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1825.]
The Censör, No. XVIII.

317
the English are, much of their charac- Florilegists were in greatest repute dur-
ter must depend upon the character of ing the sixteenth and seventeenth cen-
the Bar. Incapacity, ignorance, or turies, when trifles occupied the learn-
even corruption, will naturally with. ed, and pretenders obtained the repu-
draw themselves from the sernting of tation of philosophers. Falgosius was
an able, honourable, and well-inform- the first of this class, and Wanley the
ed Bar. If, therefore, our other Courts last who deserves the praise of indus-
of Judicature were thrown open to the try; but the anonymous compiler of
general practice of the Bar, we might this ponderous volume claims at least
reasonably expect that the Courts of the merit of having introduced many
Exchequer and Common Pleas would a strange exotic into his native tongue.
speedily obtain a similar honourable Could inquisitive readers submit to
reputation with that which is now en- be amused, or desultory ones to be
joyed by the Court of King's Bench. taught, a work which embraces every
That of the vast number of cases which abstruse question would appear
pow bears so heavily upon the latter sess invaluable stores.

But essays on Court, many would for the future be the difference between Paradise and taken for decision into the two others, Heaven, man and his degeneracy, and and two or more Judges of each Court the Devil in the serpent's shape, will being empowered to sit for the dis- interest few except the malicious critic, patch of ihe Nisi prius cases at the who reads only to detect a fault. The same time, an opportunity would be compiler's philosophy is dubious, when, afforded for putting into execution the to the question, Why man goelh upplan which has so frequently been right ?" he answers, “Experience urged, the holding of the Assizes more herein may be a present tutor, by any frequently, the administering of justice skin or bladder, which being throwne more speedily, and the elevation of into the water simply, and not yet Courts of Justice and of the members blowne up with ayre, which is ihe of the Bar in public estiniation. breath of inan, it Aoateth lightly on Yours, &c.

R. H. the face of the water,"—forgetting that

all animals breathe!

Some of his theses remind us of the THE CENSOR, No. XVIII.

extracts from Suarez and Aquinas in “THFoderse Times, containing the THE Treasurie of Auncient and the Memoirs of Scriblerus, such as

“ Whether evil dæmons and spirits learned Collections, judicious Readings, can foretell things to coine, they havand memorable Observations, not onely ing no certaine knowledge ?" With divine, morrall, and phylosophicall, but all their defects, these writers possessed also poeticall, martiall, politicall, his- the art of softening difficulties, and of toricall, astrologicall, &c. Translated grasping conclusions which had esout of that worthy Spanish gentleman, caped many a literary disputant. Thus Pedro Mexio, and M. Francesco San- a iopic which no scholar could apsorino, that famous Italian. As also proach without terror, in such hands of those honourable Frenchmen, An- becomes clear immediately; the lyre Thonic Du Verdier, Lord of Vanpri- of Amphion, or the sword of Harlevaz; Loys Guyon, Sieur de la Nauche, quin, is the only comparison equal to Counsellor unto the King; Claudius the

pen

which produced the following Gruget, Parisian, &c. London, print- account: cd by W. Jaggard, 1613.” fol. pp. 965. « In Isaac's time began the raigne of

Ir.“APXAIO-NAOTTOE. Contain the Argives in Thessaly; and in the dayes ing ten following bookes to the former of his sonnes Jacob and Esau, the Kings of Treasurie of Auncient and Moderne Cesta began their rule, the first whereof

Times. London, printed by William was named Acris. Then in a short while
Jaggard, 1619.” folio, pp. 977.

after, Joseph was sold by his brethren to When the first discoveries produced the Egyptians... During this age, Hercules by the revival of Learning were past, beganne his government." And after him

of Lybia travelled into Spaine, where he there arose a set of writers whose pro

were Hyver, Brigus, Taga, Beto, Gerion, ductions were of great disadvantage to

and divers others. Of their several raignes their successors, who selected what and jurisdictions there, Berosus, with sunappeared most remarkable in the works dry other well-approved authors, do make of others, without investigating the like mention. In this time was the city of authenticity of their collections. These Sivile first founded; and it is acknowledged

in

318
The Censor, No. XVIII.

(Oct. in the world to be one of the most ancient, creation of the world (like as Homer, Heas likewise is set down by Berosus and siodus, and Linus, borrowed their songs of others. It was first of all called Hispalis, sanctifying the seaventh day), from none according to the name of Hispalus, the else but Moyses. Many have sung the golden sonne, or (as others will have it) the ne- age and raigne of Saturne, having gathered phew of Hercules, who raigned worthily it from the most happy estate wherein there ; and it was hee that caused the first Adam was before he sinned.” B. 4, c. xviia foundation thereof to be laide, and after built it in a comely manner. Yet Isidore

The following remarks on judicial contrarieth this judgement of Berosus, and Astrology would not have disgraced saith that it was entitled Hispalis, because Aristotle or Bacon. They contain an it was erected in a very marish ground, and argument against planetary influence, that for their same security in building, they which a contemporary of Nostradawere compelled to drive great beames of mus must have been hardy to advance: woode, trees, and stakes into the ground. we say a contemporary, for such the But howsoever it was, the city of Hispalis original author in all probability was: was afterwards called Spain, as wee are credibly informed by Trojus, Pompeius, Jus

“ To the planet named Saturne, they attine, and divers' others. True it is that tributed sterility and mortality. To JupiJulius Cæsar did first call it Sivile, enno- ter, happy times and the beginning of life. bling it with great enlargement, making it To Mars, the cause of debates, garbolles, his chiefe colony and abode for his Ro- and warre. To Soll, riches and treasures: maines, because it was (before that time) To Venus, loves and marriage. To Mervery famous and noble." B. 2, c. ii. cury, eloquence and knowledge. To Luna,

the empire and command over humide matIn another chapter, the thesis " that ters. And God (in all these thinges) was Orpheus, Homer, Pythagoras, Plato, counted as noihing, but even as the figure and other of the ancient philosophers filling up an empty place....... That this juand poets, did read the bookes of diciary astrology is altogether a lyer, I will Moyses, and have taken many parti- take a little paiues to demonstrate ; for it culár points out of them,” is thus dis. affirmeth, that if any one be conceived or cussed :

borne while such a starre or such a planet

raigneth, he shall containe the nature of “At such time as Pythagoras and Plato that starre or planet to him attributed. learned the sciences in Egypt, they would Esau and Jacob were first conceived, and (first of all) study the doctrine of Moyses, then borne, under one and the same planet, whose name in those times) was in great for they were twinnes... ..notwithstanding admiration through all Egipt, and out of they were both of very different natures..... his bookes they conceived the reason of God, As of a lady that was a Borde lois, that after to wit, of the first cause. After whom, Nu- five and twenty years past in marriage, had menius the Pythagorean wrote down in his two daughters at a birth. The one, at meet bookes many thinges concerning Moysiacall years for a husband (with much dislike of doctrine, as Basile the Great witnesseth ; her parents), became a religious Sister of and the same Numenius saith that Plato the Order of St. Clare. The other kept a was no other than Moyses, speaking in the shop of sin in an open brothelry. These Greeke language. Clemens Alexandrinus two histories may suffice...... In like manand Eusebius doe both say that the Gentiles ner, if you will but conferre together the received their greatest mysteries from the Almanacks of divers authors, you shall find Jewes, wrapping and enfolding them in the no one of them to agree with another : fables. That of Deucalion was taken from whereby may be easily conceived the folly of the historie of the Deluge; the fixion of this judiciall Astrology, which ought not Phaeton from the retrogradation and going henceforth to be tollerated in any Christian backe of the Sunnne, which was in the commonwealth.” pp. 122–4. time of Ezekias.

To enumerate the curiosities which “ They that would behold the building of the Tower of Babell, which Nimrod and his this volume contains would be impospertakers undertooke, meaning (by ladders) sible. We have glanced at its gaver to climbe up into Heaven, and see what was topics, but it possesses attractions for done there, shall find it under certaine alle every taste. To the philosopher, the gories, amply described in Homer, under poet, and the novelist, it offers an asthe fable of the giants Oetus and Ephialtes, sonnes to Iphimedia, where hee describeth • The second part is principally historitheir height and wonderfull greatnesse, and cal, and is embellished with evgravings, how they would lay the mountaine of Ossa among which is a spirited representation of upon that of Olympus, and Pelion upon the English House of Lords. The transOssa. The poet Ovid, born in Sulmo, tookelator, who still conceals his name, promises that which he siageth of the beginning and eleven additional books.

semblage

1895.]
Fly Leavės, No. XXVIII. Walton's Lives.

319 semblage of subjects not to be found

Dr. Donne. elsewhere, unless in the classification Our moralist Isaac Walton relates of Wanley; nor can the most careless little, and descánts less on this writer, reader turn over its pages without sus- until apparently arrived at the end of pecting much disingenuous conduct on the holiday of youth ; nor was it within the part of later writers. The publick the task of the editor of the new ediis still supplied with Miscellanies in tion to supply the deficiency. No various forms, whose narratives may apology is therefore to be found for the frequently be traced to these reposito- gay and airy rhimes of his muse when, ries. That they are in every way cal- in her wanton moments, she scattered culated to delight, must be acknow, with thoughtless indifference (probably ledged ; but the student, whose means in term time among his brother reand opportunities enable him to con- vellers of Temple-hall) the record of salt original productions, should open some passing event, in order to secure such volumes with caution; for, not- ephemeral fame. On every occasion withstanding the pleasure they impart, posthuinous publications cannot be 100 they cannot confer the most essential cautiously received, and a production one, a fair probability that he is read- of indefinite character is entitled to ing the truth.

stronger proof than that of authorship,

to show when written it was ever inFLY LEAVES. No. XXVIII. tended to stalk in print. Public curiWallon's Lives.

osity too commonly induces an Editor CHE spirited Mr. Major has ful- unsparingly to give all that can be collished in a convenient sized octavo ing unimportant trifes and ibe fringe volume the interesting lives compiled of the times, which an unbiassed judgby honest Isaac Walion. It is rich ment would fitly neglect and leave to in engravings, with appropriate xylo- waste in the desart air. Of Donne it graphic accompaniments, as mighi be were enough to remark, that he never expected from the praise-worthy libe. printed his poems, and that his excess rality of such a publisher. The vo- of fancy was not beyond the license lume will rank for beauty of execution and fashion of the young and gay, of beside works of greater import, and his own period; for it is not probable prove a covetable gem to the biblio- any such lucubrastic composition apmaniac, whose judgment, however fast peared after once entering as a divine bound to the editio princeps, seldom the pale of the Church. Had he winfails to secure modern copies when nowed the scandlings of his muse, and appropriately embellished and recom- collected with his name what he deemmended, like the present one, by the ed worthy to be owned, even the chaff appendage of notes. A few years since might then have been preserved from the same lives* appeared in that re- his popularity, as I possess a manupellant form a tremendous quarto. So script volume, contemporary with the there is lately put forth the diaries of time of the author, written in a fair Evelyn and of Pepys in a like size, Italian hand, with the precision and which convenience can seldom sup

care of a female, containing a very ply with a resting place. Omitting in large proportion of his poems, and inihis reading age the forced contraction cluding with those above alluded to, one of the book-rooms in the metropolis, of the same character never yet printed. do our bulky publishers ever visit the

Sir Henry Wootlon. resident scholars at the Universities, If a judicious editor were to bestow and pry into the closets, examine therria his attention on the Reliquiæ Wnottoangling corners and temporary shelves, nianæ, and furnish a limited impression, bending with modern and ancient it could not be otherwise than well reworks, and never reflect that literary ceived. Wootton wrote prose with men ought, like mechanics, to have the freedom of a gentleman, and verse serviceable and not costly tools sup- with the inspiration of a poet. The plied as a matter of public expedience. extent of his claim in the latter cha

racter has never yet been critically ex* A fly leaf memorandum of the late amined. It seems impossible to be. Mr. James Boswell states, that his father lieve him the Henry Wootton for “ had an intention of publishing a new

whom was licensed to Henry Bynneedition" of the Lives. Rodd's Catalogue, man in 1578, “A Courtle Contropart ii. p. uersie of Cupid's Cautels," and pub

1825,

297.

320
Letter of Dr. Samuel Johnson.

Lucr. lished in the same year. The merit portant American cause before the of that amatory production is not very Lords in Council. He received the extraordinary, but as Wootton could degree of doctor of civil law from the not be then more than ten years old, University of Oxford, and this circum. if his biographers give his age correctly; stance, together with the accidental it would infer a more than ysual pre- similarity of name, recommended him cocity of talent; at the same time, it to the acquaintance and friendship of remains to be remarked, no mention Dr. Samuel Johnson. Several letters is any where made of another Henry passed between them, after the AmeWootton to whom that work can be rican Dr. Johnson had returned to his confidently assigned. His powers as native country; of which, however, it a poet has been critically touched is feared thai this is the only one reupon, in a Memoir of Wotton, from the maining. interesting pen of Sir Egerton Brydges, Letter from Samuel Johnson, to W. S. and passingly by other writers; but the Johnson, LL.D. Stratford, Connecticut. research of an editor, industriously “ SIR,_Of all those whom the various disposed, could not fail to relieve this accidents of life have brought within my question from its present indecision.

notice, there is scarce any man whose acThe following is a dedication of the quaintance I have more desired to cultivate Elements of Architecture, 410. 1624, with neglecting me, yet our mutual inclina

than yours.

I cannot indeed charge you written on the fly leaf of a presenta- tion could never gratify itself with opportion copy from the author.

tunities. The current of the day always To the right Honorable the Earle of bore us away from one another, and now the Middlesex, Lord High Thresover of England. Atlantic is between us. “ My Lord,

“ Whether you carried away an impression “I humbly present ynto youre Lord of me as pleasing as that which you left me this Pamphlet : printed sheete by sheete as of yourself, I know not ; if you did you have faste as it was borne, and borne as soone as not forgotten me, and will be glad that I do it was conceived : So as It must needes not forget you. Merely to be remembered, haue the imperfections and deformities of is indeed a barren pleasure, but it is one of immature birth besides the weaknesse of the the pleasures which is more sensibly felt as Parent. And therefore I could not allowe human nature is more exalted. it so much fauour even from myself as to “ To make you wish that I should have thinke it worthie of dedication to any. Yet you in my mind, I would be glad to tell you my long deuotion towardes y Lordp and something which you do not know : but all your owne noble love of this Art which I public affairs are printed ; and as you and I handle, doe warrant me to intertayne you have no common friend, I can tell you no with a Copie thereof. And so I rest private history. Your Lordps ever

“ The Government, I think, grow stronger, deuoted servant

but I am afraid the next general election henry Wotton.”

will be a time of uncommon turbulence, vio

lence, and outrage. Let it be hoped Mr. Major will find

“ Of Literature no great product has apsufficient encouragement to give a series peared, or is expected; the attention of the of works according to the specimens people has for some years been otherwise of Isaac Walton. *Eu. Hoop.

employed.

« I was told a day or two ago of a design

which must excite sume curiosity. Two LETTER OF DR. Sam. Johnson. ships are in preparation which are under the (From the New York Review.)

command of Captain Constantine Phipps, to

explore the Northern Ocean ; not to seek E have this month the ple:sure the purth-east or the northwest passage,

but to sail directly north, as near the pole as original and very characteristic letter they can go. They hope to find an open of the great Author of the Rambler. ocean, but I suspect it is one mass of perpeIt was written to his namesake, the tual congelation. I do not much wish well late William Samuel Johnson of Con- to discoveries, for I am always afraid they necticut. This eloquent and excellent will end in conquest and rubbery. mau spent several years in England, but am grown better. Can I never hope to

“ I have been out of order this winter, about the middle of the last century,

sec you again, or must I be always content as the agent of the Colony of Connec

to tell you, that in another hemisphere I am, ticut, and acquired high reputation Sir, your most humble servant, among the most distinguished political

“ SAM. JOHNSON. and professional men of Great Britain, “ Johnson's Courl, Fleet Streci, by his able management of an iin- London, March 4,1773."

COMPENDIUM

DIUN

W of enriching our pages with

an

1825.] Compendium of County History - Wiltshire.. 321 COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY-WILTSHIRE.

MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS.

(Continued from p. 230.) At Downton, according to traditioti, Bevis,

Earl of Southampton, reckoned by the vulgar one of the greatest heroes of England, and King John, had residences.--At the borough cross all elections take place, unless a poll isdemanded, when they adjourn to a public-house.-In front of the publichouse, near this cross, are two busts in niches, said to be portraits of King John and one of his Queens. Underneath are sculptured “ J. R. 1205,” but

evidently of later execution. Draycor Church is adorned with helmets, sworas, flags, and other military

accoutrements ! At East Everley, Ina, King of Wessex, is supposed to have had a palace.

Io the manor house is a portrait of Sir Ralph Sadleir, with a hawk on his left hand. In the drawing-room is a curious picture representing some events in the life of John de Astley, of Pateshull, co. Warwick. The rude wooden roof of the Turret of FisheRTON DE LA Mere Church serves

as a pigeon-house. Here is a small monument of singular construction; the

sculpture represents two infants laid on biers, who died 1624. Of the beauties of Fonthill, nothing need be said ; the sale of the magnificent

furniture, &c. having made them very familiar. (See vol. xcii. ii. p. 100, 292.) Of Fuggleston is Rector, Archdeacon Coxe, well known for his many valus

able publications. His “History of Monmouthshire" is decorated with plates from the spirited drawings of Sir R. C. Hoare, bart.--- In the Hospital Chapel

are said to be deposited the renjains of Adelicia, Queen of Henry I. At Harnism died, 1805, Christopher Anstey, esq. the celebrated Author of the

“ New Bath Guide.”—In the Church is a monument to John Thorpe, Au

thor of “Custumale Roffense,” &c.; also another to David Ricardo, esq. At Hartham Park resided Lady James, the friend and correspondent of Sterne.

-In this parish died Edmund Smith, the Poet. At Heddington Church, N. of Devizes, is a worm-eaten coffin without date,

suspended from the inside. Ai HeYTESBURY was seated a branch of the noble family of Hungerford, whose

early history has been elucidated by Sir R. C. Hoare, bart. The present Lord of the Manor is Sir William A'Court, our Ambassador in Spain.The Empress Maud sometimes resided here during her contentions with Stephen.-In the Church is a tablet to the memory of Mr. Wm. Cunning, ton, a persevering antiquary and skilful geologisi,” whose researches and

collections form the basis of the “ Ancient Wiltshire.” In Hill Deverill Church is a monumental record of the Ludlow family.

Of this family was the celebrated republican general, Edmund Ludlow. At HORNINGSHAM for many years resided the late Thomas Daris, esq. a well

informed Agriculturist. IDMINSTON deserves notice as having been for many years the residence of Rev.

John Bowle, commonly called Don Bowle, from his attachment to the

Spanish language. In IMBER Church is a small tablet to the memory of the Rev. John Offer, the

much lamented coadjutor of Sir R. C. Hoare, in investigating and collecting

the records of this county. He resided at Imber some years. LITTLECOTT Park, according to tradition, was the scene of a most strange and

mysterious atlair (see vol. xciii). Another story of a similar kind was for

merly current at Edinburgh; and was very lately revired in France. LONGFORD Castle is mentioned in Sidney's Arcadia, under the title of Amphio

lus's Castle: Queen Elizabeth is supposed to have bere visited her maid of honour, the Lady Northampton. The present Chapel is called the Queen's Bed-chamber. The house contains a number of celebrated paintings, by the first masters. Among them are the two much-admired pictures by Claude, of the rise and fall of the Roman Empire, and a portrait of Erasınus by Holbein. Here is also a great curiosity, a steel chair, executed at Augsburg in Gent. Mag. October, 1825.

1575;

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