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1825.] On reading the Burial Service in Churches.

299 Laughter is too loud for sympathy, latter we beg to dissent; for if Clergywhich is an internal feeling or passion. men of the present day do wrong by Job 8. 21; Ps. 126. 2. 6. Sympathy neglecting their duty, they must exis a cause of joy, Gen. 21. 6; Isa. 66. pect it to be noticed and to be told 10. Now the majority of these pas- of it. sages obviously condemns Laughier ; I know not what substantial reason and the wise King condemns it by de- is or can be given for such a refusal : claring sorrow to be preferable, Eccl. if indeed a person, no matter of what 7. 3; and that Laughter is the symbol age, dies of an infectious disease, a of a fool, ib. 7.6; and the Apostle Clergyman may be warranted, from a James 4. 9, recommends to the dou- regard to the living, in exerting such ble minded, and to others who are ac- an authority; but to talk of age as an customed to drown their transgressions objection, is ridiculous. It does not in boisterous mirth, to let their Laugh- appear from the Rubrick that the offiter be turned to mourning, and their ciating Minister has any discretionary joy to heaviness!

power or option, if the relatives of the There is no work extant of so high deceased require it; and I would ask authority for moral and practical phi- such a Clergyman if he imagines the losophy as the Sacred Scriptures, in immortal soul of a young person to be which the human heart is so truly de- less dear to the all-merciful God of veloped, and its frailties considered and our nature, than the soul of other hu.' exposed, and if every man while he man beings, however aged they may reads it would apply to himself the be; indeed the usual inference is, that language of Nathan, he would never children are more spotless, as being close the book without profiting by less contaminated by the world. the research not only in his life, but That part of the Burial Service, in eternity!

namely, the beautiful and sublime You have known me long enough, Epistle of St. Paul to the Corinthians, dear Octogenarius, to be sensible that which is read in the church, is so im-, I am not here putting in any claim to pressive, that the heart and mind of the rank of a crying philosopher, nor every one that hears it, must be caleren of those ancient cynics of either lous indeed if they do not feel a reliGreece or Rome, who denied the gious awe; it is calculated to turn the blessing of a comfortable smile, or a thoughts so upon a future state of ex. cheerful hour in conversation with a istence, as to amend our lives and friend. But I think you will recollect make us better Christians; it may inthat all our hours of rational recreation duce such religious reflections and such have been enlivened by the satisfac- a conduct in life here, as to produce tions we have cultivated in more sedate content and happiness, and blessings and philosophical pursuits; and that which all the riches of this world can although neither of us have laughed neither give or take away. Whenever much either at or in society, yet none I have heard it read, it has thrown a have more exquisitely enjoyed the as- serenity over my inind, and abstracted sociations of our intimate friends. me from all worldly concerns. I have Yours, &c.

A. H. relieved the distressed with more kind.'

ness; I have spoken to and treated my Mr. URBAN,

Sept. 9. family and domestics with more than 'HE Laity are in general so occu- usual' affection; in short, I am conpied with their worldly concerns,

vinced I have been better for it as a as very seldom to trouble themselves man and a Christian ; and may it not about Ecclesiastical affairs; and it may have the same beneficial effect upon excite surprise in many of your readers others ? to hear that some Clergymen of the When all the Burial Service is read Church of England refuse to permit over the mortal remains of a beloved the corpse of a person under 14 or 15 child or other relative, and all the comyears of age to be carried into the forts of our religion administered, we church. We live in too enlightened return to our homes soothed that we an age to pay implicit obedience to have performed our last solemn duties, the maxim of the ancient canon law, and we more confidently rely upon the “Sarcedotes honorandi sunt non judi. mercies of our Creator. When the candi." To the first part of this rule Service is curtailed and imperfectly we most willingly subscribe; from the performed, it leaves an impression

upon bore ments,

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M. Belanger's Journey to Persia.

[Oct. upon the mind, that “ we have left we passed through a desert, the soil of undone those things which we ought which is quite saltish, and is only into have done ;” and we are dissatisfied habited by the Iliales, a wandering at having that mournful consolation tribe, whose tents were scattered over withheld, which the benevolence of the plains. It was at Natchievan, that the Divine Author of our religion we were met by Emir, Kan-Beyg, would not have denied.

whom the hereditary Prince of Persia Yours, &c. ORTHODOX. had sent before M. de Richemont, to

serve as his Mimhandar (a kind of Mr. URBAN,

gentleman of honour). Having passed THE "He following letter, dated Tauris, the Axai by a ford, we soon arrived at

May 28, and written by M. Be- the banks of the Araxes, which we langer, Botanist to the French King at ourselves crossed on rafts of timber, Poudicherry, contains an interesting while our horses swam over it. Not narrative of part of his journey over far from this river, and on the way to land to India, performed this summer Marent, we passed through a very danwith the Viscount Desbassayns de gerous defile between rocks, which Richemont :

was unsafe to travellers : last year a We left Teflis (the capital of Persian caravan, escorted by five hundred men, Georgia) on the 15th of April, and had been set upon and robbed here. thanks to the kindness and care of Ge- Aster clambering over the Mounneral Yermoloff, Chief of the Army of tains of Michove, which, though not the Caucasus, we had every thing pre- very high, were still covered with pared for us to facilitate our journey. snow, we got down into the valley in The appearance of the country of which Tauris stands. At some disTeflis and Karaklisse is mountainous, tance from this city, the Governor's and presents nothing interesting: The son, accompanied by Prince Abbas Prince of the latter, a Georgian by Mirza, Secretary of State, came, atbirth, gave us an excellent reception, tended by a numerous escort of cavalry, and got up for our amusement some to pay their respects and compliments theatricals, acted by his soldiers, whose to M. Richemont. The Secretaries singing in chorus had a very agreeable of the Russian Legation, and a crowd effect. He commands the Russian of Mirzas and Kans, either from army in this frontier. The Prince courtesy or curiosity, I know not which, himself accompanied us as far as Gormi, joined our cavalcade, which was now the last city of his Government, and increased by a corps of infantry which sent us from that under the protection awaited our entry at the faux bourgs. of Beygler Bey of Tauris, who was re- The variety of costume, and of their turning from a mission to General colours, the strangeness of the figures, Yermoloff, and was then proceeding and the melange of French and Ruswith his suite into Persia.

sian uniforms, in the midst of the At the entrance to Erivan we were Asiatic dresses-on one side a crowd met by a Kan with a numerous escort, of foot soldiers armed with bayonnected who conducted us to our lodging, musquets on the other, Persian horsewhich was the house of the Governor men exercising in the course, and the of that city. From our apartment we other usual amusements--the order and had a view of Mount Ararat and Etza- disorder which at once prevailed in niatzin, or the Three Churches, built our march - altogether exhibited to on the very place where the Ark rested. Our view a very curious and not unenThe Zenguy rolled its murmuring bil. tertaining appearance. After being lows beneaih us; Erivan, which the complimented at the gates of the city Persians consider the Boulevard of their by a respectable deputation, M. Richeempire, is only defended by mud walls. mont was conducted to the Governor's

At Davilly and Nourachim we had abode, where lodgings were prepared the very agreeable pleasure of seeing for him. the Persian cavaliers come to meet us ; A few days after our arrival Prince on their way they had a sham battle, Abbas Mirza informed Viscount de exhibited their feetness on horseback, Richemont that he would receive him and threw the lance, which they par- on the following day, and according to ried off with admirable dexterity and custoin sent him some sweetmeats address.

(sucreries). We were received by this Before arriving at Natchievan, which Prince with all the Asiatic pomp and is said to have been founded by Noah, ceremony: horses richly caparisoned

to his person.

M. Belanger's Journey to Persia.

301 bore us to the gates of the palace, same ceremony already described. Just while we were preceded by the baton- as M. Richemont was retiring, Abbasblow dealers, who had occasion to ex- Mirza told him that, being now his ercise their calling by dispersing the friend, he expected he would send crowd that pressed upon us.

On com- him accounts of himself, wherever he ing into his Highness's presence, M. de should happen to be. Richemont presented with his own I owe to my profession the honour hands (which is a signal honour), the of having been consulted, in turn, by Jetter of which he was the bearer. the lowest and the highest personages The pesches, or presents, placed on a of the State. From the Prince Kans silver plate, was carried by a Ferach. and Mirzas down to the valets, &c. all The Hereditary Prince was particularly came to me. Did I cure them? Or kind in the reception he gave M. de have I only comforted them? Of this Richemont, and among other gracious I know nothing. But one thing I things said to him:

know, that I have the consolation of “ I like France. You are a Frenchman, not having killed any of them, which, consequently my friend; all the provinces for a medical man, is saying a great of my Government are at your diposal.” deal. To the same qualification of

Abbas-Mirza is an amiable Prince. being a disciple of Hippocrates I owe His conversation is lively, and his the exquisite favour of having had acmanners insinuating; his features cess to several harems. are handsome and regular, but much Two pretty eyes, an aquiline nose, a altered from the sufferings caused hin handsome mouth, with a somewhat by a very inveterate liver complaint. elongated figure, is the general descripIn my quality of physician he conde- tion of the Persian ladies; but there scended to consult me, and was very are among then some ugly dames too, much surprised to find my advice con- as in other places. formable to that of an English physi- We are preparing to set out in a few cian, named Cormac, who is attached days for Teheran. Hitherto our col

lections in natural history are not very This Prince granted the Viscount a considerable, but we shall shortly enter second audience, which was private, a country where I expect we shall be and appeared excessively long to the enabled to gather a rich harvest, partilatter, who was invited to sit beside cularly in botany. The season is bethe Prince, and being obliged to do so, ginning to be very favourable. a la Persane, he was compelled 10 remain for two hours in a very distress

Ancient PAINTINGS ing attitude to a European—that is,

IN WESTMINSTER Abbey. on his ankles and bended knees (tailor

N our Review of Mr. Harding's wise).

Antiquities in Westminster AbEight days after, the Prince gave us hey” (p. 152), we proposed to recur to an entertainment in his villa. We the discussion on the ancient Wooden met there several persons of distinction, Enclosure near the Altar, written by and among the rest

, l'executeur des the Editor Mr. Moule. We now propetites æuvres. The place in which ceed to do so, having, for our readers' we were received was ornamented with better satisfaction, been allowed to a great number of paintings and por- copy a very neat woodcut, traits, among which we observed those This oaken enclosure has been hi. of Alexander and Selim, and a third, therto considered to be the shrine, or which we were astonished to see figure the canopy of the tomb, of Sebert, there. During the entertainment, a King of the East Saxons, the reputed number of dancers and singers exerted founder of the Church; but, that even their utmost to ainuse the guests. Their the freestone altar-tomb on which it instruments consist of drums made of stands, was erected to the memory of cloth, of tambourines, the cases of that monarch, appears improbable. which were of dried clay, and a sort of That such a monument was erected, guitar, and a cherwan, which produced soon after the building of the present sounds like those of a bagpipe.

Church, in the reign of Henry III. Yesterday (the 27th) the Prince sig- has been handed down by history or nified that he would again admit M. tradition ; but the appropriation of this Richemont to his gardens, to grant tomb to King Sebert's name seems to him the audience de Conge. This took have originated from Camden (who is place in the same way and with the the first known writer on the Monu.


On Sebert's Tomb" in Westminster Abbey.

(Oct. ments, and published his account of the altar standing between the priests and them in 1600) having stated merely the people in the Roman Basilica, and in all that King Sebert was buried in the ancient Churches in Italy. East part of the Abbey. Hence, and

“ The Chancel of the English Church is hence only, succeeding authors have still entirely appropriated to the Clergy; called this Sebert's Tomb.

and formerly the Laity were most strictly But that it was erected in the reign excluded by the Cauon, as is more familiarly of Henry III. cannot be maintained, expressed in an old verse, since it bears characteristic marks of

“Cancello Laicos probibet Scriptura the æra of Edward IV. Of these the pe sibi pregumant Christi secreta vi


(bere,” most authoritative is this :-there is carved in the back of the recess an

Both sides of this erection formerly

exhibited four painted figures; but that heraldic symbol peculiar to the latter monarch's reign--the Rose en Soleil, represented in ihe engraving, being the a badge or cognizance which Edward front, was by far the most splendid of

the two.

And here it should be reIV. is reported to have assumed in commenuoration of his signal victory marked, that until the preparations over the Lancastrian party in the de made for the last Coronation, when cisive battle of Mortimer's Cross, Feb.

the incongruous Grecian altar-piece 2, 1461. It is thus proved, that the presented

by Queen Anne was removtomb cannot claim the early date as

ed, this front was concealed from view signed, whilst, on the other hand, the by screens, which never changed their wooden superstructure has every indi

positions but when the Coronation cation of the æra of Henry III.; the ceremony was preparing. Once in. foriner, therefore, has no further con

deed, in the year 1775, they disappeared

for a short lime, but it was only that nection with the latter, than as affording it support. We also agree with pannel might take the place of tapestry. Mr. Moule, that if the tomb had been

The antiquaries of the day did not, that of King Sebert, the monument of them. Sir Joseph Ayloffe compiled a

however, let the opportunity escape so highly reverenced a

personage would have fronted the Choir, not the Am.

long memoir on the subject, which bulatory. It is a plain, but decisive

was read before the Society of Antiproof, that the tomb and the super- nine beautiful engravings, one of which

quaries, and published in folio with structure are unconnected, that their principal fronts are on contrary sides ; the two figures, said to represent Se

represents the North front, another and the former, as Mr. Moule says, bert and Henry III., a third, various

can hardly be considered as a restoration of an ancient tomb, the wood- Countess of Lancaster, and one that of

ornaments; the monument of Aveline work of which, if a part of it, still remains comparatively perfect, –at least Anne of Cleves, which were both dis

closed at the same time*. more mutilated bydesign than by decay. So much for the Tomb and its age culties of access, another view of this

In 1812, notwithstanding the diffibeing determined, we leave the ques. front, assisted doubtless by Sir J. AyLion as to whose memory it was really loffe's plates, was produced for Ackererected, to be the theme of future con

Like jecture. We shall proceed to describe mann's History of the Abbey. ihe subject of the woodcut.

all the engravings in that work, it is in These stalls Mr. Moule considers to loured, in our opinion, as to convey an

aquatint and coloured, and so well cobe two centuries older than the Tomb, at the first erection of the present hand

of Time on the original. and to have been actually constructed excellent idea of the sombre obscurity

and darkness visible conferred by the Choir, “previous to the opening of the New Church for divine service, on

The great merit of Mr. Harding's the 13th of October, 1269."

drawings is their minute accuracy; but

an additional value attaches to them “ It answers in every respect to the exact from their representing more than the situation of the Sedilia Parata of the Offi- abovementioned. A wooden chest or ciating Priests, during the celebration of temporary boarding (which Sir J. AyHigh Mass, such as are still remaining in loffe absurdly designated the sarcophamany of our ancient Churches, although gus of King Sebert and the altar table ments or other objects, erected before them, where mass was said on the day of his These seats were originally derived from the * These plates were afterwards inserted Consessus Clericorum of the Latin Church; in vol. ii. of the “ Vetusta Monumenta."


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1925.] Stalls near the Altar, Westminster Abbey.

303 anniversary, though, as we are told by “ The open and most ornamented side of Dart, it was merely a box made to this enclosure, which is in four compartcontain" books and keys, for the use ments of large-size, is faithfully represented of the Church,') concealed the lower on the vignette; and the paintings which part of the figures; nor was this re

remain on the back of these stalls form the moved till it was done at the request subjects of Plates 1, 2, and 3. The Caof Mr. Harding, whilst he was making their design to the sculptured sides of the his drawings. How much of the paintings were thus recovered, will ap- (who died about 1290); they are adorned

monuments of Eleanor, Queen of Edward I. pear by drawing a line across the vig- with crockets of an ancient form, with open nette, parallel with the top of the re- circles containing trefoils within the angles mains of the second figure, which was of the gables T. Between each canopy rose wholly gained. And this concealment a light pinnacle, all of which have been seems to have never been imagined by broken. The three centre pinnacles spring former draughtsmen, from the figures, from carved heads, two crowned and one mias before seen, being quite tall enough tred, beautifully executed, which have a very for their due proportiou *.

easy reference to the support of the Church, We proceed with our description in derived from the piety of the Monarchs or Mr. Moule's words :

the good government of the Bishops.

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* A still more striking example of this fault is the figure of St. Faith, in the Chapel of St. Blaze, which was supposed by Mr. Schnebbelie to have been painted by the same artist as those on “the shrine of King Sebert." See it engraved in vol. xci. ii. 497.

+ These canopies have been recently painted, but the ancient colouring was minutely described by Sir Joseph Ayloffe. Much stained glass was introduced. See the work now under notice, p. 6.

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