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312 Remarks on Sir W. Davenant's" Prince d'Amour." [Oct. troduction on public lines of road, are Colonial affairs; and how blindly do quite sufficient to arrest the public at the public magnify the importance of tention, in order to consider well be such measures; whilst this scheme of fore they commence laying down the permanent wealth at home appears a roads.

matter of second consideration! This A multiplicity of machinery is the combines every advantage, cominercial, great evil to be avoided, and experience agricultural, and social; the other is teaches us that the annual expence inerely of a speculative and very uncermay be diminished in proportion as tain nature. By a comparison of our our power is simplified and concen. home and colonial trade, a more cortrated.

rect idea would be formed of the vast On this account I am anxious that utility of the measure ; and it may a National Board be appointed in order further be remarked, that this scheme to introduce the most simple and gene- would uot only add fresh treasures to ral principle of uniform connexion our home resources, but give the throughout the country—it is the in- greatest impulse to every branch of our terest of each company to promote this foreign trade throughout the United general system, as the return will be Kingdom. We have no institution in in proportion to the facility of national England so worthy of the attention of communication; for if the numerous the Statesman and Financier as this, Companies do not strictly follow, in and there is no branch of our revenue every particular, the same plan in the which could be so productive and formation of the rails and vehicles, the equitable. THOMAS GRAY. natural results will be, confusion, unnecessary expenses, delay, and all the concomitant evils peculiar to unorga.


Middle Temple,

Sept. 18. nised

following passage is extracted refer my inanagement of Roads, Canals, and Coasting vessels. In order to fix upon

« Wood, Ath. Oxon. speaking of the one uniform plan for the whole coun

• Triumphs of Prince D'Amour,' a productry (and I rely upon the interest of tion of Sir William Davenant's, calls it. A each Company to support my proposi- Palace in the Middle Temple, the 24th of

Masque presented by his Highness at his tion), it is essentially necessary to ob- Feb. 1635, where by his Highness, you tain the decision of a National Rail

are not to understand Prince Charles, afterway Board, duly authorised by Parlia- wards Charles II. for he had no palace there; ment, to give every assistance to the but Charles the Elector Palatine, who was introduction of this new system of ge- then in England (Rapin, vol. ii. p. 294), neral internal communicaiion, and em- and was lodged, I presume, whereabout Palspowered to fix upon thedifferent models, grave Head Court now is; though, Rapin after examining the competent persons says, he and his brother were lodged in the in order to develope the most eligible King their Uncle's palace. But query plan. This once ascertained, the ne

whether Charles I. had any palace in the cessary duplicates and models, might be Middle Temple. Cibber, vol. ií. p. 89, takes transmitted by each Company io the it right, that the exhibitor was the Elector ; respective Contractors for the work, but he is mistaken in making him brotherand as the model of one would be thai in-law to Charles I. for he was his nephew;

the brother-in-law, Frederic, father of Charles of all, no want of materials or car

the Elector, and the nephew of Charles I. riages could be felt in any part of the being dead when the Mask was presented : country. This uniformity in the con- this was 1636, and he died 1632. struction of rails and vehicles, will “ N. B. Both Wood and Cibber say the enable the manufacturers of the dif- Mask was presented by his Highness; and ferent articles to keep up an abundant yet by Cibber's account it appears to have supply in all parts, wherever this plan been presented by the Society of the Middle may be introduced. The wheels and Temple for the entertainment of his Highaxles will be the only parts of the

The matter may be cleared by a view vehicles confined to the model; the of the Mask in Sir William Davenant's body may be made after any shape or

works, particularly of the Maskers' names.” to particular fancy.

In principio lapsus. Dr. Pegge beWith what persevering industry and gins by saying Wood calls the Prince partial favour do our Ministers devote d'Amour,' &c. and afterwards adds iheir time and talents to improve our "both Wood and Cibber say the Mask




1825.] The Christmas Princes of the Inns of Court.

313 was presented by his Highness." 'Now, prepared,' says the Address to the Reader, the Doctor could have studied Wood * as from eager hearts that could delay po but little, not to know that honest ceremony that might render an expression of Anthony, in mentioning a book, cus

their loves.' The Maskers were, &c. [twentytomarily quotes (though Cibber may two wames]." not,) the title-page itself. The title Now, though we here arrive at the therefore running “ The Prince d’A- truth, that the entertainment was promour, a Masque presented by his High- vided for the Prince Elector, not by to suppose “his Highness"

him ; still Dr. Pegge's supposition of other than “ the Prince d'Amour," is the identity of the Prince d'Amour a sin against syntax. Dr. Pegge, how- with the Prince Elector is pronounced ever, seems to have regarded the said to be perfectly correct.” The Princes Prince as a principal character presented d'Amour little thought that their annals in the Masque, and therefore not a would in a century become so obscure, personage by whom it could be pre- or their reigns (however short) so ensented, accordingly, he took Cibber's tirely forgotten !- Dr. Pegge, it might word that “ his Highness" was the have been supposed, was likely in his Prince Elector.

reading to have met with their title more With respect to a royal palace in than once; that Dr. Bliss had done so the Inner Temple, the idea is absurd. once at least, appears in the preceding That so profound an Antiquary as Dr. volume of the Athenæ (ii, 250), where Pegge was generally esteemed, should we read that the celebrated wit, Richbe able in one sentence to assert posi- ard Martin, Recorder of London in tively that Prince Charles had no pa- 1618, being a great favourite of James lace there ; and in the next, hesitate I. was worthily characterized by the whether the King his father at the virtuous and learned men of his time same period had or had not, and fancy to be " Princeps Amorum, Principum that Rapin could mean by " the King's Amor," &c.; by which is to be unPalace" any other than Whitehall, is derstood," adds Wood in a note, “ that certainly most surprizing. It is inost

he had been Prince d'Amour of the improbable that the Prince Elector Middle Temple in the time of Christshould have even lodged in the Middle mas." This Christmas Prince, I need Temple; and as for « Palsgrave Head scarcely add, was a Master of the ReCouri,” there can be no doubt that it vels, elected at the coinmencement of derived its name from some tavern (or the festival, and whose reign continued other shop), which had assumed that during the twelve days; at Gray's Inn sign, not improbably even earlier than he was styled the Prince of Púrpoole the period in question, that is to say, (the actual name of a manor on which when the Princess Elizabeth was mar- Gray's Inur was built) *, at Lincoln's ried to the Palsgrave in 1612.

Inn the Lord Lieutenant and Prince It is again matter of astonishment of the Grange. that the Author of Anonymiana, after

In conclusion, Mr. Urban, let me finding Cibber incorrect in one point, venture to hope, for the honour of the should so blindly (without seeing the Templars and their ancient festivities, Masque in question,) have allowed him that the fame of the illustrious and self to be misled by the same autho- gallant Prince d'Amour will never rity. I should not, however, have again be merged in that of a povertycalled attention to this inadvertancy of stricken Gerinan Palsgrave! Dr. Pegge, had not a third Auihor Yours, &c. Gough AP-CARADOC. fallen into the same error. I allude to a more recent and standard work,

Mr.URBAN, West-square, Oct. 1. anchene Oxonienses, by Bliss; where Alemnendation or de passages in Ti(vol. iji. col. 806) the passage from the bullus, (1, 1, 7) whicli suspect to Anonymiana is quoted, and sanctioned have been corrupted by some ancient in the following inauner :

copyist, or perhaps by some early print· Pegge's supposition is perfectly correct, er." But, before I proceed to the text though the title of the Mask expresses it; as Wood has done, presented by his High- * See the Gesta Grayorum, reprinted in ness.' The Mask was an entertainment the third volume of Mr. Nichols's “ Proprovided for the Prince Elector ; one hastily gresses of Queen Elizabeth,” 2d edit. Gent. Mag. Ocloler, 1825.



Emendation of Tibullus.--Sketches by Hogarth.

[Oct. of Tibullas, it may be proper' to re- they discovered ninė whole length mark, that, after having rapidly squan- figures in outline, spiritedly done in dered a cousiderable property in splendid the style and manner of Hogarth, who and luxurious living *, he was obliged appears to have been on intimate terms to retire to the country, where he lived, with Bishop Hoadley; and it seems in comparative indigence, on a small probable that these drawings were inportion of his former extensive domain, tended to represent' some of the prinas we learn from his own descriptions, cipal theatrical characters of that period. in which he talks of personally driving His Lordship's predilection for the the plough, tending his sheep and drama is well known. It may

be goats, getting in the harvest and vin- tisfactory for the lovers of the drama tage, &c. which now brings us to the to learn, that they have all been caresuspected passage, viz. '

fully traced by a skilful Artist, and “ Ipse seram teneras maturo tempore vites will be speedily published.

Rusticus, et facili grandia poma manu.' Yours, &c. Thos. FAULKNER. Here I strongly suspect that the poet wrote Feram, not Seram-for the fol

Mr. URBAN, lowing reasons

Sept. 14. 1. Whether we read Feram or Seram, Y

YOUR Correspondents have my there must be a Metonymy in the one

thanks, with your permission, for or the other case--the Vine for the the kind attention paid to my enquiry Grapes, or the Apple for the Tree; and respecting the Baskerville family, in the former is certainly not more harsh col. xciv, pt. ii. p. 290, 578, 579; and or objectionable than the latter. p. 136 of your last Number. The fol

2. By mentioning the Grapes with lowing singularity arises from consult. Feram, the writer expresses his inten- ing, the pedigree, which is agreeable tion of personally carrying them home with all other authorities, viz. that at the time of the vintage-maturo tem- Baldericus Teutonicus the founder of pore-at the proper season-a circum- the Baskerville family, married the stance of much greater importance in daughter of Richard Fitz-Gilbert de the gathering of grapes, than in the Clare, who was related to Herfastus planting of vines and apple-trees, which the brother of Gunnora Duchess of do not (like the grapes) demand an Normandy in the 4th degree, while exact scrupulous attention to any pre- Nicholas de Baskerville, the son of cise critical moment for performing Baldericus, by marrying the daughter the operation.

of Herfastus, was related only in the 3. If we suppose the Apple to mean Ist degree. It would be a 'needless the Free, the epithet Grandia is sather usurpation of your pages to state here aukwardly applied to it, though well the exact pedigree from whence we adapted to Poma, literally understood derive the above, as your Correspondof the fruit.

ents are well aware of the consan4. The epithet Teneras is better ap- guinity of these noble families, and plicable to the Grapes than to the Vine their opinion of this statement I should itself,

value in ascertaiving. The communi5. The poet had no occasion to

cation of Col. Moutmorency decidedly plant Vines or Apple-trees on an estate,

states this. which (though now reduced in its di- Your Correspondent Mr. Blount has mensions)' was already highly culti- kindly offered to your notice an aneovated, and had been richly productive dote of Earl Coningsty. Being much to his predecessors, as he himself de interested in all that relates to the Coscribes it, Lib. 4, 1, 184.

ningsby or Baskerville families, shall-I Yours, &c. John CAREY. venture to hope that that gentleman

will still further favour us with some

biographical or historical notices of Mr. URBAN, Chelsea, Sept. I. that nobleman, tending to elucidate A

FEW days since, as the work- his character, respecting whom so little

men were taking down the wain- has ever appeared before the public. scot in one of the bed-rooms of Win- In your account of the Paintings at chester Palace, preparatory to the sale Hampton Court, say that Lord Coby auction of this venerable edifice, ningsby had seven children by his first

wife, not six. * See Lib. 4, 1,183, and Horace, Epist. 1, 4. Subjoined I sen.l you a monumental


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Baskerville Family - English Judges.

815 inscription on the tomb of Lady Scuda- dearyst frind Tho. Baskerville.” The more, at Sunning-well, co. Berks : will of Nicolas Baskerville a Captain

“ Mary the daughter of Sir Thomas in the Low Countries, “goeing uppon Throgmorton", wife first of Sir Thomas service, doe think it good lo make my Baskervill, and afterwards of Sir James Scu- will, &c." dated 12 Nov. 1595, &c. &c. damore t, was buried Oot. 17, 1632. Her Sir T. Baskerville was of Good Rest, sou, Hannibal Baskerville, esq. Lord of this co. Warwick. Visit. of Berks. 1569. Manor, aged about 72, was buried March These communications in some 18, 1668, who had sixteen sons and two

measure may relieve the queries of daughters. The eldest, Thomas, is now N. Y. W. G. in xcii. ii. 336. Lord of this Mapor I, 1680. Henry, aged

Yours, &c.

R. J. 95, was buried April 15, 1656. Nicolas, aged 24, was buried May 2, 1656. William, aged 33, and buried at London 1665.


Oct. 10.

THE intention avowed by his Ma. aged 23, buried Nov. 10, 1661. James, jesty's Ministers in the last Session died young, and was buried at Wells. Ger- of Parliament, of conferring in future trude, aged 22, buried Oct. 18, 1656. the appointment of Judges upon men Constance, died young, and was buried at

in the priine or middle of life, may Sonierton in Sonersetsbire.

“ This issue the above-named Hannibal perhaps at length lead to the accomhad by Mary the daughter of Captain Nico- plishment of a most desirable object, las Baskervill, who died at Flushing, second viz. the holding of the Assizes more brother of Sir Thomas Baskervill, General frequently, the Judges being men of of the British Forces in France, and died greater activity and more fitted 10 conthere June 4, 1597, and was buried in the tend with the pressure of business than new quire of St. Paul's, with this epitaph, our present venerable sages of the law. till consumed by the dreadful fire of London, Many of the present objections to the 1666.

· measure will be removed; it will no " These are the glories of a worthy praise Of voble Baskervill: which bere and read burihen of those who already from

longer be said that it is adding to the In honour of the life and later dayes To number thee amongst the blessed dead, of performing their present duties, or

age or infirmities are scarcely capable A pure regard to ye immortal part, A spotless mynde, a bodye prone to payne, in the decline of life.

that it is requiring too much from meu A giving hand, and an unvanquished leart; And all these vertues void of all disdaine,

No doubt if proper attention be paid And all these vertues yet not so unknowne

to the subject, Judges may be selected, But Netherlands, Seas, Indies, Spaine who, although in the very vigour of and France

(owne, their lives, have their judgments suffiCan witness that these honours were thyné ciently matured, and their passions

Which they reserve thy meritt to advance, sufficiently under controul, to qualify That valour should not perish voide of fame, them for that arduous office; meu pos

Nor noble deeds but have a noble name.' sessing all the distinguishing and Vide No. 4762, Harl. MSS. a folio essential qualities which ought to chaof Miscellanies chiefly relating to Ge- racterize an English Judge, among neral Sir Thoinas Baskerville; many which may be named extensive legal letters to his “ wyffe the Lady Basker: learning and experience, irreproachable ville,” commencing Swett Malle,' integrity, eloquence, dignity, patience, concluding "thy loving husband and mildness, firmness, impartialiiy, gene

* Sir Thomas Throgmorton, knt. was buried at Tortworth, co. Gloucester. His effigy is in full armour, with the following inscription :

“ Here lieth the body of Sir Thomas Throkmorton, of Tortworth, knight, who lived all his days in faithful service to his prince, in hartie love to his countrye; a constant professor of the true Christian faith, who living at the age of threescore and nine yeares in happy and peaceable manner, departed this life the last day of Januarie in the year of our Lord 1607, leaving here his mortal partes interred in this monument, untill by the command of Christ it rise again immortall.

I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith, henceforth is laid up for me a crown of righteousness. 2 Tim. iv. 7, 8."

He is interred in a marble coffin.
+ Sir James Scudamore was buried at Home Lacy, co. Hereford, 14 April, 1619.

1 Thomas Baskerville, esq. was aged 50, in the year 1680. Is any thing known of his death, or descendants, if any?


Benefit of more frequent Assizes.

[Oct. ral knowledge, and an acquaintance parties, and justice be better adıniniswith the habits of thinking, the modes iered. of living, the prejudices, opinions, and If these great objects cannot be acmanners of every class of society, more complished by the present number of especially of the lower class, for amongst Judges, the addition of another Judge these most of the offenders against to each of the three principal Courts the laws are taken. He ought not to would perhaps enable these learned rest satisfied with that superficial know- personages to hold the Circuits more ledge of those matters which are ne- frequenily, especially if three Judges cessary to enable him fairly to dispense were constituted a quorum in each justice, which is to be obtained from Court, as six Judges might be employthe reports of gaols and police officers, ed in travelling the Circuits even while the sources of the erudition of many of the Courts they belonged to were sitthose who have and do amuse them- ting; or while ihe Chief Justices were selves and the Courts where they pre holding Nisi prius sittings, their twelve side, by the display of the fancied in- brethren might be employed. But, formation they possess in a manner perhaps, if some measure were taken which does indeed make the judicious io equalize the business in the different grieve.

Courts, by depriving the Serjeants in With the Benches of the different the Common Pleas, and the Attornies Courts of Justice occupied by able in the Exchequer of their exclusive Judges of from 40 to 50 years of age, privileges, and by the appointment of it will be possible to effeci the holding iwo Judges to each Court to hold Nisi of the Circuits three times a year, prins sittings at the same time, the which is perhaps sufficiently frequent. business which now so heavily presses The term of imprisonnient previous to on the Court of King's Bench, and trial would be considerably shortened: occasionally upon the Court of Comless opportuniiy would be afforded for mon Pleas, might be disposed of in compromising with prosecutors, or comparatively so short a time as to corrupting witnesses ; while the ex- leave sufficient leisure for the holding pense of holding the Assizes would be of the extra Assize. No doubt any nearly defrayed by the relief which measure of the kind would be most the Counties would experience in the strenuously opposed, not only by those maintenance of prisoners by the dimi- who possess the exclusive privileges nution of the period of imprisonment alluded to, but even by the leading before trial, or afterwards, of those Counsel and Autornies of the King's under sentence either of imprisonment Bench; because if the number of cases or transportation.

in the different Courts were mearly The benefit, however, of more fre- equalized, much of the business which quent Assizes would not be fully per- now falls to their lot, would beconie ceired, if the practice in the late addi- the prize of the practitioners in the tional Assize in the Home Circuit be other Couris. Bui setting the consiadhered to, of disposing of the criminal deration of the public benefit likely to business only. Most certainly the issues arise from the measure aside, sure y in civil cases ought also to be deter- the additional encouragement which mined. Much fruitless litigation would would be thus afforded to talent and thus be prevented ; nay, much fraud in ability in the profession, is no small the transfer or concealinent of property recommendation. The present mowould also be prevented, because less nopoly would be abolished, and the opportunity would be offered for its suis now paid to a few of the leading commission. The great accumulatiou members of the bar, would be divided of business on the Civil side of the among a greater number of persons, Court in different Counties, frequently and we should hear of fewer instanets compels the infliction of positive in- of elevation to the Bench being dejustice upon parties in these cases by clined on the ground that the rank the postponement of their decision till and emoluments belonging to the judithe following Assizes. If the business cial character were not sufficient to of the Assizes was properly arranged, compensate the party for the sacrifice of course there would be no more dif- of his income as a Barrister. Every ficulty in disposing of the Civil than of person who has considered Courts of the Criminal cases ; very great ex- Justice with a philosophic eye, must "penses would thus be saved to the be convinced that Cauris constituted as


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