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1825.)
Beauties of Padstow Scenery.

418 woe betide the wretched mariners who predilections, in whose well-cultivated are involuntarily driven towards them mind good temper and genuine feels by the blast of the storm! Escape is ing richly abound, thus expresses himhopeless : their black perpendicular self.—“ An agreeable transition of sceheads frown inevitable destruction on nery occurred shortly after we quitted erery vessel that approaches them, and the Kistvaen. The wild unbroken seldom does one of the unhappy crew views that had so perpetually recurred, survive to tell the horrors of the ship. were now changed for close sequestered wreck,"

glens, which the most romantic parts After having quoted this passage, of Devonshire could not have rivalled the writer is induced to offer a few in beauty. The character of the perremarks on a voyage round Great Bri- fect picturesque may be justly claimed tain, by Messrs. Daniell and Ayton, by the village of Little Petherick, a work of considerable pictorial em where a rude arch thrown over the bellishment; this is, however, its only road, an old mill, an ivied church, and recommendation. As a topographical several cottages, sprinkled on a very sketch, there are parts in which inis- irregular spoi of ground, produced a representation is too palpably evident, most striking and lovely effect. The and where, in the words of poor Sheri- magic of this combination is completdan, “the Gentlemen are indebted to ed by an exuberance of foliage which their imagination for their facts, and breaks the form of the objects, and to their memory for their jests." -The only partially admits the light.”. descriptions indeed are wonderfully in The charm of Little Petherick *, Auenced by the entertainment which however, has been broken, by the exthe residence of the country Gentle- tension of a bridge across the stream, man, or the more humble table of the erected a few years since by gratuitous village-inn might afford them, and ill contribution ; and although the busy did that place fare which failed to gra- traveller may offer a passing tribute of tify their favoured propensity. No at- gratitude to the liberality of the neightainment of the pencil can propitiate bouring gentlemen, and to the praisefor the absence of that animated per- worthy exertions of the Rector, yet the ception of Nature's loveliness so sweetly writer has sighed in vain for the bubexpatiated on by the bard of Childe bling brook and the rugged bridge ; Harold:

for the romantic mill, and the vener“To sit on rocks, to muse o'er flood and able ivy-mantled arch; all distributed fell,

in such happy unison, and imparting To slowly trace the forest's shady scene,

an interest so indescribable to the Where things that own not man's dominion

scene; and often has he felt inclined dwell,

to exclaim like the lyric poet of old And mortal foot hath ne'er or rarely been ; to his much-loved retreat, To climb the trackless mountain all unseen, “O rus, quando ego te aspiciam !" With the wild flock that never needs a fold;

Yours, &c.
Alone o'er steeps and foaming falls to lean ;
This is not solitude ; 'tis but to hold

Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 3. Converse with Nature's charms, and view her stores unroll'd.”

A

pearance, called a “ History of But even if the beauties of Padstow Chivalry," in which the author, in his were converted into spleen by our fas- generalizing system, is lavish in his tidious voyagers, they might have found abuse of the study of costume. As is in the immediate vicinity a fine illus- usually the case where the feeling is in tration of that scenery which they at reality at variance with the doctrine times profess to admire. Mr. War- avowed, notwithstanding an attempt ner, a gentleman unbiassed by local to deride detail in such matters, where $ The village of Little Petherick is situated in the fertile manor of Ide, the royalties

of which extend over several estates in the parishes of St. Jessey, St. Breock, St. Eval, St. Ervan, and Padstow. It was formerly part of the lands of the late Thomas Rawlings, esq. but is now the property of John Paynter, esq. of Blackheath, Kent, who married a daughter of that gentleman. The pinnacles of the church, and probably some other parts of the edifice, were brought from the old chapel of St. Cadoc near Padstow, where there was formerly a considerable village.

the

414
On some Arabic Paintings at Grenada,

(Nov. the author fancies he has discovered a images to be stamped on their coins.' new fact, he is curiously minute. The There is therefore every reason to bepassage which has called forth these lieve, that the paintings in question observations is the following:

are really the work of an Arabian

artist." “ In a pictorial representation of a tour.

To decide this point nothing is renament at Grenada, between Moorish and, Christian knights, the former are drawnquisite but an acquaintance with coswith the broad shovel shoes of their country,

tume; for the painters of old times inwhile the latter have long pointed toes, like :ariably represented the events they the cavaliers of the North. See Murphy's intended to commemorate in the garb Arabian Antiquities of Spain."

of their own day, no matter when they

might have happened. This very inNow there are but three paintings stance, therefore, is a proof of the value copied in Murphy's work, Plates XLII. of such a study as the true art of veriXLIII. and XLIV. not one of which fying

dates. Now the habiliments of represents a tournament. The first of the Christian knight are precisely those these seems to be referred to, and that of the time of Edward the Third, is evidently commemorative of some while his military belt has on it an' legend. A lady, who has a lion chained Arabic inscription. sleeping at her feet, and holds the

This and the other paintings are at chain in her hand, is seized by a savage the extremity of the Court of Lions, hairy man, from whom she appears and contiguous to the apartments octo be rescued by a Spanish knight cupied by the Curate of the Alhamrā, bearing on his shield three birds ; he in the ceiling of a recess., Murphy having thrust his spear into the chest

says,

“ they are finished with a consiof the monster. In another part of derable degree of strength, and much the picture this same knight is en- stiffness prevails in the figures and countered by an Arab, who plunges countenances." his lance into his body. Instead then Plate XLIII. is from another of of there being Moorish and Christian these paintings, and exhibits a knight knights, there appears but one of each; in the same Spanish costume of the and as to the 'broad shovel shoes, if time of our Edward III. but without worn, which I doubt, they are invi- the Arabic inscription on the girdle, sible, owing to the broad stirrups which in the act of transpiercing a lion; and Mr. Mills seems to have mistaken for Plate XLIV. shows a horseman in a them.

mixture of Arabic and Spanish dress, These paintings have given rise to killing a wild boar. much difference of opinion in travel That apartment of the Alhamrā, lers, as to whether they should be at- called the Hall of the Abencerrages, is tributed to the Moors or Spaniards. ornamented with figured tiles, glazed, Swinburne inclines to the latter opi- having in their centres a shield of the nion, and gives as his reason the ana- precise form of Edward the Third's thema denounced by the Koran against time, bearing an heraldic bend, on all representation of animated beings, which is an Arabic sentence implying He concludes that they were executed “None can conquer but through God;". by some Spanish artist soon after the and one of these is in my possession. conquest of Grenada. Murphy on No the other hand observes, that "it is done by a Spanish artist on the con

if these paintings had been well known that the Spanish-Arab quest of Grenada, we should have met Kalifs disregarded this prohibition. The with indications of the period of our lions which support the celebrated Henry VII. instead of that of Edward fountain that bears their name are a III. But Pedraza tells us that the Al. proof full in point; and in addition to

hamrā was eularged and beautified by this evidence, we know that one khalif King Abal Uexis about the year 1336, (Abdurrahman III.) placed the statue which, by giving the same date as the of a favourite mistress over the magni- costume, decides the question in favour ficent palace which he had erected for of the Arabian artists. her use; while others, in defiance of

Yours, &c.

S. R. M. the Prophet's mandate, caused their

COMPENDIUM

1895.)

Compendium of County History-Worcestershire.

415

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.

WORCESTERSHIRE.

The mountain woods
And winding vallies, with the various notes
Of pipe, sheep, kine, and birds, and limpid brooks
Unite their echoes ; near at hand, the wide
Majestic wave of Severn slowly rolls
Among the deep divided glebe; the flood
And trading bark, with low contracted sail
Linger among the recds and copsy banks
To listen; and to view the joyous scene." DYER.

SITUATION AND EXTENT.
Boundaries, Norih, Staffordshire and Shropshire: East, Warwickshire : South,

Gloucestershire: West, Herefordshire and Shropshire. Greatest length 36; greatest breadth 26 ; square 936 miles. Province, Canterbury ; Diocese, Worcester; Tenbury in Hereford diocese; Circuit Oxford,

ANTIENT STATE. British Inhabitants, Cornavii or Dobuni. Saron Octarchy. Mercia. Antiquities. British Encumpments of Clent Hill; and near Four Shire-stone.

Roman Encampments of Bredon ; Kemsey (of considerable strength); Mal: vern-hills ; Witchbury-hill; and Woodbury-hill (either Roman or Saxon).

Danish Encampments of Conderton-hill, in Overbury; Iccomb. Abbeys, of Bordesley (founded by Empress Maud in 1138); Evesham (founded by Egwin Bp. of Wiccia in 709); Pershore (founded by Egelward Duke of Dorset, about 604); Worcester, St. Mary's (founded ante 743). Priories, of Astley (founded by Ralph de Todeni in 1160); Blockley (founded ante 855); Bredon (founded by Eanwolfus King of Mercia); Dodford (founded temp. John); Kemsey (founded ante) 799 ; Little Malvern (founded by Jocelin and Edred, brethren and dominicans, in 1171); Great Malvern (founded by Aldewine in 1083); Wicion (founded by Peter de Corbizon, alias Studley, temp. Henry I. or Stephen); and Westwood (founded temp. Ric. II). Nuña neries, of Claines called Whitstane (founded by Walter de Cantelupe, Bp. of Worcester); Cokehill (founded in 1260, by Isabella Countess of Warwick *). Churches, of Alvechurch; Astley; Bredon ; Chaddesley Corbet; Church Lench (all Saxon remains); DROITWICH ; Eastham (Saxon remains); EVESHAM, All Saints (erected 13th century); Great Malvern (Saxon nave); Holt (the most complete specimen of Norman Architecture in this county); Kidderminster ; Leigh; Naunton Beauchamp (built by Urso d'Abitot the Norman); Northfield, Pedmore (curious sculpture 'over Saxon door); Ribbesford; Rock (Saxon); Stockton (Norman remains); Stoke Prior; Worcester, St. Alban (originally erected by the Saxons); St. Andrew (erected 11th century); St. Clement (Saxon edifice). Chapels, of Bordesley (belonged to the Abbey, and still entire); Bredon (in ruins); another dedicated to St. Katharine of the Rock (founded by Richard de Michgros, temp. Henry III.); Cokehill (belonged to the Nunnery); Droitwich, on the bridge; Hallowe; Frankley; KINDERMINSTER (now changed to a Free School); King's Norton; Knighton (part Saxon); Linch; Newland (framed with timber like many antient buildings); Trimpley (no remains); Witlenton (very ancient); Wollashul (totally destroyed). Stone Pulpit at Worcester Cathedral (of very beautiful workmanship). Fonts, of Chaddesley Corbet ; Eastham. Castles, of Bengeworth (belonged to the Beauchamps, no remains); Castle Norton; Elmley (the earliest settlement of the family of Beauchamp); Hagley (probably erected by Henry IV. in 1401); Hanley (the residence of ihe Nevills'Dukes of Warwick); Hartlebury (begun by Bp. Cantelupe and embattled by Bp. Gifford, temp. Henry III.) ; Holi (built by Urso A charter, however, exists as early as 1198.

d'Abitot,

416 Compendium of County History. Worcestershire, (Nov.

d'Abitot, temp. Wm. I.); Kidderminsten, called. Caldwell (probably erected by Henry IV. in 1401); Weolg; WORCESTER (built by Urso d'Abitot, about 1088). Caves of Malvern; Uplon (discovered in 1787).

PRESENT STATE AND APPEARANCE. Rivers. Aron ; Arrow ; Ledden; Rhea ; Salwarp: SEVERN ; Stour ; Teme. Inland Navigation. Droitwich canal (planned by the self-taught Brinley);

Dudley extension canal, joining the Dudley canal near Netherton; Leominster canal; Staffordshire canal ; Stourport canal; and Worcester and Birmingham canal. Eminences and Views. Abberley Hills, seen from every part of the county; Areley Church, as fine a prospect as any in the county; Aylesborough, pleasing though confined views; Blackstone rocks ; Broadway bills; Bredon hill, 900 feet high, fine view of Evesham yale; Cleeve Prior, extremely picturesque scenery; Clent hills, affording some pleasing prospects ; Clifionupon-Teme, decked with all the beauties of the most picturesque woods and hills, for which the course of that rapid river is remarkable; Croome court ; Cropthorne; Farnham abbey ; Hampton ; Kyre park; Malvern hills, 1313 feet above the Severn, “ beyond the power of an Antiquary to describe the beautiful prospects, &c. ;" Madresfield ; Spring grove; Stagbury hill, fine bird's eye view of the river, forming a picturesque range of scenery ; Stanford Court, extensive and delightful views; Winterdyne, a charming view of the Severn and its romantic scenery; Witchbury hills rising in three beautifal

swells; Woodbury hill; Worcester bridge, a beautiful view of the Malvern hills. Natural Curiosities. Abberton wells, litike, if at all inferior to Epsom ; Bredon chalybeate spring ; Bromsgrove chalybeate spring, and petrifying well; Churchill mineral water ; Droilwich sali springs ; Hallow-park chalybeate spring ; Kidderminster, dropping well and two mineral springs ; Malvern, St. Anne and Holy wells ; Upper Areley, snlphuric spring discovered in 1795 by Dr. Johnstone of Worcester ; Worcester chalybeate spring dis

covered in 1816. Public Edifices. Bellbroughton School. Bengeworth Free School, founded by

John Deacle, esq. in 1709. BewDLEY Bridge; Free Grammar School, founded by James I.; Town-hall; Brvomsgrove Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. Dudley Free Grammar School, founded in 1562 by Thomas Wattewood and Mark Bysmor of London. Evesham Bridge, over the Avon, part crected as early as 1374; Free Grammar School, founded by Abbot Litchfield in 1546, re-founded by Henry VIII. ; Town-hall. Feckenham Free School, founded in 1611 by Jaines I.; School founded by Sir Thos. Cookes, bart. founder of Worcester Coll. Oxford. Hartlebury Free Grammar School, soundation not known, but ante 1400, re-founded by Elizabeth. KIDDERMINster Free Grammar School, founded by Charles Í. in 1637; Town-ball, containing the prison underground, market on ground floor, and council-room principal story. King's Norton Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. Martley Free Grammar School, founded ante 1579. Pedmore Free School, founded about 1699, by Thomas Foley, esq.; Rock Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. Stourbridge Free Grammar School, founded by Edward VI. 1553. Stourport Bridges, one built in 1775, and one of iron. Swinford Hospital or School, founded by Thos. Foley, esq. ob. 1677. Tenbury Bridge, over the Teme, of six arches. . Wolverley Free Grammar School, founded by Wm. Seabright, hy will, dated 1620. Worcester, Berkeley's Hospital, endowed temp. Wm. III. by Judge Berkeley; Bridge opened 1781 ; Charity Schools, founded by Bishop Lloyd in 1713 ; City gaol, formerly House of Grey Friars; College or King's School, founded in 1541-2 by Henry VIII.; County prison, erected 1809; Free Grammar School, founded by Elizabeth in 1561; Guildhall, a handsome edifice built in 1721-3; House of Industry, delightfully situated, built 1794 ; Infirmary, established 1745, built 1767; Market-house opened 1804; Moore's Hospital, founded by Anne, sister of Judge Berkeley; St. Oswald's Hospital of very ancient foundation, built and endowed by Thomas Haynes, 1682; Subscription Free School, erected 1810; Theatre ; Trinity Hospital endowed by Queen Elizabeth.

S.T. (To be continued.)

1825.] Original Pedigree of De Dunstanville.

417 Mr. URBAN,

Nov. 1. I

TRANSMIT for your interesting Miscellany a Pedigree (with copious

notes) of the baronial family of De Dunstanville, which flourished in the vale of Avon in Wiltshire, about the period of the 12th century. Their genealogy and local history have hitherto been only partially, and hence in some instances rather inaccurately deduced.

Henry W. WHATTON..., STEMMA DE DUNSTANVILLA. Arms > Argent, a fret Gules, on a canton of the Second a lion passant gardant Or, all

within a bordure ingrailed Sable. Reginald de Dunstanville, Lord of Winter-Adeliza de Lisle', daughter and beiress of bourne in Wiltshire, temp. Hen. I; he gave Brien Fitz-Count, or Filius Comitis the Church there to the Monastery of Lewes. (sometimes written Brientius filius CoReg. de Lewes. Ob. 2. Hen. II.

mitis de Insula), son of Eudo, Earl of Brittany. Duch. Norm.

B. p.

Walter Lord de DunstanUrsula, 3d dau. and coh. Roberts de Isabella, Alan, ob. ville, Baron of Castle of Reg. Fitzhenry, Earl Dunstanville, dau. of combe, or Combe Castle, of Cornwall, 5 Steph. Lord of Hey Ray

Hoare's in Wiltshire ; being the natural son of King tesbury, in mond, Wilts. eldest son he succeeded to Henry I. by Anne, da. of Wiltshire, 2 Earl of

Heyt.p. Winterbourne, the patri Sir Rob. Corbet, Lord of. H. II. Died Thou 85, monial estate, and died 8 Alcester, in Warwick 30 H. II. s.p. louse. Richard. Ric. I. Vinc. Corr. p. shire. Reginald died 21 Rot. Pip. 2

Harl. 130. Ord. Vit. 915

P

Hen.ll. Dug.Ba.I.610. H.II. Wilts. MS.1417. Ibid.

ob. s.p.:

sue,

he gave

mar.'

part of his

Walter 4, the 2d Ba-Maud, dau. of Alice'.—Thomas Ld. Bas- Alan.' Hav- Cecison gave the manor William Mar Harl.

set, Baron

of ing no is lia, of Winterbourne to shall, Earl of MS. Heddingdou, in Alan Basset ; his Pembroke, and 1417. Oxfordshire, Uncle Robert made widow of Wil Ex

temp.H.II. Died

lands to his Bashim his heir ; he liam, Earl of Coll. 26 H. II. Man. unclo Ro det. died 25 Hen. III. Warren and R. Surr.II.91.Dugd. bert. Reg. ExCollect.R.Glov. Surrey. Harl.

Glov. Bar. vol. I. 383. de Lewes. Som. Her. fo.99.a. MS. 1417.

108 a.

Mon.Avgl. Note7

Walters, Isabel, Gilbert) FEgeline Thomas Philippa, Alan".
3d Bar. dau,of Basset, de Lord da, and
died 54 Thos.

founder

Court Basset, coh. of Y H. III. de of Bi

ney. Baron of William Dugd. Clare, cester

Hed de Mal-
Bar. 1.
Earl of Priory,

dingilon, banc.
591. Glou-
28 H.

5 Joh. loq.Pla cester, II.

Died .4
Harl. Died 5

Henry
War. 9 MS. Joh.

III. E. I. 1417.

wife of Albert de Grelle. Rot. de domina bus, pueris, et puellis, de ap. 32 Hen. I. in scacc. pea. Remem. Regis.

de quo

Petronilla.

Eustatia.

See their descendants in part i. p. 38.

· Her name was Adeliza de Lisle, and not Warren, as some assert. A charter of King Henry, confirming her gift of the lordship of Polton to the Church of St. Mary at Tewkesbury, contains these words : “ Terram de Poltona, quam dedit eidem ecclesiæ Adeliza de lusula, pro animâ Reginaldi de Dunstanvilla viri sui." Mon. Angl. I. 163. Her mother was Maud de Wallingford, the widow of Milo Crispin, who held 88 lordships under the Conqueror, 12 of which were in Wiltshire.

2 He paid a fine of 100 marks, 2 Ric. I. and had livery of his barony and lands in Wiltshire. Rot. Pip, 2 Ric. I.

3 He purchased the manors of Shalford and Aldford in Surrey, from Robert de Wattville, temp. Hen. II., and gave the Church Bercham, “de feodo Alani nepotis sui," to the monastery of Lewes. Mon. Angl. II. 908. Man. Surr. II. 91.-At Heytesbury it is said the Empress Maud sometime resided.

4 The manors of Heytesbury, Shalford, and Aldford, descended to him, as nephew and heir of Robert. Man. Surr. II. 91. Reg. de Lewes, fo. 198 a. Gent. Mag, November, 1825.

5 She

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