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208

I am

Abow me to remark, pa the let

Pamily of Greaves ---Cheapness of Provisions. (Sept. the netting, and tumbling the whole may likewise be seen in Lysons's Enmass which was in flames into the virons of London. sea." To explain this statement on Yours, &c. FRANCIS Graves. physical principles exceeds my research; and inserting it only for its Mr. Meadows also informs us surprising contrast to the greasy sys- that he has met with another portrait tem of the Turkish riggers with the of one of this family, bearing the folobvious consequences, Yours, &c. Hans HIJORNOR. lowing inscription :

“ Lucilla Anna Maria Graves, daughter

of the Rev. R. Graves, Rector of Claverton Mr. URBAN, 20, Pall Mall. end of Croscombe, Somerset, and grandter of I. E. in that au

kleton, Gloucestershire, died March 10th, thor of the very interesting work on

1922, aged 57.-S. Baptiste, Lith. de G.

Engebriann."
the Pyramids, and other publications,
60 far from being Richard Graves, was

On the back of the engraved pornot even named Richard, but was Mr. trait of John Graves, gent, who died John Greaves, a learned traveller, geo

in London, aged 103 years, in 1616, metry professor of Gresham College, as noticed in vol. xciv. ii. 602, is the and Savilian professor of Astronomy at following memorandum : Oxford, and who formed Archbishop “Hugh Graves, a younger brother of the Laud's splendid collection of MSS. venerable John Graves, was Lord Mayor of There is a small etching of his portrait York, and M. P. for that city in several Parby Sir Edm. Marmion. He died in liaments of Queen Elizabeth." 1652, twenty-eight years before Mr. Hugh Graves was Sheriff of the city Richard Graves was born.-The lat- of York in 1559, M.P. for the same in ter was, however, as the Rev. (not Sir) 1570 and 1571, and Lord Mayor in P. Meadows stated in vol. xciv. ii. 1578. He was the ancestor of the 602, a very eminent Antiquary and Yorkshire branch of the family, and genealogist, and intimate with Thores of the late celebrated Admiral Lord by and Hearne, the latter calling him Graves. From John Graves his bro“ his egregious friend.”

ther, the Gloucestershire Graves de. I beg also to add an account of the rived their pedigree. following very scarce

monumental

Mr. Meadows enquires when Sir print engraved by Vertue, which ap- Philip M. became Latin Secretary. pears to be unknown 10 Mr. Mea

Epit. dows. It is inscribed at top:

- The Monument of Mrs. Eleanor Graves, Mr. URBAN, Enfield, Aug. 9. her father-in-law, mother, and four sons.'

I

HAVE in my possession various Under the busts of herself, mother,

documents respecting the cheapfather-in-law, and small figures of her

ness of Provisions in the olden time.

If four sons, appears the following:

think the following worthy, to

occupy a niche in your imperishable “ Here under are interred the bodyes of

pages, it is at your service. H.J.S. John Bentley, esq. and Ellenor his wife, the relict of Thomas Bates, gent. by whom she had issue an only daughter Ellenor (here

Anno Domini 1561. also interred); she married to Richard Wm. Minguy, Esq. Mayor of the Graves of Lincoln's Inne, esq. by whom she Citty of Norwich, his Expenses for a had issue six sonnes and nine daughters, of Dinner in the which hee feasted the wbom foure, viz. Richard, John, Richard,

Duke of Norfolke, and the Lords, and Benjamin, are here likewise buried. The

Knights, and Gentrey. said John Bentley dyed the 26th of Feb.

d. 1660, aged 65 years. Ellenor his wife dyed the 12th of Aug. 1657,

aged 63 years, and Iinp. Beef with loyn gk 8 per Ellenor, her daughter, dyed the 4th of May,

stone, 141b. to the stone

4 1656, aged 39 years.

2 collers of Brawne

1 4

4 Geese And at the bottom of the engraving: 8 pints of Butter

6 “ In the parish church of Richmond in

i fore quarter of Veale

0 10 Surry--G. Vertue sculp."

1 after-quarter of Veale

1 0 A description of this Monument i leg of Mutton

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Litho. 12 Fludyer SteWestm.'

PLAN of the POWDER PLOT CELLAR and other BUILDINGS,

Adjoining the old Palace, Westminster.

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1925.) Account of the Powder Plot Cellar, Westminster. 209 A logn of Mutton and shoulder

D. Cloysters to St. Stephen's Chapel, of Veale

09 now Speaker's House. A brest and coller of Mutton 0 7 E. Speaker's Garden. 6 Plover

0 F. Mr. Hatsell's house. 4 brace of Partridges

G. Mr. Hatsell's garden. 4 couple Rabbets

8 H. Old brick building, since removed. 2 Pigs

1 0 I. Court of Requests, present House 4 couple of Henns'

2 0 of Lords.. 2 couple of Mallard

1 F. Gallery from House of Commons 34 Eggs

0 6 to Painted Chamber. 2 bushels of Flowre

6 K. Cotton Garden. 16 loaves wbit Bread

04 L. Painted Chamber. 18 loaves wheaton Bread 09 M. Irregular brick buildings, erect3 loares Messelin

03 ed against it. 1 barell Double Beer

6 N. Waghorn's Coffee house. i barell Small Beer

0 0. Part of Cellars below, but cover1 quarter of Wood .

2 2 ed with Committee-rooms for the Lords. Nutmegs, Mace, Cinnamon and

P. Staircase from Cellar up to Painted Graises

0 3 Chamber. 4 pound Barbery Sugar

6 Q. The House which Percy first Fruit and Almonds

O 7 hired. Sweet Water and Perfumes 04 R. A smallenclosure, joining Powder 16 Oranges

0 2 Plot Cellar, and opening into it. 2 gall. clarrett Wine

2 0 S. Powder Plot Cellar, under the

05 Old House of Lords. 1 quart Malmsey

05 T. Irregular Brick Buildings. I quart Barturu

0 3 U. Prince's Chamber. 1 quart Muskadine.

0 6 V. A small Court, leading into Pare

liament Place. 2.1 17 0 W. A Passage from Cotton Garden

into Parliament Place. Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 16.

X. Part of Old Palace Yard.

Y. Part of Parliament Place. I SEND you for insertion a plan of the Powder Plot Cellar, and other

The particulars of the Powder Plot, buildings adjoining, taken from some

and the circumstances attending its memoranda and measures, made by discovery, are of course too well known myself and two other persons some to need repetition. All that is here years since, while those buildings were intended, therefore, is to ascertain and remaining unaltered. Very few per- point out the several spots, to which sons, it is believed, were ever in the the narrative refers. Cellar, or knew where it was situated;

When, in a meeting of the conspiand there is reason to think, that no

rators, in a house behind St. Clement's similar plan may be in existence, but Church in the Strand, about the middle to a certainty none has ever been be- of Easter Term 1603, as it seems, the fore published. And, as the build- nature of the plot had been decided. ings, which were part of the old palace, Percy, one of the conspirators, was sent have in the late 'alterations at West- to hire a house at Westminster, which minster (to speak at least of the old Fawkes and Winter, in their separate House of Lords, the Powder Plot Celo confessions *, subsequently made, deJar, and the house which the conspi- scribe as near adjoyning to the Parlia.' rators first occupied) all been destroyed, ment House. Winter, in his confesit was thought important to endeavour sion t, says it belonged to one Ferris, thus to preserve and perpetuate the and that Catesby, one of the conspiraremembrance of them.

tors, was the person who hired it, and Explanation of Plan.

thereby became, as Ferris before was,

tenant to Whinyard. Lord Salisbury, A. Part of the Commons Committee Rooms, Westminster Hall, &c.

# See them inserted in a book, entitled, B. Lobby to House of Commons. “ The Gunpowder Treason, with a Discourse

C. House of Commons, formerly St. of the manner of its discovery," 12mo, 1679, Stephen's Chapel.

PP. 41, 51.

+ Ibid. p. 51. GENT. MAG. September, 1825.

in

910 Account of the Powder Plot Cellar, Westminster. [Sept. in a Letter in Winwood's State Papers, their mine, that by Christmas they vol. ii. p. 170, says, that Percy hired a had brought their mine to the wall, part of Vyniard House, in the Old and about Candlemas had wrought the Palace; evidently mistaking the name, wall half through t." After this he instead of Winyard's house, as belong- says, “ about Candlemas they worked ing to Wingard. That person, Win- another fortnight in the mine against

hard to yord, in a relation inserted in the Ar- the stone wall, which was very chæologia, vol. xii. p. 207 *, is men- beat through."

beat through. Fawkes says. "truly tioned as having the keeping of some it was three yards thick 1." He speaks of the King's stuff, and as having been of the foundation wall, which of an honest and ancient servant of the course was the thickest; and the wall: late Queen. So that evidently he was of the superstructure, above ground, keeper of the wardrobe. The same was on measuring it, in one place relation also speaks of Wingard's hav- found to be, in that instance, 6 feet 8. ing let some part of a room under the inches and an half, which is but 2 feet Parliament Chamber, to one that used 34 inches short of that measure. About it as a cellar, who is afterwards named Easter 1604-5, it was, that while they as Thoinas Percy. Speed 7 points it were working, they heard the noise of out still more particularly as a certain removing.coals in the adjoining cellar G. edifice, adjoining the wall of the Par- On sending round, they found the liainent House, which served for with. cellar was to be let. They immediately drawing rooms for the assembled took it, and this was, beyond all doubt, Lords, and out of Parliament was at the great cellar under the old House of the dispose of the Keeper of the Place Lords, which is marked in the plan (Palace] and Wardrobe thereto be- with the letter S. Smith, in the Anfonging." And this account of Speed's, tiquities of Westminster, has given so far as it speaks of the House as con- views of the elevations of the four sisting of withdrawing rooms for the sides of this cellar, in the lowest of Lords, is confirmed by Winter's con. which, as it stands in the plate, may fession, in which he mentions the ne- be seen in a recess near the right hand cessity they at one time experienced of extremity, as the beholder looks at it, postponing their work, because the the door through which Guy Fawkes, Scotch Lords were appointed to sit in

when he had fired the train, was, to conference on the Union in Percy's have made his escape. This he was house 1.

to have done by crossing a small court, Unquestionably, from all these cir- marked V. in the plan, into Parliament cumstances of description, this must Place Y. and so to the water, at the have been a house which at one tiine further end of Parliament Place, where stood on the spot marked R in the a boat was to have been in waiting for plan. But the original house, existing him. A view of ihe stairs and landat the time of the Powder Plot, was ing place, at the end of Parliament afterwards pulled down, and replaced Place, which are now removed, and by another, which has also itself' been

the end of the passage

closed

up

with síuce destroyed. This last erection a wall, is given in an engraving, in was at one time used as the Ordnance Smith's Antiquities, from a drawing Office, and afterwards as one entrance communicated by Sir James Winter to the old House of Lords. While it Lake. continued the Ordnance Office, a view This cellar, which was 77 feet long, of it was taken by Wale, for the pur- 10 feet 3 inches high, and 24 feet 4 pose of insertion in “ London and its inches wide, was accessible two ways. Environs,” published in 1761, in which One from Cotton Garden, through a work it will be found engraven.

door under the North side of the This original house the conspirators Painted Chamber, a view of which occupied, and they continued in pos- may be seen in Smith's Antiquities;. session of it till about Easter 1605; the other from Parliament 'Place, for Fawkes, in his confession says, through the small court, marked V in that about i1 Dec. 1604, they began the plan, and so through the door,

above described as that through which P.

Fawkes inteuded to make his escape + Speed's History of England, edit. 1627,

t Fawkes' Confession, p. 41. Winter's Confessions, p. 52.

Ibid. p. 41,

Ibid. p.42.

• Ibid.

54.

p. 918.

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