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Dr. Drake.-William Lauder.

29 may have occasioned your correspond - At a meeting of the Trustees for the ent's mistake.

Free School, on the 7th Dec. 1762. Dr. Drake was of St. John's Col- Present, the Hon. John Lyte, Speaker lege, Cambridge, and was afterwards of the Assembly, the Hon. Jonathan Fellow, tutor to Earl Mount Edge- Bleuman, Attorney-Gen. and Henry cumb, with whom, I believe, he went Hasell, Church Warden. on the Continent, was the first do- « Then the Trustees took into mature mestic chaplain of Archbishop Moore, consideration the case of Mr. Lauder, the afterwards Vicar of Hadleigh, in Suf- Latin Master. Upon inquiry it appeared, folk, and finally Vicar of Rochdale, in to their great surprise and concern, that he Lancashire, where he died Sept. 12, had been appointed to that office for above 1819.* He married one of the ancient eight years, and never taught a single scholar and respectable family of Yate, in on the foundation, notwithstanding that on Gloucestershire. His only son died his appointment four were ordered for his about 1815; and one of his daughters whole number; and he might have chosen

care out of the twenty-five, which is the married a Mr. Niblett, who some years ago was High Sheriff

of the county of any four he thought most fit for the purpose. Gloucester. The library of Dr. T. Bal- with this

shameful behaviour, be had little

On said Lauder's being called in and charged guy came into the possession of Dr.

more to say than that he never refused to Drake, and it was a most choice one, teach the boys, but none were offered him. filled with the best quarto variorum This was the more astonishing because, classics, and the best divinity. Mrs. although the said Lander had frequently Drake survived the Doctor, and, I be applied to some of the Trustees for repairs lieve, is still living. It certainly would to be made to his apartment, and of the be a loss, should the letters of Warbur- house belonging to the donation, (which ton perish; they complete and explain for his encouragement he was allowed to those from Warburton to Hurd. rent out,) and which was always done acYours, &c. I. E. cording to his desire, yet he never once

signified to any of the gentlemen, or gave

the least intimation of what he now offered Extracts from the Records of the Free in his justification, nor had any of them School in Bridge Town, Barbados,

the least reason to doubt but that, however relative to William Lauder.

exceptionable his character was in other

respects, he did not fail to answer the inExtract of a minute made at a meet

tention of his appointment, and to discharge ing of the Gentlemen Trustees for his duty to the boys it was supposed had managing the affairs

of the Free School, from time to time been under his care. The Aug. 3, 1754. Present, the Hon. said Lauder being therefore asked whether Jonathan Bleuman, Attorney-General, he thought it was intended he should be in Benj. Carlton, esq. Ch. Warden, and that station, and receive greater advanthe Hon. John Harrison, Treasurer. tages than any of his predecessors, without

doing any thing at all for it? he answered, « Then the Trustees took into considera- he would teach double the number for the tion the appointment of a Master of the future. And then being ordered to withGrammar School, and Mr. William Lauder draw, the Trustees came to a resolution being well recommended to them, was ap, that the said Lauder should be immediately pointed to that office, to have the usual discharged; and he was and is discharged appointment belonging to such Master; he

accordingly." is also to have the benefit of renting out the house in Marl Hill, near the said School,

Extract from the Register of the unless he choose to reside in it himself, which parish of Saint Michael, Bridge Town, is to be at his election. Then the said Mr. Barbados. Lander being called up, and he signifying

Aug. 30, 1771.—Burials.-William that be should rather chuse to rent out the Lauder.' house at Marl Hill, at least for the present, provided the apartments in the Schoolhouse were fitted up immediately for him';


July 22. and the Trustees being willing to give him


THE Obituary of the Gentleman's all the encouragement in their power, did

Magazine having been for many resolve, and it was accordingly ordered, that the said apartments should be fitted up with years one of the most authentic and re

spectable Records of the biographical all convenient speed.”

anecdotes of deceased persons, whose See an account of him in vol. Lxxx, characters, whether in public or private ii. p. 378.

life, haye been distinguished by any


Account of the Bunce Family.

(July, occurrences worthy of being comme- nities, may be of more beneficial inmorated for talents or virtue, I am in- Huence than one of a higher rank; and duced to commuuicate the following the Minister of a Parish, who strictly particulars respecting a belored relative and conscieutiously performs his duiy, of mine, at the time of whose decease, though he may nui come under the in 1766, the arrangement of such com. modern descripcion of Evangelical, or munications was not equal to that be possessed of that enthusiasm which which is now so classical a repository the Sectaries adınire, may be of more of departed worth.

real importance in his slation than a “ To honour those who gave us birth

Minister of State : the sacred duries of Is Heaven's divine command :".

his profession being of a nature far That honour, or rather, I would say, superior to any temporal concerns, yet that filial regard and veneration, which inseparably connected there with. was never in any instance more strictly Rector of St. Peter's, and Vicar of St.

The Rev. William Bunce, LL.B. deserved or more deeply impressed, I have repeatedly paid at different times Clemeni's, Sandwich, was the younger on the pages of your esteemed Publica- son of the Rev. John Bunce, A.M. Lion; and in the course of a very long formerly Vicar of Brenzet in Kent, and frequent correspondence therein and afierwards Rector of Chingford from youth to age, have been favoured and Pitsey in Essex, who left in MS. with the insertion of some tributes of an approved translation from the Greek affection and respect to the merits of (since published) of St. Chrysosum's several departed and surriving relatives Six Books on the Priesthood f, which and friends; and also many occasional are esteemed amongst the best pieces papers on various subjects, both literary of antiquity, and whose death was and local, with descriptive pieces of thus noticed in a Canterbury paper of scenery, which give so high a colour- the 6th of July, 1741 : ing to the progressive passages of life, “ On Saturday last, died in this City, the and to “ihose painted clouds that Rev. John Bunce, sen.; he had for many beautify our days *,” until I am be- years resided on a Vicarage in Romney come, through advancing years and in- Marsh, and being taken notice of by the firmities, nearly unable to produce any his modest deportment and pious life, was

present Archdeacon, Dr. Samuel Lisle, for thing new, and even find it difficult io transcribe from the manuscripts I have by him recommended a few years since to in my possession, those correct and

more agreeable preferments in Essex, withauthentic documents which supply the

out seeking or even knowing of the same.". biographical particulars of my present Church, and sent them, duly qualified

He brought up both his sons to the subject, and will probably close correspondence with the Editors; and, by his own tuition, to Trinity Hall, through their favour, ultimately gratify Cambridge, where they took their remy, uimost ambition in point of any spective degrees in civil law. The claims or pretensions I can have to the elder was presented by the above-menestimation or acceptance of the publick; tioned archdeacon Lisle to the Vicarhaving not only lived “ one month age of St. Stephen's near Canterbury; one lhtle month on Urban's page," and the younger, the subject of this beyond the prediction of some satrical memoir, by the same patron, to the and defamatory lines pointed at my Vicarage of St. Clement's, Sandwich, “Rural Sabbath,” which was written in 1742 : and on the presentation of under the Northiam Oak in 1810, and the Crown, to the Rectory of St. published in 1811, but many successive Peter's in 1744. On those two small months and years, to gratify, I trust, a benefices, for in point of value they better feeling than vanity; viz. to com- were then very inferior to what they memorate the virtues of the friends I are now, he passed his useful and exa love and esteem, and to silence the emplary life in the active and arduous calumnious censures of those who were disposed to traduce me.

† Rollin, in his “ Belles Letters," vol. ïi. To proceed to the subject of my in- p. 301, produces the earnest dissuasion of tended memoir.

the mother of St. Chrysostom respecting The life of a private Clergyman, his intention to leave her, as an example of though not holding any Church dig. the most affecting natural eloquence. Her

tender remonstrance prevailed. It is prePope. fixed to the translation of the Books.


Memoirs of the Rev. William Bunce.

31 employment of his parochial duties, a Brotherhood and Guestling, which and a deporument equally amiable in continued several days, and has been all his relative and social connexions since assembled but twice, at the disIn his person he was slight and well- tant periods of twenty and fort gyears, proportioned ; his address and manners was published in the Canterbury paper were those of a gentleman in the first of the 28th July 1750, in which class of society, dever abject, but Mr. B.'s sermon was honorably menalways respectfui to his superiors; of tioned. a cheerful temper and pleasant con- In the Gentleman's Magazine for versation with his equals; and to his Sept. 1801 is a correct engraving of inferiors, particularly those in depressed his residence, the old parsonage-house circumstances, benevolent and cha- of St. Peter's; and in the poetical deritable to the full extent of his power partment of the same Number are in priaciple and practice.

soine elegiac lines inscribed to his meHaving doue particular credit to mory by his only surviving son, who, himself and his College at the Uni. at the advanced age of seventy-three, versity, he was by special favour allowed has recently commemorated the fiftyto take his degree sooner than he could ninth anniversary of his father's deotherwise bave obtained it, and ad- cease, and now communicates the mitted by dispensation to Deacon's above particulars of his life, the termiOrders at the age of twenty-one, and nation of which, on the 12th of June to full orders hy a similar favor; but it 1766, at the age of fifty-two, was atwas not on these academical advantages, tended with some peculiar circumDor on any superior talents, that his stances that throw a lustre on his last best pretensions lo distinction were moments, similar to that of a fine sunfounded; they were uniformly and set at the close of a summer day. On constantly evinced by the whole cenour the evening preceding his departure, of his life. With regard to his dis- with the happiest composure he took courses from the pulpit, he never as- a very affectionate leave of his afflicted pired to be a popular preacher, though family, and separately gave his chilin his younger days he was generally dren his last paternal blessing; after followed, his voice being strong and which he was attended by his particlear, and his delivery graceful; but cular friend the Rev. John Conant his style of composition admitted no (brother to the late Sir Nathaniel), who rhetorical embellishments, for which succeeded him in the Rectory; and he he candidly confessed his inability, and also admitted, at their own request, judiciously nuade choice of the plain some few of his parishioners, to whom, and practical language of " Melmoth's in the feeble accents of his expiring greal Importance of a Religious Life," breath, he gave a final exhortation* and for his model; in which there is not a solemn benediction, as the last act of sentence, nor perhaps a word, that is their faithful Minister, and desired not perfectly intelligible to any com- them to join in the commendatory mon capacity.

prayer at the point of departure, which * In earnest and impressive style they fervently did, and beheld in him

The truth divine he taught ; the blissful tranquillity in which a No other aim the Preacher had, truly Christian Pastor can die. No other praise be sought.

Yours, &c.

W.B. « But faith and works in union held, From the pure sacred text,


Highgate, near BirmAnd ne'er by frantic zeal disjoin'd,

ingham, June 24. Or senseless terms perplext.”

TOU are not only learned yourself, The only public occasion on which but the occasion of learning to he was appointed to preach, was at a others; and your Correspondents may General Meeting of the Cinque Ports, be compared to an agreeable, social held at New Romney on the 24th of party, assembled to receive and bestow July 1750. The sermon in MS. is in my possession : it was highly approved, funeral, the final exhortation and blessing

* There being a full congregation at his and, as customary when delivered be above mentioned are transferred in the Elegy fore any public assembly, requested to

to the solemn period of interment, when the te printed; but this he was too diffi- departed spirit is supposed to address them dent to consent to. The whole ac- while they were assembled on that occasion count of that General Meeting, called at tbe grave. (Vol. LXXI, pt. ii. p. 837.)



32 Life of Dugdale.-Compendium of County History. (July, information, in the most courteous with copious Notes. Interleaved Pocket manner.

Almanacks supply his Diary from 1643 My presentappearance in this friendly to 1636, with the exception of only circle is to solicit aid towards a work three years; and of Letters I have which I am now preparing for the already collected more than one hundred press, under the title of “ The Life, and seventy, including those of DodsDiary, and Correspondence of Sir Wil- worth, Somner, Spelman, Twysden, liam Dugdale." Original Letters writ- Junius, Archer, Wood, and a long ten by, or addressed to that distinguished train of antiquarian worthies. Antiquary, or any other documents, or And now, after an intimacy of thirty information, connected with his lite- years, I remain, most excellent Sylrary or personal bistory, will be very vanus, pot merely,“ Yours, &c.” but, acceptable, and ensure my grateful ac- to use the expressions of Lightfoot to knowledgments.

Dugdale, " the unfained honourer of The Life will be given in Dugdale's your worth, and one ready to serve own words, from the Ashmolean MS. you ;" William Hamper.


Boundaries, North, Gloucestershire : East, Hampshire and Berkshire : South,

Hants. and Dorset. : West, Somersetshire, Gloucestershire, and Dorsetshire.
Greatest length, 54; greatest breadih, 34; square 1372.
Province. Canterbury. Dioceses. Salisbury; Kingswood, a peculiar to Glouces-
ter; and one parish to Winchester. Circuit, Western.

British Inhabitants, Cangi, a tribe of the Belgæ ; Hædui.
Roman Province, Britannia Prima.
Stations, Cunelio, Folly Farm near Marlborough ; Mutuantonis, Easton Grey ;

Sorbiodunum, Old Sarum ; Verlucio, near Wans-town.
Saxon Octarchy, Wessex.
Antiquities., British Earthworks, Southley-wood, near Heytesbury, (vulgarly

called Robin Hood's Bower, &c.); Bokerly ditch; Elder Valley; Gryms-
ditch ; Hamshill ditches; Old ditch (resembling Bokerly); Wansdike; Sut-
ton Common (resembling an amphitheatre in miniature). Druidicul or
British Remuins, Avebury (a series of circles, with two extensive avenues of up-
right stones); Brome near Swindon, a row of upright stones ; Stonehenge.
Cromlechs at Clatford-bottom, Littleton-Drew; Rockley, Mountain field heath
of. Encampments*, Amesbury, called Vespasian's Camp; Badbury (supposed
by Whitaker to be the “Mons Badonicus” of the ancients); Bagdon ; Barbury;
Battlesbury; Beacon Hill; Bilbury Rings or Wily Camp; Blunsden Hill
near Highworth; Bratton (successively occupied by the British, Romans,
Saxons, and Danes); Broad chalk, called Bury Orchard ; Bury wood near
Slaughtenford ; Casterly near Uphaven ; Castle Rings; Chesbury near Great
Bedwin; Chidbury near Everley ; Chiselbury; Chlorus's camp; Church
Ditches ; Clay Hill; Clearbury Ring (constructed by Cerdic or his son
Cynric)Cotley Hill (used as an exploratory post); Haydon; Hay's
Castle; Knook (British, but afterwards used by the Romans as Castra Sta-
tiva); Liddington; Martinsall near Marlborough; Newton Toney; Old-
borough castle; Old castle near Mere; Old Sarum; Pen-pits ; Roddenbury;
Rolston ; Roundway Hill near Devizes; Scratchbury Hill; Sherston ; Spils les promise
bury called Castle Bitches ; Warminster ; West down or Hanging Langford;
West Kington; Whichbury; Whiten-hill; White-sheet Hill (occupied by
Britons and Saxons); Wickball; Winkelbury; Woodyates Inn; Yarnbury
(originally British, but subsequently strengthened by Romans and Saxons).
Abbeys of Bradford (founded by St. Aldhelm ante 705): Kingswood (built in
1139 by William de Berkeley); Malmesbury (founded about 630 by Meyl-
dulph, a Scot); Stanleigh (established in 1151 at Lokeswell, removed to

† The difficulty of discriminating Roman from British, &c. being so great, I have classed thein under the general head of Encampments.


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1925.] Compendium of County History.--Wiltshire.

Stanleigh by Maud the Empress); Wilton (founded in 773 by Wulstan Earl of Wiltshire, converted into a Nunnery). Priories of Avebury (founded 1100 by William de Tankerville); Bradenstoke (founded_1142 by Walter de Eureux); Bradfield ; Brioptune; Bromham (founded by Baldwin de Riperiis); Charlton, Great (founded in 1187 by Reginald de Pavely); Chissenbury; Clarendon (founded by Henry II.); Clatford (founded temp. Wm. I. by Sir Roger Mortimer); Corsham, founded temp. Wm. I.) another (founded temp. Hen. II.); Ivychurch (founded temp. Hen. II.); Kingswood (founded in 1139); Longleat (founded by Sir John Vernun or Vernon, temp. Edward I.); Maiden Bradley (founded in 1190 by Hubert Bishop of Salisbury, formerly a hospital for leprous women, founded temp. Stephen); Marlborough (founded apie John); Monkton Deverill (founded ante 1086); Monkton Farley (founded about 1125); Okeburn (founded 1149 by Maud de Wallingford); Poulton (founded about 1337 by Thos. de St. Maur or Seymour); Ramsbury (founded in 905); Stratton (founded temp. Win. I. or II.); l'isselbury (founded ante 720);

Uphaven (founded temp. Hen. I.) Nunneries of Amesbury (founded by Elfrida, widow of King Edgar, refounded 980); Kington (founded ante 1156*); Laycock (founded in 1232); Malmesbury 2 (one founded ante 603); Wilton (founded in 800 by Elburga, sister to King Egbert, refounded in 871). Churches of Amesbury (ancient and curious) ; Ansty (the oldest church in the diocese); Avebury (part of its architecture old); Bishop Canning's (the interior Anglo-Norman); Boyton (but little alteration in its architecture since 1301); Calne (handsome tower at the North-east end); Castle Combe ; Chippenham (some part very ancient); Chitterne St. Mary; Codford St. Mary; Crudwell ; Devizes Si. John (most interesting to the Architectural Antiquary); St. Mary (chancel part early Norman); Draycot; Eddington; Fisherton de la Mére; Great Bedwin (partly Norinan); Great Durnford ; Heytesbury; Holt; Kington St. Michael (supposed erected temp. Henry III. but apparently earlier); Laycock; Little Bedwin; Malmesbury, St. Paul (some remains visible); Marl. borough, St. Mary; Melkshanı ; Mere (one of the best in South Wiltshire with regard to its architectural appearance); Monkton Deverill; Oaksey (Anglo Norman remains); Ramsbury (considered the mother Church to Salisbury); Sherston ; Steeple Ashton (handsome); Tisbury; Westbury; West Knoyle (situate, more antiquo, adjoining to the Manor-house). Chapels of Fugglestone (now used as lodgings for the poor); Little Horningsham; Salisbury, near Harnham Bridge, to receive alms of the passengers for repairs ; Tytherington (founded by Empress Maud, a mean building resembling a barn); West Lavington (entirely demolished). Stone Pulpit. Codford, St. Peter, now enclosed in the wall, the first step only visible. Fonts. Ashley; Avebury; Boyton (on a large circular column, once surrounded by four smaller ones); Bremhill; Chitterne All Saints and St. Mary (both ancient and plain); Great Durnford (Saxon); Kingston Deverill; Horningsham (old, but inutilated): Longbridge Deverill; Malmesbury, St. Mary Westport; Preshute (very large and curious); Stanton St. Quintin; Stockton. Castles of Calne; Castle Combe; Devizes (built by Roger Bishop of Salisbury, temp. Henry I.) no remains , Downton ; Farley (built by Robert de Carcelles, temp. Wm. I.); Laycock (ascribed to the British King, Dunwallo Mulmutius); Longford (modern); Ludgershall (ascribed to the British King Lud, hence Lud-gar's Hall); Malmesbury (built by the heroic Roger Bp. of Salisbury): Marlborough, Mere (built by Richard Earl of Cornwall in 1253); Old Sarum ; Stourton (built by Sir John de Stourton, temp. Henry V. or VI. near the site now occupied by the magnificent mansion of Sir R. C. Hoare, bart.); Trowbridge (erected temp. Stephen); Wardour. Mansions. Chitterne (bearing a monastic appearance, used as a farni house); Mere Park (very ancient, originally moated); Stanton St. Quintin ; Studley (formerly of the Hungerfords); Woodlands at Mere (now a farm-house); Zeals Manor House.

• Tanner. Aubrey says by Empress Maud. GINT. MAG. July, 1895.


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