Abbildungen der Seite

Ancient Paintings in Westminster Abbey.

“ The height of the enclosure is 13 feeted over, a wainscot colour, at the late
9 inches, to the top of the finials; and repairs.
each compartment is about two feet, seven
inches wide, being separated from each of an ecclesiastic ; and it may be supposed

“ The figure appeared to have been that other by small buttresses. They were originally adorned with a full-length figure in that the screen or enclosure contained fieach, painted in oil colours on a ground of gures of a Kirg and Bishop (or Saint) in

alternate succession. This series, it may plaister, as ancient an example of the art as is to be found in the kingdom, being un

without presumption be assumed, was condoubtedly of the period of Henry III. or of tioued round the whole choir. The sacer

dotal robe was represented of pure white, Edward I. The small pillars from which the arches of the several compartments take edged with lace and rich fringe, the colours their spring, were white diapered with black,

of which were green, white, and red; the

ends of the stole were seen, as well as the in various patterns, while the capitals and bases were gilt; but have been all painted reached down to the feet, ornamented with

bottom of the under garment, or alb, which black in the recent alteration.

a diapered bem, in squares and lozenges, The first compartment has been very curiously worked with a mosaic patsupposed to exhibit King Sebert. “It tern, in which green, red, blue, and white, must be observed,” says Mr. Moule,

were alternately introduced. The lower part, “ that this is merely presumed to be buskins were purple, but quite plain; at

and point of the crozier was also seen; the the representation of Sebert, to whom least no ornament could be discerned upon historians agree in attributing the first

them. The ground of the picture had been. foundation of a Church at Westininster. a dark brown; and the figure was repreThere is certainly no objection to be sented standing on a lawn, or carpet of urged as to the identity of the portrait, green, with small sprigs." and it may reasonably be supposed that he would be honoured with the stall

The third compartment is without

hesitation considered to represent nearest the altar.” We have, how. ever, an objection to urge, namely, Henry III. that Sebert was certainly depicted on This portrait, upon comparison, is the other side. This we know from found greatly to resemble the features of Weever (sce hereafter); and it appears the cumbent figure of the Monarch upon to us improbable that he should be his tomb in this Church. It is painted upon placed on both. To proceed :

& dark brown ground, which is semée of

golden lions, passant guardant, in allusion to “ This figure is the most perfect of the the charge, in the Royal arms of the Kings series, and merits particular attention from of England, of the House of Plantagenet, the fine state of preservation in which it very early instance of heraldic decoration. remains. A venerable personage is repre- The figure of the King is well drawn, sented, bearing in his right hand a sceptre and the folds of the drapery are particularly of ancient form, terminating in a piopacled easy and gentle, but very indistinct at the turret, with his left hand raised in a com- lower extremity: his countenance is mild manding manner; bis head is crowned with and expressive; the figure is in action, and a diadem ornamented with strawberry leaves evidently commanding attention to the pass. painted on a gold ground; and his heard, ing scene. He is represented crowned, and of silvery whiteness, is long and curled, in regal rubes; the mantle of a murrey cowith mustachios ; his tunic is rose-coloured, Jour, is lined with white fur, and guarded worked on the borders and bottom with with broad lace, and is fastened on the right white and red; his hose are purple ; and his shoulder by a fibula of a lozenge form. His shoes, of blue damask, buckle over the instep tunic, which is scarlet, is bound round the with a small gold buckle; the ground upon waist by a girdle of very rich workmanship, which the figure is painted is a reddish fastened with a gold buckle : his gloves also brown, and he is represented standing on are ornamented on the bark of the hand a lawn or carpet studded with flowers, &c.; and the bottom of the little finger, with emthe white gloves on bis hands are unadorned broidery; the Monarch bears in his right with embroidery; and his crowc and sceptre, hand a sceptre of ivory, terminating in whatever may bave been their original ap- rich finial of gold. pearance, are now of a darkish brown colour."

“ From the other panel the figure is obThe next panel or division of the literated, the paint having been entirely screen exhibited only that portion of scraped off the surface by a plane or some the painting which was formerly con

such instrument. The pictures that have cealed, the greater part of it having and interesting, as ancient examples of

been suffered to remain are highly curious been purposely planed off; and it is now painting in oil applied to pictures, for the entirely obliterated, having been paint ancients were uo strangers to painting doors,




[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]


71" ;37.7 2.33

year 800.


Ancient Paintings in Westminster Abbey.

305 &c. with oil. The art it appears was ip- at Coronations." This fact we do not vented in the Byzantine en pire about the find noticed by Mr. Moule.

For a long time Constantinople furnished all Europe with artists through

The other panels, Mr. Gough con. the medium of Venice, and to this city the tinues, " have been the sport of idle art of Oil-painting seems soon to have pass- boys, and are completely scratched ed; hence its progress to Lombardy, where

out. One, however, undoubtedly rea book was written by Theofilus, probably a presenting King Edward the ConfesGrecian Monk, about the year 1000, which sor, was so far perfect in 1791, that gives directions for oil-paintings, and is call- Mr. Schnebbelie was able to make a ed “Tractatus Lombardicus.' Eraclius, ano- drawing of it (see Plate II.) and it ther old author, proves its use anterior to was engraved in his Antiquaries' MuVan Eyck, to whom Vasari has attributed its invention. Vide Raspe's Essay on Oil

King Edward is represented clothed Painting, London, 1781, 4to.

in a tunic and loose robe; his head “The most ancient pictures in the Musée Royal at Paris, 1874, are said to have

crowned, and surrounded by a nimbus been painted at Prague about 1357, being In Sis left hand he bears a sceptre,'

or glory; his beard long and curled. figures of St. Ambrose and St. Augustin, by Theodoric de Prague ; and the Crucifixion, and in his right his constant symbol, by Nicholas Wurmser de Strasbourg; while the ring, which, according to his wellthe portraits on these panels bear every in- known legend, he gave to St. John the dication of having been executed at the Evangelist, when that saint, in the form time of the opening of the new Church for of a poor man, asked alms of him at the Divine Service, 13th October, 1269 ; at foundation of a church dedicated to which time the choir appears to have been completed, being in the fifty-fourth year of the next compartment, as there can be

the saint, at Clavering in Essex. In the reign of Henry III."

no doubt, St. John stood to receive the That front of the stalls which faces gift, and to him we may conclude the Ambulatory, has always been open King Edward's legend was addressed, to view; and is engraved in Dart, Ac- as King Sebert's to St. Peter. kermann, and Neale. It was not so There is stone figure in Henry the splendidly ornamented as the princi- Seventh's Chapel, which represents pal front; but like it exhibited four King Edward in the same manner. figures. These paintings have faded In a woodcut in the Golden Legend away and peeled off under the public printed by Winkin de Worde, 1527, eye, being visible to all entering the

we have him drawn exactly in the Church at the most frequented and, same fashion. till lately, public door, that of Poet's Corner. The four figures they repre.

The Chapel of Romford, Essex, in

which parish the King's Palace of sented are said to have been St. Peter,

Havering-atte-Bower was situated, is St. John the Baptist, King Sebert, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. King Edward the Confessor.

Edward the Confessor; and in the Weever tells us that verses, by way East window of the South aile, as we of question and answer, were placed are informed by Weever, were “the underneath the figures; that St. Peter

pictures of Edward the Confessor and was represented talking to King Se

the two pilgrims,” who brought him bert; and that the inscription under

back the ring when returned by St. him was these Leonine verses :

John, with this inscription: Wic, her Seberte, pausas; mihi con: dita per te

Johannes per peregrinos misit Regi Haec loca sustravi, demum lustrando Edwardo (the rest broken out with the glass]. dicaui.

A portraiture of King Edward, as One of the panels, which was doubt- renewed in 1707, under the direction less the first (ihat stands fourth on the of “ John Jarmin, Chapel-Warden," other side, and contains no remains of still remains in the chancel window of painting), was (says Mr. Gough, in the Romford Chapel, but the costume Introduction to his Sepulchral Monu- of this figure,” Mrs. Ozborne informs ments, p. xcii.) deprived of its remain- us, in her History of Essex (which Hising colours, when it was taken out to lory, by the bye, we much wish she form “a passage to some of the Royal would proceed with), appears to have Family, who were seated in this tonb assumed more from the taste and fancy Gent. Mag. October, 1825.


your readers.

306 On the Introduction of Children inlo Company. [Oct. of the painter who“ renewed” it, than the different enjoyments of maturer from the original.

age, by forcing infants and infantine We shall now conclude this long ar- games at unseasonable times, as in a ticle by remarking that the saints on late visit where I was invited to drink both sides the Westminster seats were, tea and spend the evening with a sethere is no doubt, erased as long since lected party of both sexes, eminent for as the Reformation, while the Kings genius and taste; men of learning, senwere preserved, as usual, because not sible women, from whose mixed conconsidered idolatrous images. Edit. versation I expected the highest intel

lectual entertainment, having disenMR. URBAN,

Sept. 14. gaged myself from a pleasurable party 'HE following is a curious Letter to a place of public resort, that I might tended for a late periodical paper ; per- youthful expectation, I flew into the haps it may be acceptable to some of coach at the appointed hour, and found

A. H. with the lady who called for me a

child about seven years old. I was There are some evils which, tho' pleased with her aspect, she being a they do not come under the denomi- very pretty girl, the daughter of a gennation of vice or immorality, are yet tieman distinguished for abilities in by their frequency and consequences, the line of literature, as well as for bis worthy of notice; such are all those rank and fortune. The child was inwhich'interrupt and interfere with the troduced by my friend to the company, pleasures of society, amongst which who were all intimate with her father, may be reckoned the intrusion of chil- so that much attention was paid to dren, introduced by the partiality of Miss. She behaved modestly, and I relations into company, at too early an was pleased with her, till I had the age either to give or receive satisfac- mortification to find that no other contion from sensible conversation, which versation could be attempted but such they entirely prevent, when allowed to as was adapted to the comprehension engross attention, every one by the of seven years old! And next a proJaws of civility being obliged to smile posal was started for her to dance a and seem pleased at the nonsense of ininuet, when my heart Auttered with little miss or her brother.

apprehension of being chosen for her I will briefly give an example to partner, as I was the youngest person justify my complaint, but beg' leave present. So it happened; the child was first to premise that I deserve not to be sent to ask me : 10 refuse seemed imstigmatized as one of those monsters possible, the imputations of rudeness, who do not love children, the fear of ill-nature, and affectation, all struck which reproach forces many people on my imagination. I was therefore into the absurdity of affecting a fond- obliged, with the best grace I could, ness they cannot feel, and of acting a and the worst humour that ever I felt part to gain the hearts of parents or for a dance, to exhibit before a small friends. Besides that, the love of formal circle, more formidable to me children always conveys the idea of than the finest ball-room filled with good nature, and who would not wish mixed company, where the attention to obtain a character so amiable? and would have been divided. I had no nothing is more pleasing than to see sooner recovered this effort, than a the aged, philosophical, and wilty, con- country dance was proposed, one lady descending to play with infants, and to only singing. This aniusement I here be amused by their simplicity, inno- regretted, as it exhausted that time I cence, and chearful recreations,—I hoped would have been employed to only mean that, according to Solomon, better purpose ; yet I still expecied rethere should be a time for all things. lief from the arrival of a manly youth In justice to myself, I declare I love about 14 years old, a Westminster every child I behold; their helpless scholar, yet modest, polite, and unafstate, their incapacity to offend, with fected, whose natural abilities and acnumberless engaging looks and actions, quired improvements were of uncomtouch the benevolent heart, and I feel mon brilliancy. I wanted an oppor. a tenderness, with a desire to make tunity to converse with him, and had them happy more than I know how to some subjects in store to engage him, express; but I would not infringe on but found he also was dooined to be


« ZurückWeiter »