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1825.]

Rage for Improvements in a Parsonage-house. 1205 urust, will not prove unacceptable to I lifted up my hands to see the alterayour Readers in general, and will be tions which had been made in my short attended to with particular satisfaction, absence. A Brussels carpet had been by

R. I. laid down instead of the old floorcloth, : It may be as well to mention, that which I do confess had been worn out the copy here described. (which is long since; the old rectorial chair, the tolerably fne as well as perfect) was venerable gift of its more venerable lately procured from Germany at a donor Archbishop Secker, in which price proportionate to its rarity and many an abstruse text had been deeply curiosity.

studied, and many an unruly youth of

either sex had been reproved, had given Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 12. place to a square-arıned red leather seat AS

S I look to you more than to all and back lounge, moving me away upon

other literary men for sympathy, brazen castors. Theold inkstand, which I cannot forbear communicating the had served the vestry-room from the following facts.

overthrow of the round heads, now dis· Having very lately completed some appeared, and a handsome silver standrepairs of my Parsonage-house, and dish, with cut glasses, and wax taper; a reduced its contiguous grounds from a small mahogany stand for my watch, wilderness to a garden fit for the resi- and a letter bracket for post and dedence of myself and my family, I found livery,” had insensibly found their way rather more room in my study for all upon a single-claw mahogany writing my books that used to fill it in the old table, too narrow to hold any other house; this room adjoins the vestry of books than a red morocco cover for a the Church, to which my parish offi- quire of gilt-edged paper. I sighed to cers are admitted on Sunday morning; think that I could never study at such at all other times it serves as a rooin a table, or with such apparatus; but in the house, and sometimes we break on lifting up my eyes in this ejaculafast there en famille.

tion, I beheld'all' the old shelves reAster an absence of three weeks, I moved that had held the whole body returned home late on Saturday evening of divinity from the Reformation; and last; my son came in fron All Souls above them, alas, instead of the venerbut' a few minutes afterwards, where able Bezas and the Melancthons; the he greeted me with the news that he

rectors of the parish in their almost sahad gone out first wrangler; we sat ble grizzels and stiff bands; the chamdown together to supper, and I enjoy- pions of orthodoxy down to the Horsed peculiar gratification in seeing uponleys and the Marshs; all these had the countenancesof my wife and daugh- given place to the more modern worless very agreeable smiles, which I as ihies of our Episcopal Bench in glazed cribed wholly to their kind affections mezzotinto–Moore, Horne, Vernon, on seeing us both at home, and in good Sutton, Barrington, Howley, Luxmore, health and spirits; and as I had tra Van Mildert, Andrewes, and Kay. veiled with somediligence, that I might But when I cast a hasty glance over be ready for my duty in the morning, the book-shelves, the strength of diwe all separated for the night, and I vinity which they had supported for was better disposed for rest than for any centuries presented something very preparations, which I therefore deferred alarming to my distressed anticipations! until next morning at an early hour. for be it known and acknowledged,

As I went op stairs I perceived the that, by force of time and diligent sergirls whispering something with great vice, all the collection had well done earnestness to their brother, but it ne their duty, and their covers were not ver occurred to me to take any notice only become dark brown, but many of it at that time.

had lost their ancient red leather let. I counted upon two hours at least tering: All the copies of Mosheim before the service to turn over my stock, Du Pin, and Warner, could well corand to select my sermon. I had no respond with the date of the remotest sooner crossed the hall to the study, Ecclesiastical History. Josephus, Athadoor, than I found myself surrounded nasius, Theodoret, and a train of careby all the party; and my wife put a fully collected copies of the Fathers new key into my hands, and the girls the Homilies of the Church, and a waited to see my surprise with no small grave set of Commentaries from Fulexpectation. When I entered the room, Jer to Hewlett, were all removed to

the

196:

Compendium of County History. Wiltshire. [Augi the dark shades of the room, because began my lamentations at seeing so they did not correspond with she table, many old friends with new faces, my the chair, and the carpet; and in their Churchwardens entered to congratulate places I discovered in gorgeous bind.. my return, and my family hastily fled, ings the Travels into all Nations, Maun, clapping their hands, that I had not drel, Cook, Clarke, Acerbi, Weld, and turned them out of doors. of every country except our own! Now, my dear friend, let me assure

My old Collection of Sermons, than you, that after the duties of the day were which no other Clergymon could boast. closed, I betook myself most seriously to of so valuable an assortment, and from consider how it would be possible to which I had been accustomed to serve acquit myself next month, when I am myself most liberally without any fear appointed to preach the Visitation Serof detection, (for there is no gallery in mon; for all my customary materials my church,) had all taken their fight are so far out of my reach, that I must to the upper shelves, quite out of my suffer great fatigue in resorting to my occasional reach, and which will oblige venerable assistants, and my mind is me to order from London a mahogany now too much engaged with my new set of library steps ; and their places associates 10 prepare any thing suitwere filled up with all the arrange- able to my purpose; I am now conments of Dr. Drake's Essayists, Mrs. tinually afraid that I am quoting Clarke Barbauld's well-selected novels, with and Weld, instead of Paul and Ste-. those of Sir Walter Scott, and his edi- phen! The new system of chemistry, tion of Dryden ; Johnson, Steevens,' steam, gas, and phlogiston, have als and Malone's Shakspeare; and Bell's ready seized upon my brain, and utPoets; Hume and Sinolleto in morocco terly exterminated Hooker and Pearwith gilt leaves; Robertson and Laing son! I shall think myself very fortuto correspond; and these being of the nate if my Sermon should pass annosame size, superseded a course of Ser- ticed, and the Visitation close without mons and Holy Living of Jer. Collier, any censure of it from my Diocesan ; Wm. Sherlock, and his son the Bi.. for I am certain that the rage for imshop, Ogden, Balguy, Barrow, and provemeuts, or the new mania which Clarke. Indeed I found the Parish bas seized all my family, has nearly Register re-bound in purple Russia, conquered myself, and for ever shut with silver clasps. I did confess this the door to all my former ambition of marvelous change, and just as I had obtaining an Episcopal Chair! A. H.

COMPENDIUM OF COUNTY HISTORY.- WILTSHIRE.

HISTORY.

(Continued from p. 414.) “ Heard ye the din of battle bray,

Lance to lance, and horse to horse ?"" GRAY. 520. Cerdic laid siege to Banbury Castle, but was so completely defeated by

Arthur, as not to be able again to take the field for seven years. 552. Kenric routed the Britons, and established himself at Old Sarun. 556. Kenric again defeated the Britons at Banbury, in consequence of whicla

'Wiltshire became incorporated with Wessex. 590. Ceolric rebelling against his uncle Ceaulin, completely defeated him at

Wednesbury. 652. A severe battle fought at Bradford between Kenwalph, King of Wessex,

and his kinsman Cutbred, in which the King was successful. 658, Conwellus, King of Wessex, defeated the Britons at Pen. 695* A bloody battle fought at Great Bedwin between Wolfhere, King of

Mercia, and Escuin, Governor of Wessex, in which the former was defeated. 821 op 823. Egberi, King, of Wessex, fought a successful baitle against Beorn

wulf the Mercian, at Wilton. 853. Ethelwulf, on his return from an expedition against the Welsh, resided at

Chippenham, where the nuptials of his daughter were celebrated.

[blocks in formation]

1895,] Compendium of County History Wiltshire.

127 B04. Eshehalf executed at Wilton the charter by which he 'conveyed the

whole tythes of his kingdom to the Clergy. 871. A bloody battle fought at Marden between King Ethelred and the Dones, : in which the former was defeated, and died soon after of his wounds. IA : this or the succeeding year, Alfred obtained a victory over the Danies at Wil

ton, after a sanguinary contest. 875. Castle Combe Castle, said to be demolished by the Dancs. [This is, how

ever, doubtful.] 878 The Danes entered the county, plundering and destroying wherever they

came, at which time Malmsbury was assaulted and burat. When Alfred engaged the Danes by treaty to quit the Kingdom, they treacherously possessed Chippenham, and being strengthened by arrivals, at last compelled Alfred to go into retirement. Alfred having afterwards collected a considerable force in the vicinity of Selwood, sallied upon the unsuspecting Danes at Eddington, who fled to Bratton Castle, which they were forced to surrender after a siege of 14 days. In memory of this it is said a white horse was cut by the Saxons

on the slope of the hill, by paring off the surface turf in the shape of a horse: 905. Ethelwald entered Wiltshire with an army of Danes to assert his preten

sions to the throne of Wessex. He put to death all the inhabitants of the

tract of Braden Forest; bat did not advance farther than Cricklade. 939. Athelstan defeated the Danęs at Sodbury *. The men of Malmsbury

displayed great courage. 964. A synod held at Bradford, in which the treacherous St. Dunstan was

elected Bp. of Worcester. 960. Edgar held a great council at Old Saram, when several laws were enacted. 977. A synod held at Calne, at which a most diabolical act was effected by St.

Dunstan. In consequence another was held at Amesburyt. Stephen went

to Wilton with the intention of fortifying the nunnery, but the Earl of Glou..cester unexpectedly set the town on fire. 1001. A bloody battle fought at Pen, in which the Danes overthrew the Satons

under Cola and Eadsigus. 100%. The Danes barbarously murdered by King Ethelred. 1003. Sweyn, King of Deninark, pihaged and burnt Old Sarum and Wilton,

returning to his ships laden with wealih. 1006. The Danes defeated by the men of Wiltshire, near Kentet. 1011. Sweyn once more passed through Wiltshire, imposing rery heavy con

tributions. King Ethelred lay siek at Corsham, but his son Edmund obliged

them to fly to their ships. 1016. Canute, with an army of Danes, plundered Cricklade. They were de

feated by the army under King Edmund Ironside at Pen, and at Great Shers

ton #; in the latter engagement he with difficulty gained the victory. 1066. ' William I. after the victory at Battle, came to Stourton House, where he was met by the Abbot of Glastonbary,

and the grandees of the western parts. Attended by his nobles, he went to Old Sarum, to receive the homage

of the principal landbolders, who then became his vassals g. 1095. great council held at Old Sarum by William II. ; which impeached

Wm. Earl de Owe, or de Ou, of high treason, for conspiring to raise Stephen

Earl of Albemarle to the throne. His cruel punishment shews the barbarity 1 100. Henry I. held his Court at Old Sarum for some months; and again in

1106. 1116. Henry I. held a council at Old Sarum of all the nobles and barons of

the realın, to do homage to bis son William, as his successor to the English

throne. This eouncil is considered the origin of English Parliaments. 1139. Stephen seized the castles of Salisbury, Devizes, and Malmesbury, from

of the age.

Leland, Itin. Vit. p. 96. Mr. Hobbes, Malmes. Vit. Author. Seip. p. 1, considers the engagement to have occured near the town.

† See Britton's " Beauties of Wiltshire," vok 11. p. 299-80. See however Lingard's History of England, vol. 1. on this subject.

some place it at Shire-stones, Worcestetskite. § Some place this under 1086.

Roger,

128

Compendium of County History-Wiltshire. [Aug. Roger, Bishop of Salisbury, his nephew Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and

another nephew, after an obstinate resistance. 1140. Stephen besieged Malmsbury. 1141. April 25, Devizes Castle besieged by Robert Fitzherbert, who boasted

he would be master of all the country from Wiltshire to London, but John the Governor of Marlborough took him, and had him hung:--The Empress Maud took up her abode in Ludgershall Castle in her flight from Winchester

to Devizes. 1142. Old Sarum taken possession of by the Empress. 1150. Trowbridge Castle besieged and taken by Stephen. 1152. Henry of Anjou, son of Maud, entered England to support his claim to

the crown. Soon after his landing he laid siege to Malmsbury, which, together with the Castle, he look in a very short time; and soon afterwards the Jordan's Tower, which had held .out, surrendered. Stephen proceeded to Malmsbury to offer him battle, but the inclemency of the weather compelled

him to retire to London. . 1164. Henry II. held a council at Clarendon Palace, in which were past the

Constitutions of Clarendon." 1193. During the imprisonment of Richard I. John his brother, afterwards

King, seized many towns and castles, and among them Marlborough. 1194. Soon after Richard's return from captivity, Marlborough Casile, was re

duced by Archbishop Hubert. 1225. Henry III. and Hubert de Burgh arrived at Salisbury, in the Cathedral

of which they performed their offerings. 1233. Hubert de Burgh confined at Devizes Castle, whence he escaped to the

high altar of the Parish Church, from which he was again seized and reconducted to the Castle. The guards who took him were excommunicated;

and he shortly afterwards released. 1258. Henry III. and his Court attended the dedication of Salisbury Cathedral.

He came from Clarendon. 1267. A Parliament summoned to meet at Marlborough. 1297.... A Parliainent held at Salisbury to consult on the best mode of opposing

Philip of France, who had seized Guienne. The Earls of Norfolk and Hereford would not assist him, but retired, with thirty others, from Salisbury, in open rebellion. 1317. Edward II. summoned a Parliament to meet at Clarendon, but the Ba

rons, apprehensive of treachery, neglected to attend. 1328. A Parliament held at Salisbury, in which the Earl of Lancaster intended

to impeach the odious Mortimer. The latter procured an order that none should appear armed in the assembly. The nobles being suspicious of his design, retired to Winchester, leaving the Clergy wholly to deliberate. Scarcely had they entered upon the dispatch of business, when Mortiiner broke into the hall with a band of armed men, threatening them with death if they pre

sumed to speak or enact any resolution contrary to his pleasure. 1357. During the ravages of the Plague, Edward III. John, King of France,

and David, King of Scotland, spent the summer at Clarendon. 1353. Edward and his Queen spent the summer at Marlborough and Corsham. 1450. On the breaking out of Jack Cade's rebellion, the tenants of the Bishop

of Salisbury joined in the insurrection. On June 29 they seized the Bishop in his palace at Eddington while celebrating mass, and dragging him to a

neighbouring hill, barbarously stoned him to death. 1457. Henry VI. visited Salisbury, and lodged at the deanery. He sat with his

lords in the Bishop's Palace, lo pass judgment on some traitors. 1471. Edward IV, passed through Malmsbury as he advanced to meet Queen

Margaret at Tewkesbury. 1473. °Edward IV. visited Salisbury. 1483. Henry Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, by whose influence and exer

tions Richard III. was advanced to the Throne, was executed at Salisbury. 1486. Henry VII. visited Salisbury, and was met by the Corporation on Alderbury Common.

1 1516. Henry VIII. and Queen Catharine visited Salisbury. 1535. Henry VIII. escorted his Queen Anne Boleyn thither. 1936. On March 20, Henry VIII. married Lady Jane Seymour at Wolf-hall.

1552. Ed.

1825.) Compendium of County History.Wiltshire,

129 1574. Queen Elizabeth entertained by the Earl of Pembroke at Clarendon,

She also visited Salisbury. 1579. In September Elizabeth at Wilton received the French Ambassadors. 1003. King Janies I. visited Salisbury, where he was royally entertained. He,

together with his Queen and Prince Henry, spent some weeks at Wilton-house. He also visited other mansions in Wiltshire, as he did again in the years 1607, 1009, 1613, 1615, 1618, 1620, and 1623; each time passing a day or two at

Salisbury. 1625. Charles I. was at Salisbury; and again in 1635. 1632. When Charles I. was at Salisbury, a boy aged 15 was hanged, drawn,

and quartered, for saying he would buy a pistol to kill the King. 1643. In May Sır Edward Hungerford besieged Wardour Castle, but was

boldly withstood by lwenty-five fighting men, under the command of the Lady Arundel, for a considerable time, till at last they surrendered. The learned and illustrious Mr. Chilling worth was here when it was taken. A severe battle between the two parties at Albourne, in September.--The royalists, under the King and Rupert beat the enemy under Essex.--Charles 1. lodged at Malmesbury, in his way to Cirencester.—Waller after he had taken Chichester moved quick through Wiltshire, with near 2000 light horse and, dragoons, and took Malmesbury; which was retaken the same year. Prince Maurice took the Mayor of Salisbury prisoner for not assisting ihe King. 1644. Woodhouse garrisoned by a party of the Parliament forces, under the

command of Major Wansey, and closely pressed in siege by Lord Inchiquin with his Irish-forces. Ludlow advanced to Warminster, intending to raise the siege, but not being strong enough, retreated, after a short skirmish, 10wards Salisbury. He lost all but 30 out of his 200 horse.—After the bartle of Lansdown the royalists retreated to Chippenham, where they offered battle to Waller; but being refused, marched to Devizes, where they were besieged by Waller, who was entirely overthrown by the re-inforcing troops

of Lord Wilmot, at Roundaway-bill. 1645. Cromwell took the Castle of Devizes, and assaulted Malmesbury. 1648. In July, Devizes besieged by the Parliainentarians under Waller, but

some royal troops coming io its assistance, Waller was completely routed, 600 being killed on the spot, and 900 taken prisoners. 1655. Penruddock, Groves, Jones, &c. with 200 horse, marched to Salisbury,

seized the Sheriffs aud Judges, then present at the assizes, and proclaimed Charles 11. King. If this troop had been supported by their associates in oiher

parts, the Restoration would at that tirne have been effected by force of arms. 1603. Charles II. magnificently entertained at Longleat by Sir James Thynne. 1665. Charles II. went to Salisbury on account of the plague in London. 1671. Charles II. slept at Wilton House on his way to Plymouth. The next

day he break fasted ai the Bishop's Palace, Salisbury. 1683. Several members of the royal family entertained by the city of Salisbury

at an expence of 1,500l. 1688. James II. went to Sarum with his army to oppose the Prince of Orange,

but soon returned to London. The Crown on the top of the Council House,

Salisbury, fell down! 1722. August 29 George I. and the Prince of Wales reviewed the forces en

camped within two miles of Salisbury. 1778. George III. and his Queen entertained by the Bishop of Salisbury.

His Majesty reviewed the dragoons on Comb Down, and afterwards visited

the Earl of Pembroke at Wilton. 1789. George III. and his Queen, visited the Marquis of Bath, at Longleat. * The following events deserve to be noticed, though I have not been able

to ascertain the precise years in which they occurred. A sanguinary battle fought at Coinmerford * between the Mercians under Earl Æthelmund, and Wurstan, Earl of Wiltshire.-King Stephen went to Wilton, with the intent of fortifying the munnery, but the Earl of Gloucester unexpectedly set the town on fire. (To be continued.)

S. T. Errata. P. 126, 1. 1, 4, read Barbury; 1, 10, read Cenwaulls....P. 127, 1. 20, read Bradon ; 1. 27, dele from “ Stephen went" to " town on fire,” 1. 29.-.-P. 128, 1,8, from bottom, for 1473, read 1478.

* Some have fixed the scene of action erroneously at Kempsford, co. Gloucester. Gent. MAG. August, 1825.

SINGU

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