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1825.] Review.-Bayley's History of the Tower.

89 this young man for his likeness to her ne: “How extraordinary the King's conduct ! phew the Duke of York; how she could In the first place, he attributes to the Duhave described to him the persons of his chess of Burgundy every thing connected brother, his sisters, and others nearest him with Warbeck's appearance ; and then, failin his childhood; how she could have given ing to prove the reports he had spread of him minute details of the affairs of England, her having trained up an impostor, he thinks and bow she could have instructed him in it wise to drop that story altogether ; bes what passed, while he was

the sanctuary cause to every considerate person it must af Westminster, and more especially of the appear that her support of him was only transactions in the Tower, would be difficult from the conviction that he was her nephew. Lo imagine ; for this Princess, who is repre- Indeed it is impossible to account either for sented as bitter against Henry, was married her conduet, or for that of the King of Scotout of England in 1467, before either of land, unless they were satisfied that this Edward the Fourth's children was born ; person was in truth the Duke of York. The and as she never returned, she could never one may have borne the most implacable have seen the Duke of York, his brother, or batred towards Henry, as a descendant of either of the Princesses, nor could she have the house of Lancaster, and the other might had such kpowledge of the extraordinary have been glad of any opportunity to annoy chain of events that had since occurred in and weaken a rival natiou ; but would either England, as would have made her a capable have gone so far? Henry had married Edinstructress of a Flemish youth in the wily ward the Fourth's daughter; and, therefore, and difficult course he would have to tread. whatever inight have been Margaret's antiBut without dwelling longer on these cir- pathy to bim, is it to be believed that she cumstances, however material to the ques- would have brought forward an impostor, tion,—without asking when or where this and laboured by every artifice to transfer

young mercurial was first picked up, the diarlem from her own niece, the heiress and without resting on the moral impossi- of the house of York, to the brow of that bility of making a perfect polished Prince, low-bred wanderer, that Perkin Warbeck in whom all things met as could be wished, has been described ? At war with Heory, in sa short a time out of a mere wandering policy might have induced the King of Flemish Jew; let us proceed to the still Scotland to support his rival, whether true more important features of the story." or false; but what motive could he have P. 350.

had for sacrificing to him a Princess of his Mr. Bayley then points out the dis own blood, unless he had been satisfied that agreement of the first story and the he was the heir to the throne of England confession, and the means which the These circumstances are corroborated by the

conduct of Sir William Stanley, Lord FitzKing had of undeceiving the world, as

walter, and others of Edward the Fourth's to the importance of Warbeck, by pro- friends, who embarked in his cause, and ducing the testimony of Lady Bramp- who would hardly have risked their lives ton, the pretended agent of the Du- and fortunes on the crazy bottom of a Flechess, in the transmission of Perkin mish counterfeit: they are likewise supfrom Flanders to Portugal, and thence ported by Henry's rigid treatment of the to Ireland.

Queen dowager*, whose conduct manifestMr. Bayley then proceeds:

ed a conviction also of her son's existence ; “When we see falsehood and inconsis- with the same idea, how are we to account

and if Henry himself were not impressed tency so blended together, is it easy to de- for his actions, and for his extraordinary

. termine which of the accounts we may give saying on the death of the Earl of Lincoln." the most discredit to,- that which ascribes the alleged imposture entirely to the Du. After the death of the Earl, a pring chess of Burgundy, or the other, which cịpal person of the House of York, the would have us believe a story of the Irish King said that he was sorry for the taking op a foreign youth, who came acci- Earl's death, because through him he dentally to their country, and not only qua- might have known the bottom of his lifying him to assume the name and character of a Prince, whom he could have never

danger. p. 352. keen, but teaching him to indulge in the “Our observations, however, do not end extravagant notion of supplanting a power- here. Is it not extraordinary that, after fal and vigilant Monarch, and of usurping Perkin fell into the King's hands, no means the throne of a nation, to which he must were ever resorted to, to satisfy the world of have been an absolute stranger Must we the imposition which had been practised Bot reject the former, as contradictory and upon it? After he had been received and inconsistent in itself, and must we not treat the latter as one of the most preposterous She was detected, as supposed, in some fictions, with which the credulity of man secret correspondence at the time of Lami was ever tried,”

bert Simnel's appearance. p. 361,

supported

If a

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40
REVIEW.Tales of the Crusaders.

(July,
supported by the Courts of France, Bur- language ;' when we call to mind that his
gundy, and Scotland; after his alliance had origin and history were never traced,--that
been sought by a marriage with a Princess he never failed in his part, and that neither
of the latter nation; when Peers, Knighits his words nor actions were ever said to bear
of the Garter, Privy Counsellors, and dig. the semblance of imposition ;-in fact, when
nitaries of the Church had espoused his we fairly and deliberately weigh all the strong
cause ; and after the Lord Fitzwalter and and leading points of his story, we must be
other great men had laid down their lives in rooted indeed to the common impressions
the conviction of his truth, ought not the entertained on this subject, if we hastily
King to have shown how all had been de conclude that he was an impostor. At all
ceived ? a counterfeit, Henry might events, we have shewu that he could not
then have convicted him out of his own have been such a person as he was repre-
mouth; or he might have produced him sented: and the more deeply any candid jn-
before Tirrel and Dighton, the supposed quirer will search into the history and times
murderers ; and surely, though no one else of Richard the Third, the less credit he will
in the whole court and kingdom of England attach to that common herd of writers,
could so cross-examine this Flemish youth, whose venality or prejudices have led them
as to detect him in a single falsehood, their from the paths of uprightness and truth,
appearance must have confounded him. and made them indiscriminately load bis
There were enough too in Henry's court, memory with all the foulest crimes that dis-
who must well bave remembered the person tinguish the dark and troubled æra in which
of the Duke of York : the famous Dr. Oli- he lived." Pp. 350, 352.
yer King, then Bishop of Exeter, who was
Edward's
's as well as Henry's secretary, was

A disquisition on this subject is atstill alive, as were other prelates and barons tached to Henry's History of England. of the realm, besides servants of Edward's

We think that the case of Perkin Warhousehold, abu must often have seen both beck being the Duke of York, is made the princes, and whose evidence, if taken, out up to strong presumption. But would instantly have decided his character. what became of Edw. V.? Nobody Why, moreover, was he never produced be says that he was Lambert Simnel. fore the Queen dowager, the Queen her

(To be continued.) self, and the other sisters of the Duke of York? Why were they never asked, Is this your son ? Is this your brother?' Their

2. Tales of the Crusaders. By the Author of declarations would have admitted of no

Waverley, &c. 4 vols. Robinson & Co. : doubt. Their denial of his person would have undeceived the world, and have silenced

INEXHAUSTIBLE in his refor ever the voice of scepticism. But no: sources, we have here another annual the King withheld or avoided this obvious offering from a writer, whose title to mode of detection! He was never con our praise owes nothing to the mystery fronted with them; and must we not thence with which he seeks to envelope his infer that Henry was afraid to put their na name. Who shall attempt the ‘waste. tural emotions to such a trial? For, if he ful and ridiculous excess' of lauding were the Duke of York, no lapse of time him whom the King delighteth to could have effaced him from their memory, honour? whose fame reacheth from nor could the injunctions of a tyrant have

one end of the civilized world to the restrained the impulse of a mother's or a sister's feelings.

other! and whose works are destined “When we review all the circumstances

to that inmortality which appertains to of this extraordinary case; the entire want

the language in which they are emof evidence that the princes were put to

bodied? Let us to our office, and leave death; the inconsistency of the King's con the delights of eulogy 10 the thousands duct; his avoiding every species of inquiry and ten of thousands, into whose bands by which he might have proved him an im- the volumes have fallen. postor, if he were so, and the many shifts After a facetious introduction, more he had recourse to, to blind the world on

suo, in which some of the favourite the subject; when we estimate the charac- characters of preceding works are the ter of the historians of those times, and re

interlocutors, and from which we member that the only sources of our infor; glean that the author purposes a Hisby prejudices, or subservient to the Lancas- lory of the Life of Buonaparte, we entrian interest, and the statements put forth

ter upon the first Tale of the Crusaby the King himself, when we consider ders, entitled “The Betrothed,” a tale too all the traits in Warbeck's character,— of the twelfth Century, during the his personal likeness to King Edward the reign of Henry II. and at a period Fourth, - his princely manners, and his when the violent and frequent conacknowledged perfection in the English ficts between the Welsh and their

Norman

1895.]

Review.--Tales of the Crusaders. Norman invaders - had yielded to a of the strong and victorious bands that season of doubtful tranquillity. In were already in march for their relief. this suspicious friendship Raymond, “Will the gallant champions of the Berenger, and Gwenwyn of Powys- Cross (she said) think of leaving their naland were new banded; they had par

tive land, while the wail of women and of taken with little satisfaction each of orphans is in their ears; it were to convert the other's hospitality, and it was appa- derogate from the high fame they have so

their pious purpose into mortal sin, and to rent that a slight breath was only well won ;-yes, fight, but valiantly, and wanting to rekindle the embers of dis- perhaps before the very sun that is now cord in both the chiefs. That awaken- slowly rising shall sink in the sea, you shall ing influence was soon supplied. The see it shining on the ranks of Shrewsbury fair daughter of the Norman had left and Chester. When did the Welchmen an impression on the heart of the wait to hear the clangour of their trumpets, Welchman, which terminated in an or the rustling of their silken banners ? offer of marriage. His suit is soine. Fight bravely,—fight freely but a while !-what uncourteously rejected; and, af our castle is strong, our munition ample; ter the fashion of the times, the insult your hearts are good, your arms are poweris forthwith to be avenged. Gwen- ful: God is nigh to us, and our friends are wyn assembles an army, and proceeds

not far distant ;-fight then in the name of to the attack of Berenger in his Castle all that is good and holy,-fight for your of Garde Doloureuse. This Chief was

selves, for your wives, for your children, neither unsuspicious nor unprepared.

and for your property,--and, oh! fight for

an orphan maiden who hath no other deHe conducts a sally; in compliance fenders but what a sense of her sorrows and with some previous pledge, that he the remembrance of her father may raise up would meet his enemy in the plain, among you!" and not defend himself in his fortress; he is overpowered by numbers, and he

An active assault is made on the and two-thirds of his followers are castle, and as vigorous a defence suckilled; the remainder take refuge in ceeded; but the expected succour arthe Garde Doloureuse, which now un

rived; the Welch are routed with dergoes a regular siege, but is defended great slaughter, and Gwenwyn is killed. by a feeble garrison. In this fortress This good service is rendered by Hugo is the high-souled daughter of Ray- de Lacy, Constable of Chester, who mond Berenger; and her heroism, being under a vow not to come under whether in sorrow or in danger, is

a roof until he embark for the Holy very finely pourtrayed. The defence Land, commissions his nephew Daof the Castle is assigned to Wilkin mian de Lacy, to report the tidings of Flammock, a shrewd Fleuning, half his victory. He is favourably received, soldier, half weaver, imperturbable of and his youthful beauty and manly temper, with much diplomatic cun bearing are not lost upon Eveline. ning, but of great integrity. The siege The body of Berenger is recovered, proceeds, and discontent gathers.

and interred with all due solemnities; “ The presence of Eveline did much to

after which the Constable, about to touse the garrison from this state of disa depart, solicits an interview with the couragement; she glided from post to post, lady in a temporary pavilion. The from tower to tower of the old grey fortress Constable of Chester is described as as a gleam of light passes over a clouded possessing no personal attractions, and landscape, and touching its various points of an age too advanced for lady's love; in succession, calls them out into beauty but he had previously distinguished and effect. Sorrow and fear sometimes make himself at a tournament, and had laid sufferers eloquent. She addresses the va the prize at the feet of Eveline. He rious nations who composed her little gar was a brave warrior, but a clumsy rison, each in appropriate language; to the lover. English sbe spoke as children of the soil; to the Flemings as men who had become

We had forgotten to notice that in denizens by the rights of hospitality ; to the the extremity of the siege, the daughNormans as descendants of that victorious ter of Berenger had, in her prayers to race whose sword bad made them the nobles the Virgin, vowed that whatever fa. and sovereigns of every land where its edge voured knight our lady of the Garde had been tried. To all she recommended Doloureuse might employ for her resconfidence in God and our lady of the Garde cue, should obtain from her in guer. Doloureuse; and she ventured to assure all don whatever boon she might hoGext. MAG. July, 1825.

nourably

pre

Review.--Tules of the Crusaders.

[July, nourably grant, wete it that of her witidow, she falls asleep; from this virgin hand at the holy altar. Attend she is awakened by a loud scream ed now by the daughter of the Fléin. froin the chamber of Eveline. She ing, Rose Flammock, her bower '

wo- calls loudly for help, the sentinel man, a shrewd clever girl, after dis- scales the walls, and ileposits the life missing her other attendants, she has less form of the Norman maiden into audience of the Constable; the re- the hands of the faithful Rose; the membrance of her vow pressing some whole adventure is very powerfully what heavily on her beart. The in- wrought up. The lady recovers, and terview (which, would our limits per- quits somewhat abruptly the inhos mit, we would willingly extract) ter- pitable mansion of her relative, and minates in a proposal of marriage by pursues with depressed spirits her the Constable, grounded on the wish journey to Gloucester. During their of his late friend, her father, Raymond ride the Lady Eveline relates to the Berenger. The lady requests permise anxious Rose the mysteries of the ision to consult her aunt, abhess of the night. Benedictine nunnery at Gloucester, a “ I had recited the prescribed devotionts request which is granted; and, under for the murderer and his victim, and sitting the escort of the Constable, with a down on the couch which was assigned me, train of her own attendants, they pro- had laid aside such of my clothes as might ceed on the intended visit. On hier impede my rest. I had surmounted in short journey she visits an old relative, the the first shock which I experienced on comlady of Baldringham. Here an adven- mitting myself to this mysterious chamber, ture of powerful interest, and of su and I hoped to pass the night in slumber as pernatural horror occurs in the cham- sound as my thoughts were innocent. I ber of the Redfinger. It is in this

cannot judge how long I had slept when chamber that the descendants of the my bosom was oppressed by an uuusual house of Baldringham are accustomed weight, which seemed at once to stifle my

voice, stop the beating of my heart, and to sleep for a night, and a revelation of their future life is made to them. I looked up to discover the cause of this hor.

vent me from drawing my breath; and when Eveline would fain have excused her- rible suffocation, the form of the murdered 'self from this ordeal; but the taunts British matron stood over my couch, taller of the old lady induced her compliance. than life, shadowy, and with a countenance

where traits of dignity and beauty were “The hour of parting at length ap- mingled with a fierce expression of venge. proached, at half an hour before midnight,' ful exultation. She held over me the hand & period ascertained by the consumption of which bore the bloody marks of her husthe huge waxen torch; the ball, which was band's cruelty, and seemed as if she signed 'secured to it, fell clanging into the brazen the cross, devoting me to destruction, while basin placed beneath, and announced to all with an unearthly tone she uttered these the hour of rest. The old gluman paused words, in his song instantaneously, and in the middle of a stanza, and the household were all

• Widowed wife, and married inaid, * upon foot at the signal, some retiring to

Betroth’d, betrayer, and betray'd. their apartments, others lighting torches The phantom stooped over me as she spokę, or bearing lamps to conduct the visitors to and lowered her gory fingers as if to touch their places of repose. Among the last was my face, when terror giving me the power, a bevy of bower women, to whom the duty of which it had deprived me, I screamed was assigned of conveying the lady Eveline aloud." to her chamber for the night. Her auót took a solemo leave of her, crossed her fore

The lady Eveline remained 'four, head, kissed it, and whispered in her ear-

months with her aunt the abbess, and Be courageous, and be fortunate'." grows more and more reconciled to the

Constable's proposal. The Constable Some smart verbal skirmishing then endeavours to obtain a remission of ensues between Rose and the old dame, his vow of a journey to the Holy Land. but the former is absolutely forbidden The day of the fianciuilles, or to accompany her mistress; it is again pousals, drew near. The hetcothing is ren but without success, until concluded, when Dainian de Lacy, Eveline enters the apartment alone.- whose long illness we are to attribute Rose prepares for watching in the anti- to his love for the bride, appears, and room adjoining, and having previously falling from weakness and exhaustion, secured the watchfulness of a Norman the bandages that covered his arm sentinel, to whom she calls from the after bleeding are displaced, and some

portion

!

es

1895.)

RBVIBW.-Tales of the Crusaders portion of his blood touches the glove the wounded De Lacy is conveyed to of the Constable, which is unknow. the Castle. Here the situation of the ingly communicated to the bride - youthful guardian of Eveline is most this is attributed by her 10 some co- critical, and hazardous even to his incidence with the apparition at Bal- fame. An insurrection against the nodringhain.

bles had been joined by some of his lu the midst of the festivities of the soldiers, who, weary of the inactive espousal, the Constable of Chester re- life before the Garde' Doloureuse, had ceives a double summons. The first deserted, and given a colour to the re29nounces the dangerous condition of presentations, that Damian himself his nephew Damian; the other is a favoured the insurrection. He had citation before the Archbishop Bald- been induced to relieve a blockaded win. This prelate had succeeded the noble, bui his troop was engaged in unfortunate Becket; and the advonce- the deliverance of Eveline, and he was ment of the Crusade was the chief bu- now wounded in his bed when his siness of his life. Little chance then services were most required. These bad the Constable of advancing his facts are extorted from his Page by suit for the postponement of his vow Eveline herself, and again the spirit from such a quarter. The interview of her House is awakened, and the between them is a scene worth ex- soul of the heroine beat's high ; she tracting; but we are reminded of much upbraids the followers of De Lacy with yet to come.

cowardice and treason, and proposes « Sir Constable,” says the Prelate, “I exertions come too late, and ultimately,

to put herself at their head, but their tell you, you are no longer your own mas dispirited by the absence of their leader, wer; you are, by the blessed badge you have they break up and disperse, leaving the voluntarily assumed, the soldier of God himself; nor can you fly from your standard reputation of Damian wounded as his without such infamy as even coistrels or

body. The fortunes of Eveline are soon grooms are unwilling to incur."

implicated in his fate. A royal army

is sent to occupy her castle, and is ré The spirit of De Lacy, quails be- fused admission; the person of Daneath the reproof of the Churchman; mian is demanded, but the demand is for even his nephew's illness is aliri refused, and the fatal denunciation, buted to his defection from his pur- with all the pains and penalties of high pose;

be therefore no longer delays treason, is uttered at her gate. In the his departure to the Holy Land. Eve mean time the Constable of Chester linę at her own request retires to her returns in disguise from the Holy Land, Castle of Garde Doloureuse, and, and he soon learns the supposed disstrange as it may seem, the Constable honour of his kinsman, and the faithconsigns to Damian the protection of lessness of his belrothed bride, and it bis rights, even of his affianced bride. is communicated to him with a thouIn the most wearisome monotony, the sand aggravations. But Henry himlife of the recluse glided away.' Da- self marches to the attack of the Casmian was ever with his guards round tle of Garde Doloureuse, which, being and about her; but he communicated in a state of insubordination, is prewith her only through the medium of sently surrendered, and its inhabitants his page. Éveline's mind mutinied are made prisoners. The instigator of against the restrictions laid upon their all this mischief has been Randal de intercourse. She falls into a snare that Lacy, an elder nephew of the Constais laid for her, to witness the feats of a ble. It is he who has poisoned the ear hawking party, and is immured in a of the King with the tales of treason, subterraneous passage ; here she is and has sworn to the death of his condemned to listen to the conflict uncle ihat he may inherit his estates. abore her head, until venturing to the To counteract his schemes, the Conaperture now secured with a ponder- stable hastens to the Castle to declare pus stone, her supplications for re himself. Before he arrives, Randal is lease are answered by the moans of the assassinated by Vidal, a disguised minwounded Damian, who, in pursuit strel, who accompanied the elder Lacy of her assailants, has received a dread to the Holy Land, and who mistakes ful wound. With his fainting breath his victim for the Coustable himself, he sounds the signal of recal. The agaiist whom he had sworn eternal lady is rescued from her situation, and hatred, for the destruction of his prince

Gwenwyn

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