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1925.) Report of British and Foreign Bible Society.

307 that night my fellow sufferer, being al- perpetual elevation of hope, and a perlotted to personate a childish husband petual disappointment," I found myfor the little girl! My next chance self at night exhausted in spirits, fafor relief was the entrance of this tigued in body and mind, envying the amiable young gentleman's father, one benevolent cheartulness of my wiser of the most eminent men in the king companions, yet bitterly lamenting dom for genius, learning, and taste, that the only lesson I could then one respectable enough to have given leam was 10 regulate the ardour of what turn he pleased to the whole expectation, and 10 innure my mind company, whose wit and humour every to bear disappointment withoui discoone always desired should lead in con- vering any ill humour. versation; but, alas! he entered with- Thus far the fair disappointed pupil out his usual animation of counte- of Science, whose feelings were too nance or spirits to enliven our party, acute for so transitory a mortification. his charming How of humour, under Yet it may be worth investigating why the casual doininiou of the spleen, so distinguished a literary party should that envious malady which only seizes sacrifice their sincerity at the shrine of on superior minds, as if to bring them complaisance, or indolently yield to on a level with the common herd of the waste of time, when iheir abilimortals; he indolently sunk into the ties might have brought forth improvetrifling amusement of prattlipg with ment froin more important subjects; the child, and hearing her prattle, who and probably too little attention is being encouraged, poured forth all her daily paid to the great number of hours playful imagination could furnish, and properly perhaps devoted to society, found all applauded! One ray of hope, but too often passed in unimportant however, revived at 8 o'clock, expecting employments, in wearisome civilities, the carriage would be announced for in the endurance of unimproving conthe favourite, the idol wbich attracted versation, in mixing with the multiour whole attention; but no such voice tude to assist at card-tables, adding to relieved me, and I ventured to ask the the general vociferation about nothing, lady who brought her, whether Miss sather from a pusillanimous dread of

was to stay supper? and was an- being stigmatized for affecting supeswered with a complacent smile, that rior wisdom, than from that benevothis once she was to be indulged, was lence which in a due degree ought alto tarry as long as we did! And thus ways to influence the human mind; ended all my expectations of intellec- but it is well worthy of consideration tual enjoyment for the evening. The to find the just proportion in the divis spleen, had I been worthy, might then sions of time, as life is short, and the have made me all her own. I folded lamp of health and the measure of abimy arms, yielded I fear to sullen si- lities are daily wasting! lence, and could no longer essay to laugh at the child's exhausted mimicry Mr. Urban,

Oct. 2. of an toast, a countess, &c. in etibe This Report of the British and

HE following of drawing room, the park, Kensington Gardens ! Not one quarter of an hour Foreign Bible Society, for 1825, which for any rational subject, not a sentence presents a most satisfactory view of the worth remembering could be obtained; progress of Christianity, and the diffu-aud so passed the supper an hour or sion of the Gospel. two afterwards; and so was sacrificed France.- Dr. Pinkerton, whose the whole afternoon anderening, which health has been sufficiently restored ought to have been spent in sensible to undertake a mission to Paris to ininstructive conversation, at least some spect the foreign editions of Scriptures part of it. The child with her pretty printed at the Society's

expence; and little fooleries might have enteriained his visit, proved satisfactory. The for a time, and claimed her share of Turkish Bible has proceeded as far as notice, and it is a real pleasure some- the Book of Job, under the direction times to play with children, and to of Professor Kieffer, and the revision make them happy, but such an infant of the New Testament was delegated enjoys her own felicity far more in her to the Rev. M. Renouard, and 2000 nursery with her maid or play-mates additional New Testaments printed. after the hour of a visit is over. As I Several important communications took had passed the devoted time between“a place with Baron Sylvestre De Sacy

relativo

surcr.

309

Report of British and Foreign Bible Society. [Oct. relative to the Persian and Coptic ver pressive address recalled the origin of sions; and with M. Zorab and_St. ihat Institution by 27 persons ten years Martin on the modern Armenian Tes- ago; 18 of whom had departed this tament; copies of which were in pre- life, so that only nine of its founders paration for them at Constantinople could be present with them on that and other parts of Turkey.

day, and the Count has himself been “The Paris Bible Society continued since added to the number. From to receive many testimonies of the uti- such small beginnings it was most inlity of its labours to the Protestants teresting to receive the report of their Communions in France. The Scrip- increase and utility. tures have been received in many in- In stating the transactions of the stances with demonstrations of the Society at Eisnach, it is subjoined, most lively joy; and their perusal is “ tears of gratitude have glistened in reported to have produced beneficial the eyes of both parents and children, effects. Many ainong all classes of on receiving the invaluable treasure of Protestants, among the clergy and laiiy, the Word of God.” the rich and the poor, the aged and There seems to be a defect of subthe young, continue to maintain an scription at Frankfort, "owing to the interest in the work."-—"An import- increasing difficulties of providing subant application from an island in the sistence, experienced in all classes !” Mediterranean for 300 Bibles and 3000 -At Wirteinburg their Society had Testaments for the use of Schools, had continued to distinguish itself by its been met from this source, and many active proceedings. His Majesty' had thousand copies of the French Testa- renewed his donation of 500 forins. ment of De Sacy have been circulated. Several contributions, and particularly

“ In Spain, Portugal, and Italy, those of some prisoners, who had reJittle can at present be done towards ceived copies of the New Testament, disseminating the Holy Scriptures." and remitted the amount to the Trea

Better success is stated at Antwerp, where the circulation in the English, The unremitted efforts of the Rev. Dutch, French, and German lan- Dr. F. Vander Ess are mentioned with guages, is carried on to a great number. due respect, and another version is also

A special Committee have inspected reported, which he has approved for the Chinese version by the Rev. Drs. circulation there. Morrison and Milne, and made so fa. In Silesia the want of Bibles is pavourable a report of it, that a number thetically lamented ; but since supplied of copies have been forwarded to the by the Bible Societies. Dutch settlements in the East Indies. My limits warn me that I cannot

At Zurich and Bern, Geneva, Lau- reduce the compass of this interesting sanne, and Basle, the progress is very Report to every part of the world where favourable, as well in ihe demand for the connections of this Society has copies as in the liberality of the sup- extended its exertions.—At Kreusplies. At Lubec their Society has nach every Clergyman has been fusbeen revived, and has met with sup- nished with Bibles, to enable him to port from the Captains and others be present one to every newly married longing to the shipping interest there. conple on their wedding, a most as

At Hanover 1000 Testaments were sured inethod of rendering this sacred presented, and were immediately sold. Book dear to their united affections: it This grant was followed by another would be indeed a pleasing effect if the large edition, and “his Majesty's Mi- same practice were adopted in our own nisters have kindly assisted the Institu- country. tion with a donation and a loan,” as Count Rosenblad, as President of stated; and in consequence of the de- the Swedish Society, stated that 30,000 solation of the floods there, the Society copies would be annually wanted for “ was not backward in supplying that many years to come. “Such calculawhich it is its province to dispense.”. tions are valuable in this respect, that

At Nuremberg the King of Bavaria they lead to a just estimate of the ingave his Royal assent for the establish- sufficiency of past exertions, compared ment of a Central Bible Society. with what remains to be accomplished

At the last anniversary Meeting of by those whose hearts are deeply inte. the Saxon Society, the laie Count Ho- rested in this work." hentahl presided, and in a very im. Our attention is next drawn to the

Society

1825.] Report of British and Foreign Bible Society.

309 Society in Russia. On the resigna- accession to the cause, is in every retion of Prince Gallitzen as President, spect most valuable: with the aid of he was succeeded by Archbishop. Se- his Lordship’s counsel and influence, raphim; his patronage was solicited, the objects of the Society must be esand it does not appear to have relaxed, sentially promoted. Its character also though his Grace's answer is not will be better appreciated, and will stated; but several conversions to commend itself more and more to the Christianity, are enumerated, and community.”-In each of the presi70,000 copies in different languages dencies similar satisfactory statements and dialects have been printed, and have been received, so that the Society 31,163 distributed during the past now assumes a national appendage to year! I am happy to be able to those governmenis. refer to this, as entirely contradictory The Rev. B. Clough writes from of some suggestions that the Emperor Colombo strongly recommending a has not continued his Royal sanction translation into the Pali lauguage ; to these measures.

which is among the Budhists what “Some hundreds of copies of the the Sanscrit is among the Brahmins. Greek Testament have been sent to It was the native language of Budha different parts of Greece, where they himself, and is held in the highest vehare been received by the people with neration by his followers wherever eagerness, and many of them, it is formed : hence it is the great deposisaid, while encamped and expecting tory of religion, law, and general the enemy, employed themselves in science, in all Budhist nations; and reading the Word of God.”

some idea may be thus formed of the We pass on to the Turkish empire, great extent to which a knowledge of where the distribution is more extra- the Pali language has been and still is ordinary, under the agency of the Rev. cultivated. The late Mr. Tolirey had H. D. Leeves. These are for the acquired a critical knowledge of it, Greeks who speak the Turkish lan- and left a complete version, which seguage, and with very slight altera- veral Pali scholars have since approved; tions, indeed the same work tran- so that if this should be adopted, Ceyscribed in Armenian characters will lon, the Burman empire, the kingdoms serve for the Armenians speaking of Ava, Siam, Pegu, Aracan, CamboTurkish;" and an edition in modern gia, and all the nations of India beGreek is now printing in London. yond the Ganges, and in sereral of

“ The gift of tongues to the Apos- ihe Northern nations, as Thibet, Bhutles is an unanswerable argument for tan, and the largest islands in the Ar. the necessity and duty of transcribing chipelago, may in a few years be readthe Scriptures into every language.” ing the New Testament.

Mr. Barker at Aleppo ascertained I now pass over the Society's from a Syrian priest that the Holy exertions in the South Sea Islands and Scriptures now preparing in the Car- New South Wales. Dr. Morrison's shun language will prove a most ac- Chinese Bible is circulating (with his ceptable present to the Christians for Dictionary, as I hope and whom they are designed.

All the Chinese who live in the islands In the Persian language the Penta- of the Malayan Archipelago, are capateuch has been completed by Mirza ble of receiving the Scriptures without Jaffier, in the revision of which Pro- difficulty, as far as the Governments fessor Lee is engaged, while the trans- are concerned. Their probable numlator is advancing with the historical ber is from 2 to 300,000, and will find books. When this rersion is known, their way into China itself. it will form an epoch in the history of In South Africa the progress has Persia.

been very important and satisfacThe Report from Calcutta states the tory. In South America the political year to have been “a year of expan- convulsions which have agitated the sion and enlargement.” Several auxi- scene of the Society's labours, have liary Institutions; the Hindoostanee not prevented the operations of those Testament by Professor Hill; the Hin- whose hearts are thoroughly engaged duwee Testament by Mr. Bowley; and in the work. It is delightful to obthe otber parts of their progress; to serve how fit individuals are found which is most justly added, " the name there willing to assist in the distribuof Dr. Heber, Bp. of Calcutta, as an tion. Now is the time, says Mr.

Thomson,

presume).

310

Report of British and Foreign Bible Society. [Oct. Thomson, to apply the healing balm engagements abroad to' amount to with happy effect, whilst the wounds 51,6361. produced by their attempts are just A list of foreign Versions for the made and fresh.

library forms part of the Appendix. The superstitions prevalent in North A fact is mentioned which does hoAmerica still impede the march of the nour to his Imperial Majesty AlexWord of Truth, but the day is quickly ander. About eight years since, he approaching, when these clouds will was pleased to command the underbe dispelled; “they are but imperfect taking of a version of the New Testapictures of those which exist in the ment into modern Russ, under the inmore dark places of the earth ;" and spection of the Synod, and to print it many are now there who count it a in parallel columns with the Sclavonian great privilege to be made instruments text. This was effected, and 111,000 to give effect to their dispersion. copies printed. The number of entire

AMERICA.-There being an Auxi- New Testaments was 50,000 stereoliary Society in the Illinois, there is typed. In proportion as this became now at least one Auxiliary Institution known, an edition in Russ only was in every State of the Union. Of desired, as more portable for soldiers on the Ladies who conduct the Associa. their march, who are conrinced of the tions, their Report says, “They bare necessity of reading it, and as more apgone forth in their modesty and bene- plicable for schools. The Emperor volence, and have been surpassed by therefore ordered a stereotype edition none in patience and zeal, activity and also of 20,000 copies, and expressed his usefulness; they have obtained a por. approbation of it, when he accepted tion of the abundance of the rich, and two copies presented to him. These the mites of the poor, and have poured two editions do not interfere with, but the whole into the treasury of the rather promote each other. The forLord. They have not shrunk from mer is very useful at the public worthe abodes of the ignorant, the sick, ship, which is conducted in the Sclathe wretched, the helpless ; they have vonian language, as venerable for its penetrated into the recesses of want, 10 antiquity; and the latter furnishes a furnish to the needy that holy Book, more ready opportunity of reading it in which makes kuown the bread of life.” the vernacular tongue. All this shows In this we may readily join our testi- the paternal interest unremittingly mony to the female efforts in all our taken by the Emperor for the spiritual Societies wherein they are pleased to welfare of his people. To this it may interest themselves.

be subjoined, that the Empress Maria We turn our course homeward with Feodorowna applied for 216 New Testhis Committee, and rejoice to find so taments in Russ, and 21 in German, much unaffected zeal in every part of for the daughters of noblemien, to be the world, while our own nation is en- distributed among them as premiums joying all its own privileges, and glowing on leaving their institution ! A. H. with charity from the purest motive ! And here we find a strong desire among the Jews to read the Scrip

ON A GENERAL Iron RAILWAY. tures, excited to a considerable extent (Continued from Part I, page 603.) by the exertions of those fellow la. Mr. URBAN, Nottingham, Aug. 1. bourers in the common cause of Chris.

IN

N order to form a just estimate of tianity. Among seamen also in the the economy of this measure, it Port of London, a very liberal distri- will be necessary to ascertain the exbution is continually made.

penses attending each particular mode The whole distribution of this So- of conveyance now in use, with the reciety in 21 years has been 116,539 Bi- lative time required for the performance bles, and 164,116 Testaments. Twenty of journeys. works are now in progress at the So- 1. The expense of the original conciety's presses. The total number of struction of turnpike roads, the annual Auxiliary Societies amount to 232. repairs, and the annual expense of

The receipts for the past year, in- vehicles and horses employed thereon. cluding a balance of 13,3001. amount- 2. The construction of canals and ed to 134,155l. ; and the expenditure, boats, the annual repairs, also the numincluding the investments inade, a. ber and expense of horses and men. mount to 122,0881. leaving a balance 3. The construction of coasting vesof 12,0661.; and the result states their sels, the annual repairs, the number of

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1825.]
Gray on a General Iron Railway.

311 hands required, together with the ex- recently published, must be put forth pense.

with motives I cannot comprehend. Then compare these three-fold ca- The reader should therefore receive pitals with that required for the con- with great caution any information struction of a General Iron Rail-way, from persons interested in the northern Locomotive Steam-engines and Car- collieries ; for as their trade will be riages (for the conveyance of persons seriously affected by opening the Lonand of goods of every description), their don market to all the inland collieries, annual repairs, the number of hands it is very natural to suppose that those required, together with the expense.

of the North will do all in their power It must be sufficiently evident to to decry my "Observations on a Geneevery man of reflection, that the benefit ral Iron Rail-way *;" but however to be derived from Rail-roads should be much they may feel disposed to arrogate of a general and national kind; their to themselves the right of giving inpartial introduction into certain dis- struction on this subject, I beg to retricts would not merely prove of local mind the public, that Mr. Blenkinsop's advantage, but give a most decided su- plan is hitherto decidedly the most periority to the commercial transac- efficient steam carriage rail-way, and tions carried on there, over those that as Mr. Trevitheck and he were places where Canals and the ordinary the first to introduce this species of roads semain the only means of con- conveyance, any remarks or improveveyance.

ments made by those who follow them, After witnessing the wonderful power can only be considered as emanating and economy of the steam engine, from the example set by the above two which gives motion to the whole ma- gentlemen, to whom alone all credit is chinery in every room of a manufac- due. tory, and the certainty, speed, and In confirmation of what is now adsafety with which steam-packets navi- vanced, I invite the reader to compare gate the sca; the man who can now the engines at Newcastle with those at hesitate to recommend steam-engines Leeds, and there some idea máy be instead of horse-power, must be pitied formed of the vast superiority of the for his ignorance or despised for his latter both in economy and power-it obstinacy; moreover, after the demon- appears Mr. Blenkinsop's, with less stration of their utility, daily proved by than half the power, do more than Mr. Blenkinsop these fourteen years double the work of the other ! How past, it will require some explanation, happens this? I leave it to the pubwhere and how our engineers hare lic, who are now in possession of the been exhibiting their skill?

whole particulars, to decide. The preThere can be no doubt that Mr. tended' ignorance of the Newcastle Blenkinsop's plan must be our guid'e writer, of the superiority of Mr. Blenfrom its manifest superiority and eco - kinsop's rail-way, will meet with the nomy over all those at Newcastle; ana contempt it deserves, and serve also to if we look at the very slow progress borewarn the public against his immade in the improvement of steam oecile mis- statements, and plausible engines, perhaps a generation or two calculations. may pass away without any very ma- I am fearful lest the Companies terial benefit arising from the various now establishing, should be so far deexperiments now afloat. To create luded as to follow the plans adopted in further improvements, every encou

the Collieries, of having recourse to ragement should be given to the prac- inclined planes, stationary steam-entical application of those we do enjoy, gines, or the reciprocating steam-enby extending them to the promotion gines, all which inay do well enough of national prosperity:

for the coal districts, but on rail-ways It has been 'stated, that the steam for national purposes, they ought to be carriages at Newcastle work solely by avoided as much as possible, for this friction, or by the adhesion of the plain reason, the multiplicity of inawheels to the rails, and that Mr. chinery. The annual waste of capital, Blenkinsop's rack-rail is quite unne- and the accidents which would uncessary ; this nonsense is, however, so avoidably occur from their general-incompletely exposed by the experimentalist himself who wrote it, that the * This work is translated into the French • Práctical Treatise on Rail-roads,” language.

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