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130
Singularities from Boyhood to Age.

[Aug. SINGULARITIES FROM BOYHOOD TO not unexampled, impression. Dr. War

AGE. BY A SEPTUAGENARIAN COR ton shook my brother's hand with af. RESPONDENT, LATELY DECEASED.

fection as he departed for Trinity Col

lege, Oxford; for he lost his election No. I.

to New College. My younger brother Y father and mother were mar was also a faithful priest; so that two than 19, at the parish church, Kings- father wished, -I should think in every tou, near Portsmouth. Some property respect. possessed by my mother made iheir Left orphans at an early age, an excircumstances, from the first, comfort- cellent mother redoubled her attention able. They had three sons and two to us. She taught me to write, and daughters; the latter died in infancy; her "copies" were all aphorisms. One the sons were all designed by my fa- under the letter B was: “Be timely ther to be brought up to the church. wise rather than wise in time.” How The reason of this plan I never was often hare I had to regret want of atable to determine; he had not the tention to this ! least interest; but, as he was a man My mother's character possessed some of the most virtuous integrity, I have singularitics. On the 30th of January supposed that he considered the cleri- she would come down to breakfast cal profession as the best passage through dressed in a black sack with long rufthis life to a better.

fles broadly heinmed at the elbows, For himself, he declined an offer of black gloves, and black fan; she althe office of Naval Storekeeper at An- lowed us but a single cup of tea and tigua. His death was sudden, at the a single slice of bread and butter, and early age of 40. A gentleman (to whom when a little murmuring on the subI afterwards served my apprenticeship) ject took place with myself and younger and his two nieces had been on a visit brother, said: “Children, do you know to our house ; and on the third day af- what day it is? - when you come from ter their return home received intelli- church you shall have more to eat. gence of my father's decease. There You will thank me when you become were four persons on the Dock-yard men for forining this impression on establishment at that period, who have your miods. Your family has been never been surpassed for integrity, ap- reduced, and your country placed un. plication, and neat penmanship. My der great sufferings by the events of father, one of these four, for three this day."-again, when speaking of years had not a Sunday to himself. the Revolution, she would say, “Ah! Another was Mr. Russel,' the Clerk of William was only a Dutch Presbytethe Rope-yard, who prevented the fa- rian!". Time has since in a great meatal effecis threatened by the fire which sure dispensed with the commemoraoriginated with the incendiary Jack tion of these events. The Houses of the Painter, and for which that cul- Parliament now adjourn to avoid keepprit suffered. Russel was introduced to ing the 30th of January ;—and black his Majesty at a levee held in the Com- sacks are forgotten to be worn by genmissioner's House, and received the tlewomen! Royal thanks for his attention. Many I was sent to Ruben Burrow's school, years after he carried his grandson to where Ware the oculist (the elder of Eton College, and went on the Ter- that naine) was my school fellow; he race of Windsor Castle when the King was a clever fellow at Algebra. was there on a Sunday evening; his I played at Portsmouth on the poopMajesty recognized him in the crowd, royal of the old Royal Ann, á first stopt and spoke to him, asked his bu- rate; and when she was broken up, siness from home, and wished his collected a phial of quicksilver from grandson might become a good man. her keels. Query. How came it there?

At the time of my father's death I went into the head of the old Brimy elder brother was on the founda- tannia, a group or complication of fition at Winchester. As soon as the gures, and large enough inside for a messenger of evil tidings entered his table to stand, at which six persons chamber, he said, “Charles, my fa- might sit. - What a difference has ther is dead ; he died at four this morn- since taken place in the construction ing." He afterwards used to say that of ships! Heads are now only busts. he awoke with this remarkable, though The Guadaloupe Frigate, Capt. (after

wards

1825.]
Singularities from Boyhood to Age.

131 wards Admiral) Cornwallis, was the The junior clerk, whom I accomfirst that had a painted side, and the fi- panied to learn my way about town, gure head of various colours. We called was a long-legged thoughtful Scotchher the Nancy Dawson. Turpentine man; he walked as Londoners dom sides and yellow heads were the ge- quick, -the head a spur to the heels. neral costume.

One thing he did tell me, and only I saw the Princess Dowager of Wales one : “ that's the Monument;" and walking through Portsmouth, leaning be was off in the twinkling of an eye, on the arm of Commissioner Hughes; whilst I had to twist through twenty she, in a close black hood, as a cover- persons to overtake him. These pere ing for the head, like a modern qua- ambulations often repeated soon taught keress; he in full uniform), and a ha- me to take my bearings and distances ; milies wig, covering his shoulder with and a few weeks enabled me to be deabundance of flowing curls ; her head spatched alone with the bauker's book the size of a cocoa-nut, his like an owl and other papers. I bought a map, in an ivy-bush. At an early age I re- and occupied a post at the corner of ceived an impression of the absurdity some lane to acquire information by of fashions, and consiJered the best examining it. And now no twopenny covering for the human body was, that postman knows the town better, or which was most easy,-a jacket and where to cross with more advantage trowsers. I would not use pantaloons, to save two yards of ground, Saturthinking they were a French fashion, Jay at las became heavy days for till, at the repairs of Worcester Cathe. these undertakings ; I used to be out dral, the body of King John was dis- from 10 to 3, and had upwards of 20 covered in a pair, and then I adopted places to call at; nor did I quit letterthem as an old English fashion. copying till 10 at night, at which hour

The chimes of Portsmouth Church the post used in those days to call for used to play: “The world, my dear inland letters. Mira, is full of deceit!”-a truism I A youth, and a stranger, when the experienced many years afterwards. Counting House business was over, I

The coach from Portsmouth to Lon- found my best companions in the con. don carried 26 sailors on the deck” tents of Lane's Circulating Library, and in the large square basket behind; and never had a lonely hour. I neit started 4 a. M. and arrived at 8 P.M. ver broke the Sabbath but once, when Fifty times since I have travelled the I went to Kensington Gardens with distance by the coach between 8 A. M. my Master's foolman out of livery. and 5 P.M.

He was the son of a decent trades. At 14 I was offered to the Store man of Sudbury, and in 1815 pubkeeper of the Dockyard with a pre- lished a volume of serious poetry. He mium of 1501. for a Clerkship of 301. also played admirably on the Aute, and per ann. That place I could have well composed some duets that I might join filled, having been for some months in him. His family were weavers, all the office during the day, and to school musical, and a band of themselves. at night (for I ever kept close to work); The time was now arrived when I but I was rejected as too young. Two was destined to be placed in an oflads of bad character were, however, fice of trust. At 19 I was despatched about the same time admitted ; and it to the West Indies in the capacity of a was for want of proper attention to Supercargo. The confidence thus rethis that the Navy Board ultimately posed, drew from me a letter to my took from the Storekeeper the privi- good old master, declaring my deterlege of filling the vacancies, and re mination to act worthily of it. This tained it under its own control. letter was shewn by him to my friends,

But what was to become of me? accompanied with the kindest reinarks. The London friend was to be my pa. A party was formed by my master to take tron, and to London I went. He came me in his sailing-boat, and put me on down to Portsmouth on business, and board the ship in the Lower Hope, I returned with him. The Thames and then proceed on a voyage of pleaand shipping did not astonish me, as sure to Margate. I bid him farewell, they might an inland country hoy; on-jumped on board, summoned the the contrary, the river appeared nar- crew, and, as he sailed away, gave him sow, and the shipping small and dirty. three cheers. Comparisops are early formed.

(To be continued.)

Mr.

132
On Anglo-Saxon Laws and Customs.

[Aug. Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 1. and twopence in summer; and they HA AVING very lately had occasion also provided a steersman and helper.

to peruse the very able and in- - 2 Turner, p. 108. teresting History of the Anglo-Saxons, The Gilds and Burghers contributed by Sharon Turner, I was pleased to to the King's, or to the Lord's revenue, find, that notwithstanding the many sometimes in systers of honey, and subsequent years, and commercial and sometimes in money. Ninety of them political connexions which have en at Bath yielded 60'shillings, and pergaged the attention and communica- sonal services, by which they held tion of this Country with all others, rights which have been since transyet how'numerous are the institutions, mitted to their posterity. and far greater the original terms in When the Saxons settled in Engour modern language, which retain, land, they ceased to be pirates ; higher through every part of our improve- prospects opened before them; fertile ments, a strict assimilation and iden- lands, flowing rivers, woods peopled tity with those of our Saxon ancestors. with catile, and all the beneficial arts This research has carried me back of the spindle, the distaff, the ploughmore than a 1000 years, and traced the share, and the progress to habitation, original footsteps of a race whom we possession, and property, rendered macannot venerate for their virtues, but ritime robbery needless; and the rights to whom we owe many obligations for of social life exalled their nature. their valour; who form an important I now proceed to the derivations selink in the chain of our destiny, and lected. wove the banners of our maritime BRIDE AND BRIDE-GROOM.-From glory. It appeared to me that a few Bryd-guma. Guma means a man, selections from their language will ex which word we have perverted into cite an agreeable surprise to see how groom. Bryd implies marriage; hence closely united we are with those of our also the bride. ancestors, and that neither the Ro

The Welsh for marriage is priodas ; man dominion of 476 previous years, and priodvab is a bridegroom; priodi, nor the subsequent Danish irruptions, to marry; all these in composition nor the Norman invasion, nor all the change into the initial B. foreign influence which continued dur The Deuce.-The venerable Bede, ing the reigns of 54 monarchs, have in his Commentary on Luke, menbeen able to eradicate the language of tions demons appearing to men as fethe Saxons, who were governed by a dis- males, and to women as men, whom united octarchy during 620 years, from he says the Gauls call Dusii, the preVortigern to William of Normandy. sumed origin of our word Deuce.

It does nowhere appear why the Turner, p. 17. Romans thought fit to improve Bri The deuce is in him, means the detain so little, and to relinquish their mon or devil is in him. long dominion over it; nor how blind The name of idol was wig; and the ed their quick-sighted policy and power altar was wighed, a table or bed for the of arms was to succeed so ill in this idol. island. As their government of it Freemen, as well as Serving-men, weakened, they yielded to the enter were in the employment or service of prising, sway of Saxon pirates, who superiors. Among their laws it is prefound it well worth their while to fix scribed that, “if

any give flesh to his themselves in the establishments which servants on fast-days, whether they be they had formed; to adopt, even in free or servile, he must compensate for their rudencss, many of their useful the pillory."-So in the laws of Ina, arts and enjoyments; and to become, “if a Freeman work on a Sunday with-, in their stead, the founders of a rival out his Lord's orders, he shall lose his greatness, far surpassing them in diy, liberty, or pay sixty shillings.-Leg. nity, in dominion, and in power! Ine. 15. 2 Turn. 95. The simplicity of Saxon times was

A Freeman was respected as well in coeval with the custoins of barter, and his station as in punishments for ofthe little value set upon money, accord- fences committed by or against him: ing to modern estimation; thus at Do- and if reduced to slavery, he was called ver, when the King's messenger arrive a white theow, or penal-slave. ed, the burghers had to pay threepence “ Theow or esue, or slave, had no for transporting his horse in winter, political existence or social considera

to

1625.)
Anglo-Saxon Customs.

133 tion.” P. 96. They were bought, sold, KNIGHT—The Anglo-Saxons disand conveyed and bequeathed, and are tinguished the period between childoften enumerated by name with their hood and manhood by the term cuithposterity; and a late law enjoined that ade, knighthood. It is stated in Ina's no Christian, or innocent man should Laws, that a cniht of ten winters old be sold from them.-Laud. Wilk. Leg: might give evidence; and Bede's ex. , Sax. p. 107. Malms. 1. 3. Personal pression of a boy about eight years old, slavery at Bristol abolished by the is translated by Alfred, “ wæs eahta preaching of Woltstan. Ibid. 99. Ma- wintra cnight.' numission, both by gift and by will, to Lucky Days may be traced to our slaves, was frequent, and is traced up Saxon ancestors, who, says Turner, 2. to Edgar's time. Sometimes absolutely, 23, adopted from Chaldea the notion sometimes on a condition annexed. that the celestial luminaries influenced Documents of this kind are in preser- the fortunes of mankind, and operated vation, where the freedom was pure powerfully on the Saxon mind. Afo chased as a charitable act by some pa- fairs were thought to be undertaken tron for five shillings, or two shillings, with better chance on peculiar days, signed and duly attested (p. 101), and and the full or new moon was the insometimes the slaves purchased their dication of the auspicious season. freedom with their own savings. They The sun was addressed as a female, were sometimes declared free at the and the moon as a male. altar; and the synod in 816 enjoined MILK.-Tri-milchi, the month of that at the death of a Bishop his Eng- May; so called, because their cattle lish slaves, who had been reduced to were then milked three times a day; slavery in his life-time, should be freed. which also proves the Saxon origin of Spel. Conc. 330.

the word. Without the possession of a certain Book - Boc.-Beech, bark wood; quantity of landed property, the dig- on which letters were either cut or nity of sitting in the wittena-gemot impressed. So the same word in Welch, coold not be enjoyed, not even by a gwydd, is a tree or wood, used person who was of distinguished or denote a book for the same reason. poble birth, p. 92. Honour might be P. 30. acquired by descent, by property, by Morgen, or Marriage-gift, a preoffice, by freedom; but the distinction sent to the Bride by the Husband on of property was a still higher qualifi. the day after their marriage; intended, cation for the gemot. This is a very says Mr. Turner, 2. 83, as a complihigh authority against the arguments ment to the ladies for honouring a suifor universal suffrage.

tor with their preference, and for subHYDE OF LAND.—Hynde of Land mitting to the duties of wedlock. If gave distinction to their owners as she survived him, having children, she Twyhyndum, Syxhyndum, and Twelf- had half his property iť she chose to hyodum. This also shews that not live with them ; but if she was child. only the Hyde of Land, but the num- less, his paternal relations took his posbers in common use at this time are sessions and the morgen gift ; also if the same as those in the Saxon æra.

chose another husband. Th

morHocus-POCUS.- There were two gen gift laid the foundation of modern personages feared in the North of Eu- settlements and trusts. Wilk. Leg. rope in Saxon times ; from whose Sax. p. 7. names words have become very fami Stool.- On the death of the fa. liar to ourselves! one was Ochus- ther, the child (cild) was ordered to Bochus, a magician and demon; the remain under the mother's care, who other'was Neccus, a malign deity, who was 10 provide it with sustenance ; frequented the waters. If any perish- for this she was to be allowed six shiled in whirlpools, or by cramp, or by lings, a cow in summer, and an ox in bad swimming, he was thought to be winter ; but his relations were to ocseized by Neccus. Steel was supposed cupy the frum - stol, the head seat, to expel him, and therefore all who until the boy came of age. Wilk. 20. bathed threw some little pieces of steel Tumble.— Tumbling and dancing into the water for that purpose. It seem to have been synonimous, as is probable that we see here the ori- · they are both represented by the verb gin of Hocus-pocus and Old Nick. - tubian. The Anglo-Saxon version of 2 Turnier, 17

the Gospel inentions that the daugh

ter

L ABX NOEL.insbodaughter of the Easlapelerometers of Squtbiq porn boy

and gown.

134
List of Pictures at Holme Lacy.

(Aug. ter of Herodias tumbude before Herod; hair, ruff and farthingale, white dress, and the word for dancing is tumbere. embroidered with flowers, and puffed It is probable that the mode of danc arms. ing included much tumbling. 2 Turn. The Duchess of Norfolk's mother when 76. Probably the morris-dancing, and young, and her Grandmother, wholethose on the summer theatres, used length, in green blue mantle; her in pantomimes, and in the theatrical mother is sitting by the side of a font. booths at fairs, take their origin from Three figures, whole-length, in Vanthis ancient date of inore than 1000 dyke dresses, called the three Pendeyears.

rils. By the style of the picture, I These instances are sufficient to re should think it foreign; one of them mind the inquirer of the object stated is playing on a Spanish guitar. at the beginning of this letter; many “Lewis XIII. aged 38, 1639, Beaumore selections might of course have bours fecit;" whole-length; pearl been made, but these will excite his and white slashed dress; trunk hose, interest, and, without fatiguing his at breeches and stockings; staff in his tention, afford him some amusement right hand; robe of France. in his present recreation. A.H. Anne of Austria, grosse de huit mois,

1638, aged 27, “Beaubrun fecit," in

black dress, with lace. List of Pictures at HOLME Lacy, co. HEREFORD, taken by JOSEPH Gul

DRAWING ROOM. STON, Esq. in 1785.

Charles II. when a boy, a long green LOBBY Room.

robe, capped red table, over the door.

Sir Peter Lely, a fine -portrait; Two French Ladies, unknown, both the Earl sitting; black cloak, with a in ovals.

very large star on it; white sleeves; Digby, an Irish Bishop, black, wig white staff in his hand; blue rib

bon; and long hair ; his lady is in Two black portraits over the door, un yellow, standing.

known'; one like Kenelm Digby. Charles I. in black and white slashed; A man unknown.

ribbon round his neck ; taggs; ruff; SMALL EATING ROOM.

left hand negligently holding the

handle of his sword; star on his Partridges, and other ornaments, carv

cloak. ed by Gibbons ; very fine.

Heurietta-Maria, in black, hands across GREAT Room.

James II, in armour, with long wig, Charles the First, over the Chimney, laced cravat, and ribbon across; an

whole-length, in white Sattin, very oval painting. fine, by Vandyke. (The same as Anne of Austria, in yellow, sitting Strange's print.)

with Lewis XIV. when a baby, Sir James, father of Viscouut Scuda swaddled up, a blue ribbon on her

more, whole-length, in black and lap; a curious picture. gold armour; very large, tilting spear A most elegant beautiful portrait of a in his right hand; white laced

apron, lady sitting in an elbow chair, dressed Aying sash over his shoulder, black in white, with a brown and flowered boots

robe loose, which her arms pass Lady Digby, whole-length, leaning on through ; a red and black flowered a pedestal; by Sir Godfrey Kneller,

petticoat; the cap, &c. like those of

Mary Queen of Scots ; she has a Sir John Packington, whole-length, ruff; her right hand with a glove

with an immense ruff'; white and on, and a glove belonging to the black dress reaching half-way down other hand in it, negligently falls his thighs; white breeches and stock. over the corner of a table by her ; ings in one.

her left is in her dress; red chair, Unknown whole-length, full front; table, and curtain, within a garland

small falling ruff, red sash and gloves, of Aowers, is inscribed 12 March, staff in his right hand, and buttons 1614," under it" no spring till now; all down the front of his black doub she has a bracelet of pearl on her left let.

wrist. Lady Packington, whole-length, red This lady can be no other than the no

lorious

very fine.

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