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1825.) On the early History of St. Columb, Cornwall.

203 thence the burial-place of some dis- casting its awful gleam upon the sides of the tinguished Briton known by the name hills opposite, and carrying a strong terror of the Coyt. This monument is com

with it to the heart of every secret but posed of five massy stones, one cover. cowardly Christian. Here too i

suppose ing, three supporting, and one but

was seen the Virgin Saint of Christianity, tressing, and strikes upon the

already a confessor, soon to be a martyr, solitary remnant of ancient grandeur, earth and bell could infict, as eager to pass

looking down with a smile upon all that over which ages have rolled, but which

on the wings of hovering angels to the pestill seems haughtily to plead for glories culiar blessedness of martyrs in eternitygone. Such was the tomb of a Bri- The Church was naturally fixed upon

the ush sovereign in the time of Diocle- very ground upon which its owo martyr had tian. Its surly magnificence has, how- suffered.” ever, been long since appropriated as a Castle-an-Dinas, which rears its bar receptacle for pigs, and the antiquary ren summit a short distance South of surveys this humiliating exchange with St. Columb, is one of the most consifeelings scarcely less powerful than derable earth-works in the county, and those which filled the mind of the

was formerly known by the appellaclassic enthusiast on beholding the tion of King Arthur's Castle: the untemple of Peace in the Roman forum cultivated tract of land which widely converted into a sheepfold;

extends itself around it is called the “Damnosa quid non imminuit dies!" Hor. Gos Moor, and was noticed as the

scene of the hunting excursions of the In proceeding to notice the emi- British prince, to commemorate which nently pious individual, to whom St.

a stone was heretofore shown bearing Columb is indebted for its name, it the impress of his horse's foot. Hals may be proper to refer to Camden, mentions a tradition of the ground who tells us from the iuforwation of having been once covered with trees, Nicholas Roscarrock, a gentleman from whence the Church of St. Cohighly prized by Carew for his indus- lumb was supplied with the wood netrious delight in matters of history and antiquity, that St. Columba was a holy time, however, the adjacent country

cessary, for its erection; in Leland's that time in the Cornish language, and presented a prospect as wild and desti

tute of foliage as at present. Hals also was in the possession of Mr. Roscarrock, who had translated it into Eng- cient British treble intrenchment;"

speaks of the castle as “a famous anlish; but the decay of the ancient but the other antiquarian authorities vernacular tongue, and the Gothic spi- appear more favourable to a Roman sit of Protestant indifference, equally origin. contributed to the neglect and final Independently, however, of these disappearance of this biographical me interesting associations connected with moit. Mr. Whitaker in his “Cathe- the British æra, St. Columb lays claim dral of Cornwall" (vol. 11. 82, 90) is to peculiar attention, as having been quite animated on the subject of the for so many centuries under the lordVirgin Martyr, and with his usual re- ship and patronage of the " great gard to topographical accuracy, thus Arundels of Lanherne," who for many sympathizes in her sufferings.

descents lie there interred; “ and “The King of Cornwall, a Pagan, resi- greatest stroke for love, living, and redent in the royal house of Trekyninge, pro- spect, in the country heretofore they bably in consequence of Diocletian's edict, bare,” (Carew, A.D. 1602, fo. 144). ordered a young woman of the Roman name It is needless to enter into a detail of of Columba to be put to death for her the eminent men who have descended Christianity. The scene of the execution from that illustrious stock: they were he directed to be North of his own house, indeed true in counsel, and trusty in behind the bill that backs it on the

North, peril

, and have achieved for themselves and upon the very site of the present Church- and for their name a goodly niche yard; ground sufficiently distant from his house not to annoy his feelings with either among the patriots of other days. The the sight or the hearing of the deed during Baron Arundels of Trerice originally its transaction, yet resting higher than any sprung from the same family, although immediately adjacent, even looking down there seems to be considerable differinto a steep valley on the North, and con ence of opinion with regard to dales ; spicuous from all the high lands beyond. some connecting the branches in DeHere I suppose the fatal fire was kindled, vonshire, others in Cornwall, through

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204

On the early History of St. Columb, Cornwall. (Sept. the house at Tolcarn. They both bear thus vested in the Wardour family, the same arms; Sable, six swallows was transferred by purchase about the in pile Argent, from the French hi- commencement of the present century rondella, in reference to their name; from James Everard, ninth Lord Arunthis bearing has been alluded to by del, to the late Thomas Rawlings, esq.* an early English poet in commenda- of Saunders Hill near Padstow, to tion of their valour. A.D. 1170. whom a view of the town is inscribed Hirundelæ velocior alite quæ dat

by Mr. Polwhele, in his History of Hoc agaomen ei, fut cujus in ægide dig. Cornwall.

The Rectory of St. Columb is one of Leland, indeed, says that the Tre- the most valuable in Cornwall : it is rice branch did not bear the same

estimated in the King's books at 53l. arms: this must have been either a 6s. 8d. The patronage was for several mistake, or at that time they might years the property of the Trefusis fahave borne those of Lansladron only, mily; and the present incumbent is Sable, three chevronels Argent, which the Rev. John Trefusis, brother of the they afterwards always quartered with late Lord Clinton. The parsonage those of Arundel. In support of this house is situated in a steep but fertile suggestion, Carew says,

Divers Cor. valley at the South of the church; it is nish gentlemen born younger brothers, surrounded by a spacious lawn, and and advanced by match, have left their the declivities of the hill, which rises own coats, and honoured those of their towards the town, have been judiwives with the first quarter on their ciously planted. A stream runs through shields, so that the arms of one stock the valley, which contributes to the are greatly diversified in the younger freshness and beauty, as well as to the branches." There were frequent col- calm and undisturbed retirement of lateral matches between the families at subsequent periods.

The house was built in the fifteenth The lordship of St. Columb was century by John Arundel, Bishop of originally part of the lands belonging Exeter, a younger son of Renfrey Arunto the Priory of Bodmin. In the thira del, Sheriff of Cornwall, in the 3d of teenth century it became the property

Edward IV. who removed the parsonof the Arundels, in which family it age from its original site, on the North continued until the death of Sir John side of the church, to its present situaArundel of Lanherne, in 1701, the tion in the valley. The dilapidated last of his house in Cornwall who bore remains of the old college or rectory, that name. Richard Arundel Bealinge, where Bishop Arundel received his esq. the son of his only daughter, who early education previously to his re.. inarried Sir Richard Bealinge, knt. moval to Exon College, Oxford, and succeeded to the family estates. This which Hals erroneously calls a college gentleman left two daughters; Frances, of Black Monks, were totally consumed ihe eldest, married Sir John Gifford of by an accidental fire in 1701. Burstall, co. Lincoln, bart. and died The Rectory houses of our island without issue; Mary, the youngest,

were originally the only schools for therefore became the sole representa education, and the inmates generally Live of the Lanherne Arundels, and consisted of the Rector and sis suborby marriage with Henry, seventh Ba- dinates ; the Deacon, Sub-deacon, and ron Arundel of Wardour in 1739, Acolyth; the exorcist, lector, and ose united two branches of the family, af- tiary; the Rector and Deacon in holy ter a separation of upwards of 200 orders, the remainder called Clerks, years. His monumental inscription from whence is derived the name of in Tisbury Church, Wilts, thus ele- the present assistants in our Churches. gantly commemorates this event: The domestic arrangements of these

“Qui Mariam Arundel, Laphernia in * Mr. Rawlings was for a long series of Cornubia stirpis, nobilissimam hæredem, years actively and honourably engaged as a accepit conjugem ; inde filio ex ea suscepto, Deputy Lieutenant and Magistrate for the clarissima hæc prosapia, quæ ultra duo sæ county of Cornwall. The commanding tacula fuerat divulsa, jam feliciter unita floret, lents and extended liberality of this gentleHoreatque semper, favente Deo."

man were highly estimated by those who This extensive manor having been had the pleasure of his acquaintance. He

died at his seat in 1820, in the 63d year of * Brito, alias Bretun, Phillippidos, Lib. III.

repo

his age.

1825.) St. Columb.-Sir Thomas Wilson's Epistola.

205 repositories of learning is strikingly il- this paper without transcribing an exlustrated by the preseni parsonage house tract from one of the unpublished maat St. Columb. This ancient building nuscripts of the late Dr. Børlase, on is quadrangular, and surrounded by a the Cornish families. The works of moat; it is therefore necessary to cross that gentleman, both as an historian a bridge, in order to reach the porch *. and naturalist, are truly valuable; but Mr. Whitaker thus enumerates the they cannot convey a sentiment more several apartments :

honourable to his memory than that “The Rector's parlour and school-room, contained in the following passage: on the left of the entrance, now form a par “ It is a melancholy reflection to look lour, kitchen, and pantry; the three dor back on so many great families as have formitories for the Rector, Deacon, and pu- merly adorned the county of Cornwall, and pils, which are approached by a stone stair are now no more. The most lasting have case to the chamber over the porch, have only their seasons more or less, of a certain become servants' bed-rooms; the hall on constitutional strength ;-they have their the right is now a parlour and lobby; the spring, and summer sunshine glare, their State bed-room for the reception of eccle

wane, decline, and death; they fourish and siastical dignitaries, and the spacious and shine, perhaps for ages ; at last they sicken, undoubted chapel of the whole are both ap- their light grows pale, and, at a crisis when proached by the grand staircase ; the for- the offsets are withered, and the whole stock mer has been altered into two stories, the is blasted, the whole tribe disappears, and latter is become a drawing room."

leaves the world as they have done CornSt. Columb is the most considerable wall. There are limits ordained to every town in the hundred' of Pyder ; the pa- thing under the Sun ;-man will not abide rish is a large one, and contains seve

in honour,--of all human vanities, family ral villages. A market and fair were pride is one of the weakest.Reader ! go granted in the 6th of Edw. III. (1333) thy way; --secure thy name in the Book of io Sir John Arundel of Lanherne. alters nor expires ;-leave the rest to heralds

Life, where the page fails not, nor the title The windows of the Church were ela- and the parish register." borately adorned with painted glass, Yours, &c.

T. H. bearing a representation of St. Columba with a dove in her hands, in allusion Mr. URBAN,

July 1. to her name; but they were all de R. DIBÚIN in his “ Library stroyed in 1760 by the explosion of a Companion,” p. 588, tells us, barrel of gunpowder kept in the rood speaking of Sir Thomas Wilson and loft; an accident attributed to the his writings, that "his slender liule carelessness of school-boys, ķhree of volume, entitled Epistola de vita et whom ́unfortunately, perished. Ren- obitu duorum fratruin Suffolciensium, frey Arundel, who died in 1310, made Henrici et Caroli Brandon,' 1552, 4to, considerable additions to the Church, is a volume to rack the most desperate and his successor Sir John founded with torture, as to the hopelessness of and endowed a chantry of five priests, its acquisition. The Bodleian Library 25 Edw. III. (1351.) In 1681. the possesses it; so does the British Mulofty steeple was destroyed by light-seum ; and so does Earl Spencer. ning, and has not since been replaced. Another copy is not known to me.” There were five chapels in the neigh- It happens, however, that a copy has bourbood situated at Tregoos, Tresyth. by accident come into my possession. ney, Lauhinzy, Ruthos, and Bospol- li was a duplicate for sale in 1769, van.

from the British Museum. My copy, In the time of Norden's survey(1584), however, is without date, and the cothere were twelve seats of the Arundels lophon has “ Excusum Londini in in Cornwall ; at present, however, the Ædibus Richardi Graftoni, typographi name of this celebrated house is ex- Regis, cum privilegio ad imprimendum Linct in this county, and I cannot close solum." As the book is scarce, some

of your readers may not be displeased Bishop Arundel moated the house

to see an extract or two from it. round with rivers and fish-ponds (Hals 63),

The first shall be a character of the and emulating the castellated style of building adopted by the neighbouring gentle- two brothers, written by Dr. Walter men, he erected an arched gateway and Haddon, regius professor of Civil Law drawbridge, the former of which “ remained in the University of Cambridge, which a few years since all wantled with ivy."— is prefixed to ibe “ Epistola" of Sir (Whitaker, 1804.)

Thos. Wilson,

“Dux

rerum,

200 Extracts from Sir Thomas Wilson's Epistola." (Sept.

“Dux ipse, licet nondum plane vir, ca- Græcè et Latinè conscripta," from men et annis ad juventutem pene adoleverat, which take the following specimen, et ingenio ad omnes res gerendas ita ema. chosen chiefly from its convenient turuerat, ut ex his omnibus nihil illi abes, length. The author, Robert Wisdom : set, quibus illustrem Personam vel ornari “Splendida Brandonum cecidit stirps, & deceret, vel institui conveniret. Gravis erat

domus alta sine superbia, comis sine levitate, docilitate summa, minimo ut studio esset opus : dili- Carole, morte tuâ spes ultima mæsta refugit,

Corruit, Henrici dum pia membra cadunt. gentiâ tamen ejusmodi quze naturam posset

Et fugiens, tales edidit ore sonos, etiam ex tarditate incitare. Sermo verd penè omnis et de doctrina fuit, & cum viris doctis,

Quàm mundus nihili est, fallax, quàm vanida quos & honoratissima cura matris illi multos

Copia? quàm mundi gloria, falsa, fugax ? circumfuderat, & ipse plures humanitate as

Quales, vix toto sol viderat aureus orbe, civerat sud. Nam cum dignitate principibus esset par, tamen generosa quadam inge

Tales, urna brevis pignora sancta tenet.” nuitate animi se cum infimis exequebat, si .

I shall only add the following dequidem ullas eruditionis aut ingenii notas in scription of their deaths, from the illorum orationibus inesse intellexisset. Jam Epistola : congressus nec muti illi erant, nec vulgares, “ Memorabile est quod Dux Henricus nec rerum colloquia ludicrarum aut levium, valens & incolumis horà cænæ dixit optimæ sed proponebat aliquid semper de quo & ipsc matronæ dominæ Margaretæ in menså illis dicebat, ut poteret, & alios audiebat liben- assidenti, quæ utrumq' naternâ pietate amter, si quid illis in mentem veniret. Oratio plectebatur. Ubi conabimus (inquit) sefuit illius sanè prompta & explicata, nec se quente nocte ? Illa modestè respondit, vel ipsa jactans, nec alios excludens, gravi qua-. in istis ædibus (spero) mi domine, vel alibi , dam perfusa modestia, quam mentis æqua- apud aliquem amicum tuum. Nequaquam bilitate perpetuâ sic turbatur, ut nec se ipse (inquit) ille. Nunquam enim post hac, unà unquain desereret in dicendo, nec acerbè hic conabimus. Cum matrona valde hac quenquam insectaretur. Reliqua vita quæ voce perterrita fuisset, ille ad tollendam quidem nobiscum acta est, vel tota literis ægritudinem jussit bono animo esse, & vuk transmissa, vel illis certè condita fuit, qua- tum ridens exporrexit. Tandem mater (vel rum studio sic exarserat, ut nec collegia, invidia judice) laudatissima, summo vespere nec scholas, nec otia, nec negotia, uno nec Bugdinum venit, & mox exosculata est filios, mensam, uno nec lectum, prorsus illarum quod utrumq' virum offendisset. Verùm expertes esse sineret. Itaq' minimo tem- Dux Henricus statim post in morbum incipore, maximarum in rerum doctrina sic evo dit, & tam graviter cruciatus est sudoris arlaverat, ut ejus etiam extemporalem in dis- dore, ut dolor tantus lacrymas vel durissimo serendo facultatem, multi possent metuere, exprimeret. Mater attonita medicum connemo contemnere deberet, laudarent sanè sulit, quem secum habebat, & omnes vias omnes, & admirarentur, quicunq' laude ipsi persequitur, quibus possit mederi. Quid aut admiratione digni aliquando sunt habiti. multis opus? Post quing' horas elapsus ex Erunt fortasse, qui vel hæc in illo non fuisse, hac vita est Princeps illustrissimus. ' Carovel non tanta fuisse credant, quanta meis ego lus eodem tempore graviter exæstuans, quo verbis illa facio. Sed hii quicung' sunt, aut frater mortuus est, & nihil de illo'ex cujusq' illum ignoraverunt, cujus vera virtus omnem sermone intelligens, separato nimirum colorationis vanitatem repudiebat, aut me pro- locatus & longe a fratre semoto cubieulo, fecto non norunt, qui ad publicum tam no tacitè, apud se commentabatur. Medicus bilis personæ testimonium, minimè sanè interrogat quamobrem sic cogitabundus esmendatium accommodare velim. Talis igi- set. Ego vero (inquit) cogito, quàm grave tur certè, talis Henricus ille Suffolciensis sit destitui charissimo amico. Quamobrem fuit, reliquis prestans universis adolescenti- quæso (inquit)? Respondit, rogas ? Frater bus, ipse tum adolescens, & jam appropin- mortuus est. Verùm non ita refert, brevi quans, ut aliis omnibus viris, ipse vir ante- subsequor. Atque ita post semihoræ spatium ferratur. Talis illi suecrevit frater Carolus, animam Deo commendavit, & frater fratrem pubescens quidem adhuc, ut in vità gemma, sequutus est, minor majorem, & Dux Dused qualem nostræ vites gemmam aut parem cem.” vix habent, aut certè preciosiorem omnino At the end of the volume are the non habent.”

two following epitaphs : If the above character can be at all “In Ducem Carolum Brandonum Patrem depended upon, and why may it not? Suffolciensibus, Joannes Parkehurstus. the sons of Charles Brandon appear to Carole te stravit Mors, quem Mars ipse nehave been young men of great promise. quebat: And this does not seem to have been a Est magnum, Mortis scilicet, Imperium." singular opinion. The “ Epistola” is « Thomas Wilsonus in Clarissimam Janam, followed by “ Epigramınata varia, tùm Angliæ Reginam, & Serenissimi Regis nostri Cantabrigiensium, tùm Oxoniensium Edwardi Sexti matrem.

Pignore

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1895.) Baron Maseres.-Successes of the Greeks.

807 Pignore jam nate, cecidit mox optima Jana. published in English by a Greek named Nempe ferunt soles sæcula nulla duos.”, Elias Habeski; but was not, as might

A copy of " that exquisitely rare at first be apprehended, a garbled acpiece” of Tom Nash, printed in 1594, count from the Baron de Tot, Lady 410, of which Mr. Dibdin (Library Mary Wortley Montagu, and others : Companion, p. 593) says, the only on the contrary, he is successful in known copy is in the library of the combating some of the Baron's stateMarquis of Stafford, is in the posses- ments, especially as regards the Turksion of Robert Reeve, esq. of Lowes- ish ladies.-A curious and important tost.

D. A. Y. particular respecting the marine of the

Sublime Porie is, that, to compensate Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 16. for their gross ignorance of the meAVING (twenty years ago) pass- chanical powers, the Turks have re

course to an extraordinary quantity of company of Mr. Baron Maseres, I grease. This, he says, is in the prolately availed myself of an opportunity portion of six to one, compared with to view the Monument erected to his what is used in the British Navy. If memory in the church-yard of Reigate this practice still prevails, it may be in Surrey. I transcribed the Epitaph, easily conceived that rigging so satuand by inserting it in your useful Mis- rated with unctuous matter must precellany, you will oblige a constant sent an inflammable surface singularly seader, Thos. JnO. BURGOYNE. fitted for the enterprises of their assail

ants ; in furtherance of which, though « H. S. E.

in a slight degree, their sails, accordFranciscus Maseres, Armig. Aul. Clar. ing to this writer, are of cotton, a maapud Captab. olim socius, Quinti Baronisterial more combustible than flax or in curid Scaccarii, Munus, aunos 50 execu- hemp, and which, by the way, he obtus est. Viri hujus egregii et amabilissimi serves, “ holds wind' better than canfides, integritas, æqualitas, liberalitasque

vas, but it soon wears and tears." omnibus, quibuscum erat versatus, iunotuêre. Eximiis his virtutibus accedebant novelty, let us turn to the celebrated

In direct opposition to the preceding tanta sermonis morumque suavitas, tanta comitas facilitasque, ut nihil supra. Huma- engagement of the Centurion with the nitatis studiis, et literis reconditioribus co

Marilla galleon. In the early part of lendis omni præconio dignissimus. Exem- which, the mats with which the galplaria Græca et Latina quorum Juvenis leon had stuffed her netting took fire, fuerat perstudiosus, senex in deliciis habe- and burnt fiercely, blazing half as high bat. Sui seculi mathematicorum clarissimis as the mizen top.” It certainly taxes parem indubitanter dixeris. Multa quæ ac our belief to the utinost, - that this curatè, copiosè, cogitatèque scripserat prelo should have happened without cona dedit; et in communem fructum attulit

. municating most injuriously to the Articulos fidei, qui dicuötur in minimum rigging, even though, as subsequently reduxit. Deur Unum, ens entium, omnium patrem, Christo duce, sanctissime adoravit. appears, the ensign was singed off the

staff! Yet no work could be received Quam immortalitatem toto pectore cupierat with more respect than was Lord Anplacida lenique senectute, et integrå mente consecutus est, anno Domini 1824, stat.

son's voyage, which is understood to suæ 93. Vale, Vir optime! Amice vale ca have been compiled from his Lordrissime ! et siqua rerum humanarum tibi sit ship’s papers under his own inspecadhuc conscientia, Monimentum quod in tui tion; not by Richard Walter, whose memoriam, tui etiam in mortuis observantis pame it bears, but by Robinson, simus Robertus Fellowes, ponendum curavit a Quaker, a man of abilities, who afsolita benevolentiâ tuearis."

terwards embarked with Falconer and

the commissioners in the unfortunate Mr. URBAN, Hull, Aug. 15. Aurora frigate. THE frequent and brilliant suc Not one of the officers who bore a

part in the engagement, several of Ottomans by means of fire-ships, re whom afterwards became eminent, minds me of a passage in a work to be ever intimated, as far as the publick met with in London forty years ago,

know, that there was any thing overbut possibly now out of print. It was charged in the above account, or in entitled " A Description of Constan- the sequel to it; by which we find tinople, the Manners and Customs of " the Spaniards at length freed themthe Turks, &c.” Being written and selves from the fire by cutting away

the

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