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Thoughts on a Universal Character.

(Nov. Mr. URBAN,

Oct. 2. interesting but imperfect discoveries of A

CHARACTER intelligible to Young, Champollion, and Salt, and

persons speaking, every variety of enables us, I think, clearly to trace the language, so as to facilitate the inter- origin of Alphabetical writing. The course of mankind, was once a favour. Chinese system is used in common by ite speculation among ingenious men. persons speaking different tongues, but

Bishop Wilkins wasted eminent ge is partly phonetic, generally unsysnius, and labour, and knowledge in tematic, extremely laborious, and unthe pursuit, and also adapted particular avoidable from the nature of the monoletters of the alphabet and their com- syllabic languages. The Arabic nubinations, as duplicate representations merals are the only arbitrary hieroof his arbitrary symbols, by which he glyphics in almost universal use among formed a language which could be mankind. The Roman letters, as syinspoken as well as read. The alphabetic bolic of sounds, are in very general plan however makes the characteristic use among cirilized nations in Gerplan superfluous, for if arbitrary signs many; they are superseding the old are to be used, we may as well employ German text, and will of course be the numerous combinations of the leis adopted among all nations, whose lanters, as any other signs less known. guages have not yet been reduced to

It is a matter of interesting inquiry writing. The language of Algebra is to ascertain the tendency of the prac- universal through the civilized world; tice of mankind towards this object. a very slight knowledge of languages The Mexicans, Egyptians, and Chinese will enable a mathematician to read show the actual use of such arbitrary many foreign works of pure analysis. signs of idcas, adopting them not as an The extension of science through improvement, but from their ignorance every department of Nature tends to of alphabetical writing, or the difficulty introduce technical names, intelligible of applying it to the sounds of their to men of science in all nations, written Janguoges. The American system is in Roman character, and to that ex. Jillle known, but was obviously very tent portions of universal language; inadequate to its object. The Egyp- Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Mineratian system is only known through the logy, Geology, Nosology, have a no

3 She had for her dowry the manors of Shalford and Aldford by the gift of her eldest brother, who sometime after (on his second marriage with Sibyl de Ferrers) repossessed himself thereof, and kept them till near the time of his death; her brother Alan made her his heir. Man. Surr. II. 91. Reg. de Lewes.

6 He received a grant of the barony of Heddingdon from King Hen. II. for his services in the wars, and owned Compton and other manors in the same county.

7 The present Lord de Dunstanville, Francis Basset, through one of his ancestors, is descended from Cecilia. Lysons's Mag. Brit. (Cornw.) p. Ixxvii.—He was created Baron de Dunstanville of Tehidy in Cornwall, 36 Geo. III. with remainder to his issue male, and Baron Basset, of Stratton, the year after, with remainder to his daughter Frances, and her issue inale. He uses for his armorial bearing, Barry wavy of six Or and Gules.

8 He died seised of Castlecombe, Heytesbury, and other manors in Wiltshire, leaving the Lady Petronilla, his daughter and heiress, married to Robert de Montfort, whose son sold the ancient haronial Castle to Bartholomew de Badlesmere. It afterwards went to the Scroopes. Banks's Ext. Peer. I. 71.

9 King Henry III. restored to Gilbert the manors of Shalford and Aldford, which belonged to him in right of his mother ; he owned the manor of Bicester; his daughter and heiress, Eustatia, by Richard de Camville her ad husband, had a daughter and heiress Idonea, who carried these manors in marriage to William de Longespee, Earl of Salisbury, from whom they devolved to the Stranges, and were sold. Man. Surr. II. 91. Dunk. Oxf. II. 253, app. 1.

10 He had a special grant of the barony of Heddingdon from King John, the 5th year of his reigo, and left a son Thomas, Baron of Heddingdon, who died without issue, and three daughters coheiresses ; Isabel, the 3d daughter and coheiress, carried this manor in marriage to Hugh de Plessetis, by whom it was relinquished to King Edw. I. The Duke of St. Alban's is now Baron of Heddingdon, his ancestor being so created by King Charles II. Rot. Pip. 5 Joh.

" His eldest brother gave him the manor of Compton, Alan Basset was the ancestor of that baronial family who were seated at Wycombe, whose heiress married Roger de Bigod, Earl of Norfolk. Dugd. Bar. v. I. p. 383.



New Chapel at Penzance, Cornwall.

419 menclature generally known through I will not venture to speculate on Europe. The small portion of uni- the number of tongues which our posversal scientific language thus establish- terity may acquire with improved ed, shows the madness of such an at grammars and early tuition, when the tempt in the time of Bishop Wilkins, fatal error of burthening the memory and affords little encouragernent even

with rules shall have passed away. in the present day;

The student should first learn the paMetaphysics, the intellectual facul. radigmata of a tongue, and then ihe lies, the sensations, passions, tastes, radical words with every assistance and nxoral feelings of our nature, have from their similarity to any known no adınitted philosophical nomencla- tongue, or from any other principle of cure, nor can the speculator safely stir association which can be applied*. one step, until some masterly system The student should read


narrative of the human mind shall command writers, in which the meaning

is univeral assent, and lay a basis for a easily caught than in moral and abgeneral view of all our ideas of internal stract works, and should gradually acand external nature.

quire the syntax, rules, and idioins of Common sense will here cut the the tongue, referring to the grammars Gordian knot. Is it not easier at once for illustration, but never coinnitting to learn foreign languages actually in to memory any thing except paradiguse? The English and Spanish will mas, words, and passages from works ultimately carry the traveller through of laste.

SEPTIMUS. the whole of America from New Georgia to Terra del Fuego; the va


Nov. 12. rious tongues of savage tribes and small O much has been said (and so little colonies will be swept away by the flood of these two great languages, as built-in Penzance, that some account the Irish, and Cornish, and Welsh, of what has passed there on the occaand Manks, and Erse, and Norse are sion, may be not unacceptable to some, vanishing from the British islands. and perhaps to several of the readers of From the revival of letters, Latin has your very valuable Miscellany. been a general literary language, French On the 8th of March, 1824, a meetis a passport through modern Europe, ing of the inhabitants, by public notice, Arabic through immense tracts of

was held

he Town-hall, to consider Asia and Africa. The original ten- of repairing or rebuilding the Chapel; dency of mankind was to branch out when, it having been determined that into the use of various dialects; the it should be rebuilt, the Curate soon present tendency is towards a perma- after announced a' 10001. from the nence in written tongues, and the Corporation, the subscription of 1001. spread of those spoken by the more from the Rector of Ludgvan; and a active and intelligent nations. A few like sum of 1001. from himself; and languages will ultimately be known by about 250l. more were subscribed by persons of education through the world, other persons. In short, Mr. Urban, concurrently with the local tongues, by the first of April, at subsequent though not to their extinction. Persons meetings, the subscriptions, &c. inof education in the presesent day speak, cluding that of Mr. Tremenheeret the or at least read a much greater variety Vicar of Madron, comprehending the of tongues than their ancestors, and it town of Penzance, amounted to no inbecomes a matter of interest to ascer-, considerable sum ; as here follows, tain the order in which languages should be placed as objects of study :

* The Valpy family have announced such 1. In reference to the amount of a list of words for the Greek. their literary productions.

† At an early period of the consultation, 2. In reference to the actual number this gentleman took an opportunity of sayof individuals in the world, by whom ing, “ Mr. Mayor! whether repaired or

rebuilt this Chapel, I hope his memory will each language is spoken. 3. In reference to the extent of debted for a Chapel at all, viz. an ancestor

not be forgotten to whom the town is incountry and population, among whom of mine, the only person that endowed the each language is more or less known.

present Chapel; and I trust that his dePerhaps in all these particulars the scendants will not, on such an occasion as English should stand at the top of the the present, be found deficient in imitating. scale.

his example."



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British Villages in Northumberland.

[Nov. and in the order in which they were Doric pillars Argent, on a Sable field subscribed.

(quartered with the arms of Worth; Subscriptions, &c. to the New Chapel viz. a spread eagle Sable, on an Argent at Penzance.

field) surmounted with a helmet supMarch 8, 1824.

porting, the crest;, viz. a Saracen's 1. The Corporation

head, filleted, a bend sinister.

£ 1000 2. Rev.John Stephens, Rector of Ludgvan


Trewitt House, near 3. Rev. C. V. Le Grice, Curate of

Alnuick, Oct. 1.


100 4. Rev. M. N. Peters


ago to the river Brewish, at the 5. John Treinen heere, Esq. 21

foot of Greenshawhill, the lowest of the 6. H. P. Tremenheere, Esq.

range of the Cheviots near to Linhope,

21 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. The same, in

in the parish of Ingram, Northumber

Jand, I discovered the remains and fourinferior

dations of circular houses,and twocircles 13. + Rev. Wm. Tremenheere, Vicar of Madron, including the

occasionally united, as mentioned by

Dion Cassius, and by Strabo, in his Town of Penzance


description of “ British Villages." It 14, 15, 16. About


had been defended on the side next to March 15.

Greenshawhill, by two deep fosses and 17. John Stevens, Esq.


a bigh rampart, and had been so ex18. Mrs. Peters


tensive that nearly two miles of stone 19. H. P. Tremenheere, Esq. ad walls have been built from the ruins, ditional

20 whilst many large stones yet remain in March 16.

the foundations, the masons having 20. E. Giddy, Esq. Mayor

21 found it impracticable to remove them. March 31.

The village is situated about fire 21. L. Daubuz, Esq.


miles above the Roman station, at A Grant from the Society for Crawley Tower, upon the same river, building Churches, &c.

1000 which is most probably the." Alanna Purchasc and rent of Pews, &c. 1000

Amnes" of Richard of Cirencester, £3001

who mentions six principal towns beThe offer of large sums besides, longing to the Mactæ , viz. Bremewithout interest.

nium, Ottadenia, Gadenia, Selgovia, So that, altogether, there is in hand, Novantia, and Damnia, the sites of or at least forthcoming, a sum equal tó only two of which have been noticed, 6000l. Now all this, Nir. Urban, lap- ral Roy.

viz. Rochester and Howick, by Genepened a year and a half



yel, to this moment, Penzance Chapel and East of Nortli Charlton, close upon

A third I am confident is situated every thing belonging to it, remains the North road, about eight miles quite as it was, on the 8th of March, North of Alnwick, where, last spring, 1824. Monstrous ! Yours, &c.

P. T.

in removing the materials of a large P.S. It may as well be mentioned cairn to mend the turnpike road, was too, on this occasion, that there is in found the skeleton of a very large man Penzance Chapel a monument, with with a brass spear-head, inclosed in an inscription purporting its having mode of sepulture took place after the

four stones, with a large cover. This been erected to the memory of one of the ancestors of the said Rev. W. T.;

introduction of Christianity; viz.“ Mr. John Tremenheere (born in

From the account given by the “ve1650) the only person that endowed this nerable Bede," and mentioned by Lin. Chupel.Over the tablet is the Tre- gard in his “ History of the Anglomenheere coat of arms ; viz. three Saxon Church,” I have little doubt

that the reinains of. Si. Cuthbert were + On being asked, in this order, that is, cient town by the Monks on the inva

removed from Lindesferne to this apthe twelfth or thirteenth

person, what he meant to subscribe, Mr. T. again said, “I

sion of the Danes, when the Monaspropose instancing my attachment to the tery of Coldingham was burnt, and the established religion of my nalive country, in

Nuns massacred. The expression of this my native town of Penzance, by sub Bede certainly admits of this construccribing a hundred guineas."

tion : “ The most worthy of the Monks


1825.) Sir T. Baskerville. --Ancient Lord's Prayer.

491 carried the body of St. Cuthbert to the in London. He was my wife's nedre kidshighest of the Northumbrian moun man, descended from Earsly Castle in Hetains, where they found refuge and refordshire. J. P.” security

According to the family-pedigree, The British village is situated in an John Polwhele, (member of Parliaamphitheatre of high hills, and the ment for Tregony in 1640,) married a great British road from the South, pass- Baskerville " de agro the East end of Simonside Hill, the

Yours, &c.

R. P. road from Billingham and Elsdon to the North, and from Chew Green and

Mr. URBAN, Eastbourne, Oct, 11, Reedwater, all unite at Alnbam Church (which is built in a small Ro- THE following is a very curious man fortlet), where it passes by the hill to Lynhope, Langlessord, and found among some old writings in Ricknewton, at the junction of the Cornwall

. The manuscript appears College and Beaumont, where was

to be of about the age of Henry the the earliest grazing for focks and Seventh. herds.

fader in hevne santefyyd be thy On the adjoining hill across the name let thy kyengdom com tow uss Brewish, many foundations of houses and thy wyll be fullfylled in erthe ass are observable, scattered over a great byt ys in hevne grant uss or dayle extent of ground. J. SMART. bread & forgeve uss õr trespas ass we

forgeve the that have trespas us let us Mr. URBAN, Polwhele, Nov. 7. nosihe falle in te'tasy's bui delevyr us IND: 35 your Correspondent . R.: amen haylie marie fulle

of grase är

lord ys win thu morials of the Baskerville family; all wemen & the fret *** among which we have an epitaph in

The concluding address to the Virmemory of Sir Thomas Baskerville. Perhaps you will have no objection scribbling repetitions of the commence

gin Mary appears incomplete. Some to insert the following, as a more com, ment of the Prayer ensue, thus: “Our plete copy of the original monumental fader in hevyn sa Our fader." It may be inscription.

well to remark, that the letter f, is not, It occurs in a MS. volume of Poems

as it asterwards was, written ff at the by my ancestor John Polwhele, who beginning of a word ; though two lines, married a Baskeryille.

thus, ş, one down and one up, (the “In memorye of ye right worthye and origin of that f',) are made use of in valiant gentleman, Si Thomas Baskerville, the formation of both the f and the Knighte, Cheife Com’ander of her Majes- f. The paper-Inark is a shield conties Forces in Picardye, in ye service of ye taining three fleurs-de-lis, the arms of French Kynge, who deceased there the 4th France. of June, 1597."

Yours, &c.

D. G. «« These are the glories of a worthye praise, Which, noble Baskerville, heere nowe are


Nov. 3. reade Io honour of thy life and latter daes,

admitted into


last MaTo number yee amongst the blessed dead, A pure regarde to the immortall parte, most unqualified, and were it correct,

A spotless minde, a bodye prone to paine, a most severe censure on the last Edi. A giving hande, and an undaunted hearte, tion of Debrett's Peerage, I trust to And all these vertues voyde of all disdaine ;

your fairness to insert my reply. Were And all these vertues yet not so unknowne, But Netherlands, Seas, Indies, Spaine; not trouble you with a word upon the

I the only party interested, I should and France Can witnesse that these honours were thine subject, but quietly suffer those of your Which they reserve thy merrit to advance,

readers who are conversant with the That valour should not perish voyde of fame, genealogies of our Nobility to judge Nor noble deeds, but leave a noble name.'

between the GENEALOGIST and my

self : but if I were to permit an attack, “This monument is behinde ye high so confidently worded, io remain entirely altar in ye Cathedrall Churche of St. Paul

unanswered, the interests of the work * It was destroyed at the Fire of London entrusted to my superintendance might in 1666.

be in some degree affected.


Descendants of the Princess Mary Tudor.. (Nor. In the first place I must be allowed in blood of any English subjects to to quote one short passage from Mr. the Sovereign of these realms; but I Genealogist's communication; it runs really have not called the descendants thus: “Speaking of the descendants the last instance of a marriage. To of the Princess Mary Tudor, by Charles come, however, to more important Brandon Duke of 'Suffolk, as the last points. The Genealogist proceeds to instance of the marriage of a Princess say, “out of these thirty-one, fifteen I of England with a subject, p. cxxxv. believe have no pretension (the greater he names 31 families," &c. Now, to part certainly no colourable pretension) all and sundry who have read Mr. G.'s io this honour.” What a colourable communication in p. 286 * of your last pretension to a descent means, I connumber, and who have not read the fess myself ignorant: the Peers exceptaccount of the Royal Family in the last ed against either are descended from Edition of Debreit, I think it neces the Princess Mary, or they are not. sary to protest that the above specimen Detailed accounts of how each one of of peculiar English is Mr. G.'s own; the fifteen is so descended would ocnot mine. I spoke of the Princess cupy too much of your


space; Mary's marriage as the last instance of but I send you the following four, the kind; and of the descendants of taken at hazard. Let the Genealogist that marriage as the nearest relatives disprove them if he can.

Henry Stauley, Earl of Derby. Margaret Clifford.

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Elizabeth, m. Charles Urania, m. Coulson George, 3d E. of Catharine, m. Cosmo
Earl of Orrery. T
Fellowes, esq. T

Aberdeen. I

en. I George D.of Gordon. John E. of Cork and Urania, m. John Earl George Lord Had- Alexander Duke of Orrery. of Portsmouth. T do, ob. v.p. T


Gordon, 1825. Edmund Earl of Cork John Earl of Portsmouth, George Earl of Aberand Orrery.T


Aberdeen, 1825. Edmund Earl of Cork and Orrery, 1825.

Having thus proved that the Gene- and his children of course are de alogist is wrong in four instances out scended from the Princess Mary; and of his fifteen, I might fairly apply the when abstracting the thirty-one names adage, “ ex pede Herculein to his from collections made many years ago, critique, and leave your readers to as I did not advert to the fact that the sign him his proper rank in the scale Lord Torrington who married was of Genealogical knowledge. But, as uncle, not faiher, of the present VisI do not pretend to infallibility, I am count. not ashamed, even publicly, 10 confess I am next taxed by the Genealogist and retract an error which I am aware with having omitted in my list fire of having committed, and I therefore noble persons, viz. the Marchionesses admit that in one instance the Genea- of Cholmondeley and Bute ; Lady logist is clearly right. Lord Torring- Willoughby of Eresby; and the Earls ton's name should not have been in of Guilford and Duomore. Now as the list. The fact is, the last Lord my list professes to be a selection only, Torrington but one married a daugh. I should not notice this accusation at ter of ihe Earl of Cork and Orrery; all, but for the purpose of begging the


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