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180 OBITUARY, Generals Vyse, Bridges, and Burne. (Aug. and Berwick of 74. He was advanced to tenancy in the Royal Artillery; and in the rank of Rear-Admiral, Dec. 4, 1813. December following, was removed in the

same rank to the corps of Royal Engineers. GENERAL RICHARD Vyse.

In December, 1777, he proceeded accord. May 30, At Lichfield, in the bouse of ing to orders to the West India Islande, bis sister, Mrs. Madan (the relict of the and was there employed on many services Bp. of Peterborough), in his 80th year, during the war, and did not return to Eng: Richard Vyse, Esq. a General in the land until 1785. Army, Colonel of the 3d Dragoon Guards, The 23d of March, 1786, he was opand Comptroller of the Household of the pointed first Lieutenant and Captain Duke of Cumberland.

Lieutenant, and Captain the 25th Sept. He was son of the Rev. William Vyse, 1793. M. A. Canon Residentiary of Lichfield, lo May, 1795, he was sent as ComArchdeacon of Salop, aod Rector of St. manding Royal Engineer on the first exPhilip's, Birmingham, by Catharine, dau, pedition to the Cape of Good Hope, and of the Right Rev. Richard Smalbroke, remained in that country until the year Bishop of Lichfield. (See the epitaph of 1801. his parents in Lichfield Cathedral, printed to the latter end of 1802, he was ap. in vol. Lxxxi. ii. 255.) The late Rev. pointed Commanding Royal Engineer in William Vyse, D.C.L. also Canon Resi. Ceylon, and there continued eight years. dentiary of Lichfield, Arehdeacon of Co- In March 1805, he had the rank of Lienventry, and Rector of Lambeth (of whom tenant-Colonel; the 4th of June, 1813, see a short memoir in vol. LXXXVI. i. 275), that of Colonel; the 21st of July followwas his elder brother.

ing was appointed Colonel in the Royal He was appointed Cornet 5th drag. Eugineers; and the 1214 August, 1819, Feb. 13, 1763; Lieutenant, Aug. 15, received the rank of Major-General. 1766; Adjutant, March 18, 1767; Captain, Nov. 28, 1771 ; and Major, 18h LIEUT.-Gen. Robert Burne. Light Drag. Nov. 7, 1777.

Lately. At Berkeley Cottage, Stanmore, On the 20th of April, 1780, Major Vyse Lieut.-Gen. Robert Burne. married Ape, only surviving child of Sir He entered the army in 1773, by pur. George Howard, K. B. by his first wife chasing an ensigocy in the 36th regiment, Lucy, sister and cobeiress of William aod in January 1777, obtained a Lieu. Weotworth, fourth Earl of Strafford. This tenancy also by purchase. In 1783, the lady was first cousin of Alexander-Ken. 36th regiment volunteered its services for neth, eleventh and present Baron Howard the East Indies, and this officer embarked of Effingham.

with it, and landed at Madras in July of Major Vyse was promoted to be a

lo 1784 he succeeded to the Colonel in the Army, Jan. 7, 1781; of the Captain Lieutenancy, and on the 7th of Ist Drag. Guards, May 28, 1784; Colonel May of the same year, was appointed in the Army, Nov. 18, 1791; Major-Ge. Captain of a Company; and upon the neral, Oct. 3, 1794; Colonel 29th Drag. Army taking the field against the late March 23, 1797; Lieut. Geberal, Jan. 1, Tippoo Sultaun, he was Captain of Gre1801 ; Colonel 3d Drag Guards, April 2, nadiers. He was in the battles of Satti. 1804. As Colonel he commanded a bri. mungulum and Showere, with a detachgade in Flanders, under the Duke of York. ment of the army commanded by General

At the General Election of 1806, Lieut.. Floyd, and was afterwards at the stormGeneral Vyse was elected to Parliament ing of Bangalore, Pettah, the fort of Ban. as one of the representatives of Beverley. galore, the Hill fort of Nundy droog, at He had previously become one of the the battle of Seringa patam, the attack of twelve Capital Burgesses of the borough, the post at Carrigatt Hill, and at the as provided by its charter. He sat only storming of the End Gaw redoubt (part of for the one-session Parliament, and at the the lines hefore Seringapatam) under the General Election in 1807, made room for lale Marquess Cornwallis, and in 1793 he his son Richard-William Howard - Howard was at the siege and capture of PondiVyse, Esq. who has since represented cherry, March 1, 1794, he was appointed Honiton.

Major by brevet, and in 1796 purchased The deceased received the rank of Ge. a Majority in the regiment. Jan. 1, 1798, neral, Jan. 1, 1812.

he was appointed Lieut.-Col. by brevet,

and io the same year the 36th was drafted MAJOR Gen. GEORGE BRIDGES. into the 76th regiment, and the non-comJune 1. At Greenwich, Major-General missioned officers, drummers, &c. under George Bridges, of the Corps of Royal the command of this officer, sailed from Engineers.

Madras, aud landed in England iu 1799. After the usual course of instruction at An order was issued by the Governor in Woolwich Academy, he was, the 1st of Council, and Commander-in Chief of Ma. April, 1776, appointed to a second Lied. dras, on the 36th regiment quitting India,

where

that year.

1825.] OBITUARY.- Rev. Abraham Rees, D.D.

181 where it had served upwards of ofteen the retreat of the French army from Sanyears, highly complimentary to Lieut. tarem, and was present at the balile of Burne and his brave companions,

Fuentes D'Onor in Spain, and the other In 1799 he was promoted to the Lieu- operations in which the 6th division of the tenant-Colonelcy of the regiment, and army was engaged, until recalled to be soon after its arrival in England, it was employed elsewhere. completed with volunteers from the mi- Upon his return to England, he was aplitia, and in 1800 einbarked with the poinied on the Home Staff, and was troops destined, as was supposed, for the ordered to take the command of the camp attack upon Belleisle, and after being en- near Lichfield. Upon the breaking up of camped upon the island of Howas some that encampment, he was ordered to the weeks, he re-embarked with the regiment, command of the Nottingham district, and landed in the Island of Minorca, where he remained on the Staff until Sept. from which island he in 1801, from severe 24, 1814. illness, was ordered to England for the Major-General Burne commanded the recovery of his health (being the first 36ih regiment from the year 1793, until time he was ever absent from the regi- bis appointment upon the Siaff in 1811, ment), and upon the conclusion of the and greater unanimity (so essential 10 peace, the island being restored to the discipline) never prevailed in any corps, Spaniards, be was ordered to remain in as some proof of which, the officers who England until the arrival of the regiment served under him in South America, on at home, when, in the latter part of 1802, their return from that country, voted and he again took the command of it, on its presenied bim with a sword and belt of arrival in Ireland.

the value of one hundred and twenty In 1805 he embarked with the regiment guineas. for Germany, aod upon the termination of the service in that country in 1806, re

Rev. ABRAHAM Rees, D. D. turned to England. In the latter part of June 9. In Artillery.place, Finsburytbe same year, he embarked with the regi. square, in bis 820 year, the celebrated ment on the expeditiou to South America, Abraham Rees, D.D. P.R.S. P. L. S. &c. under the late Major-General Crawfurd ; The following memoir aud character of aod in June 1807, landed in that country, him are chiefly taken from his funeral and was with the advance of the army at Sermon, by the Rev. Thos. Aspland, and the operations in the suburbs of Buenos an Address delivered over the body by Ayres on the 2d, 3d, 4th, and the attack Dr. Thomas Rees. on the town of Buenos Ayres on the 5th He was the son of the Rer. Lewis Rees, of July.

a Dissenting Minister, who coolributed The regiment returned home in 1807, during an almost unexampled lengih of and on the 25th of April 1808, this officer active life to promote the cause of Nou. was appointed Colonel by brevet. In July conformity in North and South Wales. of the same year he embarked with the His great-grandfather was a Welsh clergy. army destined for the Peninsula, com. man. By his inoiher's side he was collamanded by Sir Artbur Wellesley, landed terally descended from the celebrated in Portugal and was present at the battles Penry, who died a martyr to Nonconfor. of Roleia and Vimiera, where he greatly mity in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. distinguished himself. He was shortly See the article Penry, drawn up by Dr. afterwa:ds bonoured by his Majesty with Rees, in the Cyclopædia. the government of Carlisle. After these Having received respectable grammar services, this officer proceeded in com- learning in his native country, with a view mand of the regiment with that party des- to the ministry, to which his father had tined to join the late Sir John Moore at devoted him from the birth, he was placed Salamanca in Spain, and was present at in the Hoxton Academy for Dissenting the battle of Coruona, and then re-em- Ministers conducted by Dr. Jennings, ihe barked with the army for England in 1809. learned author of a work on Jewish Apti. For his services at Roleia, Vimiera, and quities, and Mr. (afterwards Dr. Samuel Corunna, he received the honorary dis- Morton) Savage. Here he made such tinction of a medal and clasp.

proficiency, especially in the mathematics, la 1810 he embarked with the expedia that, a vacancy occurring in that departtion to the Scheldi, commanded the regi- ment of tuition, he was appointed by the. ment at the siege and capture of Flashing Trustees of the lustitution to occupy it, in the island of Walcheren, was afterwards before his regular term of study was comappointed Colonel on the Staff at that pleted. In this arduous situation he gave place, where he continued until the eva- so much satisfaction, that he was soon cuation of the island. In 1811 he was after chosen to the more responsible office appointed a Brigadier on the Staff in Por- of resident Tutor, which he continued to tugal, and in that country subsequently a hold for 23 years, to the credit of the AcaMajor-General, and landed there prior to demy and the great advantage of the Dis.

sedling

182
OBITUARY.-Rev. Abraham Rees, D. D.

(Aug. senting cause. On his resignation the Linnean Society soon after its institution. Academy was dissolved, which he always More recently he was made an honorary lamented as an erent most injurious to Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, the interests of the Dissenters, especially and was besides an bonorary member of in and about the Metropolis.

some foreign literary and scientific insti. For some time Dr. Rees officiated only tutions. as an occasional preacher. At length, in Before embarking in the vast under. July, 1768, he was unanimously elected taking of a new Cyclopædia, Dr. Rees to succeed the Rev. Mr. Read as pastor of published several single sermons, some of the Presbyterian congregation, St. Tho. which were the following: A Sermon on mas's, Southwark; a conuexion of wbich the obligation and importance of Searchhe was always accustomed to speak with ing the Scripture., 8vo. The Advantages pleasure. He remained in this situation of Knowledge, a Sermon preached before 15 years, and the congregation flourished the Supporters of the New College at under his ministry. At the end of that Hackory, 1788, 8vo. (reviewed in vol. term, he was invited to become minister LVIII. 811.) Two Sermons, preached at of the congregation of Jewin-street, then Cambridge on the death of the Rev. Rob. assembling in the Old Jewry, in a place Robinson, 1790 (reviewed in vol. 1x. 737, consecrated by the labours of a succession LXVI. 559). A Funeral Sermon on the of eminently pious men, nearly the last of dea'h of Dr. Roger Flexman, 1795 (rewhom was the highly-gilted and learned viewed in vol. LXVI. 308). Another, on Dr. Chandler. From various causes, the the death of Dr. Kippis, 1795 (reviewed in congregation had much declined, and it same vol. p. 145). The Privileges of Briwas judged (wisely as appeared by the tain, a Sermon on the Thanksgiving Day, eveni), that Dr. Rees would revive the in- Nov, 29, 1798 (reviewed io vol .xix. 141). terest; and with this hope, and without Economy illustrated and recommended, any calculation of an increase of emolu. and a caution againsi Modern Tofidelity, ment, he accepted the invitation, and from in two Seimons, 1800, 8vo. (reviewed in 1783 to the period of his death, continued vol. :xx. 970). Av Antidote to the alarm to labour with unquestionable and in- of Invasion, 1803 (reviewed in vol. cxxiv. creasing success.

p. 247). Practical Serinons, selected froin During a period of some years be was his pulpit exercises, 2 vols. 1809, 8vo. 2d engaged with bis friend, the late eloquent edit. 1812. The Obligation and Utility of Hugh Worthington, in delivering winter Public Worship, a discourse on the openevening lectures at Salters' Hall, by means ing of the Old Jewry Chapel in Jewin. of which his usefulness and reputation as street, 1809, 8vo. The Principles of Proa preacher were much extended.

testant Dissenters stated and vindicated, For a short time he was Tutor of He. 1812, 8vo. Our notices of Dr. Rees's brew and of the Mathematics in the New Sermons were generally ample. For many College at Hackney, which was set on years Dr. Rees was a frequent contributor foot with great liberality and high expec. to the Monthly Review, in conjunction tations, but by the operation of many ad. with bis able and esteemed friend ihe late verse causes soon declined and fell, to the Dr. Kippis. mortification of its patrons and the lasting The first volume of the quarto Cycloregret of the liberal Dissepters.

pedia appeared in 1802 ; it was completed These public engagements Dr. Rees in forty-live volumes. This was a truly was fulfilling with a fidelity that will long gigantic task for any individual, even be remembered with respect, at the same with the able assistance derived from distime that he was employed in literary un- tinguished contributors. He had the gra. dertakings of a magnitude sufficient 10 tification, however, to see it completed, hare absorbed the whole time and alten- and to enjoy the well-earned reputation tion of a man of less vigour of mind, less which its able execution secured for him. constancy of purpose, or less systematic His memory was in a remarkable de. perseverance.

gree faithful and tenacious, retaining all It was in 1781 that the first numbers of his mental treasures at his immediate disChambers's Encyclopedia, edited by Dr. posal; and he added to these endowments Rees, first appeared; and that edition was a sound and discriminating judgment. completed in four volumes folio, in 1786. There have been men who have possessed • He was about that time elected a Fellow in a higher degree the imaginative and of the Royal Society; and at different inventive faculties, and who have displayed periods his eminent attainments received talents of a more showy and sparkling similar tokens of respect from other public kind; but in the more solid and useful bodies. The University of Edinburgh con- properties of the understanding few have ferred on him the degree of D.D. from the surpassed bim. spontaneous recommendation of Dr. Ro- The mathematical and physical sciences bertson the bistorian, at that time prin- had engaged his chief study, from his cipal. He was chosen a Fellow of the earliest years, and these he had cultivated 1825.) OBITUARY.-Rev. Abraham Rees, D. D.

183 with eminent success. In the branches of out the most prominent excellence in his literature more immediately connected character, I should dame his conscientious with his professioo as a Christian moralist discharge of this delicate trust, ia the adand divine-in biblical and theological ministration of which he preserved on the learoing, in metaphysics and ethics-bis one hand his independence, and on the attainments were extensive and profound: other bis affability and kiudoess." wbilst on the other subjects of general To his native country, Wales, he was a literature he was well and deeply read. great benefactor. From fuods of which He was not a man to rest satisfied with be sbared in the distribution, and from superficial attainments whilst the means large sums annually placed at his own of completer koowledge were within bis disposal by opulent individuals, who made reach. It was never his object to study him the channel of their uaostentatious and learn in order to board up knowledge beneficence, he contributed a considerable as an useless treasure. He looked to proportion to relieve the pressing exiutility in all that he aimed to acquire. gencies of Welsh ministers (without reHe coveted no mental attainments but spect to their peculiar theological sentisuch as he could render subservient to ments), whom he thought to be deserving the practical benefit of himself or of of encouragement in their works of piely others. And the employments to which in their respective churches. When ihese he devoted himself afforded him abundant worthy men were removed by the band of opportunities for bringing forth all that he death, he extended his almost paternal bad accumulated for the instruction and care to their bereaved families; and thus the improvement of the world.

caused the heart of many a mourning Dr. Rees was a Protestant Dissenter on widow to sing for joy. There never was deliberate and rational conviction. He an individual who effected so much good was ever the firm and zealous advocate of in this way. religious liberty, which he considered to ly his occasional intercourse, as one of be iotimately allied in this country with the representatives of the body of Dissent. the cause of Nonconformity. As a mem- ing Ministers, with his Majesty's Court ber, and for many years the father, of ihe and Government, Dr. Rees was courteous, General Body of London Dissenting Min dignified, firm, and upright. He was bonisters, he was amongst the foremost sup- noured iwice with being deputed by the porters of every liberal measure, and the Dissenting Ministers of the three denomi. steady and inflexible assector of their re- pations of Protestants, to present their ligious privileges. The freedom he claimed address of congratulation to King George for himself he willingly conceded to all III. and 10 King George IV, a fact which others. He lired on terms of cordial in- perhaps never before happened to the timacy with religious professors of various communions; and could number among Ju the former case, Lord Halifax, the his most valued friends Churchmen of Lord in Waiting, expressed a regret that high rank and distinguished eminence. Dr. Rees did not belong to the right

He was an active member of all the Church, for then his loyally might have principal charitable trusts in his own reli- been personally rewarded. gious denomination. He was a manager He did not possess all the qualifications of the Presbyterian Fund for about sixty that the multitude most esteem in a years, and during nearly fifty years of Preacher ; his were sterling merits : sound that period, discharged the duties of Secre- and strong sense, a clearly-defined subject, tary to that important institution with well-digested thoughts, scriptural language, essential benefit to the various objects manly confidence in the affections of his contemplated by its benevolent founders auditory, and marked but sober earnestand supporters. Dr. Daniel Williams's

He practised no arts in the pulpit Trust reaped also, for a long series of on the contrary, he expressed his abyears, great advantage from his talents horrence of affectation, trick, avd media for business, which he devoted to the tated extravagance in a Christian Minisdirection of its concerns with zeal and His discourses derived, in the public assiduity. There are many other Dissent. delivery of them, the greatest advantage iog trusts, which it is unnecessary now to from bis fine and commanding person ; dame, baving the disposal of funds for from a countenance unusually expressive, charitable purposes, in wbich he acted a beaming with intelligence, and glowing leading and influential part. In all these with holy earnestness and ardour; and situations, it was with him a point of con- from a voice of great power, well adapted science to be always at his post.

to didactic address or pathetic expostulaDr. Rees was the principal distributor, tion. His theology he was wont to deunder his Majesty's Government, of the scribe as the moderate scheme, lying be. annual Parliamentary Bounty to indigent tween the extremes of opiuion that prevail Dissenting Ministers; " and if,” says Mr. in the present day. Owning no human Aspland, “I were called upon to point authority in religion, he yet avowed that

he

same man.

ness.

ter,

tutors.

184
OBITUARY.—Rev. Henry Kett, B.D.

(Aug. he subscribed for the most part to the College, Oxford, and was chosen scholar creed of the late Dr. Price, a truly good the following year. and great man, formed to be loved and Mr. Kett look the degree of A. M. Nov. admised.

26, 1783, soon after which he was elected • The character of Dr. Rees's mind was Fellow, and appointed one of the College that of a sober thioker and logical rea

Among some of his first pupils be soner. He possessed equal powers of Bombered ibe present Duke of Beaufort, comprehension and discrimination. His and his next biolber Lord Charles Somereyes betokened his sagacity. He was set, and in the discharge of the important quick in discerning men's foibles, and he duries of his office, for a very long space sometimes laid them under tribuie for the of years, united the character of friend promotion of the objects of religious cba. with that of tutor. rity that lay near bis heart.

He early commenced his theological As a companion be was uorivalled. None studies, uor did he give them up on taking that ever partook will forget bis cheerful, Qrders. He was appujoted Bampion Leccordial bospitality.

turer in 1790, and the University bad no "I do not represent bim,” continues reason to be sorry for their choice. Tbese Mr. Aspland,“ much as I revered him Lectures were published the following living, siecerely as I mouro him dead, year, dedicated to the Bishop of St. Asaph, and lasting as will be my remembrance of and a second edition, “ with corrections bis talents and his virtue, I do not re- and additions," appeared in 1792. present him as a perfect man. He bad It was not only in defence of the doc. doubtless bis infirmities, but they were trives of Christianity tbat Mr. Keut dismere infirmities—and they were as few as Linguished himself; he was equally soliI ever saw (for here I must speak my own cilous, lo show that tbeir precepis in. opinion) in a man of the same natural fuenced bis practice. About the period robustness of mind, the same resolution, of his being Bampton Lecturer, be exerted the same zeal, and the same anxiety for himself, in conjunction with other friends, the great purposes to which his life and in rescuing Dr. John Uri, a native of Hunheart and soul and strength were devoted. gary, one of the best Oriental scholars in The bodily weaknesses that were the con- Europe, from indigence and distress. This sequences of extreme age, were no part gentleman had been sent for from me of himself, and cannot be brought into University of Leyden to Oxford, and had the estimate of his character. His heart been employed during the vigour of his was always right. His Christian prio- faculties in taking a catalogue of the ciples never forsook him. They had been Oriental Manuscripts in the Bodleian Lithe guide of his youib, and the distinction brary; but growing infirm and old, wiibof bis mature life, and they were the stay out relations or friends in bis owu country, of his old age !"

he was discharged by the delegates of the His body was interred on the 18h of press. By the benevolent interference, June io Bunbill Fields.

however, of Mr. Kett, of Mr. Aguiter, now A Life of Dr. Rees, including some Ac- Secretary of the Asylum, Mr. Smiib, Mas. count of his father Lewis, is preparing for ter of Pembroke College, and Di, Parr, a the press, by Dr. Thomas Rees.

handsome subscription was raised for his

support; and the reuerable scbular was Rev, Henry Kerr, B. D.

placed in a situation of comfort io Oxford,

where he passed the remaining part of his June 30. Suddenly, at Stanwell, the life. seat of Sir J. Gibbons, Bari, the Rev. In 1787 Mr. Kett engaged with Mr. Henry Kett, late Fellow of Trioity College, Mooro, formerly of Magdalen College, Oxford, and of Charlion, co. Gloucester. and Dr. Horae, afterwards Bishop of NorThe reverend gentleman had preached at wich, in a periodical publication, under Stapwell, on the preceding Sunday, and on the title of Olla Podrida, to which several the morning when the fatal accident oc. other distinguished sebolars contributed. curred bad, as usual, breakfasted with the Their essays were re-published in a col• family party io excellent spirits. About lected form, and are replete with bumour, noon, the weather being bot, he proceeded good sense, and acute observation. to take a cold bath, when it is supposed la 1793 he published a small collection that venturing out of his depth he was of “ Juvenile Poems,” stating “ most of seized with cramp and saok to rise no the verses in this collection have appeared inore. His clothes were found on the in the Gentleman's Magazine.” However bank where he bad uudressed for bathing. meritorious these trifles of his muse ap.

He was born at Norwich in 176), and pear, the author was afterwards very dereceived his education at the Gramipar- sirous to suppress them, and so sedulous scbool ia that city, under the Rev. Mr. to effect that intention as to increase the Lemon. In 1777, at the age of sixteen, value of this little volume above the usual he was admitted a Commoner of Trinity proportion of modera publications. When

the

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