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400 Fund proposed for defending Rectors of Benefices. (Nov. if it appears to be one of little dif- that the vigorous and determined in. ficulty, it is usually decided at once, vestigation of a few select cases, whereand judgment given. If it be intri- in injustice is manifest, would, as precate, and involves (as frequently hap- cedents, facilitate the decision of others, pens) the investigation of local circum- and become the means of a systematic stances, an issue is granted for a trial redress of all such aggressions. Of at the county assizes. Now the case course a Society and Committee would unfortunately is become one in which he necessary to regulate an institution our great constitutional privilege, that of this nature, to superintend the apof Trial by Jury, appears to the least plication of its funds, and to examine advantage. I feel a reluctance at mak- into the merits of all claims to receive ing this remark, being fully sensible the benefit of them. But these are of the general excellence of our Go- after- considerations, and I therefore vernment, and the administration of here drop the subject : only adding my justice. But judicatures, like every hope that the benevolence and liberathing human, must be liable to defect, lity which ever characterize a British and sometimes fallible. Most certain publick in behalf of the oppressed, will it is, that country juries are com appear in this instance." Thus will monly prejudiced against the payment they essentially befriend a class of men, of tithes, and therefore must be ex- respecting whom it may too truly be pected to be so biassed in their de- said, that whatever be their merits, cisions. If the verdict be given against collectively or individually, the incumbent, he is usually, if not «The world is not their friend nor the ruined, left without the pecuniary world's law !" SHAKSPEARE. means of seeking further redress, by Yours, &c.

VERAX. moving for a new trial, or taking the cause into a higher court. At least considerations of prudence may be Mr. URBAN,

Summerlands, Exeter,

Nov. 4. en el other hand, should the decision Mud Un Customs. The commend

UCH of Common . be in' his favour, the wealthy and exasperated defendant, unalarmed by able abrogation of laws of evil ten. costs, and finding the interests of his dency now frequently effected in the estate at stake, feels probably little present age, enlightened by sound prinhesitation in making a further ven- ciples of political morals, sufficiently tute by another trial: and if still un evinces that customs, however sancsuccessful, as a last resource, removes tioned by antiquity, are far from being the cause into the House of Lords! unquestionable. Under such just conThere can be no wonder that any one sideration, the record of customs in of slender fortune should be discou- your valuable repository of informaraged and deterred by such formidable tion leads to a candid examination of obstacles; which in fact must become, them, and necessarily to their rejecin most cases, insuperable barriers to tion, if found to militate against the his obtaining justice. The consequence cause of religion and moral order in generally is, that he submits to the society. I shall now state a very old necessity of the case, and acquiesces custom, leaving it to your numerous in conditions which he knows to be readers, and more especially to Churchunjust: thus signing and sealing the men, to judge, whether what no indiruin of his benefice. These are evils yidual of proper feelings would for a which call aloud, and long have called moment imitate, can be any longer tofor some remedy. The general out- lerated, consistently with the rubrick line and view which I have given of of our Church. I must do the Clergy the subject, may lead to a fuller and here the justice to say, that they have abler discussion of it. Meanwhile the in vain attempted to abolish so improcandid attention of all friends to the per an usage; while the corporate Church is requested to this represen- body who maintain it, see nothing imtation of facts, which may enable them moral in its continuance; and defeud to form a judgment as to the expedi- it on the abstract principle of the honor ency of the present proposed measure, it originally conferred, the memory of that of establishing (as has been above which, under an erroneous impressaid) a fund for defending the rights of sion of the intentions of the Royal benefices. It may reasonably be hoped Donor, which they steadfastly cherish.

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Will. Latham lapt. I.L.M.A.


1825.) Painted Window from Basingwerk Abbey.

401 This city is celebrated in the page glass is the more curious, fronu having of history for heroic defences made originally adorned the neighbouring against rebellious armies and ferocious Abbey of Basingwerk. It obtained its invaders. The pretender, PerkinWar- present situation by the liberality of BECK, was gallantly repulsed from its Henry ap Harry, of Llanassa, who, walls raised in the time of Athelstan. having purchased the house and lands In reward for such loyalty and bravery, of Basingwerk Abbey, on its dissoluthe Seventh Henry granted a charter tion in 1540, made this present to his of immunities; presesented his own own parish church. sword to the Mayor, and gave a hat or

The subject of the centre compartcap of liberty to be worn on all public ment is the Crucifixion, with St. occasions. The Mayor and Corpora- Mary and St. John standing at the tion enter the Cathedral, preceded by foot of the Cross. the Swordbearer wearing this hat on

The first compartment to the right his head, within the Choir, and docs of the plate exhibits a female saint, not take it off, till he has deposited the with no very remarkable or apparent sword before the Mayor, close to the symbol. It is probably Saint Anne, throne of the Bishop. In like man- who was usually drawn with a book. per, he wears this hat in the House The glass doubtlessly suffered much of God, in marching in front of the in its remoral, and several parts are procession leaving the Cathedral*. disarranged and misplaced. On each The Church-rubrick permits no person side of this figure we have a fragment to wear a hat within the Temple of the of an inscription, on one of which ocDeity; the infirm only being allowed curs the usual incipient word, Ora, to use a description of nightcap. Henry and on the other, Joan... the Seventh was ratlier a religious Mo

In the next division we have a Bi. narch, who would not sanction an im- shop bearing very apparently the pall pious custom: and if we are to sup- of Canterbury. It may be intended pose that Roman Catholics in those for St. Augustine or St. Thomas à days, acted thus, surely Protestants are

Becket. forbid to follow so shocking an ex

On the other side of the Crucifixion ample. Probably some of your Cor- stands St. Lawrence, with his usual respondents can inform us, whether ompaniments, a book and gridiron. such an extraordinary custom be preva In the last compartment is St. James lent in any other Protestant place of the Less, with his inscription remainworship? John MACDONALD, ing, Dancť Jacob'. He has, as is

usual, a book in his hand; behind his

head, his pilgrim's hat, bearing an escalMr. URBAN, Liverpool, Sept. 10. lop shell, is thrown back; and under parish of

his arm remains part of his staff. monly called Llanassa, in the

In the three rondeaux abore the county of Flint, is situated on the heads of the first, second, and last fic banks of the Dee, 64 miles North- gures, are depicted the instruments and west of Holywell, and 212 from Lon- symbols of the Passion; in the first don.

three immense nails between diminuThe Church, dedicated to St. Asaph, tive pincers and hammer; in the seis much more spacious than the gene- cond, the five wounds of Christ; in rality of churches in the Principality, the last, Judas's bag and Peter's cock. having been considerably enlarged Of the Rectory of Llanasaph the since its first erection. It lias iwo Bishop of St. Asaph is proprietor, and East windows, in the more ancient of he is the patron of the Vicarage. Bp. which is placed some fine stained Laurence Child procured in 1385 the glass, represented in Plate II. This impropriation of this Church to sup

* It was remarked to George II. that at ply his Cathedral with lights, and to Court a privileged Nobleman wore his hat, repair the ruins occasioned by the on which the Monarch neatly observed, that The present worthy Vicar of the Peer forgot that Ladies were present. Llanasaph is the Rev. Henry Parry. The Mayor and Corporation may apply this By the marriage of Anne, only à priori, in an infinitely higher sense, to a daughter and heiress of Henry ap practice that would certainly be better ho- Harry above mentioned, to William noured in the breach than in the ol'servance, Mostyn, esq. of Talacre, the Priory of Gent. MAG. Noveml'er, 1825.




On the use of the Historical Triads.

(Nov. Basingwerk was conveyed to that fa- Hengurt, refers them to the seventh cenmily, by whom it is still possessed. tury. Some may be the records of more Edward, son of William, was created ancient traditions, and some are of more rea Baronet in 1670; and Sir Edward cent date. I think them the most curious, Mostyn, the present Baronet, is the on the whole, of all the Welsh Remains." + seventh who has borne the title. Of the Triads there are many MSS. Yours, &c. W. LATHAM. in different collections.

“ They may be considered (say the EdiON THE USE OF THE HISTORICAL tors) amongst the most valuable and curious TRIADS.

productions preserved in the Welsh lan

guage; and they contain a great number of THWeiheis reputation as mucli 10 THE Greek and Roman historians memorials of the remarkable events which

took place among the ancient Britons. Unthe beauties of their style, as to their fortunately, however, they are deficient with accuracy. Their form is pleasing, and respect to dates ; and, considered singly, from being made the medium of edu. they are not well adapted to preserve the cation, they become our companions connection of history. Yet, a collection of in the closet. But the discerning

Triads, continued together as these are, reader perceives that Herodotus abounds condeuse more information into a small in fable, that Livy is frequently mis- compass, than is to be accomplished perhaps

by any other method; and consequently taken, and that such as cannot be such a mode of composition is superior to charged with credulity, have an ob- all others for the formation of a system of vious bias in favour of their country. tradition." In other countries information is derived, not from chronicles, but from the munificence of Mr. Owen Jones,

They were published, in 1801, by poetical and traditionary relicks. The and have since been edited by Mr. Persians have their Shah Nameh, and Probert. Every, elucidation which the Hindoos their Mahabbarat ; and

can now be obtained, will be found, the early events of our ancestors must with a chronological digest, in the be principally gleaned from the His- Cambro-Briton, a respectable perioditorical Triads. Of these records the cal, conducted by the late Mr. Parry. observations of Mr. Turner and the One disadvantage they certainly posEditors of the Myvyrian Archaiology

to enumerate precisely, THREE will supply the best account:

circumstances, such as "the three ac“ The Welch have a very singular col- cursed deeds of the Isle of Britain," it lection of historical facts, which they call may often have been necessary to exó Triads. Three events which have an apalogy in some point or other, ere arranged that the Triads must be regarded as

aggerate, and sometimes to omit; so together. It is certainly a very whimsical detached notices rather than a complete mode of commemorating events, but the

scries of records. actions of man are full of caprice. The fanciful rudeness of the plan may discredit the

The Triads remount to the political taste or judgment of its authors; but the circumstances of the Cymry before veracity of the stateinent is not affected by their supposed departure from Asia, the singularity of the form. If the Welsh Hu Gadaru, or The Mighty, whom have never had a Livy, or a Thucydides ; if some sanguine antiquaries have identhey have made Triads, instead of histories, tified with Noah, is said to have formwe may blame the misdirection of their ed them into social communities, to genius; but we cannot try the authenticity have instructed them in agriculture, of a record by its taste and elegance, or and to have adapted poetry to the prewhat will become of our special pleading, servation of historical memorials. Unour bills in equity, and our acts of parlia- der his auspices, they reached an ment!

“ The historical Triads have been ob- island, previously denominated Clás viously put together at very different pe- Merddin, or The Sea-defended Green riods. Some appear very ancient. Some Spot, and by the colonists

, Vel Inys, allude to circumstances about the first po

or The Honey Isle. A federal mopulation, and early bistory of the island, of parchy was subsequently established which every other memorial has perished. by Prydain (a name signifying beautiThe Triads were noticed by Camden with ful), from whoin the island is said to respect. Mr. Vaughan, the antiquary of have derived its present (though al

tered) appellation of Britain. * Vindication of the Aucient British Poems, p. 126.

+ P. 131.


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