Bulmer or Bodoni, or that it is free courage in undertaking the work, and his

dili

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