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$52 REVIEW.-Moreau's East India Company's Records. [Oct. standing Gough was only able to speak 73. East India Company's Records, foundof the armorial bearings on the North side of this tomb, the South having

ed on Official Documents, shewing a view

of the past and present State of the British been but lately exposed by the altera Possessions in India, as in the Revenue, Extion in the choir, he has in more than

penditure, Delts, Assets, Trade, and Navione instance given a wrong assigna gation, to which is added, a variety of tion; nor is the description in Neale's Historical, Political, Financial, CommerWestminster Abbey, although differ ., cial, and Critical details from the period ing from Gough, wholly free from in of the first Establishment (1600) of the accuracy.

Honourable East India Company, lo the In the work before us this import present Time (July 1825). The whole ant information is rectified, and its cor carefully compiled and Arranged from rectness fully established by a short

various Authorities. By Ce'sar Moreau,

gencalogical table. Mr. Blore expresses

Member of the Royal Institution, Royal himself indebted for this to the anti

Asiatic Society,' &c. &c. Oblong folio, quarian research of Mr. Willement,

Pp. 47. Kingsbury, Parbury, and Allen. author of the “Regal Heraldry," a WE scarcely ever recollect to have work of far more information than its had under review a more curious protitle would induce one to suppose. It duction than that now before us. It is is, however, with other works of this a miscellaueous compilation; consisting pupil of the late Royal Academician of a Chronological Table of Events, Devis, that we are best acquainted; connected with the possessions of the his unrivalled talent in painting on British Nation in the East Indies; and glass, which combines chronological a series of figured statements, chiefly accuracy with the true taste of picto- extracted or framed from documents rial effect; his windows at Tildesley, which have been already before the Maidenhead, Epsom, and Learning public in the proceedings of the House ton, particularly the first and last (their of Commons lithographed. style quite different) have always struck We, nevertheless, feel persuaded that us as honourable to the arts, and cre no Gentleman who attends to Indian ditable to the judgment of the age. affairs, and collects books in that de

Such was the delight we experienced partenent of Literature, would choose ; when viewing these choice imitations to be without this work, at least as a

of other days, contrasted with the glar- Literary curiosity. Its value as an auing white windows of modern times, thority or book of reference, must of that we could dilate with pleasing sa course depend chiefly on the accuracy tisfaction on their details, but that our

of the facts and statements it contains; business is with the Monumental Re- the thorough investigation of which mains.

falls not altogether within our line of The Biographical memoirs of the practice. Upon a very cursory exa"moral Gower," the friend from kin- mination, we have noticed in the dred poetic feeling, and similar political Chronological part a few not unimsentiments of Chaucer, is written with' portant omissions, such as the purspirited and much critical discernment. chase of the site of Madras, and some The various opinions on contested parts other of the earlier territorial acquisifairly stated and commented on with tions of the Company on the Peninsustrict impartiality, and due justice done la: also the omission, under the years to Mr. Gough for his unwearied re 1801 and 1802, of all mention of those search, which presented to us for the arrangements which were then formfirst time that curious picture of man

ed between the Company and the Naners, the will of this celebrated poet. bob of Oude: particularly as the prin

Our limits will not allow us to lay ciple of those arrangements was at the before our readers

any extracts; but we time very much questioned, although promise them that they have but to see the East India Company obtained a and be coprinced.

considerable augmentation of territory “ It nedith not you more to tellen

and revenue by them. To makia you to long to dwellen,

As a specimen of lithographic penOf these ilke

graven florishynges manship M. Moreau's work is entitled Ne of compacis ne karvynges

to great praise, and the production of Ne the hackyng in masonries

it must have been attended with conAs corbellis and imageries."

siderable labour, especially the last

con

1995.]
Literature and Science.

353 condensed figured statement. The ac returns from thence, with foreign Europe ; count of the constitution of the Com. that tu all these public benefits is to be addpany in Englaud, with which the ed the direct wealth with which the Combook concludes, we recollect to have pany have been the means of enriching the

Nation. The amount of these contributions, seen some years since in a work compiled and printed, but not published, consisting of profits enjoyed by manufacturby Robt. Wissett, esq. a servant of the

ers, ship-builders, and tradesmen, ship

owners, officers, servants, and labourers, miCompany. It is no doubt owing to M.

ners, re-exporters of eastern productions to Moreau having relied exclusively on the

foreign parts, &c.;

also in dividends to proauthority of Mr. Wisselt's book, that prietors, payments to Government, and the he describes the Committee of Buying influx of private fortunes acquired in India, and Warehouses as separate Commit- especially in the last 70 years, may be motees; which they certainly were when derately estimated at one hundred and fifty that gentleman wrote, but they are millions of pounds sterling." now, and have been for several years, uniied in one. M. Moreau concludes his work by LL.D. contaius a graduated series of Ex

Latin Versification Simplified, byJ.Carey, remarking, we believe with truth, that ercises, and is well calculated for soon ren

« The East India Company have essenti- dering the young Latinist a proficient in the ally contributed to the present greatness of rules of prosody. There are two volumes ; the country; that they gave a very early one consists of examples, with the words impulse to its manufactures and trade ; that placed in prosaic order; and the other in fact they opened a new commerce, not forms the key, with the verses io regular with the East only, but by means of their scansion.

LITERATURE, SCIENCE, &c.
Ready for Publicalion.

Chronology; together with a New Appendix Part VI. of the Progresses of King James. and Iudex Verborum. Revised, abridged,

Sermons and Plans of Sermons on many and adapted to general Use by John Henry of the most importaut Texts of Holy Scrip- TODD. ture never before published. By the late Literary Souvenir. Containing the proJoseph Benson.

ductiou of the most eminent Poets of the The Rev. ROBERT Hall's Sermon on day. By Alaric A. Watts. the Death of Dr. Ryland.

The Practical Miner's Guide.

By J. Memoirs of the late Rev. S. Morell, of Budge. Norwich. By the Rev. J. BINNEY, of New The Camisard; or, The Protestants of port.

Languedoc. A Tale. A Vindication of the Proceedings of the The Secret Correspondence of Madame Edinburgh Bible Society, relative to the de Maintenon and the Princess des Ursios; Apocrypha, against the Aspersions of the from the original MSS. in the possession of « Eclectic Review."

the Duke de Choiseul. The Natural History of the Bilde. By A Translation of the Plays of Clará Gazul, T. M. Harris, D.D.

a Spanish Comedian. Phantasmagoria; or Sketches of Life and A Comic Poem in the Scottish Dialect, Literature.

called John o' Aruha'. By the late Mr. Tales of the Wild and the Wouderfu : George Beattle, with characteristic cocontaining the Prediction - The Yellow loured engravings. Dwarf-Der Freischutz-Fortunes of de la A Translation of Travels in Greece, acPole- and Lord of the Maelstrom.

companied with Critical and Archäologieal The First Part of a New Work uniform Researches, and illustrated by Maps, and in size to the Percy Anecdotes, entitled, upwards of one hundred and fifty splendid “ Laconies, or the best Words of the best Engravings of ancient Monuments recently Aáthors,” with the Authorities given, discovered. By Dr. P. O. BRONSTED, U.H.

The Magistrates'. Pocket Book, or an P.A.S. Knight of the Order of Danebrog. Epitome of the Duties and Practice of a The Fruits of Faith, or Musing Sinner ; Justice of the Peace out of Sessions, alpha- with Elegies and other moral Poems. By betically arranged. To which is added a Mr. H. CAMPBELL. copious and general Index. By WILLIAM Robinson, Esq. LL.D. ofthe Middle Temple. Dr. Grey's Memoria Technica; or, Me

Preparing for Publication. thod of Artificial Niemory applied to, and P. Virgilii Maronis Bucolica ; containing exemplified in, the Sciences of History and an Ordo and Interlineal Translation accomGent. Mag. October, 1825.

panying

354
Literature and Science.

(Oct. praying the Text; with References to a containing a long dissertation on Poetry; Scanning Table, constructed on Musical and concluded the volume with many notes, principles, and exhibiting every variety of and entire catalogues of English Poets, both Hexameter verse. Intended as an Intro- dead and living. But since those catalogues duction to the Reading of the Latin Poets. were printed, many writers of verse are-or By P. A. NUTTALL, LL.D. Editor of Stir were then lately dead; as Sir Bronke ling's Juvenal Interlineally Translated. Boothby, bart. ; Sir James Bland Burges,

Moral Hebrew Tales translated from An- bart. ; Mrs. Barbauld; Mrs. Franklyn (Miss cient Hebrew Works ; to which will be pre- Porden); Rev. Henry Kett; Rev. — Bland; fixed, a Popular Essay on the still existing Lord Carlisle. remains of the uninspired Writings of the The oldest and earliest of English verseAncient Hebrew Sages. By Hyman Har writers, now living, is John Nichols. Then WITZ, author of Vindiciae Hebraicæ.

come Hannah More, Polwbele, Archdeacon An Historical View of the Hindu Astro- Pott, Mathias, Crabbe, and Gifford : and nomy, from the earliest dawn of that science next, the author of this new edition of Phiin India, down to the present time. By J. lips's Theatrum, whose Sonnets first apBENTLEY, Member of the Asiatic Society. peared forty years ago. See Gent. Mag.

The English-Gaelic and Gaelic-English for 1785. After him we believe comes SaDictionary, to which is appended a Grammar muel Rogers, in 1786. of the Gaelic Language.

The Narrative of a Tour, by a party of CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD, &c. the Missionaries in the Sandwich Islands, Some time ago, Dr. Barry, an English around Hawaii (or Owhyhee), the principal physician resident at Paris, read before the of those Islands. By the Rev. W. Ellis, Academy of Sciences in that city, a “MeMissionary from the Society and Sandwich moir on the Motion of the Blood in the Islands.

Veins;" and Messrs. Cuvier and Demeril, A Biographical Work, in 4to. assimilat- whose names are so well known to the lovers ing in plan to Granger's. By Mr. Miller, of Natural History, were appointed by the the ci-devant Bookseller of Albemarle-street. Academy to investigate the subjects, and

A New Medical and Surgical Dictionary, draw up a Report on the same. These genincluding the collateral branches of Philo- tlemen lately presented their Report to the sophy and Natural History, as connected Academy, which is highly creditable to our with Materia Medica. By Mr. Forsyth, countryman. The Report commences by Author of the New London Medical Pocket alluding to the various opinions which have Book, &c.

bitherto been entertained by physiologists Time's Telescope, for 1826; or a Complete with respect to the cause of the motion of Guide to the Almanack, and the Astrono- the blood in the veins. Thus some have mer's, Botanist's and Naturalist's Guide for attributed this motion to the action of the the year, interspersed with a variety of Ori- heart, others to the pressure of the musginal Pieces by eminent living poets. cles, and others, again, to an absorbing

The Peerless Peer By Mrs.Carey, Au- power in the veins themselves. Amidst this thor of “ Lasting Impressions."

diversity of opinion, however, with respect Facts and Fancies, or Mental Diversions. to the cause of this motion, authors have, By the Author of “ Solace of an Invalid.” in general, agreed in recognising a certain

'Characters Contrasted; or, Character mo- connexion between the motion itself and the 'dified by Education. By the Author of the act of inspiration ; but this connexion was « Mirven Family.”

merely looked upon as a coincidence, or, at

most, the act of inspiration was esteemed A new edition of the Theatrum Poetarum nothing more than an accessory cause of Anglicanorum, by Edward Philips (the the motion alluded to. In the Memoir nephew of Milton), was printed at Geneva presented to the Academy by Dr. Barry, a in 1824 by Sir Egerton Brydges. In 1800 very different view is taken of these facts, Sir E. B. had given a reprint of that portion which, in the opinion of this gentleman, of this work, which included the poets to are much more intimately connected as the death of Queen Elizabeth: but he never cause and effect than has hitherto been supcompleted the second volume. In the pre- posed. “And, in truth," the Report prosent edition not only all the remaining text ceeds, " he has shown, by means of experiof Philips is given, but Philips's words of ments entirely new, very ingenious and perthe former part are repeated." The editor fectly conclusive, first, that the blood in has not again reprinted his own copious ad- the veins is never moved towards the heart ditions to his former first volume, and the but during the act of inspiration; and, sereason he gives for this is the non-access condly, that all the facts known with 're(in a foreign country) to such English spect to this motion in man, and the anibooks of reference as would have been neces mals which resemble him in structure, may sary to continue it on the same plan. be explained by considering it as the effect The editor has written a new Preface, of atmospheric pressure."

STEAM

1925.)
Literature and Antiquities.

355 Steam Vessels.

L. PEROUSE. A steam-boat of sheet-iron, 'intended for

Captain Manby, recently arrived at Pa

ris, has brought a report, supported by prea passage-boat, from Colombia, on the Susquehanna, to Northumberland, is construct

sumptive evidence, that the spot where the ing at New York. The boat has sixty feet

intrepid La Perouse perished 40 years ago, keel, nine feet bear., and is three feet high

with his brave crew, is now ascertained. An -she is composed entirely of sheet iron, English whaler discovered a long and low riveted with iron rivets ; and the ribs are

island, surrounded by innumerable breakers,

situated between New Caledonia and New strips of sheet iron ; which by their pecu- Guinea, at nearly an equal distance from liar form are said to possess thrice the

each of these islands. The inhabitants came strength of the same weight of iron in the square or flat form. The whole weight of had a Cross of St. Louis hanging as an op

on board the whaler, and one of the chiefs iron in the boat, with the wood work, decks,

nament from one of his ears. Others of the cabin, and steam engine, will be but five

natives had swords, on which the word tons. The whole cost of the boat and en

“ Paris" was engraved, and some were obgine will be three thousand dollars.

served to have medals of Louis XVI. When Under the superintendence of the in- they were asked how they got these things, ventor, a steam vessel on an entirely new one of the chiefs, aged about fifty, said that principle is now building at Bridport Har- when he was young

a large ship was wrecked bour, for which a patent has recently been in a violent gale on a coral reef, and that all obtained. This vessel is not to be propelled on board perished, and that the sea cast by paddle wheels, but by the retrograde mo some boxes on shore, which contained the tion of short flaps, which work horizontally Cross of St. Louis and other things. Duin the sides of the vessel, and are carried by ring his voyage round the world, Captain the engine at the rate of 24 feet in a second, Manby had seen several medals of the same on a parallel line with the water. When the kind, which La Perouse had distributed flap, or rather fin, has finished its motion, among the natives of California; and as La it rises out of the water, returns, dips again Perouse, on his departure from Botany Bay, into the water, and repeats its operation by intimated that he intended to steer for the rushing throngh a space of 18 feet along Northern part of New Holland, and to exthe side of the vessel. The engine itself is plore that great archipelago, there is reaequally novel, the boiler being dispensed son to fear that the dangers already menwith, and the steam generated by forcing tioned caused the destruction of that great water into a double barrel, by the heat of navigator and his gallant crew. The cross which it is instantly converted into steam, of St. Louis is now on its way to Europe, having all the advantages of the perpetual and will be delivered to Captain Manby. boiler without its incumbrance.

Paris Paper.

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.
HIEROGLYPHIC HERALDRY.

the hieroglyphical langunge seems to reThe whole science of Heraldry may be quire that the names of people should be pronounced to be a portion of the Egyptian pictorially represented, as is indeed the case hieroglyphical language, and the only por with many instances of modern heraldry ; tion of which we have the key. It repre- and if a very common oval figure among the sents the names of persous, their birth, hieroglyphics be, as in all probability it was, their family, their titles, their alliances, a shield, the surmise is warranted by the their great actions, by certain signs, imita- circumstance of figures of animals therein tive or conventional. Under this point of inscribed, among which is often seen the view, it is capable of much greater improve- Scarab, said to have been worn on the ment than it has yet undergone ; and a shield shields of the Egyptian soldiers. Perhaps might be practically made to represent the fable of the Chimæra originated in this (what the Mnemonic art fails effectually to manner. The lion, goat, and dragon, apdo) a synopsis of biography, chronology, pear to have been three rebels (subdued by and history,

Bellerophon), who were distinguished as In proof of the above assertion, one fact the Lyonses are now a-days, and the Dracos is ascertained. The Egyptians certainly, and Capruses were formerly, by corresponddistinguished their cities and their tribes by ing crests. The Indians, even now, call armorial banners, of which representations each other by similar primitive distinctions, are extant. Thus the standard of Leonto as bear, wolf, dog; and of such aboriginal polis was a lion-of Lycopolis, a wolfof distinctions, the names of Wolf, Lion, Fox, Cynopolis, a dog, &c. &c.; and it may be Buck, Hog, among ourselves, are evidently presumed that individuals were designated in relicks. The words cyon, chien, and canis, the same manner. Indeed, the nature of have been derived from the priests of Anu

names.

356 Antiquarian Researches.

[Oct. bis, who were called coen; or from cru, de lis, is observed. The baronial coronet, Mercury himself; Cumming, Canning, Cy- with balls, is also to be seen. Indeed, the nang, King, are all traceable to the same coronet of Memnon (at the British Muroot, implying wisdom.

seum), composed of erect serpents and balls, The pictorial manner in which many is a near example. So are the Bishop's miwell-known family names are represented in tre and the crosier, both of which are occaheraldry, is precisely that in which they sionally carried by Osiris. The pædum is must have been, and no doubt were, depicted an admitted Egyptian symbol, derived in the hieroglyphical language.

through St. Anthony, the Coptic ascetic, That a similar process for expressing to the Christian episcopacy. The cross names was employed by the Egyptians, is keys of St. Peter himself belonged to Hoclear: for two of the individnals, iu the rus, Mithra, and Hecate, and are of Egypprocession represented in Belzoni's tomb, tian invention ; from Egypt they descended are characterized by two heraldic distinc to the Druids, a cognate branch of the Mations, viz. tench and lapwings, the sound of gian and Memphian priesthood. The symwhich, in Coptic, was, beyond a doubt, their bol of the first Christians was indeed a fish,

The truth is, that as the whole and thence they were called Pisciculi. science of Heraldry is traceable to the Egyp The most leading symbol of Heraldry, a tians, so is, in fact, a great proportion of dragon, was that which figured most among the heraldic characters now employed; and the hieroglyphics. To this source may bo even the tints to which the heralds limit traced the famous Urgunda of the Mexicans, themselves are the same as those to which the great serpent depicted on the Chinese the Egyptian artists were limited; and were banner, and the sca-snake of the Scandinain fact the sacred colours, common at once vians. It became a substitute, after Trato the Egyptian, Jewish, Brahmin, and jan's Dacian war, for the eagle of the RoChaldean priesthood. The patera, the cross, mans, and passed from them

to several Euthe muliet, the crescent, the dragon, the ropean nations. But among none was it so griffins, the winged horses, the mermen, great a favourite as among our British proare all noted Egyptian emblems, of which genitors. It was the banner of the Merthe third (the mullet) somewhat resembles cian, East Anglian and West Saxon Kings. the Magian pentoglyph, used by necro It was borne by Cadwallo and the Kings of mancers, and adopted, with the legend Wales, from whon it descended to Henry “health," by Antiochus, as his ensign. So VII. and by him it was introduced into the the billet and the distaff, conferred on Hugh English arms. It was the favourite symbol Despencer for cowardice, are of Egyptian of the Druids, who built their great temple original. The hammer of the two families, of Abury in the form of a winged serpent; Mallets and Martels, and which is often and, like the Orientals, represented the seen arranged in threes on Saxon coins, is struggle of good and evil in the universe, derivable, either from that of the Saxon god under the form of two dragons contending Thor, or from the sacred Tau of the Phæni- for an egg. It was afterwards introduced cian, as well as the Egyptian priesthood. into the armorial bearings of London and The combined heraldic figure composed of a Dublin. According to the heralds, it was star and a crescent, is also an Egyptian bie- borne by the Milesian Kings of Ireland ; roglyphic. This, which by all heralds is and, during the crusades, was considered as considered as a sign of the first bearer hav- the symbol of the whole British nation. ing fought under the red cross, the cru

EGYPTIAN SARCOPHAGUS. saders doubtlessly borrowed from similar armorial bearings of the Saracens and Arabs. Within these few years Egyptian antiquiIndeed, the Christian cross itself (i. e. a ties have become a principal object of trade cross, with the lower member prolonged), at Marseilles, where they are very abundant, as well as those crosses which are distin- and whence was obtained the magnificent guished by the names of St. George and St. sarcophagus from Alexandria, which has Andrew, is frequently seen among the bie- since reached Paris. This monument is roglyphics.

eight feet in length, about two and a half The lance-rest, represented as in He- in height, and three and a half in its greatest raldry, and the bridle, appear among the breadth; it is a little narrow towards the sculptures in the temple of Tentyra. Drops feet, and terminates in a square edge on the of water, among the symbolic writers, were end, while, on the coatrary, it becomes expressed in the same shape as in the gouttes round at the opposite extremity; that is, of Heraldry; and when coloured of the sa at the end near the head. The upper part is cred red in beraldry, Gules), as they ap- surrounded by a large border of hieroglypear in the tomb of Psammis, doubtlessly phics, and is separated from the lower part, implied the same thing, viz. drops of blood. on each of the four fronts, by a carved streak The scaling-ladders and crenated battle or broad line; a carving of the same dements of heraldry are frequently to be seen scription supports and surrounds the figures in the Egyptian temples. A sceptre of the which form the engravings on the body of most modern kind, surmounted with fleurs the sarcophagus, and are in the proportion

of

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